39th New Zealand Parliament
The 39th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand which began with the general election held on 25 November 1978, and finished with the general election held on 28 November 1981. The dates of the Muldoon Ministry were from 13 December 1978 to 11 December 1981.
|39th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||16 May 1979 – 23 October 1981|
|Election||1978 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Third National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Richard Harrison|
|Leader of the House||David Thomson|
|Prime Minister||Robert Muldoon|
|Leader of the Opposition||Bill Rowling|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE The Hon. Sir David Beattie from 6 November 1980|
––HE Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake until 25 October 1980
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1978 election and at dissolution:
|At 1978 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||10||8|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 39th ParliamentEdit
The tables below shows the results of the 1978 general election:
By-elections during 39th ParliamentEdit
There were a number of changes during the term of the 39th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Christchurch Central||1979||18 August||Bruce Barclay||Death||Geoffrey Palmer|
|Northern Maori||1980||7 June||Matiu Rata||Resignation||Bruce Gregory|
|Onehunga||1980||7 June||Frank Rogers||Death||Fred Gerbic|
|East Coast Bays||1980||6 September||Frank Gill||Appointed as Ambassador to US||Gary Knapp|
Summary of changes during termEdit
- Bruce Barclay, the Labour MP for Christchurch Central, died in 1979. The ensuing by-election was won by Geoffrey Palmer, also of the Labour Party.
- Matiu Rata, a Labour cabinet minister, resigned from his party in 1979 due to disagreements with its policy towards Māori. In 1980, Rata quit parliament and founded the Mana Motuhake party. Rata then contested the ensuing by-election, but came second. He was replaced by Bruce Gregory of the Labour Party.
- Frank Rogers, the Labour MP for Onehunga, died in 1980. The ensuing by-election was won by Fred Gerbic, also of the Labour Party.
- Frank Gill, the National MP for East Coast Bays, resigned from parliament in 1980 in order to take up a position as New Zealand's ambassador in Washington. The ensuing by-election was won, much to the National Party's surprise, by Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party.
- Bohan, Edmund (2004). Burdon: a man of our time. Hazard Press. ISBN 978-1-877270-90-1. OCLC 62718931. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Chapman, Robert (1999). New Zealand Politics and Social Patterns: Selected Works. Victoria University Press. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.