Adidas Teamgeist

The Adidas +Teamgeist (German pronunciation: [ˈtiːmgaɪ̯st], with the plus sign being mute) is a football made by Adidas and developed jointly with Molten Corporation. It was the official match ball for the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. The plus sign in its name was introduced for trademark purposes, since the regular German word Teamgeist, meaning "team spirit", could not be trademarked.[1]

Adidas +Teamgeist
InventorAdidas and Molten
Inception2006; 16 years ago (2006)


The ball was designed by the Adidas Innovation Team and the Molten Corporation and is made by Adidas, which has provided the balls used in all World Cup matches since the 1970 World Cup when the Telstar was introduced. The +Teamgeist ball differs from previous balls in having just 14 curved panels (making the ball topologically equivalent to a truncated octahedron), rather than the 32 that have been standard since 1970. Like the 32 panel Roteiro which preceded it, the +TeamGeist panels are bonded together, rather than stitched.[1] It is claimed to be rounder and to perform more uniformly regardless of where it is hit, and being almost waterproof, it does not get heavier in wet weather.[2]

World Cup match ballsEdit

Teamgeist Gallery in Adidas "world of football", Berlin

Each of the 32 qualified federations received 40 match balls for training purposes. Match balls for the 2006 FIFA World Cup were personalized with the name of the stadium, the teams, the match date, and the kick-off time of each individual game, under a protective coating.

A special match ball was used for the final game — the + Teamgeist Berlin.[3] The design is the same as the other match balls, but accented in gold, with black and white details. Both qualified federations (France and Italy) received 20 of these versions for training purposes.

Technical specificationEdit

Although it had been planned to include an electronic tracking system in the ball, this was abandoned after a trial at the 2005 Under-17 World Championship in Peru.

FIFA Approved standard[4] Teamgeist measurements[4]
Circumference 68.5 – 69.5 cm 69.0 – 69.25 cm
Diameter ≤ 1.5% difference ≤ 1.0% difference
Water absorption ≤ 10% weight increase ≤ 0.1% weight increase
Weight 420 - 445 g 441 - 444 g
Shape and size retention 2000 cycles at 50 km·h−1 3500 cycles at 50 km·h−1
Rebound test ≤ 10 cm ≤ 2 cm
Loss of pressure ≤ 20% ≤ 11%

The Teamgeist was the first World Cup ball to not have the traditional 32 panels. Instead, the ball is made up of 14 panels, which means that the number of three-panel touch points is reduced by 60% (60 to 24) and the total length of the panel lines falls by over 15% (400.5 cm to 339.3 cm). Building on the introduction of thermal bonding technology in 2004, the Teamgeist ball is the first time Adidas has used this in a World Cup. Loughborough University conducted extensive comparative testing on the ball, along with the Adidas football laboratory in Scheinfeld, Germany.[5]


While Swiss international Johann Vogel and David Beckham, both sponsored by Adidas, and others were reported to be happy with the new ball, it was criticized by many top players before the World Cup. Players such as Brazil's Roberto Carlos[6] and Paul Robinson of England were among the critics of the new ball,[7] claiming it was too light and had a vastly different performance when wet. The ball has fewer seams, reducing air resistance and thus altering flight patterns.[8]

The "Wawa Aba" ball of the Africa Cup of Nations was criticised by the player of the tournament, Hosny Abd Rabo of Egypt, who said that ball was bad for passing.[9]

Teamgeist 2Edit

The Teamgeist 2 was introduced by Adidas as an update of the ball during the 2007 FIFA Club World Cup in Japan. The ball was then formally introduced in 2008 and was also used in the seven-a-side football tournament at the 2008 Summer Paralympics.


Adidas has produced multiple variants of the +Teamgeist and Teamgeist 2 for various competitions.[10]

Variations of the Teamgeist, (left): Teamgeist Berlin; (right) Teamgei2t Magnus Moenia, designed for the 2008 Olympics
Year Variant name Competition
2006 Teamgeist 2006 FIFA World Cup
2006 Teamgeist Berlin 2006 FIFA World Cup final
Teamgeist Blue
Teamgeist Red 2006 FIFA Club World Cup
2006 Teamgeist RFEF 2006–07 Copa del Rey
2007 Teamgeist Blue 2007 China 2007 FIFA Women’s World Cup
2007 Teamgeist Red 2007 Canada 2007 FIFA Under-20 World Cup

Variants of this ball include the Adidas Teamgeist 2 Magnus Moenia, used in the 2008 Olympic Games, as well as the related Adidas Europass used for UEFA Euro 2008.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Teamgeist Archived 2015-05-27 at the Wayback Machine on Soccer Ball World (archived, 6 Jan 2006)
  2. ^ Adidas Teamgeist on Adidas Group (archived, 16 Jun 2006)
  3. ^ "Golden "Teamgeist Berlin" ball for the FIFA World Cup Final". 18 April 2006. Archived from the original on 17 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Official World Cup Final Match Ball Teamgeist Soccer Ball". 18 April 2006. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  5. ^ "adidas unveils the match ball for the 2006 FIFA World Cup - tested at Loughborough University". Loughborough University. 13 December 2005. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
  6. ^ "Champs: New ball falls flat". Sports. St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  7. ^ Taylor, Daniel (7 June 2006). "The balls are awful says Robinson, but luckily I've had some practice". World Cup 2006. Baden-Baden: Guardian Unlimited Football. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  8. ^ Elliot, Danielle (10 July 2014). "Why the World Cup Suddenly Has So Many Goals". Nautilus. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Hosni Abd Rabou Exclusive". MTN Africa Cup of Nations. 6 February 2008. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
  10. ^ "Adidas". 22 November 2011.
Preceded by FIFA World Cup official ball
Succeeded by