Ibrahim Lodi

Ibrahim Khan Lodi (died 21 April 1526) was an Afghan Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate,[1][2] who became Sultan in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar Lodi. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years until 1526, when he was defeated and killed at the Battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India.[3][4]

Ibrahim Khan Lodhi
Sultan of Delhi
Sultan of the Lodi Dynasty
Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate
Reign1517 – 21 April 1526
Coronation1517, Agra
PredecessorSikandar Lodi
SuccessorSultanate abolished by Babur (as Mughal Emperor)
Died21 April 1526 (1526-04-22)
Panipat, now Haryana, India
Tehsil Office, Panipat
HouseLodi dynasty
FatherSikandar Khan Lodi


Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders with younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India.

In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, present Afghanistan), defeated Ibrahim's much larger army in the Battle of Panipat. He was killed in the battle. It is estimated that Babur's forces numbered around 12,000–30,000 men and had between 20 and 24 pieces of field artillery. Ibrahim Lodi had around 100,000–120,000 men along with at least 300 war elephants.

After the end of Lodi dynasty, the era of Mughal rule commenced.[5]


His tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens, Delhi. Rather Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb is actually situated near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar. It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. In 1866, the British relocated the tomb during construction of the Grand Trunk Road and renovated it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodi's death in the Battle of Panipat. He also built a Khwaja Khizr Tomb in Sonipat in 1522.[6][7][8]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Chandra, Satish (2005). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II. Har-Anand Publications. ISBN 978-81-241-1066-9. The first of these was the death of the Afghan ruler , Sikandar Lodi , at Agra towards the end of 1517 and the succession of Ibrahim Lodi . The second was the conquest of Bajaur and Bhira , by Babur in the frontier tract of north - west Punjab in ...
  2. ^ Sengupta, Sudeshna. History & Civics 9. Ratna Sagar. p. 126. ISBN 9788183323642. The Lodi dynasty was established by the Ghilzai tribe of the Afghans
  3. ^ "SULṬĀN ĪBRAHĪM BIN SULṬĀN SIKANDAR LODHĪ". The Muntakhabu-’rūkh by ‘Abdu-’l-Qādir Ibn-i-Mulūk Shāh, known as Al-Badāoni, translated from the original Persian and edited by George S. A. Ranking, Sir Wolseley Haig and W. H. Lowe. Packard Humanities Institute 1884–1925. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  4. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  5. ^ Davis, Paul K. (1999), 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, p181.
  6. ^ Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb
  8. ^ The tale of the missing Lodi tomb The Hindu, 4 July 2005.

External linksEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sikandar Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
Succeeded by