Serundeng

Serundeng refers to a side dish or condiment to accompany rice in Indonesian and Malay languages. Serundeng may taste sweet, or hot and spicy according to recipe variants.[2]:34, 37

Serundeng
Serundeng Daging.jpg
Serundeng daging, fried beef with spicy sauteed grated coconut
CourseMain course or snack
Place of originIndonesia[1][2]
Region or stateNationwide in Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei
Serving temperatureRoom temperature
Main ingredientsGrated coconut spiced and sauteed and sprinkled upon another dishes, such as fried beef, soto or ketan (sticky rice)

Its best known variant is an Indonesian preparation of sautéed grated coconut mixed with spice and other ingredients.[1]:17 The spiced shredded toasted coconut can be mixed with peanuts,[1] and used as a condiment to add flavour, or as a garnish sprinkled upon rice-based dishes, such as steamed rice, lontong, ketan sticky rice, and burasa; or upon traditional soto soups. Serundeng can also considered as a separate dish if mixed with main ingredients, such as serundeng daging which is fried meat, usually beef, served in this serundeng spiced coconut floss.[3]

IngredientsEdit

 
Shredding or grating coconut flesh; it can be made as coconut milk or serundeng.

Grated coconut flesh forms the essential part of serundeng in Indonesian cuisine.[4] Freshly shredded coconut, instead of grated coconut left over from making coconut milk, gives a richer taste. The coconut flesh should be young coconut with a firm texture, and grated to create long pieces.[5] To make serundeng, spices and seasonings like onions, chili peppers, garlic, onion, coriander, turmeric, sugar, tamarind, bay leaves (daun salam), lime leaves (daun jeruk purut), and galangal are ground to a paste and fried.[6] Then, grated coconut is sauteed (fried with minimal or without oil) until golden brown, and mixed with the seasoning paste. Roasted peanuts might be added for additional crunchy texture and taste.

VariationsEdit

 
Burasa, rice dumpling cooked in coconut milk wrapped in banana leaf, served with serundeng

Serundeng can be mixed with meat in dishes such as serundeng daging (beef serundeng),[7] sprinkled on top of other dishes such as soto soup, ketupat[5] or covering all over ketan (sticky rice).[8]

In Indonesia, beef serundeng usually tastes rather sweet because of the generous addition of coconut sugar, and it is commonly associated with Javanese cuisine.[9] Serundeng fried coconut flakes as sprinkled dry condiment is also found in Betawi cuisine of Jakarta, and Makassar cuisine of South Sulawesi, usually applied upon soto, ketan, or burasa (rice in banana leaf cooked in coconut milk).

In Malaysia, the term serunding refers to meat floss instead, and it can be mixed with grated coconut or not. In Indonesia, meat floss is called abon, and serundeng clearly refers to spiced and sauteed grated coconut.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Weerdt-Schieffelers, Esly Van de (1998). Indonesian Cuisine: "Selamat Makan". Pulido Publications. ISBN 978-0-9663787-0-2.
  2. ^ a b Soewitomo, Sisca (2015-09-10). Popular Indonesia Cuisine: Over 100 Recipes (Edisi Bahasa Inggris) (in Indonesian). Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-602-03-1541-6.
  3. ^ Lee, Lara (2020-05-14). Coconut & Sambal: Recipes from my Indonesian Kitchen. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5266-0352-4.
  4. ^ Jun (March 7, 2011). "Fragrant Coconut Flakes, Serundeng". Indochine Kitchen. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  5. ^ a b Safira, Maya. "Ini Caranya Bikin Serundeng Garing Gurih Pelengkap Ketupat". detikfood (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  6. ^ Wiedenhoff, F. M. "Serundeng - fried coconut with peanuts". Kokkie Blanda. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Resep Serundeng Daging Sapi - Bikin yang Beda, Lebih Nikmat dan Bergizi, Wajib Dicoba! - TribunStyle.com". TribunStyle.com (in Indonesian). 2017-12-15. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  8. ^ Inc., Tastemade. "Ketan Serundeng ~ Resep". Tastemade (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  9. ^ "27 resep serundeng kelapa khas jawa enak dan sederhana ala rumahan". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  10. ^ Liputan6.com (2018-12-04). "Cara Membuat Serundeng Daging Sapi yang Enak dan Lezat Menggoda". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-10-10.