Tremellomycetes

The Tremellomycetes are a class of dimorphic fungi in the Agaricomycotina. Some species have gelatinous basidiocarps (fruiting bodies) or (microscopically) a sacculate parenthesome.[1] There are six orders, 17 families, and 39 genera in the Tremellomycetes.[2][3] Tremellomycetes include yeasts, dimorphic taxa, and species that form complex fruiting bodies.[4] Tremellomycetes include some fungi that are human and animal pathogens in the genera Cryptococcus, Naganishia, Papiliotrema, and Trichosporon and some fungi that are cultivated for food in the genera Tremella and Naematelia.

Tremellomycetes
Tremella mesenterica branch.JPG
Tremella mesenterica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Subdivision: Agaricomycotina
Class: Tremellomycetes
Hibbett, Matheny & Manfr. Binder (2007)
Orders

Chionasterales
Cystofilobasidiales
Filobasidiales
Holtermanniales
Tremellales
Trichosporonales

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hibbett, D.S.; et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–547. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.626.9582. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. S2CID 4686378.
  2. ^ Liu XZ, Wang QM, Göker M, Groenewald M, Kachalkin AV, Lumbsch HT, Millanes AM, Wedin M, Yurkov AM, Boekhout T, Bai FY (2015). "Towards an integrated phylogenetic classification of the Tremellomycetes". Studies in Mycology. 81: 85–147. doi:10.1016/j.simyco.2015.12.001. PMC 4777781. PMID 26955199.
  3. ^ Irwin NA, Twynstra C, Mathur V, Keeling PJ (2021). "The molecular phylogeny of Chionaster nivalis reveals a novel order of psychrophilic and globally distributed Tremellomycetes (Fungi, Basidiomycota)". PLOS ONE. 16 (3): e0247594. Bibcode:2021PLoSO..1647594I. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0247594. PMC 7990227. PMID 33760841.
  4. ^ Millanes, Ana; Diederich, Paul; Ekman, Stefan; Wedin, Mats (October 2011). "Phylogeny and character evolution in the jelly fungi (Tremellomycetes, Basidiomycota, Fungi)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Elsevier. 61 (1): 12–28. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.05.014. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 21664282.