Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Dikarya is a subkingdom of Fungi that includes the divisions Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, both of which in general produce dikaryons, may be filamentous or unicellular, but are always without flagella. The Dikarya are most of the so-called "higher fungi", but also include many anamorphic species that would have been classified as molds in historical literature.[1] Phylogenetically the two divisions regularly group together.[2][3] In a 1998 publication, Thomas Cavalier-Smith referred to this group as the Neomycota.[4]

Dikarya
European Panther.jpg
Amanita pantherina, from the Basidiomycota
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Hibbett, T.Y.James & Vilgalys (2007)[1]
Divisions

Ascomycota
Basidiomycota

Synonyms[1]

Carpomycetaceae Bessey (1907)
Neomycota Caval.-Sm. (1998)

Contents

PhylogenyEdit

Unikonta  

Amoebozoa

  Opisthokonta  
Holozoa
  

Animalia

Choanozoa

  Holomycota

Nucleariids


  Fungi

Microsporidia

Chytridiomycota

Neocallimastigomycota

Blastocladiomycota

Zoopagomycotina

Kickxellomycotina

Entomophthoromycotina

Mucoromycotina

Glomeromycota

  Dikarya  

Ascomycota

Basidiomycota

Phylogeny of the Dikarya and upper-level taxa in Kingdom Fungi.[1]

The 2007 classification of Kingdom Fungi is the result of a large-scale collaborative research effort involving dozens of mycologists and other scientists working on fungal taxonomy.[1] It recognizes seven divisions within the Fungi, two of which—the Ascomycota and the Basidiomycota—are contained within a branch representing subkingdom Dikarya. The cladogram depicts the major fungal taxa and their relationship to opisthokont and unikont organisms. The lengths of the branches in this tree are not proportional to evolutionary distances.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Hibbett, D.S.; et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–47. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. 
  2. ^ Lutzoni, F.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1446–80. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446. PMID 21652303. 
  3. ^ James, T.Y.; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny" (PDF). Nature. 443 (7113): 818–22. doi:10.1038/nature05110. PMID 17051209. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-11. 
  4. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews. 73 (3): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. 

External linksEdit