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Maharana Sangram Singh (12 April 1482 – 30 January 1528) commonly known as Rana Sanga, was Rana of Mewar and head of a powerful Hindu Rajput confederacy in Rajputana during the 16th century. He belonged to Sisodiya clan of Rajput. Rana ruled between 1508 and 1528.[1]

Maharana Sangram Singh
Rana Sanga
Depiction of Maharana Sangram Singh.
Rana of Mewar
Reign 1508–1528
Predecessor Rana Raimal
Successor Ratan Singh II
Born (1482-04-12)12 April 1482
Malwa, Delhi sultanate
Died 30 January 1528(1528-01-30) (aged 43)
Kalpi, Mughal empire
Spouse Rani Karnavati
Issue Bhoj Raj
Ratan Singh II
Vikramaditya Singh
Udai Singh II
Full name
Sangram Singh
House Sisodia
Father Rana Raimal
Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II
Hammir Singh (1326–1364)
Kshetra Singh (1364–1382)
Lakha Singh (1382–1421)
Mokal Singh (1421–1433)
Rana Kumbha (1433–1468)
Udai Singh I (1468–1473)
Rana Raimal (1473–1508)
Rana Sanga (1508–1527)
Ratan Singh II (1528–1531)
Vikramaditya Singh (1531–1536)
Vanvir Singh (1536–1540)
Udai Singh II (1540–1572)
Pratap Singh I (1572–1597)
Amar Singh I (1597–1620)
Karan Singh II (1620–1628)
Jagat Singh I (1628–1652)
Raj Singh I (1652–1680)
Jai Singh (1680–1698)
Amar Singh II (1698–1710)
Sangram Singh II (1710–1734)
Jagat Singh II (1734–1751)
Pratap Singh II (1751–1754)
Raj Singh II (1754–1762)
Ari Singh II (1762–1772)
Hamir Singh II (1772–1778)
Bhim Singh (1778–1828)
Jawan Singh (1828–1838)
Sardar Singh (1828–1842)
Swarup Singh (1842–1861)
Shambhu Singh (1861–1874)
Sajjan Singh (1874–1884)
Fateh Singh (1884–1930)
Bhupal Singh (1930—1955)

Rana Sanga succeeded his father, Rana Raimal, as king of Mewar in 1508. He fought against the Afghan Lodhi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, and later against the Mughals.


Chittorgarh Fort, Chittor

Rana Sanga was a grandson of Rana Kumbha. Sanga became the ruler of Mewar after a battle for succession with his brothers.[2]

On 30 January 1528, Rana Sanga died in Chittor, apparently poisoned by his own chiefs who held his plans of renewing the fight with Babur to be suicidal.[3][page needed]

It is suggested that had there not been the cannons of Babur, then Rana Sanga might have achieved a historic victory against Babur.[4] The historian Pradeep Barua notes that Babur's cannons had put an end to the outdated trends in Indian warfare.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  2. ^ Chandra, Satish (2004) [1997]. Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals-Delhi Sultanat (1206-1526). 1 (Revised ed.). Har-Anand Publications. p. 224. ISBN 978-8-12411-064-5. 
  3. ^ Chandra, Satish (2006). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals (1206-1526). 2. Har-Anand Publications.
  4. ^ a b Barua, Pradeep (2005). The State at War in South Asia. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-0-80321-344-9.