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A Marie biscuit is a type of biscuit similar to a rich tea biscuit. While the rich tea is the most popular version of this type of biscuit in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man, it is the Marie version that is most popular around the world. It is also known as Maria, Mariebon, and Marietta, amongst other names.

Marie biscuit
Galleta María.jpg
Type Biscuit
Place of origin United Kingdom
Created by Peek Freans
Main ingredients Wheat flour, vegetable oil (palm oil in most recipes, sunflower seed oil in e.g. Norway and Finland), vanilla
Cookbook: Marie biscuit  Media: Marie biscuit

Contents

DescriptionEdit

The biscuit is round and usually has the name embossed upon its top surface, the edges of which are also embossed with an intricate design. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, palm oil or sunflower seed oil and, unlike the rich tea biscuit, is typically vanilla-flavoured.

 
Palm oil free Marie biscuits as sold in the Norwegian market

HistoryEdit

The Marie biscuit was created by the London bakery Peek Freans in 1874 to commemorate the marriage of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia to the Duke of Edinburgh.[1] It became popular throughout Europe, particularly in Spain where, following the Civil War, the biscuit became a symbol of the country's economic recovery after bakeries produced mass quantities to consume a surplus of wheat.[2]

ConsumptionEdit

 
Marie biscuit used to make Batik cake, a type of chocolate cake (similar to the hedgehog slice) popular in Malaysia and Brunei.

Many consider that the plain flavour of Maries makes them, like rich tea biscuits, particularly suitable for dunking in tea. Other popular methods of consuming the biscuit include using two to make a sandwich with butter and marmite or condensed milk spread in between; covering it with golden syrup; or crumbling it up in custard and jelly (gelatin dessert). Marie biscuits are frequently served to children, and to infants who may be served the biscuits softened in milk as their first 'solid' food. Marie biscuits are also a common ingredient in home-baking recipes.

In Spain, natillas custard is typically served with a Maria biscuit on top. In Uruguay they are served filled with dulce de leche and sprinkled with shredded coconut. In Brazil they are soaked in milk and then stacked in layers of chocolate and vanilla-flavoured custard cream, with whipped cream and crushed cashew nuts on top to make the Brazilian version of Pavé, a very popular dessert. In Ireland, the biscuits are known as Marietta and manufactured by Jacob's. In Malaysia, people use them mainly for making kek batik.[3]

ManufacturersEdit

The major international manufacturers (initially sorted by country name)

Country/Region Producer Brand
  Argentina Arcor Maná
  Argentina Arcor Vocación
  Australia Arnott's Biscuits Holdings Marie
  Belarus Slodych, confectionery factory Marierta
  Belarus Confectionary Factory Spartak Mariya (Мария)
  Brazil Piraquê Maria
  Canada President's Choice Maria
  Costa Rica Pozuelo Maria
  Denmark KelsenBisca Mariekiks
  Ecuador Nestlé Ecuador S.A. María
  Egypt Biscomisr Marie
  Finland Kantolan (Made in Sweden for Chips AB) Kulta Marie
  Germany Patisserie Gunz Maria
  Hong Kong The Garden Company Limited Marie Biscuits
  India Disha Foods Treff
  India Bonn Food industries Mariebon
  India Britannia Industries Marie Gold, Vita Marie
  India Parle Products Marie
  India ITC Limited Marie Light
  Indonesia CV Jaya Abadi Marie Regal Biscuits[4]
  Indonesia Mayora Roma Marie Susu
  Ireland Jacob's Marietta
  Japan Morinaga & Company Marie (マリー) [5]
  Jordan Universal Industries Co. Ltd. Zalloum Group Marie or ماري
  Kenya Manji Food Industries Ltd. Marie
  Kuwait Kuwait Flour Mills & Bakeries Co. Marie ماري
  Libya Muhab Food Co. Benghazi Marie Biscuits
  Lebanon Ghandour Food Marie Biscuits, Lucky 555
  Malaysia Hup Seng Perusahaan Makanan (M) Sdn Bhd Ping Pong Marie
  Malaysia Hwa Tai Industries Bhd Hwa Tai Marie
  Malaysia Munchy Food Industries Sdn Bhd Munchy's Marie
  Malaysia Perfect Food Manufacturing (M) Sdn Bhd Julie's Marie
  Mexico Gamesa Marias
  Norway First Price (NorgesGruppen) Mariekjeks
  Norway Sætre AS Marie
  Netherlands Pally Holland Mariakaakje
  Netherlands Verkade Maria
  Panama Productos Alimenticios Pascual S. A. Maria
  Pakistan English Biscuit Manufacturers Peek Freans
  Philippines Rebisco Marie, Marie Time, Marie Munch, Marie Gold [6]
  Portugal Cuétara, Triunfo, Vieira de Castro Bolacha Maria, Bolacha Maria Oro
  Saudi Arabia United Food Industries Corp. Ltd. Co. DeemaH Marie
  Singapore Khong Guan Biscuit Factory (S) Pte Ltd Marie Biscuits, Small Marie Biscuits
  South Africa Bakers Blue Label Marie Biscuits, Cappuccino Marie Biscuits
  Spain Gullón María Leche, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada
  Spain Grupo Siro María Clásica, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada, Mini María
  Spain Cuétara María, María Oro, María Hojaldrada
  Spain Fontaneda (Mondelēz International) La Buena María
  Spain Marbú (Artiach) Marbú Dorada
  Sri Lanka CBL (Munchee) Tikiri Marie, Marie Light, Rice Marie, Chocolate Marie,[7]
  Sri Lanka Cargills (Ceylon) PLC Kist Marie[8]
  Sri Lanka Daintee Ltd Daintee Marie[9]
  Sri Lanka Luckyland Luckyland Marie
  Sri Lanka Maliban Biscuit Manufactories Limited Gold Marie, Light Marie, Chocolate Marie, Premium Marie[10]
  Sri Lanka Manchester Foods Pvt Ltd (Bisma) Ceylon Marie
  Sweden Göteborgs Kex Guld Marie
  Syria Katalina Foods  
  Turkey Şimşek Biscuits & Foods Gorona
  Turkey ANI Biscuits & Foods Marie
  Ukraine Zhytomyr Confectionary Factory ZhL Mariya (Марія)
  Ukraine Yarych Confectionary Factory Mariya (Марія)
  Ukraine Kharkiv Biscuit Factory Mariya (Марія)
  United Kingdom Crawford's Marie
  United Kingdom McVitie's Marie
  United States Goya Foods Marias
  Uruguay Kraft Foods Maria de Famosa
  Uruguay El Trigal Maria Rika
  Venezuela C.A. Sucesora de Jose Puig & CIA Maria Puig
  Vietnam Kinh Do Corporation Cosy Marie
  Zimbabwe Lebena Marie
  Zimbabwe Lobels Marie
  Zimbabwe Arenel Marie

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Grady, Sean (20 March 2010). "Minor British Institutions: The Marie biscuit". The Independent. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  2. ^ La Tienda. "2-Pack Maria Cookies by Cuetera". Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  3. ^ Marie biscuits
  4. ^ "Profil Perusahaan". CV Jaya Abadi. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  5. ^ "Simple Biscuit Life". MORINAGA & CO., LTD. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  6. ^ "Familia Kiki". 
  7. ^ "Marie - Ceylon Biscuits Limited". Ceylon Biscuits Limited. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Cargills (Ceylon) PLC : Kist Biscuits". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "Daintee Limited - Leading Confectionery Company in Sri Lanka, Top Ranked Food Company in Sri Lanka, Number one Sweets & Toffee Company in Sri Lanka". Daintee.com. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  10. ^ http://www.malibanbiscuit.com/cat/2/sweet[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit