Dennis Coles (born May 9, 1970), better known by his stage name Ghostface Killah, is an American rapper and member of the Wu-Tang Clan. After the group achieved breakthrough success in the aftermath of Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers), the members went on to pursue solo careers to varying levels of success. Ghostface Killah debuted his solo-career with Ironman in 1996, which was well received by music critics. He has continued his success over the following years with critically acclaimed albums such as Supreme Clientele (2000) and Fishscale (2006). His stage name was taken from one of the characters in the 1979 kung fu film Mystery of Chessboxing. He is the founder of his own label Starks Enterprises.
Ghostface at the Virgin Festival in 2007.
|Birth name||Dennis Coles|
|Also known as|
|Born||May 9, 1970|
|Origin||Staten Island, New York City, New York, U.S.|
Ghostface Killah is critically acclaimed for his loud, fast-paced flow, and his emotional stream-of-consciousness narratives containing cryptic slang and non-sequiturs. In 2006, MTV included him on their honorable mention list of The Greatest MCs of All Time, while the editors of About.com placed him on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time (1987–2007), calling him "one of the most imaginative storytellers of our time." Q magazine called him "rap's finest storyteller." Pitchfork Media stated that, "Ghostface has unparalleled storytelling instincts; he might be the best, most colorful storyteller rap has ever seen." NPR called him "a compulsive storyteller", and asserted, "His fiction is painterly."
A roommate of Wu-Tang founder RZA, Ghostface helped bring together the other seven members. In 1995, Ghostface guest-starred extensively on fellow Clan member Raekwon's debut album, Only Built 4 Cuban Linx..., appearing on almost every song and receiving nearly equal billing. He also contributed songs to the Sunset Park and Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood soundtracks, which would be included on his first solo LP, Ironman, in 1996. The album, which debuted at #2 on the Billboard 200, had a more pronounced soul influence (particularly 1970s soul) than previous Wu-Tang releases, and Ghostface's future albums would continue to feature this stylistic trait.
In 2000, he released his second studio album Supreme Clientele. The album was well received by critics and peaked #7 on the Billboard 200. It included "Apollo Kids", a popular single which featured Raekwon and had a sample of "Cool Breeze" by Solomon Burke. "Cherchez LaGhost", another single off the album, became a minor club hit. Supreme Clientele would be a turning point in RZA's influence on his sound, as only six songs are produced by the RZA, compared to Ironman, its predecessor where every song but one is produced by him. Though he contributed fewer beats to the project, RZA personally oversaw the mixing and production of the album as a whole, contributing to Supreme Clientele's unified sound.
Ghostface wasted little time in recording his next album, the heavily R&B-influenced Bulletproof Wallets, released a year after Supreme Clientele. Its feature single, "Never Be the Same Again", featured Carl Thomas and Raekwon. He had another minor club hit with "Flowers", which featured guest vocals from fellow Wu-Tang members Method Man and Raekwon, and a popular single "Ghost Showers" which featured Madame Majestic, who also sung on the popular Wu-Tang track "Gravel Pit".
In 2003, Ghostface signed with Def Jam Records. After temporarily dropping "Killah" from his stage name, Ghostface released The Pretty Toney Album in April 2004. The album, while containing two RZA productions, featured none of the Clan; instead, it featured collaborations with Missy Elliott, D-Block and Jacki-O. The singles "Tush" and "Run", the collaborations with Missy and Jadakiss respectively, achieved moderate success in the clubs and charts, and the album was featured on numerous "best of the year" lists, including number nine on Pitchfork Media's. Ghostface also appeared on the track "On My Knees" by UK R&B group The 411, which became a hit in the UK and Australia, and released an album titled 718 (after the Staten Island area code) with a group of his protégés, the Theodore Unit. Ghostface also appeared on "He Comes" by De La Soul, on The Grind Date. In November 2005, Ghostface and Theodore Unit's breakout star Trife Da God released a joint project, Put It On The Line.
In 2006, Ghostface teamed up with underground artist MF Doom for a still unreleased album entitled Swift & Changeable. MF Doom also produced several songs for Ghostface's 2006 album Fishscale, which was once again attributed to "Ghostface Killah". The album debuted strongly, in the #4 position on the U.S. Billboard 200 and at #2 on the R&B charts, the rapper's most auspicious chart showing since the heyday of the Wu-Tang Clan and the release of his solo debut. The album also nearly unanimously received positive reviews. Ghostface embarked on a limited-date tour of US venues in support of the album, performing several of his concerts together with most members of the Wu-Tang Clan. On December 4, 2007, Ghostface released his seventh solo studio album, The Big Doe Rehab.
In a May 2008 interview, Ghostface Killah stated that he would make an R&B-inspired album in the vein of tracks he had done before with artists such as Ne-Yo and Jodeci. That album would become his eighth studio album Ghostdini: Wizard of Poetry in Emerald City to good reviews. It featured singles such as "Baby" and "Do Over". In March 2009, Ghostface also recorded a song called "Message from Ghostface" dedicated to women who were abused in relationships after the Rihanna/Chris Brown controversy.
Raekwon, in a May 2009 interview with Rolling Stone indicated that Ghostface Killah is preparing to release a new album. In response to a question asking if the Wu-Tang Clan are going to release a follow up to 8 Diagrams, Raekwon stated "Everybody's doing different things right now — you got Meth [Method Man] coming out with an album, you got Ghostface coming out with an album, some guys working on their projects, some guys getting into the film world, everybody is multi-tasking right now." Ghostface appeared on a total of 8 songs on Raekwon's highly anticipated release of Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... Pt. II.
Shortly after the release of Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... Pt. II, Def Jam contracted Raekwon to work with their label artists Method Man and Ghostface Killah on an album later titled Wu-Massacre. Production began in November 2009. Wu-Massacre was released March 30, 2010 to generally positive reviews from most music critics with some mixed criticism due to the album's rushed feel clocking in at a mere 30 minutes of music. With heavy promotion, it sold 37,900 units in its first week. It has sold 64,000 units as of May 12, 2010. It features production from Scram Jones, Mathematics, and the RZA who produced the album's lead single, "Our Dreams". Recently he confirmed that he will be releasing 2 studio albums with the first one out near December called Apollo Kids & releasing a sequel to his 2000 album Supreme Clientele. In 2011, Ghostface Killah featured on UK artist Josh Osho's debut single 'Redemption Days'.
Post Def JamEdit
Ghostface released a collaborative album with D-Block member Sheek Louch called Wu Block. The album was released on November 27, 2012, on E1 Music and debuted at number 73 on the US Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 8,600 copies in the United States. It fell to #152 in its second week selling 4,200 more copies.
In an interview with Complex Magazine on November 17, 2012, Ghostface Killah confirmed that he has left Def Jam, making Apollo Kids his last album on the label. In the same interview he also stated that Blue & Cream, the sequel to his critically acclaimed album Supreme Clientele, is 80-85 percent done. On April 16, 2013, Ghostface released his tenth album Twelve Reasons to Die which was produced by Adrian Younge and executive produced by RZA. The album was released in various formats such as CD, vinyl and cassette under RZA's Soul Temple Records. The deluxe digital and CD versions also come with a comic book.
He would later announce that the sequel to Supreme Clientele would be released between July and September 2013 and that his collaborative album with MF Doom would be released around Halloween 2013 though neither projects materialized. In January 2014, he appeared on the VH1 series Couples Therapy with his girlfriend Kelsey Nykole. Later that year Ghostface announced he would be releasing his eleventh album titled 36 Seasons in December 2014. He collaborated with Canadian jazz band BADBADNOTGOOD on an album titled Sour Soul which was released in 2015.
Ghostface had a string of UK and European tour dates scheduled in 2016 but no word on an upcoming album has been announced.
In July 2011, Coles was sued by Jack Urbont for copyright violation stemming from the "improper use" of the 1960s "Iron Man" theme song, which Urbont claimed as his own. Urbont also took issue with Coles' appropriation of the Iron Man brand name. Coles was granted summary judgment on the lawsuit in April 2015, which stated that Marvel Entertainment, owners of the Iron Man character and brand, owned the "Iron Man" theme song, not Urbont.
In August 2011, Coles filed a lawsuit against Universal Music for unpaid royalties.
Ghostface Killah, like most members of the Wu-Tang clan, rapped under several personae, each with their own name, mythology and influences. Some recurring aliases:
- Ghostface Killah (occasionally spelled Ghostface Killer, Ghost Face Killah, or abbreviated GFK)
- Ironman, Tony Starks, or just Starks
- Ghostface has frequently assumed the names of both Ironman and Tony Starks, a reference to the Marvel Comics character Iron Man and his true identity, billionaire industrialist Tony Stark (note the variant spellings). He released a 1996 album titled Ironman. His song, "Slept On Tony With Dirt," appears in the 2008 film, and he also appears in a deleted scene on the DVD.
- Ironman (1996)
- Supreme Clientele (2000)
- Bulletproof Wallets (2001)
- The Pretty Toney Album (2004)
- Fishscale (2006)
- More Fish (2006)
- The Big Doe Rehab (2007)
- Ghostdini: Wizard of Poetry in Emerald City (2009)
- Apollo Kids (2010)
- Twelve Reasons to Die (2013)
- 36 Seasons (2014)
- Twelve Reasons to Die II (2015)
- The Lost Tapes (2018)
- Belly (1998) cameo appearance
- Black and White (1999) as himself
- Hunter Dawson (2002) as himself
- Fade to Black (2004) as himself
- Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story (2007) as himself
- Iron Man (2008) as a Dubaian sheik; also appearing in a music video aired on Tony Starks private jet. (Cut in post-production, his cameo can be found in the DVD's deleted scenes section.)
- When in Rome (2010) as Guggenheim DJ
TV series appearancesEdit
- The World According To Pretty Toney (2005 - 2007) as himself
- 30 Rock (2006) as himself (episodes "Jack-Tor" and "The Source Awards")
- Human Giant (2007) as himself (episodes "Mind Explosion" and "Mosh Pit!")
- The Boondocks (2007) as himself (episode "Stinkmeaner Strikes Back")
- Rushing Jason (2008) as Big Poppa
- Mob Wives (VH1 Series) (2011) as Himself
- Couples Therapy (2014) as himself
- Luke Cage (2018) as himself
Video game appearancesEdit
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- Reid, Shaheem (November 20, 2007). "Ghostface Killah's Iron Man Obsession Lands Him A Cameo In Upcoming Comic Book Flick". MTV.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Ghostface Killah - Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
- Overview: Ghostface Killah. AllMusic. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- Frere-Jones, Sasha (March 20, 2006). "Ghost's World". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
- Brown, Marisa (2007). "The Big Doe Rehab: Review". Allmusic. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
- O'Donnell, Mallory (December 14, 2006). "More Fish". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
- Dombal, Ryan (March 31, 2006). "Ghost' Writer". EW.com. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
- "The Greatest MCs Of All Time". MTV.com. March 9, 2006. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "Top 50 MCs of Our Time: 1987 - 2007 - 50 Greatest Emcees of Our Time". Rap.about.com. January 26, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "Ghostface Killah - Fishscale CD Album". Cduniverse.com. March 28, 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "Ghostface Killah & Adrian Younge: Twelve Reasons to Die | Album Reviews". Pitchfork. April 18, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "The Ghostface Killah Rises Again : The Record". NPR. April 22, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Only Built 4 Cuban Linx: Raekwon: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Artist Biography by Stephen Thomas Erlewine (May 9, 1970). "Ghostface Killah | Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
-  Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ghostface Killah - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Dec 11, 1999 | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard.com. December 11, 1999. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Rap Songs : Mar 03, 2001 | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard.com. March 3, 2001. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Bonanno, Jonathan. Return of the Dragan. The Source. March 2000. P:208. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- John Bush (November 13, 2001). "Bulletproof Wallets - Ghostface Killah | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
-  Archived June 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Ghostface Killah Billboard chart history
- "Angela Yee Speaks To Ghostface & Raekwon". Nah Right. August 5, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
- "ghostface killah speaks on rb album.mp3". zSHARE. August 6, 2009. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
-  Archived September 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Hughes, Josiah (October 12, 2010). "Ghostface Killah Announces The Apollo Kids for December 14, Lines Up Two More New Albums • News •". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "Exclusive Hip Hop News, Audio, Lyrics, Videos, Honeys, Wear, Sneakers, Download Mixtapes". Hiphopgame.ihiphop.com. January 3, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 12/2/2012". HipHopDX. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Paine, Jake (December 12, 2012). "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 12/9/2012 | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- Horowitz, Steven J. (April 8, 2013). "Ghostface Killah & Adrian Younge "Twelve Reasons To Die" Tracklist & Album Stream | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Twitter / AdrianYounge: @jessicalorenzo april 16". Twitter.com. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "48. Ghostface Killah, Supreme Clientele Presents... Blue & Cream: The Wally Era — The 50 Most Anticipated Albums of 2013". Complex. January 2, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Interview: Ghostface Killah & Sheek Louch Talk "Wu-Block," Tour Stories, and Chris Lighty". Complex.com. November 17, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Horowitz, Steven J. (February 19, 2013). "Ghostface Killah Confirms "Supreme Clientele 2" & MF DOOM LPs For 2013, Talks Wu-Tang Clan Reunion Album | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Harling, Danielle (February 14, 2013). "Ghostface Killah Offers An Update On His Project With MF DOOM, Tells Fans To "Prepare" Themselves | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "VH1 Heads Back to the Therapist Couch with a Fourth Season of "VH1 Couples Therapy"". The Futon Critic (Press release). November 12, 2013.
- "Ghostface Killah". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- "Ghostface Killah & Adrian Younge - Twelve Reasons To Die II - album stream, producer, tracklisting". Undergroundhiphop.com. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Perpetua, Matthew (July 8, 2011). "Ghostface Killah Sued by Iron Man Composer". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- HipHopDX (April 22, 2015). "Ghostface Killah & Sony Music Win Lawsuit Over "Iron Man Theme" Song". HipHopDX.
- Gardner, Eriq (August 11, 2011). "Ghostface Sues Universal". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- "Ghostface Killah discusses his conversion to Islam & more in exclusive Montreality interview". mideastdynasty.com.
- Sean Michaels. "Ghostface Killah plans to record 'positive album' about Allah". the Guardian.
- Amanda Seales. "Ghostface Killah Interview". AllHipHop.com through WuTangCorp.com.
- Allmusic review of The Pretty Toney Album: "The Pretty Toney Album [is] the rapper's first under the just-Ghostface moniker"
-  Archived May 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Introduction of Tony Starks in the song "Wu-Gambinos": the fifth verse is performed by Ghostface Killer, a.k.a. Tony Starks
- Lyrics from "Ice Cream": "They call me Starky Love"
- "Ghostface Killah". TV.com. Retrieved May 20, 2013.