List of Malaysian dishes

This is a list of dishes found in Malaysian cuisine.

Staple foodsEdit

Name Image Origin/Popularity Type Description
Ambuyat
 
Sarawak, Sabah and Labuan (Popular in Brunei) Traditional food Replacement of rice. A staple food of the indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak.
Bee Hoon   Nationwide Rice noodles A thin form of rice noodles (rice vermicelli).
Pulut   Nationwide Rice dumpling or rice cake It is made from sticky rice.
Ketupat   Nationwide Rice dumpling or rice cake It is made from rice packed inside a diamond-shaped container of woven palm leaf pouch.
Kway teow   Nationwide Rice noodles A type of noodle made from rice with sprawl-shaped.
Lemang   Malay, Minangkabau and Orang Asli Rice dish A traditional Malay food made of glutinous rice, coconut milk and salt, cooked in a hollowed bamboo stick lined with banana leaves in order to prevent the rice from sticking to the bamboo.
Mi   Nationwide Noodles Food made from unleavened dough which is rolled flat and cut, stretched or extruded, into long strips or strings.
Nasi putih   Nationwide Steamed rice Steamed rice as a staple food.

Main dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Ayam bakar   Nationwide Grilled chicken Charcoal-grilled spiced chicken.
Ayam goreng   Nationwide Fried chicken Spiced chicken fried in coconut oil.
Ayam kecap   Southern Peninsular Chicken Chicken simmered or braised in sweet soy sauce.
Ayam percik   East Coast Peninsular Grilled chicken Grilled chicken with a spicy, curry-like sauce.
Ayam tandori   Nationwide Roasted chicken Roasted chicken marinated in yoghurt and spices in a tandoor.
Asam pedas fish Malacca Dish
Bean Sprouts Chicken
 
Ipoh, Perak Dish Served with light soya sauce flavoured with oil.
Chai tow kway
 
Nationwide Common dish
(Dim sum)
A variety of dim sum.
Chilli crab Peninsular Malaysia
Seafood dish Derived from Chinese cuisine.
Curry Nationwide Dish Derived from Indian cuisine.
Fish ball
 
Nationwide Common food Small balls that were made from fish.
Gulai
 
Nationwide Curry Meat cooked in a thick, rich and spicy curry sauce.
Ikan Bakar
 
Nationwide
(Popular in Peninsular Malaysia)
Seafood dishes Usually eaten with sambal or shrimp paste.
Ikan goreng   Nationwide Fried fish Spiced fish/seafood deep-fried in coconut oil
Kari ayam   Nationwide Curry dish A type of curry dish cooked using chicken and spices.
Kari kambing   Peninsular Malaysia Curry dish A type of curry dish cooked using lamb or mutton.
Kari kepala ikan   West Coast Peninsular Curry dish A type of curry dish cooked using head of a red snapper, influenced by Indian and Peranakan cuisine.
Begedil   Southern Peninsular Fried dish Derived from Javanese cuisine of Indonesia. Made of ground potatoes, minced meat, peeled and ground corn or tofu, or minced fish. Most common perkedel are made from mashed potatoes.
Rendang   Nationwide Meat dish Chunks of beef stewed in coconut milk and spicy thick curry gravy.
Telur pindang   Southern Peninsular Egg dish Hardboiled eggs boiled in water mixed with salt, shallot skins, teak leaf and other spices.
Tempoyak ikan patin   Northern and East Coast of Peninsular Fish curry Catfish served in sweet and spicy fermented durian curry.
Otak-otak
 
Nationwide; Popular in Muar, Johor Cake type made from fish meat and spices Traditionally served steamed, wrapped inside a banana leaf or grilled in coconut leaves.
Oyster omelette
 
Asia
Seafood dish The dish consists of an omelette with a filling primarily composed of small oysters.
Sata
 
Terengganu Traditional dish Consisting of spiced fish meat wrapped in banana leaves and cooked on a grill.
Satay
 
Nationwide Dish Can be found throughout all the states of Malaysia in restaurants and on the street.
Satay celup Malacca, Penang Dish Popular in Malacca and Penang.

SoupsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Sop Ekor Peninsular Meat Soup
Sup Kambing
 
Nationwide Soup Can be found all over Malaysia.
Sayur Lodeh   Selangor and Johor Soup Vegetable soup prepared in coconut milk
Yong tau foo
 
Nationwide Soup A type of Chinese soup dish.
Ayam pansuh Sarawak Soup A chicken soup cooked in bamboo along with seasonings. A dish popular in Sarawak, Malaysia.
Bak kut teh
 
Klang, Selangor Soup A soup that consists of meaty pork ribs in a complex broth of herbs and spices, boiled together with pork bones for hours.

BreadsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Apam   Nationwide Pancake A steamed dough made of rice flour, coconut milk, yeast and palm sugar, usually served with grated coconut.
Chapathi
 
Peninsular Flatbread A thin, unleavened flat bread originated from India, brought by the immigrants to the country early in the 19th century. Usually served with beef or mutton curry.
Dosai
 
Peninsular Fermented Crepe or Pancake Derived from Tamil Indian cuisine.
Kaya toast   Nationwide Toast Kaya toast is prepared with kaya (coconut jam).
Murtabak
 
Nationwide Pancake Derived from Middle East and also from Indian cuisine.
Naan   Nationwide Flatbread A leavened, oven-baked flatbread. It is usually eaten with an array of sauces such as chutney and curries.
Ramly Burger
 
Nationwide Hamburger Can be found all over Malaysia but mainly in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur
Roti canai
 
Nationwide Flatbread Derived from Indian cuisine.
Roti Jala Nationwide Pancakes Served with curry.One of the famous food in Malaysia.
Roti John
 
Nationwide Sandwich A popular Malay sandwich in Malaysia and Singapore.

SaladsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Acar
 
Nationwide Condiment and Salad A type of a Pickling that can be found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.
Kinilaw   Sabah Salad A cooking process that relies on vinegar to denature the ingredients, similar to ceviche. Usually used to prepare raw seafood. It can also be used to prepare lightly cooked meat or vegetables.
Pasembur
 
Penang Salad A type of Indian salad.
Popiah
 
Nationwide Spring roll Can be found on street vendors around Malaysia.
Rojak
 
Peninsular Salad A traditional fruit and vegetable salad dish commonly found in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Ulam (salad)
 
Nationwide Salad Can be eaten simply as it is, or with cucumber, cabbage and eggplant.
Urap Southern Peninsular Salad dish A salad dish of steamed vegetables mixed with seasoned and spiced grated coconut for dressing.
Yusheng
 
Nationwide Salad Consumed during Chinese New Year.

Noodle dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Pan Mee
 
Nationwide Noodle dish Derived from Hakka cuisine.
Char kway teow
 
Nationwide Noodle dish A popular noodle dish in Malaysia and Singapore that is made from flat rice noodles.
Curry Mee
 
Malaysia Noodle dish Usually made up of thin yellow egg noodles or/and string thin mee-hoon (rice vermicelli) with spicy curry soup, chilli/sambal, coconut milk, and a choice of dried tofu, prawns, cuttlefish, chicken, egg and mint leaves.
Duck soup noodles Penang, Malaysia Noodle soup Consists of ingredients such as duck meat in hot soup with mixed herbs and slim white noodles known as mee-sua.
Hokkien mee
 
Nationwide Fried noodles Served in many Southeast Asian countries (mostly Malaysia and Singapore) and was brought there by immigrants from the Fujian in southeastern China.
Laksa
 
Penang, Perlis, Kedah, (Ipoh and Kuala Kangsar in Perak), Johor, Sarawak and Kelantan Noodle soup The famous one is the Penang laksa.
Laksa Sarawak Sarawak Noodle soup A very popular dish in Sarawak, Malaysia.
Lor mee
 
Nationwide
(Popular in Singapore)
Noodle dish One of Chinese-inspired noodle dish.
Maggi goreng
 
Malaysia Instant noodles A type of instant noodles that are popular in Malaysia.
Mee Bandung Muar
 
Muar, Johor Noodle dish Traditional noodle cuisine from Muar.
Mee goreng
 
Nationwide Noodle dish Derived from Chinese cuisine.
Mee hailam
Mee Kolok Kuching, Sarawak Noodle dish A type of noodles popular in Kuching, Sarawak.
Mee pok
 
Nationwide Noodle dish A type of Chinese noodle.
Mee rebus
 
Malaysia
(Popular in Singapore)
Boiled noodle dish A popular noodle dish in Malaysia and Singapore.
Mee siam
 
Peninsular Malaysia
(Popular in Singapore)
Siamese noodle A type of dish of thin rice noodles.
Mee sup
Mihun sup
Soto
 
Nationwide Traditional noodle soup dish One of the popular noodle dish both in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Wonton noodles
 
Nationwide Noodle dish Derived from Cantonese cuisine.

Rice dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Banana Leaf Rice
 
Peninsular Malaysia Rice dish Derived from Indian cuisine.
Briyani Peninsular Malaysia Rice dish Derived from Indian cuisine, also there is a famous local version in Batu Pahat, Johor.
Bubur Ashura   Peninsular Malaysia Porridge Type of porridge made from grains.
Bubur Ayam   Nationwide Porridge Rice porridge
Bubur Pedas   Sarawak Porridge Type of porridge made from finely ground sauteed rice and grated coconut. It is popular during Ramadan.
Claypot Chicken Rice
 
Nationwide Rice dish Usually served with Chinese sausage.
Hainanese Chicken Rice
 
Nationwide Rice dish Derived by Hainanese immigrants.
Nasi Ambeng Selangor, Johor Rice dish A popular west coast Malaysian Javanese dish, eaten during special occasions.
Economy Rice Nationwide Rice dish A rice dish is eaten with a sort of protein and vegetables.
Nasi Dagang
 
Kelantan, Terengganu Rice dish A type of dish consisting of rice steamed in coconut milk, fish curry and extra ingredients such as fried shaved coconut, hard-boiled eggs and vegetable pickles.
Nasi Goreng
 
Nationwide Rice dish A type of dish popular in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Nasi Goreng Pattaya
 
Peninsular Malaysia Rice dish A Malaysian dish made by covering or wrapping chicken fried rice, in fried egg. It is often served with chili sauce and cucumber. The name comes from Pattaya, Thailand.
Nasi Hujan Panas East Coast Peninsular Rice dish A rainbow rice dish is eaten with a sort of protein and vegetables.
Nasi Itik Nationwide Rice dish Made of either braised or roasted duck and plain white rice.
Nasi Kandar
 
Penang Rice dish A popular northern Malaysian dish, which originates from Penang.
Nasi Kebuli Pahang Rice dish Steamed rice dish cooked in goat broth, milk, and ghee. Usually served during Mawlid.
Nasi kerabu
 
Kelantan, Terengganu Rice dish A type of nasi ulam, in which blue-colored rice is eaten with dried fish or fried chicken, crackers, pickles and other salads.
Nasi Kuning Nationwide Rice dish A popular Malaysian dish usually served during special occasions.
Nasi Lemak
 
Nationwide Rice dish A fragrant rice dish cooked in coconut milk and "pandan" leaf commonly found in Malaysia, where it is considered the national dish of Malaysia.[1]
Nasi Minyak Terengganu Rice dish A popular east coast Malaysian dish usually served during weddings.
Nasi Paprik Rice dish
Nasi Tomato West Coast Peninsular Rice dish A popular west coast Malaysian dish, usually eaten with Ayam Masak Merah.
Nasi Tumpang Kelantan Rice dish A popular east coast Malaysian dish, which originates from Kelantan.
Nasi Ulam
 
Kelantan Rice dish A steamed rice dish mixed with various herbs, vegetables, and spices and accompanied by various side dishes

SnacksEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Keropok (Crackers) Nationwide, particularly coastal towns such as Malacca, Pulau Pangkor and Lumut Snack A popular snack in Malaysia, particularly served at homes of many during festive celebration. It can be found in many groceries stores and supermarkets, examples of popular household brands in Malaysia are Rota Prawn Crackers and myReal Pulau Pangkor Prawn Crackers.[2] One of the most popular type of prawn cracker in Malaysia are the Keropok Udang Geragau Melaka.
Kerepek (Crackers) Nationwide, particularly coastal towns such as Selangor and Johor Snack A popular snack in Malaysia, particularly served at homes of many during festive celebration. Vegan version of Keropok
Jemput-jemput
(Cokodok, Cucur)
  Malaysia Fritter type snack A traditional Malaysian fritter snack that is made from flour and can be choose either from banana, anchovies, prawns, onion or maize for flavours) or also can be made with only using flour.
Curry puff
 
Nationwide Snack A type of snack or kuih. Usually filled with chicken and potato with a dried curry inside.
Amplang Sabah Snack Fish cracker snack, made from mackerel.
Rempeyek Selangor and Johor Snack A deep-fried savoury Javanese cracker, made from flour with other ingredients, bound or coated by crispy flour batter.
Mee Siput Muar
 
Muar, Johor Snack Cracker A deep-fried circular-shaped-dried-noodles snack, made from flour with other ingredients, eaten with Sambal.
Keropok lekor
 
Terengganu Snack A keropok that is made from fish.
Pisang goreng
 
Nationwide Snack Deep-fried banana dipped in flour.
Akok (food) Popular in Kelantan state Snack Tradisional Kelantanese dessert snack made from egg, flour, brown sugar.

Preserved meatEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Bakkwa Nationwide Dried meat
Belutak Brunei and Sarawak Fermeted meat A sausage made from meat.
Char siu
 
Nationwide Pork meat A type of roasted meat.
Chinese sausage
 
Nationwide Pork meat A sausage made from pork.
Dendeng   Nationwide Meat dish A thinly sliced dried meat that is made of preserved through a mixture of spices and dried via a frying process.
Pekasam Northern Malaysia and Sarawak Fermeted meat A freshwater fish that fermented until it tastes sour, then seasoned with chili and sugar.
Serunding   Peninsular Malaysia Sprinkle dry condiments Grated coconut sauteed and spiced, eaten with any traditional staple food.
Sinalau Bakas Sabah Smoked wild boar

DessertsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Ais kacang
 
Nationwide Dessert Also known as air batu campur or ABC in Malaysia.
Agar Agar Nationwide Dessert Puddings flavoured jellies like almond tofu, as well as fruit aspics.
Cendol
 
Nationwide
(Popular in Indonesia)
Dessert Can be found on street vendors during Ramadan.
Dadih Nationwide
(Popular in Negeri Sembilan and Terengganu)
A buffalo milk based cheese
Dodol Nationwide
(Popular in Indonesia)
Confectionery Served during the Muslim Aidilfitri (Eid al-Fitr).
Bubur kacang hijau
(Green bean porridge)
 
Nationwide Dessert A type of porridge made from Mung bean.
Bubur pulut hitam Nationwide Dessert A type of porridge made from black glutinious rice.
Bubur cha cha Penang, Melaka Dessert A type of porridge.
Mango sticky rice Nationwide Dessert Mango eaten with glutinious rice.
Durian sticky rice Nationwide Dessert Durian eaten with glutinious rice.
Roti tissue
 
Malaysia Dessert Available at most local Mamak stalls in Malaysia and Singapore.
Puding Diraja Pekan, Pahang Dessert Pudding is garnished with jala emas, and served with a cold sauce made from milk and cornflour.
Putu mayam
 
Peninsular Malaysia Dish Derived from Tamil Indian cuisine.
Tapai Nationwide Dessert A popular dessert at Malay homes throughout Peninsular Malaysia during Hari Raya, made from fermented glutinous rice or tapioca.

SpreadsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Kacang Coklat   Nationwide Spreads Usually eat with a toast.
Kaya
 
Nationwide Spread Usually eat with a toast.

Condiments and saucesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Belacan
 
Nationwide Condiment Used in many dishes as an indgredient.
Budu
 
Kelantan and Terengganu Condiment Traditionally made by mixing anchovy and salt in the range of the ratio of 2:1 to 6:1 and allow to ferment for 140 to 200 days. It is used as a flavoring and is normally taken with fish, rice, and raw vegetables.
Cincalok
 
Malacca Condiment Fermented small shrimps or krill.
Kerisik Malay Sprinkle dry condiments A condiment made from roasted coconut meat. This condiment usually used in Malay cuisine, such as rendang and kerabu.
Kicap Manis and Kicap Masin   Nationwide Sauce Sweet Soy sauces and salty soy sauce
Otak Udang   Peninsular Malaysia Sauce A black colored shrimp paste. This condiment usually used with laksa, popiah and rojak.
Sambal Nationwide Condiment Variety of sambal, usually eaten with a meal of rice or other dishes.
Sos Tiram   Nationwide Sauce A black colored Oyster sauce.
Tauco West Coast Peninsular Condiment Usually cook with a source of protein.
Tempoyak   Nationwide Condiment Usually eaten with a meal of rice.
Tuhau Sabah Condiment A plant from the genus Etlingera. Usually eaten raw after mixed with chili, vinegar, and salt. Also fried.

Cakes and pastriesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Batik cake
 
Nationwide Dessert A type of chocolate cake similar like the hedgehog slice made using Marie biscuit.
Kek Lapis Sarawak Sarawak Dessert A spiced layered cake, made mainly of egg yolk, flour and margarine/butter.
Pandan Cake Southern Peninsular Dessert A light, fluffy, green-colored sponge cake flavored with the juices of pandan leaves.
Bahulu West Coast Peninsular Dessert A Malay traditional cake with soft texture. Usually served for breakfast.
Malay sponge cake Peninsular Malaysia Dessert A Malay traditional cake with soft texture, very popular in Hong Kong.

DrinksEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Bandung
 
Malaysia
(Popular in Johor and during Ramadan)
Beverage A beverage consists of milk flavoured with rose cordial syrup, giving a pink colour.
Ipoh white coffee
 
Ipoh, Perak Beverage A popular white coffee in Perak.
Janda pulang Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia Beverage A beverage consists of water, Coconut contents and palm sugar.
Coconut water   Nationwide Coconut water Coconut water. The water inside a coconut.
Susu Kacang Soya
 
Nationwide Beverage
Teh See Nationwide Beverage Derived from Chinese cuisine.
Teh halia
 
Nationwide Beverage A tea mixed with ginger.
Teh krisantimum
 
Nationwide Beverage
Teh tarik
 
Malaysia
(Popular in Singapore)
Beverage Made from black tea mix with condensed milk or evaporated milk.
Teh C Peng Special Nationwide
(Popular in Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia)
Beverage A unique combination of brown sugar, evaporated milk and red tea which is a local speciality at café's and coffee shops originating from Kuching, Sarawak.
Tenom coffee
 
Tenom, Sabah Beverage A popular Robusta coffee variety in Sabah.
Milo Dinosaur Nationwide Beverage A popular Milo variety in Malaysia.
Tuak Nationwide
(Popular in Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia)
Alcoholic beverage A type of alcoholic drink.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nasi Lemak". Malaysia.com. Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  2. ^ "myReal Pulau Pangkor Prawn Crackers by Lumut Cracker Sdn. Bhd". Lumutcrackers.com.my. Missing or empty |url= (help)

External linksEdit