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Ferula (from Latin ferula, 'rod') is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the carrot family, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1–4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are usually yellow, rarely white, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense.
- Ferula assa-foetida – Asafoetida
- Ferula caspica
- Ferula communis – Giant fennel
- Ferula conocaula
- Ferula cypria – Cyprus fennel
- Ferula diversivittata
- Ferula foetida
- Ferula gummosa, syn. galbaniflua – Galbanum
- Ferula hermonis
- Ferula karelinii
- Ferula linkii
- Ferula longifolia
- Ferula marmarica
- Ferula melitensis
- Ferula mikraskythiana – endemic to Romania and found in the Dumbrăveni Forest Nature Reserve in 2014
- Ferula moschata, syn sumbul – Muskroot
- Ferula narthex
- Ferula orientalis
- Ferula persica
- Ferula schair
- Ferula szowitziana
- Ferula tingitana
- Ferula assafoetida is used to make the spice asafoetida, or hing
- Ferula gummosa makes galbanum
- Ferula hermonis makes zallouh, a supposed aphrodisiac
- Ferula persica makes sagapenum
- Ferula moschata makes sumbul
- Ferula tingitana makes "African ammoniacum"
- Silphium was used to make laserpicium
The Romans called the hollow light rod made from this plant a ferula (compare also fasces, judicial birches). Such rods were used for walking sticks, splints, for stirring boiling liquids, and for corporal punishment.
- "Tropicos.org". Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Ferula
- Flora of Pakistan, Ferula Linn
- Bulfina, Ovidiu. "Discovery! New plant species in Romania". Birdlife International. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Plants for a Future, Ferula assa-foetida L., Asafoetida - Devil's Dung. Hing
- Graham White, National Institute of Medical Herbalists, Ferula hermonis "The Lebanese Viagra" by Stuart FitzSimmons
Media related to Ferula at Wikimedia Commons