Primeira Liga

(Redirected from Portuguese Liga)

The Primeira Liga ([pɾiˈmɐjɾɐ ˈliɣɐ]; English: Premier League, also written as Liga Portugal 1[1]), also known as Liga Portugal Bwin for sponsorship reasons, is the top level of the Portuguese football league system. Organised and supervised by the Liga Portugal, it is contested by 18 teams since the 2014–15 season, with the three lowest placed teams relegated to the Liga Portugal 2 and replaced by the top-three non-reserve teams from this division.[a]

Primeira Liga
Símbolo da Liga Portugal bwin.png
Organising bodyLiga Portuguesa de Futebol Profissional (LPFP)
Founded1934; 88 years ago (1934)
Country Portugal
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLiga Portugal 2
Domestic cup(s)Taça de Portugal
Supertaça
League cup(s)Taça da Liga
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa Conference League
Current championsPorto (30th title)
(2021–22)
Most championshipsBenfica (37 titles)
Most appearancesManuel Fernandes (486)
Top goalscorerFernando Peyroteo (332)
TV partnersList of broadcasters
Websiteligaportugal.pt
Current: 2022–23 Primeira Liga

Founded in 1934 as Campeonato da Liga da Primeira Divisão, it was named Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão from 1938 until 1999, when it was changed to its current naming. Over 70 teams have competed in the Primeira Liga, but only five have been crowned champions. Among them, the "Big Three" teams – Benfica (37 wins), Porto (30 wins) and Sporting CP (19 wins) – have won all but two Primeira Liga titles; the other winners are Belenenses (1945–46) and Boavista (2000–01).[3]

The Primeira Liga has increased its reputation in recent years, occupying the sixth place of UEFA's national league ranking, as of 2021. It broke into the top five for the first time in the 2011–12 season, passing the French Ligue 1, one of the historical "big five" European leagues, for the first time since 1990. The Primeira Liga also reached a world ranking of fourth according to IFFHS's 2011 ranking.[4]

HistoryEdit

Before the Portuguese football reform of 1938, a competition on a round-basis was already being held – the Primeira Liga (Premier League) and the winners of that competition were named "League champions". Despite that, a Championship of Portugal in a knock-out cup format was the most popular and defined the Portuguese champion, although the winners of this competition no longer count as Portuguese football champions.[citation needed]

Then, with the reform, a round-robin basis competition was implemented as the most important of the calendar and began defining the Portuguese champion. From 1938 to 1999, the name Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão (National Championship of the First Division) or just Primeira Divisão (First Division), was used.[citation needed]

Porto won the inaugural edition of the new league championship and successfully defended the title in the next season. In 1939–40 the tournament was expanded from eight to ten clubs, due to an administrative battle between Porto and Académico do Porto, regarding a Regional Championship game that ended with only 43 minutes after the start, and later repeated (which FC Porto won) according to Porto FA decision. FPF came out with a decision to satisfy both clubs, expanding the championship to 10 teams (one more from Porto FA and another from Setúbal FA) and annulling the result from the repetition match. With this decision, FC Porto lost the Regional title and finished in 3rd, Leixões SC became the new regional champion, while Académico was 2nd place. All 3 teams qualified for 1939–40 Primeira Divisão.[5]

In the 1941–42 season, it was decided to expand the championship from eight to ten teams to admit Braga FA and Algarve FA champions (until this season only the top teams from Porto, Coimbra, Lisboa and Setúbal were admitted).[6] Porto finished the regional championship in third place again, which did not grant entry into the Primeira Liga.[7] However, a second expand (from 10 to 12) in the same season was decided, which allowed the club to participate.[8]

After the 1945–46 season, the qualifying system based on regional championships was abandoned and adopted a pyramid system, with relegations and promotions between the 3 tiers. The clubs in Primeira Divisão, Segunda Divisão and Terceira Divisão no longer had to play their district championships on the same season as they had been doing since the first seasons of the Liga.[6]

When the Portuguese League for Professional Football took control of the two nationwide leagues in 1999, it was renamed "Primeira Liga" (Premier League).[citation needed]

"Big Three" performance over the last 10 seasons
Season Benfica Porto Sporting
2012–13 2 1 7
2013–14 1 3 2
2014–15 1 2 3
2015–16 1 3 2
2016–17 1 2 3
2017–18 2 1 3
2018–19 1 2 3
2019–20 2 1 4
2020–21 3 2 1
2021–22 3 1 2

Big ThreeEdit

"The Big Three" (Portuguese: Os Três Grandes) is a nickname for the three most powerful sports clubs in Portugal. With the exception of Belenenses in 1945–46 and Boavista in 2000–01, only three clubs have won the Primeira Liga title – Benfica (37 times), Porto (30) and Sporting CP (19). These three clubs generally end up sharing the top three positions (thus, appearing more frequently in UEFA competitions) and are the only clubs to have played in every season of the competition.

These clubs dominate Portuguese football, and it has become typical for fans to support any of these teams as a "first club", with a local team probably coming afterwards, if at all. The "Big Three" have the highest average attendance ratings every season in Portugal, while many other teams, lacking support from the locals, have suffered from poor attendance. The lack of support for local teams is considered to be one of the main reasons why Portuguese Football registers one of the worst attendance ratings in European Football's best championships, alongside the broadcast of almost all the games on television. In other sports, the rivalry between the big clubs is also considerable and it usually leads to arguments between the fans and players.[citation needed]

Benfica is the club with most league, cup and league cup titles, as well as the most domestic titles (81) and overall titles won (83 or 84, if the Latin Cup is taken into account), including back-to-back European Cup trophies. Porto is the club with most Portuguese Super Cups and international titles won (7).

Sporting CP holds the third place when it comes to the most league and cup titles. Benfica is the only Portuguese club to have won two consecutive European Cup/UEFA Champions League titles, reaching ten European finals: seven European Cups and three UEFA Cup/Europa League, and was runner-up in two Intercontinental Cups. Porto is the only Portuguese club since 1987 to have won any international competition (excluding the UEFA Intertoto Cup), gathering a total of two European Cup/UEFA Champions Leagues, two UEFA Cup/Europa Leagues, one European Super Cup and two Intercontinental Cups and finished runner-up in one European Cup Winner's Cup and three UEFA Super Cups. Sporting won one European Cup Winner's Cup and was runner-up in one UEFA Cup. Apart from the big three, Braga won the last UEFA Intertoto Cup and was runner-up in one UEFA Europa League.[9][10]

Edit

Galp Energia acquired the naming rights to the league in 2002, titling the division SuperLiga GalpEnergia. A four-year deal with the Austrian sports betting bwin was announced on 18 August 2005 amid questioning by the other gambling authorities in Portugal (the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and the Portuguese Casinos Association), who claimed to hold the exclusive rights to legal gambling games in Portuguese national territory. After holding the name Liga betandwin.com for the 2005–06 season, the name was changed to bwin LIGA in July 2006.[11][12]

From the 2008–09 season to the 2009–10 season the league was named Liga Sagres due to sponsorship from Sagres beer. In 2010, they renewed the sponsorship from Sagres, but also got the sponsorship from ZON Multimédia. The league was named Liga ZON Sagres until 2013–14 after the sponsorship agreement between Sagres, ZON (now NOS) and the league ended. In 2015, the league was named Liga NOS until 2020–21 season.[13] Since 2021, it is known as Liga Portugal Bwin.

Sponsorship names for seasons
  • 2002–2005: SuperLiga GalpEnergia
  • 2005–2006: Liga betandwin.com
  • 2006–2008: bwin LIGA
  • 2008–2010: Liga Sagres
  • 2010–2014: Liga ZON Sagres
  • 2014–2021: Liga NOS
  • 2021–: Liga Portugal Bwin

Official match ballEdit

CompetitionEdit

Since the 2014–15 season, there are 18 clubs in the Primeira Liga, up from 16 in the previous seasons. During the course of a season, each club plays all teams twice – once at their home stadium and once at their opponent's stadium – for a total of 34 games. At the end of each season, the two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Segunda Liga and the top two teams from Segunda Liga are promoted to the Primeira Liga.

Qualification for European competitionsEdit

The top teams in Primeira Liga qualify for the UEFA Champions League, with the top two teams entering the group stage directly. The third placed team enters the playoffs for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League; if they fail to qualify, they enter the UEFA Europa League, along with the fourth placed team and the Taça de Portugal cup winners. If the Taça de Portugal cup winners qualify for the UEFA Champions League through league placing, the berth is given to the fifth placed team.

UEFA rankingEdit

UEFA League Ranking as of the 2021–22 season:[16]

ClubsEdit

Location of teams in 2022–23 Primeira Liga (Madeira)
Location of teams in 2022–23 Primeira Liga (Azores)
Team Location Stadium Capacity 2021–22 1st season
in Primeira Liga
No. of seasons
in Primeira Liga
1st season of
current spell
No. of seasons
of current spell
League titles Last title
Arouca Arouca Estádio Municipal de Arouca 5,000 15th 2013–14 6 2021–22 2 0 -
Benfica Lisbon Estádio da Luz 64,642 3rd 1934–35 89 1934–35 89 37 2018–19
Boavista Porto Estádio do Bessa 28,263 12th 1935–36 60 2014–15 9 1 2000–01
Braga Braga Estádio Municipal de Braga 30,286 4th 1947–48 67 1975–76 48 0 -
Casa Pia Lisbon Estádio Nacional[17] 37,593 2nd (LP2) 1938–39 2 2022–23 1 0 -
Chaves Chaves Estádio Municipal Eng.º
Manuel Branco Teixeira
8,400 3rd (LP2) 1985–86 17 2022–23 1 0 -
Estoril Estoril Estádio António Coimbra da Mota 8,015 9th 1944–45 28 2021–22 2 0 -
Famalicão Vila Nova de Famalicão Estádio Municipal 22 de Junho 5,307 8th 1946–47 9 2019–20 4 0 -
Gil Vicente Barcelos Estádio Cidade de Barcelos 12,504 5th 1990–91 21 2019–20 4 0 -
Marítimo Funchal Estádio do Marítimo 10,932 10th 1977–78 43 1985–86 38 0 -
Paços de Ferreira Paços de Ferreira Estádio Capital do Móvel 9,076 11th 1991–92 24 2019–20 4 0 -
Portimonense Portimão Estádio Municipal de Portimão 6,204 13th 1976–77 20 2017–18 6 0 -
Porto Porto Estádio do Dragão 50,033 1st 1934–35 89 1934–35 89 30 2021–22
Rio Ave Vila do Conde Estádio dos Arcos 9,065 1st (LP2) 1979–80 28 2022–23 1 0 -
Santa Clara Ponta Delgada Estádio de São Miguel 13,277 7th 1999–00 8 2018–19 5 0 -
Sporting CP Lisbon Estádio José Alvalade 50,095 2nd 1934–35 89 1934–35 89 19 2020–21
Vitória de Guimarães Guimarães Estádio D. Afonso Henriques 30,000 6th 1941–42 78 2007–08 16 0 -
Vizela Vizela Estádio do FC Vizela 6,000 14th 1984–85 3 2021–22 2 0 -

AttendanceEdit

Since the beginning of the league, there are three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Benfica, Porto and Sporting CP. They have also the biggest stadiums in Portugal, with more than 50,000 seats. Other clubs, such as Vitória de Guimarães and Braga, also have good attendances. Académica de Coimbra, Vitória de Setúbal, Boavista, Belenenses, and Marítimo are historical clubs, with more than 30 top-flight seasons, from the biggest Portuguese cities, and have also many supporters. However, they do not have big attendances nowadays. Their stadiums have between 10,000 and 30,000 seats.

The 2017–18 season saw the following average attendance by club:[18]

Club Average Stadium
capacity
Attendance(%) Accumulated Stadium
1 Benfica 53,209 64,642 82.93% 904,553 Estádio da Luz
2 Sporting CP 43,623 50,044 87.16% 741,599 Estádio José Alvalade
3 Porto 42,674 50,431 85.29% 725,461 Estádio do Dragão
4 Vitória de Guimarães 16,015 30,008 53.37% 272,255 Estádio D. Afonso Henriques
5 Braga 11,706 30,286 38.65% 198,998 Estádio Municipal de Braga
6 Marítimo 7,072 10,932 66.93% 120,216 Estádio dos Barreiros
7 Boavista 5,623 30,000 20.55% 95,585 Estádio do Bessa
8 Vitória de Setúbal 4,111 13,468 28.80% 69,890 Estádio do Bonfim
9 Feirense 3,907 5,600 71.69% 66,412 Estádio Marcolino de Castro
10 Rio Ave 3,889 9,065 43.42% 66,116 Estádio do Rio Ave FC
11 Chaves 3,627 9,000 40.89% 61,658 Estádio Municipal Eng. Manuel Branco Teixeira
12 Paços de Ferreira 3,507 6,404 38.63% 59,612 Estádio da Mata Real
13 Belenenses 3,344 19,856 22.27% 56,851 Estádio do Restelo
14 Portimonense 3,158 9,544 64.04% 53,693 Estádio Municipal de Portimão
15 Aves 2,635 5,441 44.69% 44,803 Estádio do CD Aves
16 Tondela 2,373 5,000 47.46% 40,344 Estádio João Cardoso
17 Estoril 2,275 8,000 28.83% 38,673 Estádio António Coimbra da Mota
18 Moreirense 2,264 6,153 36.80% 38,494 Estádio Municipal 25 de Abril

List of champions and top scorersEdit

Clubs Players
Season Champions Points Runners-up Points Third place Points Teams Rounds Bola de Prata
(Top Scorer)
Club Goals
Campeonato da Liga da Primeira Divisão
  1934–35 Porto 22 Sporting CP 20 Benfica 19 8 14   Manuel Soeiro Sporting CP 14
  1935–36 Benfica 21 Porto 20 Sporting CP 18 8 14   Pinga Porto 21
  1936–37 Benfica (2) 24 Belenenses 23 Sporting CP 19 8 14   Manuel Soeiro Sporting CP 24
  1937–38 Benfica (3) 23 Porto 23 Sporting CP 22 8 14   Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 34
Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão
  1938–39 Porto (2) 23 Sporting CP 22 Benfica 21 8 14   Costuras Porto 18
  1939–40 Porto (3) 34 Sporting CP 32 Belenenses 25 10 18   F. Peyroteo /   S. Kodrnja Sporting CP / Porto 29
  1940–41 Sporting CP 23 Porto 20 Belenenses 19 8 14   Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 29
  1941–42 Benfica (4) 38 Sporting CP 34 Belenenses 30 12 22   Correia Dias Porto 36
  1942–43 Benfica (5) 30 Sporting CP 29 Belenenses 28 10 18   Julinho Benfica 24
  1943–44 Sporting CP (2) 31 Benfica 26 Atlético CP 24 10 18   Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 28
  1944–45 Benfica (6) 30 Sporting CP 27 Belenenses 27 10 18   Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 21
  1945–46 Belenenses 38 Benfica 37 Sporting CP 32 12 22   Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 37
  1946–47 Sporting CP (3) 47 Benfica 41 Porto 33 14 26   Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 43
  1947–48 Sporting CP (4) 41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 37 14 26   António Araújo Porto 36
  1948–49 Sporting CP (5) 42 Benfica 37 Belenenses 35 14 26   Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 40
  1949–50 Benfica (7) 45 Sporting CP 39 Atlético CP 30 14 26   Julinho Benfica 29
  1950–51 Sporting CP (6) 45 Porto 34 Benfica 30 14 26   Manuel Vasques Sporting CP 29
  1951–52 Sporting CP (7) 41 Benfica 40 Porto 36 14 26   José Águas Benfica 28
  1952–53 Sporting CP (8) 43 Benfica 39 Belenenses 36 14 26   Matateu Belenenses 29
  1953–54 Sporting CP (9) 43 Porto 36 Benfica 32 14 26   João Martins Sporting CP 31
  1954–55 Benfica (8) 39 Belenenses 39 Sporting CP 37 14 26   Matateu Belenenses 32
  1955–56 Porto (4) 43 Benfica 43 Belenenses 37 14 26   José Águas Benfica 28
  1956–57 Benfica (9) 41 Porto 40 Belenenses 33 14 26   José Águas Benfica 30
  1957–58 Sporting CP (10) 43 Porto 43 Benfica 36 14 26   Arsénio Duarte CUF do Barreiro 23
  1958–59 Porto (5) 41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 38 14 26   José Águas Benfica 26
  1959–60 Benfica (10) 45 Sporting CP 43 Belenenses 36 14 26   Edmur Ribeiro Vitória de Guimarães 25
  1960–61 Benfica (11) 46 Sporting CP 42 Porto 33 14 26   José Águas Benfica 27
  1961–62 Sporting CP (11) 43 Porto 41 Benfica 36 14 26   Veríssimo Porto 23
  1962–63 Benfica (12) 48 Porto 42 Sporting CP 38 14 26   José Augusto Torres Benfica 26
  1963–64 Benfica (13) 46 Porto 40 Sporting CP 34 14 26   Eusébio Benfica 28
  1964–65 Benfica (14) 43 Porto 37 CUF do Barreiro 35 14 26   Eusébio Benfica 28
  1965–66 Sporting CP (12) 42 Benfica 41 Porto 34 14 26   Eusébio /   E. Figueiredo Benfica / Sporting CP 25
  1966–67 Benfica (15) 43 Académica 40 Porto 39 14 26   Eusébio Benfica 31
  1967–68 Benfica (16) 41 Sporting CP 37 Porto 36 14 26   Eusébio Benfica 43
  1968–69 Benfica (17) 39 Porto 37 Vitória de Guimarães 36 14 26   Manuel António Académica 19
  1969–70 Sporting CP (13) 46 Benfica 38 Vitória de Setúbal 36 14 26   Eusébio Benfica 20
  1970–71 Benfica (18) 41 Sporting CP 38 Porto 37 14 26   Artur Jorge Benfica 23
  1971–72 Benfica (19) 55 Vitória de Setúbal 45 Sporting CP 43 16 30   Artur Jorge Benfica 27
  1972–73 Benfica (20) 58 Belenenses 40 Vitória de Setúbal 38 16 30   Eusébio Benfica 40
  1973–74 Sporting CP (14) 49 Benfica 47 Vitória de Setúbal 45 16 30   Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 46
  1974–75 Benfica (21) 49 Porto 44 Sporting CP 43 16 30   Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 30
  1975–76 Benfica (22) 50 Boavista 48 Belenenses 40 16 30   Rui Jordão Benfica 30
  1976–77 Benfica (23) 51 Sporting CP 42 Porto 41 16 30   Fernando Gomes Porto 26
  1977–78 Porto (6) 51 Benfica 51 Sporting CP 42 16 30   Fernando Gomes Porto 25
  1978–79 Porto (7) 50 Benfica 49 Sporting CP 42 16 30   Fernando Gomes Porto 27
  1979–80 Sporting CP (15) 52 Porto 50 Benfica 45 16 30   Rui Jordão Sporting CP 31
  1980–81 Benfica (24) 50 Porto 48 Sporting CP 37 16 30   Nené Benfica 20
  1981–82 Sporting CP (16) 46 Benfica 44 Porto 43 16 30   Jacques Pereira Porto 27
  1982–83 Benfica (25) 51 Porto 47 Sporting CP 42 16 30   Fernando Gomes Porto 36
  1983–84 Benfica (26) 52 Porto 49 Sporting CP 42 16 30   Fernando Gomes / Nené Porto / Benfica 21
  1984–85 Porto (8) 55 Sporting CP 47 Benfica 43 16 30   Fernando Gomes Porto 39
  1985–86 Porto (9) 49 Benfica 47 Sporting CP 46 16 30   Manuel Fernandes Sporting CP 30
  1986–87 Benfica (27) 48 Porto 46 Vitória de Guimarães 41 16 30   Paulinho Cascavel Vitória de Guimarães 22
  1987–88 Porto (10) 66 Benfica 51 Belenenses 48 20 38  Paulinho Cascavel Sporting CP 23
  1988–89 Benfica (28) 63 Porto 56 Boavista 49 20 38   Vata Benfica 16
  1989–90 Porto (11) 59 Benfica 55 Sporting CP 46 18 34   Mats Magnusson Benfica 33
  1990–91 Benfica (29) 69 Porto 67 Sporting CP 57 20 38   Rui Águas Benfica 25
  1991–92 Porto (12) 56 Benfica 46 Boavista 44 18 34   Ricky Boavista 30
  1992–93 Porto (13) 54 Benfica 52 Sporting CP 45 18 34   Jorge Cadete Sporting CP 18
  1993–94 Benfica (30) 54 Porto 52 Sporting CP 51 18 34   Rashidi Yekini Vitória de Setúbal 21
  1994–95 Porto (14) 62 Sporting CP 53 Benfica 49 18 34   Hassan Nader Farense 21
  1995–96 Porto (15) 84 Benfica 73 Sporting CP 67 18 34   Domingos Paciência Porto 25
  1996–97 Porto (16) 85 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 58 18 34   Mário Jardel Porto 30
  1997–98 Porto (17) 77 Benfica 68 Vitória de Guimarães 59 18 34   Mário Jardel Porto 26
  1998–99 Porto (18) 79 Boavista 71 Benfica 65 18 34   Mário Jardel Porto 36
Primeira Liga
  1999–2000 Sporting CP (17) 77 Porto 73 Benfica 69 18 34   Mário Jardel Porto 37
  2000–01 Boavista 77 Porto 76 Sporting CP 62 18 34   Pena Porto 22
  2001–02 Sporting CP (18) 75 Boavista 70 Porto 68 18 34   Mário Jardel Sporting CP 42
  2002–03 Porto (19) 86 Benfica 75 Sporting CP 59 18 34   Fary Faye Beira-Mar 18
  2003–04 Porto (20) 82 Benfica 74 Sporting CP 73 18 34   Benni McCarthy Porto 20
  2004–05 Benfica (31) 65 Porto 62 Sporting CP 61 18 34   Liédson Sporting CP 25
  2005–06 Porto (21) 79 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 67 18 34   Albert Meyong Belenenses 17
  2006–07 Porto (22) 69 Sporting CP 68 Benfica 67 16 30   Liédson Sporting CP 15
  2007–08 Porto (23) 75(1) Sporting CP 55 Vitória de Guimarães 53 16 30   Lisandro López Porto 24
  2008–09 Porto (24) 70 Sporting CP 66 Benfica 59 16 30   Nenê Nacional 20
  2009–10 Benfica (32) 76 Braga 71 Porto 68 16 30   Óscar Cardozo Benfica 26
  2010–11 Porto (25) 84 Benfica 63 Sporting CP 48 16 30   Hulk Porto 23
  2011–12 Porto (26) 75 Benfica 69 Braga 62 16 30   Óscar Cardozo Benfica 20
  2012–13 Porto (27) 78 Benfica 77 Paços de Ferreira 54 16 30   Jackson Martínez Porto 26
  2013–14 Benfica (33) 74 Sporting CP 67 Porto 61 16 30   Jackson Martínez Porto 20
  2014–15 Benfica (34) 85 Porto 82 Sporting CP 76 18 34   Jackson Martínez Porto 21
  2015–16 Benfica (35) 88 Sporting CP 86 Porto 73 18 34   Jonas Benfica 32
  2016–17 Benfica (36) 82 Porto 76 Sporting CP 70 18 34   Bas Dost Sporting CP 34
  2017–18 Porto (28) 88 Benfica 81 Sporting CP 78 18 34   Jonas Benfica 34
  2018–19 Benfica (37) 87 Porto 85 Sporting CP 74 18 34   Haris Seferovic Benfica 23
  2019–20 Porto (29) 82 Benfica 77 Braga 60 18 34   Carlos Vinícius Benfica 18
  2020–21 Sporting CP (19) 85 Porto 80 Benfica 76 18 34   Pedro Gonçalves Sporting CP 23
  2021–22 Porto (30) 91 Sporting CP 85 Benfica 74 18 34   Darwin Núñez Benfica 26
  • Before 1995–96, the points were awarded in a format of two points for a win. In that season, Primeira Liga switched to the now standard three points for a win system.
  • (1) Porto saw six points subtracted for corruption allegations in the Apito Dourado,[19] but they recovered those points in July 2017.

Performance by clubEdit

All Primeira Liga champions have come from either Lisbon or Porto.

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Runner-up seasons
Benfica 37 29 1935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1949–50, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1993–94, 2004–05, 2009–10, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2018–19 1943–44, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1981–82, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1997–98, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2017–18, 2019–20
Porto 30 28 1934–35, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2017–18, 2019–20, 2021–22 1935–36, 1937–38, 1940–41, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1974–75, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2004–05, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2018–19, 2020–21
Sporting CP 19 22 1940–41, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1957–58, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2020–21 1934–35, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1949–50, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1976–77, 1984–85, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2013–14, 2015–16, 2021–22
Belenenses 01 03 1945–46 1936–37, 1954–55, 1972–73
Boavista 01 03 2000–01 1975–76, 1998–99, 2001–02
Académica 00 01 1966–67
Vitória de Setúbal 00 01 1971–72
Braga 00 01 2009–10

All-time Primeira Liga tableEdit

The all-time Primeira Liga table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Primeira Liga since its inception in 1934. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2021–22 season.[20] For comparison, older seasons have been calculated according to the three-points-per-win rule.

Pos Team S Pts GP W D L GF GA GD 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th T Debut Since/
Last App
Best Notes
1 Benfica 88 5596 2500 1710 466 323 6029 2193 3836 37 29 17 4 1 88 1934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
2 Porto 88 5485 2500 1678 451 377 5554 2200 3354 30 28 13 11 3 1 86 1934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
3 Sporting CP 88 5181 2500 1554 519 427 5432 2363 3069 19 22 29 13 4 87 1934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
4 Vitória de Guimarães 77 3210 2290 888 546 856 3223 3219 4 4 10 12 14 40 1941–42 2007–08 3
5 Belenenses 77 3158 2146 877 527 742 3352 2745 607 1 3 14 9 8 8 43 1934–35 2017–18 1
6 Braga 66 2857 2024 793 478 753 2762 2768 -6 1 2 16 6 3 28 1947–48 1975–76 2
7 Vitória de Setúbal 72 2590 2072 694 508 870 2794 3119 -325 1 3 2 9 6 21 1934–35 2019–20 2
8 Boavista 59 2506 1806 681 463 662 2342 2482 -140 1 3 2 10 4 5 25 1935–36 2014–15 1
9 Académica 64 1935 1704 516 387 801 2346 3003 -657 1 2 6 8 17 1934–35 2015–16 2
10 Marítimo 42 1734 1380 465 378 537 1541 1742 -201 6 5 11 1977–78 1982–83 5
11 Rio Ave 27 1051 874 268 247 359 915 1148 -233 3 2 5 1979–80 2022–23 5
12 Estoril 27 951 806 248 207 351 1080 1274 -194 2 3 5 1944–45 2021–22 4
13 Paços de Ferreira 23 900 750 228 216 306 813 1044 -231 1 1 2 4 1990–91 2019–20 3
14 Beira-Mar 27 896 858 218 242 398 883 1340 -457 1 1 1961–62 2012–13 6
15 Farense 24 888 788 229 201 358 827 1141 -314 1 2 3 1970–71 2020–21 5
16 Nacional 20 802 656 210 172 274 773 917 -144 2 2 1 5 1988–89 2020–21 4
17 Gil Vicente 21 795 706 204 183 319 720 966 -246 2 2 1990–91 2019–20 5
18 Salgueiros 24 774 740 197 183 360 804 1377 -573 1 1 2 1943–44 2001–02 5
19 CUF Barreiro 23 769 610 207 148 255 828 1003 -175 1 2 2 1 6 1942–43 1975–76 3 [B]
20 Leixões 25 713 670 183 164 323 750 1186 -436 1 1 2 1936–37 2009–10 5
21 União de Leiria 18 711 584 184 159 241 620 771 -151 2 2 4 1979–80 2011–12 5
22 Portimonense 19 710 610 187 150 275 651 826 -175 1 1 2 1976–77 2017–18 5
23 Atlético CP 24 710 632 192 134 306 976 1285 -309 2 1 1 3 7 1943–44 1976–77 3
24 Varzim 21 683 618 169 176 273 638 913 -275 1 1 2 1963–64 2002–03 5
25 Chaves 16 633 548 160 153 235 608 773 -165 2 2 4 1985–86 2022–23 5
26 Barreirense 24 617 592 166 119 307 758 1195 -437 1 2 4 7 1937–38 1978–79 4
27 Estrela da Amadora 16 608 540 144 176 220 521 680 -159 1988–89 2008–09 7
28 Olhanense 20 565 516 147 124 245 800 1057 -257 1 2 2 5 1941–42 2013–14 4
29 Sporting da Covilhã 15 457 406 126 79 201 585 834 -249 1 3 4 1947–48 1987–88 5
30 Moreirense 12 454 404 112 118 174 419 559 -140 1 1 2002–03 2021–22 6
31 Penafiel 14 435 434 106 117 211 351 625 -274 1980–81 2014–15 10
32 Lusitano de Évora 14 412 364 116 64 184 494 722 -228 1 1 2 1952–53 1965–66 5
33 Sporting de Espinho 11 379 354 96 91 167 336 523 -187 1974–75 1996–97 7
34 Famalicão 9 340 238 86 82 130 343 496 -153 1 1 1946–47 2019–20 6
35 Santa Clara 7 274 238 68 70 90 267 326 -59 1 1 1999–2000 2018–19 6
36 Tirsense 8 268 256 65 73 118 219 370 -151 1967–68 1995–96 8
37 Tondela 7 235 238 61 52 125 251 378 -127 2015–16 2021–22 10
38 União da Madeira 6 206 208 48 62 98 177 300 -123 1989–90 2015–16 10 [C]
39 Naval 1º de Maio 6 193 184 49 46 89 160 255 -95 2005–06 2010–11 8 [D]
40 Oriental 7 187 190 50 37 103 224 438 -214 1 1 1950–51 1974–75 5
41 Alverca 5 181 170 48 37 85 192 266 -74 1998–99 2003–04 11
42 Campomaiorense 5 178 170 48 34 88 186 287 -101 1995–96 2000–01 11 [E]
43 Arouca 5 176 166 44 44 78 164 241 -77 1 1 2013–14 2021–22 5
44 Feirense 7 175 222 44 43 135 187 403 -216 1962–63 2018–19 8
45 Torreense 6 163 164 44 31 89 183 316 -133 1955–56 1991–92 7
46 União de Tomar 6 162 172 43 33 96 178 331 -153 1968–69 1975–76 10
47 Desportivo das Aves 6 160 196 40 40 116 173 320 -147 1985–86 2019–20 13
48 O Elvas 5 148 146 37 37 72 211 283 -72 1947–48 1987–88 8
49 B-SAD 4 144 136 33 45 58 117 195 -78 2018–19 2021–22 9
50 Leça 4 124 124 33 25 66 120 231 -111 1941–42 1997–98 12
51 Académico de Viseu 4 105 128 27 24 77 81 237 -156 1978–79 1988–89 13
52 Caldas 4 103 104 26 25 53 124 235 -111 1955–56 1958–59 10
53 Montijo 3 89 90 23 20 47 91 155 -64 1972–73 1976–77 13 [F]
54 Amora 3 89 90 22 23 45 90 143 -53 1980–81 1982–83 12
55 Lusitano VRSA 3 72 78 21 9 48 94 210 -116 1947–48 1949–50 12
56 Sanjoanense 4 70 104 16 22 66 86 249 -163 1946–47 1968–69 10
57 Carcavelinhos 5 69 82 19 12 51 103 223 -120 1 1 2 1935–36 1941–42 4 [G]
58 Unidos de Lisboa 3 62 54 18 8 28 151 145 6 1 1 1940–41 1942–43 4 [H]
59 Académico do Porto 5 60 82 18 6 58 137 300 -163 1934–35 1941–42 7 [I]
60 Elvas 2 54 48 17 3 28 108 167 -59 1945–46 1946–47 9 [J]
61 Vizela 2 52 64 11 19 34 68 129 -61 1984–85 2021–22 14
62 Fafe 1 41 38 9 14 15 29 47 -18 1988–89 1988–89 16
63 Felgueiras 1 33 34 8 9 17 29 47 -18 1995–96 1995–96 16 [K]
64 Seixal 2 29 52 7 8 37 44 150 -106 1963–64 1964–65 12
65 Riopele 1 27 30 6 9 15 23 51 -28 1977–78 1977–78 15 [L]
66 Águeda 1 26 30 7 5 18 25 55 -30 1983–84 1983–84 15
67 Trofense 1 23 30 5 8 17 25 42 -17 2008–09 2008–09 16
68 União de Coimbra 1 22 30 5 7 18 22 54 -32 1972–73 1972–73 15
69 Ginásio de Alcobaça 1 19 30 4 7 19 20 56 -36 1982–83 1982–83 16
70 União de Lisboa 1 11 14 3 2 9 30 49 -19 1 1 1934–35 1934–35 6 [G]
71 Oliveirense 1 11 22 3 2 17 22 73 -51 1945–46 1945–46 12
72 Casa Pia 1 3 14 1 0 13 12 56 -44 1938–39 2022–23 8
A. ^ Never relegated.
B. ^ Renamed Fabril in 2000.
C. ^ Club folded in 2021.
D. ^ Club folded in 2017. Successor club Naval 1893 was founded in 2017.
E. ^ Club ended football team in 2013.
F. ^ Club folded in 2007. Successor club Olímpico Montijo was founded in 2007.
G. ^ Merged to form Atlético CP in 1942.
H. ^ Club ended football team in 2009.
I. ^ Club ended football team in 1964.
J. ^ Merged to form O Elvas in 1947.
K. ^ Club folded in 2005. Successor club Felgueiras 1932 was founded in 2006.
L. ^ Club folded in 1984.
Last updated: 30 May 2021
Primeira Liga
Liga Portugal 2
Liga 3
Campeonato de Portugal
Portuguese District Championships
Clubs no longer in competition

RecordsEdit

Team recordsEdit

  • In 1972–73, Benfica became the first team to win the Portuguese league without defeat, with 58 points in 30 games (28 wins and 2 draws), the best efficiency ever obtained (96.7%) where 2 points were awarded for a victory. In that season, Benfica set the Portuguese league and European leagues record for most consecutive victories (23) – 29 wins overall, between 1971–72 and 1972–73. Benfica also set the league record for the greatest margin of victory in points over the second-placed team (18 points) in a 2 points per win championship.
  • In 1977–78, Benfica completed the Portuguese league unbeaten for the second time (21 wins and 9 draws).
  • In 1990–91, Benfica achieved the highest number of wins in a single season – 32 (out of 38 matches).
  • In 1998–99, Porto became the only team to win five consecutive titles.
  • In 2010–11, Porto won the Portuguese league without defeat, with 84 points in 30 games (27 wins and 3 draws), the best efficiency ever obtained (93.3%) where 3 points were awarded for a victory. That season, Porto also set the league record for the greatest margin of victory in points over the second-placed team (21 points) in a 3 points per win championship.
  • In 2012–13, Porto won the Portuguese league unbeaten for the second time (24 wins and 6 draws).
  • In 2020–21, Sporting CP set the record for the longest unbeaten run in a single season with 32 matches (25 wins and 7 draws) out of 34.
  • From 8 November 2020 to 21 April 2022, Porto set the record for the longest unbeaten run in the league: 58 matches (47 wins and 11 draws).
  • In 2021–22, Porto achieved a record 91 points in the Portuguese league (29 wins and 4 draws in 34 games).

Individual recordsEdit

Player transfer feesEdit

Top transfer fees paid by Primeira Liga clubs
Rank Player Fee (min.) Date Transfer Reference(s)
1   Darwin Núñez €24M 4 September 2020   Almería Benfica [23]
2   Raúl Jiménez €21.8M 21 July 2016   Atlético Madrid Benfica [24]
3   Giannelli Imbula €20M 1 July 2015   Marseille Porto [25]
  Óliver Torres 9 February 2017   Atlético Madrid Porto [26]
  Raúl de Tomás 3 July 2019   Real Madrid Benfica [27]
  Julian Weigl 2 January 2020   Borussia Dortmund Benfica [28]
  Everton Soares 14 August 2020   Grêmio Benfica [29]
8   Hulk €19M 14 May 2011   Tokyo Verdy Porto [30]
9   Pedrinho €18M 11 March 2020   Corinthians Benfica [31]
10   Carlos Vinícius €17M 20 July 2019   Napoli Benfica [32]
Top transfer fees received by Primeira Liga clubs
Rank Player Fee (min.) Date Transfer Reference(s)
1   João Félix €126M 3 July 2019 Benfica   Atlético Madrid [33]
2   Rúben Dias €68M 29 September 2020 Benfica   Manchester City [34][35]
3   Bruno Fernandes €55M[b] 29 January 2020 Sporting CP   Manchester United [36]
4   Éder Militão €50M 14 March 2019 Porto   Real Madrid [37]
5   James Rodríguez €45M 24 May 2013 Porto   Monaco [38]

TelevisionEdit

2020–21 until 2022–23Edit

The league is currently distributed internationally by Sportfive.[39]

PortugalEdit

Within Portugal, Sport TV broadcasts all live Primeira Liga matches except Benfica's home matches which are broadcast live on Benfica TV.

International broadcastersEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the 2018–19 season, the three lowest placed teams were relegated to the LigaPro due to the integration of Gil Vicente in the Primeira Liga in the following season. The Portuguese Football Federation appealed to proceed with this integration as soon as possible.[2]
  2. ^ plus €25 million in bonuses.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official English site -Main sponsors-
  2. ^ "FPF não se vincula a "memorando de entendimento" entre Belenenses e Gil Vicente". Record (in Portuguese). 13 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  3. ^ "BENFICA CAMPEÃO: todos os vencedores da Liga" [BENFICA CHAMPIONS: all the league winners]. Maisfutebol.iol.pt (in Portuguese). 17 May 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Current Ranking – IFFHS". Iffhs.de. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  5. ^ Stadium Newspaper, 10 January 1940
  6. ^ a b "Pesquisa". Record.xl.pt. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  7. ^ Tovar 2011, p. 191.
  8. ^ Tovar, p. 136
  9. ^ Lee Scott (20 February 2020). "Rangers Beware – Braga are One of European Football's Form Teams". footballcritic.com. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Portugal's European debacle – what's gone wrong?". portugoal.net. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Liga Portugal". Lpfp.pt. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Liga Portugal". Lpfp.pt. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Liga Nos mantém-se por três anos e meio". Jornaldenegocios.pt. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Bola oficial da Liga Portugal" [Liga Portugal's official ball]. Ligaportugal.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Errejota, a nova bola oficial da Liga" [Errejota, the new Portugal's official ball]. Desporto.sapo.mz (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  16. ^ UEFA.com. "Country coefficients | UEFA Coefficients".
  17. ^ "Casa Pia will start next season in Estádio (Nacional) do Jamor". O Jogo. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  18. ^ "Painel de espectadores por clube". Ligaportugal.pt. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  19. ^ FC Porto perde seis pontos UEFA (in Portuguese)
  20. ^ "Primeira Liga numbers". www.thefinalball.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Primeira Liga Usage stats". playmakerstats.
  22. ^ "Primeira Liga Goals Scored stats". playmakerstats.
  23. ^ "Comunicado" [Announcement] (PDF). CMVM (in Portuguese). S.L. Benfica. 4 September 2020.
  24. ^ Pritchett, David (21 July 2016). "Raúl becomes Benfica's record signing". Planet Benfica. Archived from the original on 24 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Official: Porto sign Imbula for €20m". Goal.com. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  26. ^ "FC Porto anuncia compra do passe de Óliver" [FC Porto announces purchase of Óliver's pass]. O Jogo (in Portuguese). Global Media Group. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  27. ^ "Welcome, Raúl de Tomás!". S.L. Benfica. 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  28. ^ "Weigl is already a Benfica player!". S.L. Benfica. 2 January 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  29. ^ "Comunicado" [Announcement] (PDF). CMVM (in Portuguese). S.L. Benfica. 14 August 2020.
  30. ^ "Hulk é o mais caro da história: Porto gasta 19 milhões". Maisfutebol (in Portuguese). 14 May 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Comunicado" [Announcement] (PDF). CMVM (in Portuguese). S.L. Benfica. 19 August 2020.
  32. ^ Nascimento, Diogo (20 July 2019). "Welcome, Carlos Vinícius!". S.L. Benfica. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  33. ^ "Comunicado à CMVM" [Announcement to CMVM]. S.L. Benfica (in Portuguese). 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  34. ^ "Comunicado" [Announcement] (PDF). CMVM (in Portuguese). S.L. Benfica. 27 September 2020.
  35. ^ "City Complete Ruben Dias Signing". Manchester City F.C. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  36. ^ "Sporting oficializa venda de Bruno Fernandes ao Man. United: todos os detalhes do negócio". Record (in European Portuguese). Lisbon. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  37. ^ "Real Madrid confirma Militão até 2025 por 50 milhões de euros" [Real Madrid confirms Militão until 2025 for 50 million euros] (in Portuguese). zerozero. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  38. ^ "Monaco sign João Moutinho and James Rodríguez from Porto for £60m". The Guardian. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  39. ^ "Sportfive awarded Primeira Liga international rights to 2023". SportBusiness. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  40. ^ "Do t'ju lëmë pa frymë". Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  41. ^ a b c d e "Die portugiesische Liga NOS für weitere 3 Jahre bei sportdigital und bei DAZN" (PDF). Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  42. ^ "Программа телепередач". Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  43. ^ a b c "Le championnat portugais en exclusivité sur SFR Sport". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  44. ^ a b c d e f "Arena Sport kupila Špance, Portugalce i produžila Ligu šampiona". Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  45. ^ "Além da ESPN, Bandsports também exibirá Campeonato Português a partir deste fim de semana". Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  46. ^ a b "Astro adds Portuguese Primeira Liga to its live sports offerings". Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  47. ^ "GolTV offers Canadian viewers live streaming of Portuguese Liga NOS On new over-the-top (OTT) soccer platform – GolTV Play". Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  48. ^ "China's K-Ball adds rights to Portuguese league". Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  49. ^ "Sports content 2017–18 from 20 Sports Channels". Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  50. ^ a b "Fotbalová sezóna 2018/19 na televizních programech". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  51. ^ "ინგლისის, იტალიის, ესპანეთისა და საფრანგეთის ლიგები უკვე "სილქ სპორტის" პაკეტში". Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  52. ^ "Και το Πορτογαλικό Πρωτάθλημα Ποδοσφαίρου στην COSMOTE TV". Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  53. ^ "TV Műsor". Archived from the original on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  54. ^ "Liga Portugal". Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  55. ^ a b "About FreeSports". Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  56. ^ "לוח שידורים". Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  57. ^ "📕 la guida di Natale di OneFootball 🎄 alle partite GRATIS in app 📲". Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  58. ^ "Meciuri din campionatul de fotbal al Portugaliei, în exclusivitate la TVR HD". Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  59. ^ "La Primeira Liga de Portugal con los partidos del Oporto, Sporting y Benfica la puedes disfrutar por la señal de GolTV". Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  60. ^ "SPORT1 eteryje – tiesioginės Portugalijos futbolo lygos transliacijos Visą straipsnį galite rasti". Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  61. ^ "MCTV presents Serie A, French Ligue, Portuguese" (PDF). Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  62. ^ "Onze Sporten". Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  63. ^ a b "GolTV acquires US media rights to Portugal's Primeira Liga for 2017/18 season". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  64. ^ "Eleven Sports TV bought the rights to the Portuguese league for the next three seasons". Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  65. ^ "Primeira Liga". Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  66. ^ "Match TV acquires rights to show Portugal's Primeira Liga". Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  67. ^ "Yayin akisi". Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  68. ^ ""Поверхность ТВ" покажет Чемпионат Португалии по футболу". Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  69. ^ "FreeSports Football". Retrieved 25 August 2017.

SourcesEdit

  • Tovar, Rui (2011). Almanaque do FC Porto 1893–2011 (in Portuguese). Alfragide: Caderno. ISBN 9789892315430.

External linksEdit