Iron Man (2008 film)
Iron Man is a 2008 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The first installment of the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), it was directed by Jon Favreau from a screenplay by Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby, and Art Marcum and Matt Holloway. The film follows Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr.), an industrialist and master engineer who builds a powered exoskeleton after a life-threatening incident, and becomes the technologically advanced superhero Iron Man.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jon Favreau|
|Music by||Ramin Djawadi|
|Edited by||Dan Lebental|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures[N 1]|
|Box office||$585.2 million|
The film had been in development since 1990 at Universal Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and New Line Cinema at various times, before Marvel Studios reacquired the rights in 2006. Marvel put the project in production as its first self-financed film, with Paramount Pictures as the distributor. Favreau signed on as director, aiming for a naturalistic feel, and chose to shoot the film primarily in California, rejecting the East Coast setting of the comics to differentiate the film from numerous superhero films set in New York City-esque environments. Filming began in March 2007 and concluded in June. During filming, the actors were free to create their own dialogue because pre-production was focused on the story and action. Rubber and metal versions of the armors, created by Stan Winston's company, were mixed with computer-generated imagery to create the title character.
Iron Man premiered in Sydney on April 14, 2008, and was released in the United States on May 2, 2008. The film grossed over $585 million on its $140 million budget, becoming the eighth-highest grossing film of 2008. It received praise from critics for its acting (particularly Downey's), screenplay, visual effects, and action sequences, and was selected by the American Film Institute as one of the ten best films of 2008. It received two nominations at the 81st Academy Awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects, and was followed by the sequels Iron Man 2 and Iron Man 3 in 2010 and 2013, respectively.
Tony Stark, who has inherited the defense contractor Stark Industries from his father, is in war-torn Afghanistan with his friend and military liaison Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes, to demonstrate the new "Jericho" missile. After the demonstration, the convoy is ambushed and Stark is critically wounded by a rocket-propelled grenade used by the attackers: one of his company's own. He is captured and imprisoned in a cave by a terrorist group, the Ten Rings; Yinsen, a fellow captive who is a doctor, implants an electromagnet into Stark's chest to keep the shrapnel shards that wounded him from reaching his heart and killing him. Ten Rings leader Raza offers Stark freedom in exchange for building a Jericho missile for the group, but Tony and Yinsen know that Raza will not keep his word.
Stark and Yinsen secretly build a small, powerful electric generator called an arc reactor to power Stark's electromagnet and a prototypical suit of powered armor to aid in their escape. Although they keep the suit hidden almost to completion, the Ten Rings discover their hostages' intentions and attack the workshop. Yinsen sacrifices himself to divert them while the suit is completed. The armored Stark battles his way out of the cave to find the dying Yinsen, then burns the Ten Rings' weapons in anger and flies away, crashing in the desert and destroying the suit. After being rescued by Rhodes, Stark returns home and announces that his company will no longer manufacture weapons. Obadiah Stane, his father's old partner and the company's manager, advises Stark that this may ruin Stark Industries and his father's legacy. In his home workshop, Stark builds a sleeker, more powerful version of his improvised armor suit as well as a more powerful arc reactor for his chest. Personal assistant Pepper Potts places the original reactor inside a small glass showcase. Though Stane requests details, a suspicious Stark decides to keep his work to himself.
At a charity event held by Stark Industries, reporter Christine Everhart informs Stark that his company's weapons were recently delivered to the Ten Rings and are being used to attack Yinsen's home village, Gulmira. Stark then learns that Stane has been arms trafficking to criminals worldwide and is staging a coup to replace him as Stark Industries' CEO. Stark dons his new armor and flies to Afghanistan, where he saves the villagers. While flying home, Stark is shot at by two F-22 Raptor fighter jets. He reveals his secret identity to Rhodes over the phone in an attempt to end the attack. Meanwhile, the Ten Rings gather the pieces of Stark's prototype suit and meet with Stane, who subdues Raza and has the rest of the group killed. Stane has a massive new suit reverse engineered from the wreckage. Seeking to track his company's illegal shipments, Stark sends Potts to hack into its database. She discovers that Stane hired the Ten Rings to kill Stark, but the group reneged. Potts meets with Agent Phil Coulson of S.H.I.E.L.D., an intelligence agency, to inform him of Stane's activities.
Stane's scientists cannot duplicate Stark's miniaturized arc reactor, so Stane ambushes Stark at his home and takes the one from his chest. Stark manages to get to his original reactor to replace it. Potts and several S.H.I.E.L.D. agents attempt to arrest Stane, but he dons his suit and attacks them. Stark fights Stane but is outmatched without his new reactor to run his suit at full capacity. The fight carries Stark and Stane to the top of the Stark Industries building, and Stark instructs Potts to overload the large arc reactor powering the building. This unleashes a massive electrical surge that causes Stane and his armor to fall into the exploding reactor, killing him. The next day, at a press conference, Stark defies suggestions from S.H.I.E.L.D. and publicly admits to being "Iron Man."
In a post-credits scene, S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury visits Stark at home, telling him that Iron Man is not "the only superhero in the world", and explaining that he wants to discuss the "Avenger Initiative".
- Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark / Iron Man:
An industrialist, genius inventor, and consummate playboy, he is CEO of Stark Industries and a chief weapons manufacturer for the U.S. military. Director Jon Favreau felt Downey's past made him an appropriate choice for the part, and that the actor could make Stark a "likable asshole", but also depict an authentic emotional journey once he won over the audience. Favreau was also attracted to Downey from his performance in Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, with Downey frequently conversing with that film's director, Shane Black, about the script and dialogue in Iron Man. Downey had an office next to Favreau during pre-production, which allowed him greater involvement in the screenwriting process, especially adding humor to the film. Downey explained, "What I usually hate about these [superhero] movies [is] when suddenly the guy that you were digging turns into Dudley Do-Right, and then you're supposed to buy into all his 'Let's go do some good!' That Eliot Ness-in-a-cape-type thing. What was really important to me was to not have him change so much that he's unrecognizable. When someone used to be a schmuck and they're not anymore, hopefully they still have a sense of humor." To prepare, Downey spent five days a week weight training and practiced martial arts to get into shape, which he said benefited him because "it's hard not to have a personality meltdown ... after about several hours in that suit. I'm calling up every therapeutic moment I can think of to just get through the day."
- Terrence Howard as James "Rhodey" Rhodes:
A friend of Stark's, and the liaison between Stark Industries and the United States Air Force in the department of acquisitions, specifically weapons development. Favreau cast Howard because he felt he could play War Machine in a sequel. Howard prepared for the role by visiting Nellis Air Force Base on March 16, 2007, where he ate with the pilots and observed HH-60 Pave Hawk rescue helicopters and F-22 Raptors. While Rhodes is roguish in the comics after he met Stark, his earlier disciplinarian character forms a dynamic with Stark, and he is unsure whether or not Stark's actions are acceptable. "Rhodey is completely disgusted with the way Tony has lived his life, but at a certain point he realizes that perhaps there is a different way", Howard said. "Whose life is the right way; is it the strict military life, or the life of an independent?" Howard and his father are Iron Man fans, partly because Rhodes was one of the few black superheroes when he was a child. He was a Downey fan since he saw him in Weird Science, and the two competed physically on set.
- Jeff Bridges as Obadiah Stane:
Stark's business second-in-command, mentor and friend who turns on him to overtake the company, eventually building a giant exosuit to fight Stark. Bridges read the comics as a boy and liked Favreau's modern, realistic approach. He shaved his head, something he had wanted to do for some time, and grew a beard for the role. Bridges googled the Book of Obadiah, and was surprised to learn retribution is a major theme in that book of the Bible, something which Stane represents. Many of Stane's scenes were cut to focus more on Stark, but the writers felt Bridges's performance allowed the application of "less is more".
- Shaun Toub as Yinsen:
Stark's fellow captive, who grafts an electromagnet to Stark's chest "to keep the shrapnel shell shards that wounded him from reaching his heart and killing him", and who helps Stark build the first Iron Man suit.
- Gwyneth Paltrow as Pepper Potts:
Stark's personal assistant and budding love interest. Paltrow asked Marvel to send her any comics they would consider relevant to her understanding of the character, whom she considered to be very smart, levelheaded, and grounded. She said she liked "the fact that there's a sexuality that's not blatant". Favreau wanted Potts' and Stark's relationship to be reminiscent of a 1940s comedy, something which Paltrow considered to be fun in an "innocent yet sexy" way.
Additionally, Faran Tahir appears as Raza, the leader of the Ten Rings; Paul Bettany voices J.A.R.V.I.S., Stark's personal AI system; Leslie Bibb portrays Christine Everhart, a reporter for Vanity Fair; and Clark Gregg appears as Phil Coulson, an agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.. Will Lyman provides the voiceover during the opening award ceremony. Director Jon Favreau plays Happy Hogan, Stark's bodyguard and chauffeur, and Samuel L. Jackson makes a cameo appearance as Nick Fury, director of S.H.I.E.L.D., in a post-credits scene. Jackson's face was previously used as the model for the Ultimate Marvel imprint version of Nick Fury. Other cameos in the film include Stan Lee as himself, being mistaken for Hugh Hefner by Stark at a party; Tom Morello, who provided guitar music for the film, as a terrorist guard; and Jim Cramer as himself. Ghostface Killah had a cameo in a scene where Stark briefly stays in Dubai, but the scene was cut from the theatrical release for pacing reasons.
In April 1990, Universal Studios bought the rights to develop Iron Man for the big screen, with Stuart Gordon to direct a low-budget film based on the property. By February 1996, 20th Century Fox had acquired the rights from Universal. In January 1997, Nicolas Cage expressed interest in portraying the character, while in September 1998, Tom Cruise expressed interest in producing as well as starring in an Iron Man film. Jeff Vintar and Iron Man co-creator Stan Lee co-wrote a story for Fox, which Vintar adapted into a screenplay. It included a new science-fiction origin for the character, and featured MODOK as the villain. Tom Rothman, President of Production at Fox, credited the screenplay with finally making him understand the character. In May 1999, Jeffrey Caine was hired to rewrite Vintar and Lee's script. That October, Quentin Tarantino was approached to write and direct the film. Fox sold the rights to New Line Cinema the following December, reasoning that although the Vintar/Lee script was strong, the studio had too many Marvel superheroes in development, and "we can't make them all."
—Alfred Gough on his draft for Nick Cassavetes' and New Line's aborted version
By July 2000, the film was being written for New Line by Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio, and Tim McCanlies. McCanlies' script used the idea of a Nick Fury cameo to set up his own film. In June 2001, New Line entered talks with Joss Whedon, a fan of the character, to direct, and in December 2002, McCanlies had turned in a completed script. In December 2004, the studio attached director Nick Cassavetes to the project for a target 2006 release. Screenplay drafts were written by Alfred Gough, Miles Millar, and David Hayter, and pitted Iron Man against his father Howard Stark, who becomes War Machine. After two years of unsuccessful development, and the deal with Cassavetes falling through, New Line Cinema returned the film rights to Marvel.
In November 2005, Marvel Studios worked to start development from scratch, and announced Iron Man as their first independent feature, as the character was their only major one not already depicted in live action. According to associate producer Jeremy Latcham, "we went after about 30 writers and they all passed", saying they were uninterested in the project due to both the relative obscurity of the character and it being a solely Marvel production. Even the rewrites when the film had a script led to many refusals. In order to build awareness for Iron Man from the general public, and put him on the same level of popularity as Spider-Man or Hulk, Marvel conducted focus groups to help remove the general perception that the character was a robot. After the groups proved successful, the information Marvel received helped them formulate an awareness-building plan, which included releasing three animated short films ahead of the film's release. The shorts were called "Iron Man Advertorials", and were produced by Tim Miller and Blur Studio.
Jon Favreau was hired to direct the film in April 2006, celebrating getting the job by going on a diet, losing 70 pounds (32 kg). Favreau had wanted to work with Marvel producer Avi Arad on another film after they both worked on Daredevil. The director found the opportunity to create a politically ambitious "ultimate spy movie" in Iron Man, citing inspiration from Tom Clancy, James Bond, and RoboCop, and compared his approach to an independent film—"[i]f Robert Altman had directed Superman"—and Batman Begins. Favreau wanted to make Iron Man a story of an adult man literally reinventing himself after discovering the world is far more complex than he originally believed. He changed the Vietnam War origin of the character to Afghanistan, as he did not want to do a period piece. Art Marcum & Matt Holloway were hired to write the script, while Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby wrote another version, with Favreau compiling both teams' scripts, and John August then "polishing" the combined version. Comic book staff Mark Millar, Brian Michael Bendis, Joe Quesada, Tom Brevoort, Axel Alonso, and Ralph Macchio were also called upon by Favreau to give advice on the script.
Favreau planned to cast a newcomer in the title role, as "those movies don't require an expensive star; Iron Man's the star, the superhero is the star. The success of X-Men and Spider-Man without being star-driven pieces reassures [executives] that the film does have an upside commercially." However, in September 2006, Robert Downey, Jr. was cast in the role. Favreau chose Downey, a fan of the comic, because he felt the actor's past made him an appropriate choice for the part, explaining "The best and worst moments of Robert's life have been in the public eye. He had to find an inner balance to overcome obstacles that went far beyond his career. That's Tony Stark." Favreau faced opposition from Marvel in casting Downey, but would not take no for an answer, saying, "It was my job as a director to show that it was the best choice creatively ... everybody knew he was talented [and] certainly by studying the Iron Man role and developing that script I realized that the character seemed to line-up with Robert in all the good and bad ways. Downey earned $500,000 for the role. While preparing for filming, Favreau and Downey were given a tour of SpaceX by Elon Musk. Downey said, "Elon was someone Tony probably hung out with and partied with, or more likely they went on some weird jungle trek together to drink concoctions with the shamans."
Additional casting for the film occurred over the next few months: Terrence Howard was announced in the role of Stark's best friend Jim Rhodes in October 2006; Gwyneth Paltrow was cast as love interest Virginia "Pepper" Potts in January 2007; and Jeff Bridges was cast in an undisclosed role in February. Choosing a character to be the villain of the film was difficult, as Favreau felt Iron Man's archnemesis the Mandarin would not feel realistic, especially after Mark Millar gave his opinion on the script. He felt only in a sequel, with an altered tone, would the fantasy of the Mandarin's rings be appropriate. The decision to push him into the background is comparable to Sauron in The Lord of the Rings, or Palpatine in Star Wars. Favreau also wanted Iron Man to face a giant enemy. The switch from Mandarin to Obadiah Stane was done after Bridges was cast in that role, with Stane originally intended to become a villain in the sequel. The Crimson Dynamo was also a villain in early drafts of the script. Favreau felt it was important to include intentional inside references for fans of the comics, such as giving the two fighter jets that attack Iron Man the call signs of "Whiplash 1" and "Whiplash 2", a reference to the comic book villain Whiplash, and including Captain America's shield in Stark's workshop.
Favreau wanted the film to be believable by showing the construction of the Iron Man suit in its three stages. Stan Winston, a fan of the comic book, and his company, who Favreau worked with on Zathura, built metal and rubber versions of the armors. The Mark I design was intended to look like it was built from spare parts. The back is less armored than the front, because Stark would use his resources for a forward attack. It also foreshadows the design of Stane's armor. A single 90-pound (41 kg) version was built, causing concern when a stuntman fell over inside it, though both the stuntman and the suit were unscathed. The armor was also designed to only have its top half worn at times. Stan Winston Studios built a 10-foot (3.0 m), 800-pound (360 kg) animatronic version of "Iron Monger" (Obadiah Stane), a name which Obadiah Stane calls Tony Stark and himself earlier in the film as a reference, but is never actually used for the suit itself in the film. The animatronic required five operators for the arm, and was built on a gimbal to simulate walking. A scale model was used for the shots of it being built. The Mark II resembles an airplane prototype, with visible flaps. Iron Man comic book artist Adi Granov designed the Mark III with illustrator Phil Saunders. Granov's designs were the primary inspiration for the film's, and he came on board the film after he recognized his work on Jon Favreau's MySpace page. Saunders streamlined Granov's concept art, making it stealthier and less cartoonish in its proportions, and also designed the War Machine armor, but it was "cut from the script about halfway through pre-production." He explained that the War Machine armor "was going to be called the Mark IV armor and would have had weaponized swap-out parts that would be worn over the original Mark III armor," and that it "would have been worn by Tony Stark in the final battle sequence."
Production was based in the former Hughes Company soundstages in Playa Vista, Los Angeles, California. Howard Hughes was one of the inspirations for the comic book, and the filmmakers acknowledged the coincidence that they would film Iron Man creating the flying Mark III where the Hughes H-4 Hercules was built. Favreau rejected the East Coast setting of the comic books because many superhero films had already been set there.
Filming began on March 12, 2007, with the first few weeks spent on Stark's captivity in Afghanistan. The cave where Stark is imprisoned was a 150-to-200-yard (140–180 m) long set, which had movable forks in the caverns to allow greater freedom for the film's crew. Production designer J. Michael Riva saw footage of a Taliban fighter in Afghanistan, and saw the cold breath as he spoke: realizing remote caves are actually very cold, Riva placed an air conditioning system in the set. He also sought Downey's advice about makeshift objects in prison, such as a sock being used to make tea. Afterwards, Stark's capture was filmed at Lone Pine, and other exterior scenes in Afghanistan were filmed at Olancha Sand Dunes, where the crew endured two days of 40-to-60-mile-per-hour (64–97 km/h) winds. Filming at Edwards Air Force Base began in mid-April, and ended on May 2. Exterior shots of Stark's home were digitally added to footage of Point Dume in Malibu, while the interior was built at Playa Vista, where Favreau and Riva aimed to make Stark's home look less futuristic and more "grease monkey". Filming concluded on June 25, 2007, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada. Favreau, a newcomer to action films, remarked, "I'm shocked that I [was] on schedule. I thought that there were going to be many curveballs". He hired "people who are good at creating action", so "the human story [felt] like it belongs to the comic book genre".
There was much improvisation in dialogue scenes, because the script was not completed when filming began (the filmmakers had focused on the story making sense and planning the action). Favreau felt that improvisation would make the film feel more natural. Some scenes were shot with two cameras to capture lines said on the spot. Multiple takes were done, as Downey wanted to try something new each time. It was Downey's idea to have Stark hold a news conference on the floor, and he created the speech Stark makes when demonstrating the Jericho weapon. Bridges described this approach as "a $200 million student film", and noted that it caused stress for Marvel executives when the stars were trying to come up with dialogue on the day of filming scenes. He also noted that in some instances, he and Downey would swap characters for rehearsal to see how their own lines sounded. The dialogue for the Nick Fury cameo scene was also changed on set, with comic writer Brian Michael Bendis providing three pages of dialogue for the part, and the filmmakers choosing the best lines for filming on set. The Nick Fury cameo was filmed with a skeleton crew in order to keep it a secret, but rumors appeared on the Internet only days later. Marvel Studios President Kevin Feige subsequently had the scene removed from all preview prints in order to maintain the surprise and keep fans guessing.
Favreau's main concern with the film's effects was whether the transition between the computer-generated and practical costumes would be too obvious. He hired Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) to create the bulk of the visual effects for the film after seeing Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End and Transformers. The Orphanage and The Embassy did additional work, with the latter creating a digital version of the Mark I armor. To help with animating the more refined suits, information was sometimes captured by having Downey wear only the helmet, sleeves and chest of the costume over a motion capture suit, and skydivers were filmed in a vertical wind tunnel to study the physics of flying. For shots of the Mark III flying, it was animated to look realistic by taking off slowly, and landing quickly. To generate shots of Iron Man and the F-22 Raptors battling, cameras were flown in the air to provide reference for physics, wind and frost on the lenses.
Composer Ramin Djawadi had been a fan of the character Iron Man as a child, saying that he always liked superheroes "that actually don't have any superpowers". After Favreau's previous collaborator John Debney was unavailable to score the film, Djawadi sought out the role himself. Favreau had a clear vision of heavy metal music and guitars for the project, saying that Tony Stark was more of a rock star than a traditional superhero. Djawadi subsequently composed most of the film's score on guitar, before arranging it for orchestra. Djawadi had help with arrangements and additional cues from Hans Zimmer and Remote Control Productions, and Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello, who makes a cameo appearance in the film, contributed guitar performances to the score. The film also features a big band-style arrangement of the Iron Man theme song from the 1966 cartoon The Marvel Super Heroes from frequent Favreau collaborators John O'Brien and Rick Boston. A soundtrack featuring Djawadi's score was released by Lions Gate Records on April 29, 2008.
Marvel and Paramount modeled their marketing campaign for Iron Man on that of Transformers. In May 2008, Sega released an official tie-in video game based on the film on multiple gaming platforms. Downey, Howard and Toub reprise their roles from the film. A 30-second spot for the film aired during a Super Bowl XLII break. 6,400 7-Eleven stores in the United States helped promote the film, and LG Group also made a deal with Paramount. Hasbro created figures of armors from the film, as well as Titanium Man (who appears in the video game) and the armor from the World War Hulk comics. Worldwide, Burger King and Audi promoted the film. Jon Favreau was set to direct a commercial for the fast-food chain, as Michael Bay did for Transformers. In the film, Tony Stark drives an Audi R8, and also has an "American cheeseburger" from Burger King after his rescue from Afghanistan, as part of the studio's product placement deal with the respective companies. Three other vehicles, the Audi S6 sedan, Audi S5 sports coupe and the Audi Q7 SUV, also appear in the film. Audi created a tie-in website, as General Motors did for Transformers. Oracle Corporation also promoted the film on its site. Several tie-in comics were released for the film.
The premiere was held at the Greater Union theater at George Street, Sydney, on April 14, 2008. The film began releasing in international markets on April 30, and was released in the United States on May 2, 2008. Iron Man was formatted and screened in IMAX for the first time on August 30, 2018, as part of Marvel Studios' 10 year anniversary IMAX festival.
The film was released by Paramount Home Media Distribution on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on September 30, 2008, in the United States and Canada, and October 27, 2008 in Europe. DVD sales were very successful, selling over 4 million copies the first week and generating a gross of over US$93 million. There were a total of 9 million copies sold and an accumulated total sales of over $160 million (not including Blu-ray). For the home releases of the film, the image on the newspaper Stark reads before he announces he is Iron Man had to be altered because of amateur photographer Ronnie Adams filing a lawsuit against Paramount and Marvel for using his on-location spy photo in the scene. A Wal-Mart-exclusive release included a preview of Iron Man: Armored Adventures.
The film was also collected in a 10-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase One – Avengers Assembled" which includes all of the Phase One films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. It was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment on April 2, 2013.
Iron Man earned $318.4 million in the United States and Canada and $266.8 million in other territories, for a worldwide gross of $585.2 million.
In its opening weekend, Iron Man grossed $98.6 million in 4,105 theaters in the United States and Canada, ranking first at the box office, giving it the eleventh biggest-opening weekend at the time, ninth-widest release in terms of theaters, and the third highest-grossing opening weekend of 2008 behind Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and The Dark Knight. It grossed $35.2 million on its first day, giving it the thirteenth biggest-opening day at the time. Iron Man had the second-best premiere for a non-sequel, behind Spider-Man, and the fourth biggest-opening for a superhero film. Iron Man was also the number one film in the U.S. and Canada in its second weekend, grossing $51.2 million, giving it the twelfth-best second weekend and the fifth-best for a non-sequel. On June 18, 2008, Iron Man became that year's first film to pass the $300 million mark for the domestic box office.
The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported a 93% approval rating with an average rating of 7.7/10 based on 274 reviews. The website's consensus reads, "Powered by Robert Downey Jr.'s vibrant charm, Iron Man turbo-charges the superhero genre with a deft intelligence and infectious sense of fun." In May 2008, Rotten Tomatoes review aggregator Jen Yamato identified Iron Man as the "best-reviewed film of the year so far". On Metacritic, the film achieved an average score of 79 out of 100, based on 38 critics, signifying "generally favorable reviews".
Among the major trade journals, Todd McCarthy of Variety called the film an "expansively entertaining special effects extravaganza" with "fresh energy and stylistic polish", while Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter praised the film, while nonetheless finding "disappointment [in] a climatic [sic] battle between different Iron Man prototypes ... how did Tony's nemesis learn how to use the suit?" In one of the first major-daily newspaper reviews, Frank Lovece of Newsday lauded the film's "emotional truth ... pitch-perfect casting and plausibly rendered super-science" that made it "faithful to the source material while updating it – and recognizing what's made that material so enduring isn't just the high-tech cool of a man in a metal suit, but the human condition that got him there". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a perfect four out of four stars, praising Downey Jr.'s performance, stating "At the end of the day it's Robert Downey Jr. who powers the lift-off separating this from most other superhero movies". A. O. Scott of The New York Times called the film "an unusually good superhero picture. Or at least – since it certainly has its problems – a superhero movie that's good in unusual ways." Among the specialty press, Garth Franklin of Dark Horizons commended the "impressive sets and mechanics that combine smoothly with relatively seamless CG", and said, "Robert Downey Jr., along with director Jon Favreau ... help this rise above formula. The result is something that, whilst hardly original or groundbreaking, is nevertheless refreshing in its earnestness to avoid dark dramatic stylings in favor of an easy-going, crowd-pleasing action movie with a sprinkle of anti-war and redemption themes".
Among major metropolitan weeklies, David Edelstein of New York magazine called the film "a shapely piece of mythmaking ... Favreau doesn't go in for stylized comic-book frames, at least in the first half. He gets real with it – you'd think you were watching a military thriller", while conversely, David Denby of The New Yorker gave a negative review, claiming "a slightly depressed, going-through-the-motions feel to the entire show ... Gwyneth Paltrow, widening her eyes and palpitating, can't do much with an antique role as Stark's girl Friday, who loves him but can't say so; Terrence Howard, playing a military man who chases around after Stark, looks dispirited and taken for granted". IGN's Todd Gilchrist recognized Downey as "the best thing" in a film that "functions on autopilot, providing requisite story developments and character details to fill in this default 'origin story' while the actors successfully breathe life into their otherwise conventional roles".
|2008||MTV Movie Awards||Best Summer Movie So Far||Iron Man||Won|||
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie: Action||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Choice Movie Actor: Action||Robert Downey Jr.||Nominated|
|Choice Movie Actress: Action||Gwyneth Paltrow||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Villain||Jeff Bridges||Nominated|
|Scream Awards||Best Actress in a Science Fiction Movie or TV Show||Gwyneth Paltrow||Nominated|||
|2009||People's Choice Awards||Favorite Movie||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Favorite Male Action Star||Robert Downey Jr.||Nominated|
|Favorite Male Movie Star||Robert Downey Jr.||Nominated|
|Favorite Superhero||Robert Downey Jr. as Iron Man||Nominated|
|Screen Actors Guild Awards||Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble||Nominated|||
|USC Scripter Awards||USC Libraries 21st Annual Scripter Award||Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway||Nominated|||
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Special Visual Effects||Shane Mahan, John Nelson, Ben Snow||Nominated|||
|Grammy Awards||Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Ramin Djawadi||Nominated|||
|VES Awards||Outstanding Visual Effects in a Visual Effects-Driven Feature Motion Picture||Ben Snow, Hal Hickel, Victoria Alonso, John Nelson||Nominated|||
|Best Single Visual Effect of the Year||Ben Snow, Wayne Billheimer, Victoria Alonso, John Nelson||Nominated|
|Outstanding Animated Character in a Live Action Motion Picture||Hal Hickel, Bruce Holcomb, James Tooley, John Walker||Nominated|
|Outstanding Models and Miniatures in a Feature Motion Picture||Aaron McBride, Russell Paul, Gerald Gutschmidt, Kenji Yamaguchi for "Suit Up Machine"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Compositing in a Feature Motion Picture||Jonathan Rothbart, Dav Rauch, Kyle McCulloch, Kent Seki for "HUD Compositing"||Nominated|
|Academy Awards||Best Visual Effects||John Nelson, Ben Snow, Dan Sudick, and Shane Mahan||Nominated|||
|Best Sound Editing||Frank Eulner and Christopher Boyes||Nominated|
|Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Empire Awards||Best Film||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Best Actor||Robert Downey Jr.||Nominated|||
|Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy/Superhero||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Taurus World Stunt Awards||Hardest Hit||Iron Man||Won|||
|Best Stunt Coordinator and/or 2nd Unit Director||Thomas R. Harper, Phil Neilson, Keith Woulard||Nominated|
|Best Fire Stunt||Mike Justus, Damien Moreno, Timothy P. Trella||Won|
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Movie||Iron Man||Nominated|||
|Best Male Performance||Robert Downey Jr.||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Science Fiction Film||Iron Man||Won|||
|Best Actor||Robert Downey Jr.||Won|
|Best Actress||Gwyneth Paltrow||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Jeff Bridges||Nominated|
|Best Director||Jon Favreau||Won|
|Best Screenplay||Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway||Nominated|
|Best Score||Ramin Djawadi||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects||Iron Man||Nominated|
|Hugo Awards||Best Dramatic Presentation – Long Form||Iron Man||Nominated|||
Roger Ebert and Richard Corliss named Iron Man as among their favorite films of 2008. It was selected by the American Film Institute as one of the ten best films of the year, and by Empire magazine as one of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. Tony Stark was also selected by Empire as one of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time, and on their list of the 100 Greatest Fictional Characters, Fandomania.com ranked him at number 37.
Iron Man 2Edit
A sequel written by Justin Theroux and released in the United States on May 7, 2010, saw Favreau, Downey, Paltrow, and Jackson returning. Don Cheadle replaced Terrence Howard in the role of Colonel Rhodes, who is also seen as War Machine. Also starring are Mickey Rourke as villain Ivan Vanko, Sam Rockwell as Justin Hammer, and Scarlett Johansson as S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Natasha Romanoff.
Iron Man 3Edit
Walt Disney Studios and Marvel Studios released a second sequel on May 3, 2013, with Favreau opting to direct Magic Kingdom instead, but still reprising his role as Happy Hogan. Downey, Paltrow, and Cheadle also return, while Shane Black took over directing, from a screenplay by Drew Pearce. Guy Pearce also starred as Aldrich Killian, and Ben Kingsley as Trevor Slattery.
- Tadena, Nathalie. "Disney Acquires Distribution Rights to Four Marvel Films From Paramount". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Finke, Nikki (July 2, 2013). "Disney Completes Purchase of Marvel Home Entertainment Distribution Rights". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Palmeri, Christopher (July 2, 2013). "Disney Buys Rights to Four Marvel Movies From Viacom's Paramount". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "Iron Man". British Board of Film Classification. April 9, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
- "Iron Man (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- Bowles, Scott (April 27, 2007). "First look: Downey forges a bond with 'Iron Man' role". USA Today. Archived from the original on March 23, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- Allsletter, Rob (March 3, 2008). "Iron Man's Jon Favreau". Comics Continuum. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- Svetkey, Benjamin (May 13, 2016). "'Lethal Weapon' Wunderkind (and Former Party Boy) Shane Black Is Back ... and Still Looking for Action". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Ambrose, Tom (July 26, 2007). "The Man in the Iron Mask". Empire: 69.
- Hewitt, Chris (April 2008). "Super Fly Guy". Empire: 66–72.
- Carroll, Larry (March 18, 2008). "Iron Man Star Robert Downey Jr. Talks About Incredible Hulk Cameo, Controversial Tropic Thunder Pics". MTV. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Shapiro, Marc (April 2008). "Pumping Iron". Starlog. pp. 47–50.
- Quint (February 9, 2007). "Quint visits the IRON MAN production offices! Art! Favreau speaks about sequels (?!?), casting and more!!!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
- Rolfsen, Bruce (March 21, 2007). "Iron Man pilot to hit big screen". Air Force Times. Retrieved March 22, 2007.
- Worley, Rob M. (April 22, 2008). "Iron Man: Terrence Howard lives the dream". Comics2Films. Retrieved April 22, 2008.
- Rotten, Ryan (April 1, 2008). "Iron Man: The Set Visit – Terrence Howard". Superhero Hype!. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- "Iron Man Production Notes". SciFi Japan. April 30, 2008. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Adler, Shawn (September 30, 2008). "Iron Man Co-Writers Discuss Their Favorite Deleted Scenes, Plus An Exclusive DVD Bonus Clip". MTV Splash Page. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- Harris, Scott (May 6, 2013). "'Iron Man 3': 7 Things You May Have Missed the First Time Around". Next Movie. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Redding, Jordan (December 11, 2014). "Iron Man 2008". Moviepilot. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- Douglas, Edward (May 1, 2008). "Gwyneth Paltrow Plays Pepper Potts". Superhero Hype!. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger (June 1, 2008). "Iron Man (PG-13)". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 23, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Iron Man Award Ceremony Narrator". Behind The Voice Actor. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
- Itzkoff, Dave (March 25, 2011). "Modern Marvel". The New York Times.
- "Samuel L. Jackson". Copyright Kamal Larsuel, 2005. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2006.
- Goldman, Eric (May 4, 2007). "Stan Lee's Further Superhero Adventures". IGN. p. 3. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "RAGE AGAINST THE MACHINE Guitarist Faces Iron Man". Roadrunner Records. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
- Dellaverson, Carlo (May 2, 2008). "Cramer In Iron Man". CNBC. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
- Douglas, Edward (April 29, 2008). "Exclusive: An In-Depth Iron Man Talk with Jon Favreau". SuperheroHype.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
- Ryan, James (April 14, 1990). "Bam! Pow! Heroes take over the silver screen". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Smith, Andrew (February 18, 1996). "Gen X kids not bad on screen". The Commercial Appeal.
- "Film Clips Column". The Journal Gazette. January 3, 1997.
- Radford, Bill (September 6, 1998). "Big screen gaining new ground as venue for comics creations". The Gazette.
- "Iron Man (Archive)". Comics2Film. Archived from the original on May 3, 2006. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
- Vice, Jeff (October 3, 1999). "Comic books poised for film incarnations". Deseret Morning News.
- Smith, Andrew (December 26, 1999). "Superheroes lining up for millennium movie debuts". The Commercial Appeal.
- Ferrante, Anthony C. (February 15, 2007). "Alfred Gough on Smallville, Iron Man and The Mummy 3 – Part 3". Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- Epstein, Warren (July 9, 2000). "X-guys could muscle up more Marvelous screen fare". The Gazette.
- Richey, Rodney (September 25, 2000). "Warner Bros. goes Bat to the Future". Los Angeles Daily News.
- Elder, Robert K. (June 1, 2001). "All work and lots of slay". Chicago Tribune.
- Garcia, Chris (December 6, 2002). "A firsthand look at Secondhand". Austin American-Statesman.
- "Nick Cassavetes to Direct New Line Cinema and Marvel's Iron Man". Warner Media Group. December 13, 2004. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- El Chavo (April 24, 2006). "Iron Man by Alfred Gough & Miles Millar, Revisions By David Hayter". Latino Review. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Fritz, Ben (November 2, 2005). "Marvel steels itself for Iron". Variety. Retrieved July 28, 2006.
- Marvel Studios: Building A Cinematic Universe (Documentary). The Avengers Blu-Ray. 2012.
- White, Brett (February 16, 2016). "Quesada Reveals 'Deadpool' Director's Role in Making 'Iron Man' Film". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 18, 2016. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- Kit, Borys (April 28, 2008). "Marvel Studios outlines slew of superhero titles". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- "Ultimate Superhero Preview". Empire. September 29, 2006. pp. 90, 230.
- Vespe, Eric (July 28, 2007). "Quint goes one on one with Jon Favreau about IRON MAN at Comic-Con!!!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
- Ferris, Glen (April 29, 2008). "Empire: Interviews – Jon Favreau Video Interview". Empire Online. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
- Worley, Rob (June 21, 2006). "Jon Favreau talks Iron Man". Comics2Film. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Jensen, Jeff (April 17, 2008). "Iron Man: Summer's first Marvel?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 21, 2008.
- Johnston, Rich (May 6, 2008). "Lying in the Gutters Volume 2 Column 156". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
- Vejvoda, Jim (May 24, 2006). "The Unknown Iron Man". IGN. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
- "Moriarty" (September 29, 2006). "AICN EXCLUSIVE!! IRON MAN Has Found Its Tony Stark!!". Ain't It Cool News. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Eisenberg, Eric. "Jon Favreau Details His Fight With Marvel Studios To Cast Robert Downey Jr. As Iron Man". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (October 11, 2018). "Scarlett Johansson Lands $15 Million Payday for Black Widow Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- Ashlee, Vance (May 15, 2015). "Elon Musk's Space Dream Almost Killed Tesla". bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- "Terrence Howard cast in Iron Man!". Games Radar. October 12, 2006. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Gwyneth Paltrow to Star in Iron Man". ComingSoon.net. January 17, 2007. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Jeff Bridges Aboard Iron Man". Superhero Hype. February 5, 2007. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Worley, Rob M. (September 8, 2007). "Iron Man: Favreau on films, fans, and Fin Fang Foom". Comics2Film. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
- "Part 2 of Quint's interview with Jon Favreau! IRON MAN 2, Stark's alcoholism, Empire Strikes Back and THE AVENGERS!". Ain't It Cool News. October 29, 2008.
- "Who Designed the Iron Man Suit?". Superhero Hype!. May 6, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2007.
- Sciretta, Peter (October 21, 2008). "Iron Man: Official War Machine Concept Art". Slash Film. Archived from the original on November 15, 2009. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
- Raab, Scott (February 21, 2007). "May God Bless and Keep Robert Downey Jr". Esquire. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
- "Funding Initiated for Iron Man Movie". Superhero Hype!. February 28, 2007. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2007.
- Favreau, Jon (March 19, 2007). "Jon Favreau on Iron Man filming". Superhero Hype!. Archived from the original on March 22, 2007. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
- "Flying with the stars". Edwards Air Force Base. April 6, 2007. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Miles, Donna (May 2, 2007). "Edwards team stars in Iron Man superhero movie". United States Air Force. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- Favreau, Jon (June 25, 2007). "Iron Man Movie Update!". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
- Ahern, Sarah; Roshanian, Arya (November 30, 2016). "What Jeff Bridges Learned From Difficulties on the 'Iron Man' Set". Variety. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Jon Favreau Talks Iron Man". Entertainment Weekly. May 5, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
- Rotten, Ryan (April 1, 2008). "Iron Man: The Set Visit – Jon Favreau". Superhero Hype!. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Andrews, Marke (April 11, 2008). "Vancouver's visual effects makers bulk up". The Vancouver Sun. Canada. Archived from the original on February 23, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Giardina, Carolyn (May 5, 2008). "'Iron Man' crew had desired effects". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Vespe, Eric (April 21, 2008). "Quint visits ILM with Jon Favreau and sees some IRON MAN stuff!!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved April 22, 2008.
- Larson, Randall (July 22, 2010). "Of Superheroes and Predators: John Debney Returns to Sci-Fi". Cinefantastique. Archived from the original on June 13, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- "Ramin Djawadi: Compositore di Iron Man". Comicus. April 6, 2008. Archived from the original on June 9, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- Weedon, Paul (October 17, 2013). "Ramin Djawadi on Game of Thrones, Iron Man, Pacific Rim". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on June 9, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- Boston, Rick. "Iron Man Theme by John O'Brien and Rick Boston". rickboston.org. Rick Boston Artist Musician. Archived from the original on June 9, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- "Iron Man (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". iTunes. April 29, 2008. Archived from the original on August 27, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- Stanley, T. L. (January 7, 2008). "Tie-ins: LG, BK, 7-Eleven To Pump Paramount's Iron Man". Brandweek. Archived from the original on January 13, 2008. Retrieved January 8, 2008.
- Geddes, Ryan (March 20, 2008). "Iron Man Film Cast To Voice Game". IGN. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Graser, Marc (December 19, 2007). "Studios suit up for Super Bowl". Variety. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
- Douglas, Edward (February 17, 2008). "Hasbro Previews G.I. Joe, Hulk, Iron Man, Indy & Clone Wars". Superhero Hype!. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
- Graser, Marc (July 25, 2007). "Iron Man rides with Audi". Variety. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
- Gorman, Steve (May 3, 2008). "'Iron Man' gets heavy start at box office". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Oracle is co-promoting Ironman". oracle.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
- Tobin, Paul (October 20, 2008). "Paul Tobin on Iron Man: Fast Friends". Newsarama. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- "Iron Man Aussie Premiere Pics". Superhero Hype!. April 14, 2008. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
- Sciretta, Peter (March 12, 2008). "Iron Man NOT Coming Early". /Film. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "IRON-CLAD DATE: MAY 2, 2008". Marvel.com. June 23, 2006. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Coggan, Devan (August 10, 2018). "All 20 Marvel Cinematic Universe movies are returning to theaters in IMAX". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Ault, Susanne (May 5, 2008). "Iron Man to kick off fourth quarter". Video Business. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
- "Movie Iron Man – DVD Sales". The-Numbers.com. October 31, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- Paris, Arthur J. (October 15, 2008). "It just keeps on getting better and better for Iron Man". Rediff India Abroad. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- Kemp, Cal (September 17, 2008). "IRON MAN Censored". Collider. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
- "Iron Man DVD (Review)". Comics Worth Reading. October 5, 2008.
- Lee, Jason (June 6, 2012). "'Marvel Cinematic Universe' 10-disc Blu-ray set announced". HD-Report. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Breznican, Anthony (September 6, 2012). "Briefcase lawsuit delays Marvel's 'Phase One' box set until next spring – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
- "Iron Man (2008) – Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Biggest Openings at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
- "Movies With the Widest Openings at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
- "Opening Day Records at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Germain, David (May 4, 2008). "Marvel turns Iron Man into gold with $100M-plus debut". Forbes. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Top Weekends:2nd-12th". Box Office Mojo. May 11, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- "Iron Man (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
- DiOrio, Carl (June 19, 2008). "'Iron Man' bolts past $300 million at box office". NewsDaily. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
- "Iron Man (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
- Yamato, Jen (May 1, 2008). "Iron Man is the Best-Reviewed Movie of 2008!". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN/Newscorp. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
as of today, Iron Man sits at 95 percent on the Tomatometer with 107 reviews counted.
- "Iron Man (2008): Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
- McCarthy, Todd (April 25, 2008). "Iron Man". Variety. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Honeycutt, Kirk (April 28, 2008). "Iron Man". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Lovece, Frank (April 30, 2008). "Iron Man". Newsday. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger (December 5, 2008). "The best films of 2008... and there were a lot of them". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- Scott, A. O. (May 2, 2008). "Iron Man (2008)". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Franklin, Garth (May 2, 2008). "Review: 'Iron Man'". Dark Horizons. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Edelstein, David (April 25, 2008). "A Hero for Our Times". nymag.com. New York. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Denby, David (May 5, 2008). "Unsafe". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Gilchrist, Todd (April 29, 2008). "Iron Man Review". IGN. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
- Keck, William (June 2, 2008). "MTV Movie Awards full of pomp, promotion". USA Today. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "2008 Teen Choice Awards winners and nominees". Los Angeles Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. June 17, 2008. Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Seijas, Casey (September 15, 2008). "Comics Take Over '2008 Scream Awards' As Nominees Announced". MTV News. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "People's Choice Awards – 2009 Nominees & Winners". People's Choice Awards. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "'Doubt' Tops SAG Pack". cbsnews.com. CBS News. December 18, 2008. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- King, Susan (January 7, 2009). "USC Scripter Award nominations announced". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "Bafta Film Awards 2009: The winners". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. February 8, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Seijas, Casey (December 4, 2008). "'The Dark Knight', 'Iron Man' Rock The Grammy Nominations". MTV News. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "Iron Man Leads Visual Effects Society Awards Nominations". GamesRadar. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "Academy Award winners and nominees". cnn.com. CNN. February 22, 2009. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
- "Nickelodeon Unfolds Luminous List of 2009 Kids' Choice Awards Nominees". Nick KCA Press. February 6, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- "Empire Awards 2009 Best Film". Empire. Archived from the original on November 6, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Empire Awards 2009 Best Actor". Empire. Archived from the original on November 6, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Empire Awards 2009 Best Sci-Fi / Superhero". Empire. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "'Doubt' Tops SAG Pack". Taurus World Stunt Awards. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "MTV's 2009 Movie Award Nominations Are Packed With Comic Book Nods". MTV News. May 4, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards". saturnawards.org. Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
- "'The Dark Knight' receives five Saturn Awards at the 35th Annual Saturn Awards". saturnawards.org. Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Archived from the original on July 11, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
- "2009 Hugo Awards". thehugoawards.org. The Hugo Awards. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Corliss, Richard (December 9, 2008). "Top 10 Movies". TIME. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- "AFI Awards 2008". afi.com. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "Empire's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time". Empire. Cinema Realm. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Empire's The 100 Greatest Characters of All Time". Empire. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "The 100 Greatest Fictional Characters". Fandomania.com. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Ward, Kate (October 18, 2010). "Iron Man 3 to come to theaters in 2013". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 15, 2010.
- Sneider, Jeff (December 14, 2010). "No Favreau? 10 Directors Who Could Take Over Iron Man 3". TheWrap.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2010.
- Finke, Nikki and Mike Fleming (February 17, 2011). "Shane Black To Direct Marvel's 'Iron Man 3'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iron Man (film).|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Iron Man (2008 film)|