is an inedible fungus
, and a member of the genus Hydnellum
of the family Bankeraceae
. It is a hydnoid
species, producing spores
on the surface of vertical spines or tooth-like projections that hang from the undersurface of the fruit bodies
. It is found in North America, Europe, and was recently discovered in Iran (2008) and Korea (2010). Hydnellum peckii
is a mycorrhizal
species, and forms mutually beneficial
relationships with a variety of coniferous
trees, growing on the ground singly, scattered, or in fused masses.
The fruit bodies typically have a funnel-shaped cap with a white edge, although the shape can be highly variable. Young, moist fruit bodies can "bleed" a bright red juice that contains a pigment known to have anticoagulant properties similar to heparin. The unusual appearance of the young fruit bodies has earned the species several descriptive common names, including strawberries and cream, the bleeding Hydnellum, the bleeding tooth fungus, the red-juice tooth, or the devil's tooth. Although the fruit bodies are readily identifiable when young, they become brown and nondescript when they age.
, commonly known
as the eyelash cup
, the Molly eye-winker
, the scarlet elf cap
, the eyelash fungus
or the eyelash pixie cup
, is a small saprophytic fungus
of the genus Scutellinia
. It is the type species
, as well as being the most common and widespread. The fruiting bodies
are small red cups with distinct long, dark hairs or "eyelashes". These eyelashes are the most distinctive feature and are easily visible with a magnifying glass. The species is common in North America and Europe, and has been recorded on every continent. S. scutellata
is found on rotting wood and in other damp habitats, typically growing in small groups, sometimes forming clusters. It is sometimes described as inedible, but its small size means it is not suitable for culinary use. Despite this, it is popular among mushroom hunters due to its unusual "eyelash" hairs, making it memorable and easy to identify.