Tuber (fungus)

(Redirected from Tuber (genus))

Tuber is a genus in the fungal family Tuberaceae, with estimated molecular dating to the end of the Jurassic period (156 Mya).[2] It includes several species of truffles that are highly valued as delicacies.

Tuber gibbosum
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Tuberaceae
Genus: Tuber
P.Micheli ex F.H.Wigg. (1780)
Type species
Tuber aestivum
(Wulfen) Spreng. (1827)
  • Tuber P.Micheli
  • Tuberium Raf.
  • Aschion Wallr.
  • Ensaluta Zobel
  • Lespiaultinia Zobel
  • Oogaster Corda
  • Tuber subg. Vittadinion Zobel
  • Vittadinion Zobel
  • Terfeziopsis Harkn.
  • Delastreopsis Mattir.
  • Mukagomyces S.Imai
Harvested white truffle (Tuber magnatum) at Ceva, Cuneo, Italy

New discoveries Edit

In 2015 a new species Tuber petrophilum (close relative to Tuber melanosporum and Tuber brumale) was discovered in the Dinaric Alps (Southeastern Europe, Serbia).[3] In 2016, two new species were discovered in Brazil. Tuber floridanum (with the commercial name Trufa Sapucaya meaning 'The last Guarany breath') and Tuber brennemanii grow in association with pecan rootlets.[4][5]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Tuber P. Micheli ex F.H. Wigg. 1780". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
  2. ^ Maccarrone, Mauro (2020-12-01). "Phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids: different in nature". Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali. 31 (4): 931–938. doi:10.1007/s12210-020-00957-z. ISSN 1720-0776.
  3. ^ Milenković, Miroljub; Grebenc, Tine; Marković, Miroslav; Ivančević, Boris (October–December 2015). "Tuber petrophilum, a new truffle species from Serbia". Mycotaxon. 130 (4): 1141-1152. doi:10.5248/130.1141.
  4. ^ Marcelo Aloisio Sulzbacher; Jonas Janner Hamann; Diniz Fronza; Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques; Admir José Giachini; Tine Grebenc; Zaida Inês Antoniolli (2019). "FUNGOS ECTOMICORRÍZICOS EM PLANTAÇÕES DE NOGUEIRA-PECÃ E O POTENCIAL DA TRUFICULTURA NO BRASIL". Ciênc. Florest. 29–2 (2): 975–987. doi:10.5902/1980509827581.
  5. ^ Arthur C Grupe 2nd; Marcelo A Sulzbacher; Tine Grebenc; Rosanne Healy; Gregory Bonito; Matthew E Smith (2018). "Tuber brennemanii and Tuber floridanum: Two new Tuber species are among the most commonly detected ectomycorrhizal taxa within commercial pecan (Carya illinoinensis) orchards". Mycologia. 110 (4): 780–790. doi:10.1080/00275514.2018.1490121. PMID 30130456. S2CID 52056622.

External links Edit