Open main menu

Grey Lynn (New Zealand electorate)

Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centresEdit

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Grey Lynn, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established.[1]

During this electorate's existence, it was centred on the suburb of Grey Lynn. In the 1902 election, the electorate was classed as a mix of rural and urban (with a two to one ratio), and comprised areas just west of the central part of Auckland.[2] In the 1907 electoral redistribution, the electorate was classed as fully urban, and the country quota thus no longer applied.[3]

HistoryEdit

The electorate existed from 1902 to 1978.[4] George Fowlds of the Liberal Party was the electorate's first representative.[5] He served for three terms as was beaten in the 1911 election by the independent left-wing politician John Payne.[6][7]

In 1919 Ellen Melville was one of three women who stood at short notice when women were able to stand as candidates for election to parliament. She stood on behalf of the Reform Party and came second in Grey Lynn.

Grey Lynn was held from the 1919 election by Labour's Fred Bartram until he was defeated in 1928 by John Fletcher of the United Party.[8] During 1930, Fletcher became an Independent.[9] There was disagreement in the Labour Party regarding the nomination for the 1931 election, with John A. Lee chosen over their previous representative Fred Bartram, resulting in the latter to stand as an Independent.[10][11] Four candidates stood in total, with Lee defeating the incumbent.[12]

Members of ParliamentEdit

The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament.[4]

Key

 Liberal    Independent Labour    Labour    Independent    United    Democratic Labour  

Election Winner
1902 election George Fowlds
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election John Payne
1914 election
1919 election Fred Bartram
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election   John Fletcher[nb 1]
 
1931 election John A. Lee
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Fred Hackett
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 by-election Reginald Keeling
1963 election Ritchie Macdonald
1966 election
1969 election Eddie Isbey
1972 election
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ John Fletcher became an Independent during 1930.[9]

Election resultsEdit

1975 electionEdit

1975 general election: Grey Lynn[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 8,268 51.58 -9.03
National Jens Meder 5,429 33.87 +6.90
Values Loren Robb 1,472 9.18
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 977 6.09 -0.94
Socialist Action Matt Robson 31 0.19
Socialist Unity Bruce Skilton 30 0.18
Majority 2,839 17.71 -15.92
Turnout 16,027 71.99 -13.65
Registered electors 22,262

1972 electionEdit

1972 general election: Grey Lynn[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 9,887 60.61 +16.10
National Jens Meder 4,400 26.97 +1.09
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 1,148 7.03 +2.29
Values Wayne Houston 814 4.99
New Democratic Martin Spratt 63 0.38
Majority 5,487 33.63 +15.01
Turnout 16,312 85.64 -1.45
Registered electors 19,045

1969 electionEdit

1969 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 6,966 44.51
National Jens Meder 4,051 25.88
Independent Labour Kevin Ryan 3,887 24.84
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 743 4.74 -6.19
Majority 2,915 18.62
Turnout 15,647 87.09 +4.25
Registered electors 17,965

1966 electionEdit

1966 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ritchie Macdonald 8,329 59.77 -2.24
National Horace Alexander Nash 3,930 28.20
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 1,523 10.93 +5.09
Communist Peter McAra 152 1.09
Majority 4,399 31.57 -3.06
Turnout 13,934 82.84 -2.46
Registered electors 16,820

1963 electionEdit

1963 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ritchie Macdonald 9,383 62.01
National Jolyon Firth 4,598 30.38
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 885 5.84 +1.96
Communist George Jackson 264 1.74 -0.28
Majority 5,240 34.63
Turnout 15,130 85.30 +43.82
Registered electors 17,737

1963 by-electionEdit

1963 Grey Lynn by-election[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Reginald Keeling 4,172 65.84
National Raymond John Presland 1,791 28.26
Social Credit William Alexander Ross 246 3.88
Communist George Jackson 128 2.02
Informal votes 24 0.38
Majority 2,381 37.57
Turnout 6,361 41.48 -44.66
Registered electors 15,336
Labour hold Swing

1960 electionEdit

1960 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,761 63.78 -3.37
National Brian Zouch 4,165 30.32
Social Credit Frederick Thomas Morley 693 5.04
Communist Richard Charles Wolf 117 0.85
Majority 4,596 33.45 -5.83
Turnout 13,736 86.14 -7.57
Registered electors 15,945

1957 electionEdit

1957 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 9,893 67.15 +2.51
National Bernard Griffiths 4,106 27.87
Social Credit Ernest Richard James 733 4.97
Majority 5,787 39.28 +2.65
Turnout 14,732 93.71 +2.79
Registered electors 15,720

1954 electionEdit

1954 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,483 64.64 -0.35
National Thomas McGowan 3,676 28.01
Social Credit Samuel Hank Charles Jones 835 6.36
Communist Rita Smith 129 0.98
Majority 4,807 36.63 +6.65
Turnout 13,123 90.92 +2.25
Registered electors 14,432

1951 electionEdit

1951 general election: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,265 64.99 +6.95
National Harold Barry 4,452 35.01
Majority 3,813 29.98 -11.98
Turnout 12,717 88.67 -5.23
Registered electors 14,341

1949 electionEdit

1949 general election: Grey Lynn[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 7,362 58.04 -14.40
National John Leon Faulkner 3,159 24.02
Democratic Labour John A. Lee 2,627 19.98
Majority 4,203 41.96 -2.93
Turnout 13,148 93.90 -0.98
Registered electors 14,002

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: Grey Lynn[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 9,537 72.44 +13.43
National Harold Barry 3,627 27.56
Majority 5,910 44.89 +9.17
Turnout 13,164 94.28 -0.07
Registered electors 13,962

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Grey Lynn[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 10,010 59.01
Democratic Labour John A. Lee 3,951 23.29 -56.26
National Ellen Melville[19] 2,802 16.52
Real Democracy Joseph Alexander Govan 410 2.42 -18.03
People's Movement George Edward Plane 91 0.54
Informal votes 322 1.86 +0.03
Majority 6,059 35.72 -23.38
Turnout 17,286 94.35 +1.67
Registered electors 18,321

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Grey Lynn[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 11,584 79.55 +4.78
National Joseph Alexander Govan 2,977 20.45
Informal votes 272 1.83 -1.05
Majority 8,607 59.10 -1.85
Turnout 14,833 92.68 +3.52
Registered electors 16,005

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Grey Lynn[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 9,828 74.77 +16.99
United George Wildish 1,816 13.81
Democrat Hilton Basil Moore Arthur 1,290 9.81
Communist Henry Mornington Smith 210 1.59
Informal votes 379 2.88 +2.00
Majority 8,012 60.95 +33.27
Turnout 13,144 89.16 +5.90
Registered electors 14,741

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Grey Lynn[12][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 6,767 57.78
Independent John Fletcher 3,525 30.10 -16.43
United Walter Harry Murray 1,037 8.85
Independent Labour Fred Bartram 382 3.26 -42.73
Informal votes 104 0.88 -0.18
Majority 3,242 27.68
Turnout 11,815 83.26 -4.07
Registered electors 14,190

1928 electionEdit

1928 general election: Grey Lynn[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United John Fletcher 5,489 46.53
Labour Fred Bartram 5,425 45.99 -6.67
Reform Patrick Buckley Fitzherbert 684 5.79
Independent Louisa Paterson 72 0.61
Informal votes 126 1.06 -0.26
Majority 64 0.54
Turnout 11,796 87.33 -3.47
Registered electors 13,507

1925 electionEdit

1925 general election: Grey Lynn[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Bartram 6,061 52.66 -3.73
Reform Ellen Melville 5,296 46.01
Informal votes 152 1.32 +0.07
Majority 765 6.64 -7.40
Turnout 11,509 90.80 -1.75
Registered electors 12,674

1922 electionEdit

1922 general election: Grey Lynn[26][27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Bartram 5,648 56.39 +20.37
Reform William John Holdsworth 4,241 42.34
Informal votes 126 1.25 -0.10
Majority 1,407 14.04 +8.53
Turnout 10,015 92.55 +6.49
Registered electors 10,821

1919 electionEdit

1919 general election: Grey Lynn[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Bartram 3,141 36.02
Reform Ellen Melville 2,660 30.51
Liberal George Fowlds 2,405 27.58
Independent Lindsay Garmson 214 2.45
Independent Labour Paul Richardson 180 2.06
Informal votes 118 1.35 -0.33
Majority 481 5.51
Turnout 8,718 86.06 -0.14
Registered electors 10,130

1914 electionEdit

1914 general election: Grey Lynn[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Labour John Payne 2,933 34.04 -16.07
Reform Murdoch McLean 2,844 33.01
United Labour George Fowlds 2,838 32.94 -16.62
Informal votes 145 1.68 +1.37
Majority 89 1.03 +0.49
Turnout 8,615 86.20 +5.09
Registered electors 9,994

1911 electionEdit

1911 general election: Grey Lynn, first ballot[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Fowlds 3,117 44.64 -9.94
Independent Labour John Payne 2,191 31.38
Reform Walter Harry Murray 1,568 22.45
Informal votes 106 1.51 -0.57
Turnout 6,982 81.79 -0.41
Second ballot result
Independent Labour John Payne 3,470 50.11 +18.73
Liberal George Fowlds 3,432 49.56 +4.92
Informal votes 22 0.31 -1.20
Majority 38 0.54
Turnout 6,924 81.11 -0.68
Registered electors 8,536

1908 electionEdit

1908 general election: Grey Lynn, first ballot[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Fowlds 4,035 54.58 +3.00
Conservative Oliver Nicholson 3,146 42.55
Independent Labour James Ulysses Brown 57 0.77
Informal votes 154 2.08 +1.16
Majority 889 12.02 +7.92
Turnout 7,392 82.20 +0.87
Registered electors 8,992

1905 electionEdit

1905 general election: Grey Lynn[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Fowlds 2,891 51.58 -0.15
Conservative John Farrell 2,661 47.48
Informal votes 52 0.92 +1.95
Majority 230 4.10 +1.23
Turnout 5,604 81.33 +5.71
Registered electors 6,890

1902 electionEdit

1902 general election: Grey Lynn[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Fowlds 2,108 51.43
Liberal–Labour Thomas Taylor Masefield 1,990 48.56
Majority 118 2.87
Turnout 4,098 75.62
Registered electors 5,419

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 66f.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 71.
  4. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 264.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197, 226.
  7. ^ Gustafson 1980, p. 164.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 182, 197.
  9. ^ a b "State of Parties". Auckland Star. LXII (5). 7 January 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  10. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXII (159). 8 July 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Labour's Choice". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (20774). 17 January 1931. p. 12. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  12. ^ a b The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  13. ^ a b Norton 1988, p. 232.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Norton 1988, p. 231.
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  16. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  17. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1943. p. 9. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Grey Lynn". Evening Post. CXXXVI (76). 27 October 1938. p. 6. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  19. ^ Coney, Sandra. "Melville, Eliza Ellen". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  20. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1938. p. 9. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Parliamentary Election". Auckland Star. LXIX (254). 27 October 1938. p. 4. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  22. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  23. ^ "Election Counts". Auckland Star. LXII (291). 9 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  24. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  25. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  26. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  27. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  28. ^ Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  29. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  30. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  31. ^ "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  32. ^ "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  33. ^ The General Election, 1905. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  34. ^ The General Election, 1902. National Library. 1903. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  • Gustafson, Barry (1980). Labour's path to political independence: The Origins and Establishment of the New Zealand Labour Party, 1900–19. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press. ISBN 0-19-647986-X.
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.