Latin Cup

The Latin Cup (French: Coupe Latine; Italian: Coppa Latina; Portuguese: Taça Latina or Copa Latina; Spanish: Copa Latina) was an international football tournament for club sides from the Latin European nations of France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal. In 1949 the football federations came together and requested FIFA to launch the competition. European clubs could not afford hefty travel costs so competition was staged at the end of every season in a single host country. The competition featured two semi-finals, a third place play-off and a final.[1]

Latin Cup
Copa latina transparent.png
The trophy awarded to champions
Organising bodyFrance FFF
Italy FIGC
Portugal FPF
Spain FEF
Founded1949
Abolished1957; 64 years ago (1957)
RegionLatin Europe
Number of teams4
Related competitionsMitropa Cup
Balkans Cup
Last championsSpain Real Madrid
(2nd title) (1957)
Most successful club(s)Spain Barcelona
Italy Milan
Spain Real Madrid
(2 titles each)

This competition is considered a predecessor of club tournaments in Europe, such as UEFA Champions League,[2] which first edition was held in 1955.

HistoryEdit

The tournament began in 1949 and was usually played between the league champions of each of the participating countries. Every four years, a ranking would be determined for the countries based on their sides' performances in the Latin Cup. The competition was last played for in 1957, two years after the introduction of the UEFA-sanctioned European Cup. Real Madrid played in and won both the European Cup and the Latin Cup in 1957.

Prior to the introduction of the European Cup, the Latin Cup was considered the most important cup for clubs in Europe, the longer-established Mitropa Cup having gone into decline after World War II. The Latin Cup has been described one of the forerunners "of the European Cup" by UEFA.[2]

According to Jules Rimet, 3rd President of FIFA, the Latin Cup was a competition created by FIFA at request of the four nations that contested it, but its regulation was made by a committee composed of members from the competing federations, and FIFA did not participate actively in its organisation.[3]

The Latin Cup was based on cycles of 4 years, being held in one country each year. The champion of each edition achieved the most points (4) to its Federation while teams placed 2nd, 3rd and 4th received 3, 2 and 1 points respectively. Moreover, the Federation which totalised the most points every four years received the trophy, while the champion club was given a smaller replica of it.[1]

The first edition was opened on 20 June 1949, with the Sporting CP vs Torino at Chamartín Stadium of Madrid. One month before 18 of Torino players had died at Superga air disaster. Barcelona would be the first champion of the tournament after beating Sporting 2–1 at the final.[1]

The second edition clashed with 1950 FIFA World Cup of Brazil so most of the players of league champions were called up by their respective national teams. Therefore, Lazio, the fourth of Serie A, participated in the Latin Cup that year. In 1951, French runners-up Lille OSC replaced French champions Nice, who relinquished the 1951 Latin Cup in order to play the Copa Rio. Due to a fixture clash with the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland, no Latin Cup was held that year (the participants would have been Real Madrid, Sporting CP, Lille OSC and Internazionale—the latter did not get another chance to enter).

After the first four editions played, the Royal Spanish Football Federation won the first cycle totalising 12 points, 8 of them contributed by Barcelona and 4 by Atlético Madrid.[1]

ResultsEdit

All teams were champions of the preceding domestic season in each nation, except where it indicates, detailing their finishing position in respective leagues.

Year Final Third Place Match Venue City
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1949   Barcelona 2–1   Sporting CP   Torino 5–3   Reims Estadio Chamartín Madrid
1950   Benfica
3–3 (a.e.t.)
  Bordeaux   Atlético Madrid
2–1
  Lazio (4) Estádio Nacional Oeiras
2–1 (a.e.t.)
1951   Milan 5–0   Lille (2)   Atlético Madrid 3–1   Sporting CP San Siro Milan
1952   Barcelona 1–0   Nice   Juventus 3–2   Sporting CP Parc des Princes Paris
1953   Reims 3–0   Milan (3)   Sporting CP 4–1   Valencia (2) Estádio Nacional Oeiras
1954 Not held
1955   Real Madrid 2–0   Reims   Milan 3–1   Belenenses (2) Parc des Princes Paris
1956   Milan (2) 3–1   Athletic Bilbao   Benfica (2) 2–1   Nice Arena Civica Milan
1957   Real Madrid 1–0   Benfica   Milan 4–3   Saint-Étienne Santiago Bernabéu Madrid

Titles by clubEdit

Club Titles Winning years
  Milan 2 1951, 1956
  Barcelona 2 1949, 1952
  Real Madrid 2 1955, 1957
  Benfica 1 1950
  Reims 1 1953

Titles by countryEdit

Country Titles Winning years
  Spain 4 1949, 1952, 1955, 1957
  Italy 2 1951, 1956
  France 1 1953
  Portugal 1 1950

Top scorers by yearEdit

Year Player Goals
1949   Fernando Peyroteo 3
1950   Arsénio Duarte
  Édouard Kargu
  Larbi Benbarek
2
1951   André Strappe 5
1952   Giampiero Boniperti 3
1953   João Martins 4
1954 Not held
1955   Héctor Rial
  Léon Glowacki
2
1956   Juan Alberto Schiaffino 3
1957   Francisco Gento 3

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d La curiosa aventura de la Copa Latina by Alfredo Relaño on El País, 25 September 2016
  2. ^ a b Goals, not coal, for Kopa on UEFA website, 4 February 2011
  3. ^ Rimet, Pierre (4 January 1951). Rodrigues Filho, Mário (ed.). "Cartas de Paris - Das pirâmides do Egito ao colosso do Maracanã, com o Sr. Jules Rimet" [Letters from Paris - From the pyramids of Egypt to the colossus of Maracanã, with Mr. Jules Rimet]. Jornal dos Sports (in Portuguese) (6554). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. p. 5. Retrieved 2 June 2017. A Taça Latina é uma competição criada pela F. I. F. A. a pedido dos quatro países que a disputam atualmente. Mas o Regulamento é feito por uma Comissão composta por membros das Federações concorrentes e de fato a F. I. F. A. não participa ativamente na organização

External linksEdit