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Ferula (from Latin ferula, 'rod') is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the carrot family, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1–4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are usually yellow, rarely white, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense.[2][3]

Ferula
Ferula communis2.jpg
Ferula communis
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Order:
Family:
Genus:
Ferula

Synonyms[1]
  • Ladyginia Lipsky
  • Schumannia Kuntze
  • Scorodosma Bunge
  • Soranthus Ledeb
Ferula foetida

Selected speciesEdit

UsesEdit

 
Ferula Iran

The gummy resin of many species of Ferula is used for medical or culinary purposes:

Ferula assafoetida is used to make the spice asafoetida, or hing[5]
Ferula gummosa makes galbanum
Ferula hermonis makes zallouh, a supposed aphrodisiac[6]
Ferula persica makes sagapenum
Ferula moschata makes sumbul
Ferula tingitana makes "African ammoniacum"
Silphium was used to make laserpicium

The Romans called the hollow light rod made from this plant a ferula (compare also fasces, judicial birches). Such rods were used for walking sticks, splints, for stirring boiling liquids, and for corporal punishment.

The ferula also shows up in mythological contexts. The main shaft of a thyrsus was traditionally made from this plant, and Prometheus smuggled fire to humanity by hiding it in a ferula as well.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tropicos.org". Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  2. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Ferula
  3. ^ Flora of Pakistan, Ferula Linn
  4. ^ Bulfina, Ovidiu. "Discovery! New plant species in Romania". Birdlife International. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  5. ^ Plants for a Future, Ferula assa-foetida L., Asafoetida - Devil's Dung. Hing
  6. ^ Graham White, National Institute of Medical Herbalists, Ferula hermonis "The Lebanese Viagra" by Stuart FitzSimmons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ferula at Wikimedia Commons