Lecanoromycetes is the largest class of lichenized fungi.[1] It belongs to the subphylum Pezizomycotina in the phylum Ascomycota.[2] The asci (spore-bearing cells) of the Lecanoromycetes most often release spores by rostrate dehiscence.[1]

Cladonia sobolescens
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
(unranked): Leotiomyceta
(unranked): Dothideomyceta
Class: Lecanoromycetes
O.E.Erikss. & Winka (1997)
Subclasses and orders

Subclass Acarosporomycetidae

Subclass Lecanoromycetidae

Subclass Ostropomycetidae

incertae sedis (not placed in a subclass)

They are monophyletic (a group of taxa composed only of all the descendants of a common ancestor).[3]

Genera of uncertain placement edit

There are several genera in the Lecanoromycetes that have not been placed into any order or family. These are:[4]

References edit

  1. ^ a b Miadlikowska, Jolanta; Kauff, F; Hofstetter, V; et al. (2006). "New insights into classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes". Mycologia. 98 (6): 1088–1103. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1088. PMID 17486983.
  2. ^ Hibbett, David S.; Binder, M; Bischoff, JF; et al. (2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi" (PDF). Mycological Research. 111 (Pt 5): 509–547. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. S2CID 4686378. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-10.
  3. ^ Thorsten Lumbsch, H.; Schmitt, Imke; Palice, Zdenek; Wiklund, Elisabeth; Ekman, Stefan; Wedin, Mats (June 2004). "Supraordinal phylogenetic relationships of Lecanoromycetes based on a Bayesian analysis of combined nuclear and mitochondrial sequences". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 31 (3): 822–32. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.11.001. PMID 15120381.
  4. ^ Wijayawardene, N.N.; Hyde, K.D.; Dai, D.Q.; Sánchez-García, M.; Goto, B.T.; Saxena, R.K.; et al. (2022). "Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa – 2021". Mycosphere. 13 (1): 53–453. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/13/1/2. hdl:10481/76378. S2CID 249054641.