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The Marvel Comics character Iron Man has appeared in various other media since his debut in Tales of Suspense #39 (March 1963). Iron Man has been the focus of three animated series and a direct-to-DVD animated feature. An Iron Man live-action feature film starring Robert Downey Jr. as the character and directed by Jon Favreau was released in 2008, with Downey also appearing as the character in a cameo in The Incredible Hulk, and as a main character in several other films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe including The Avengers, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: Civil War, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Endgame, and Black Widow.

Adaptations of Iron Man in other media
'Iron Man'.svg
Created byStan Lee
Larry Lieber
Don Heck
Jack Kirby
Original sourceComics published by Marvel Comics
First appearanceTales of Suspense #39 (March 1963)
Films and television
Film(s)The Invincible Iron Man (2007)
Iron Man (2008)
Iron Man 2 (2010)
Iron Man 3 (2013)
Television
show(s)
The Marvel Super Heroes (1966)
Iron Man (1994)
Iron Man: Armored Adventures (2009)
Games
Video game(s)Iron Man and X-O Manowar in Heavy Metal (1996)
The Invincible Iron Man (2002)
Iron Man (2008)
Iron Man 2 (2010)

TelevisionEdit

1960sEdit

 
Iron Man on The Marvel Super Heroes animated series.

Iron Man appeared in the 1966 series The Marvel Super Heroes where he was one of the five featured superheroes[1] and was voiced by John Vernon.[2]

1980sEdit

  • In 1981, Iron Man guest starred in Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends[3] voiced by William H. Marshall. He made cameo appearances throughout the series, most prominently in "The Origin of the Spider-Friends", in which Tony Stark is a central character.[2] The Beetle stole a crime-detection computer and the Power Booster invented by Tony Stark to increase his power. He was the first villain that the Spider-Friends faced together in that origin episode. In gratitude for the Spider-Friends' aid against the Beetle, Stark provided them with the crime-detection technology used by the heroes throughout the series.
  • Iron Man made a few cameo appearances with the rest of the Avengers in the 1981 solo Spider-Man show, on an in-universe cartoon in the episode "Arsenic and Aunt May", and as a costume in a costume shop in the episode "The Capture of Captain America".[2]
  • An Iron Man TV series was one of several pitches in the 1980s and unaired pilot was produced in 1980 [4]

1990sEdit

2000sEdit

2010sEdit

  • Beginning in 2010, Iron Man appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Eric Loomis.[7] As in the comics, he is one of the founding members of the team and provides them with the Avengers Mansion as well as all the team's technology, including special ID cards and Quinjets. This Iron Man includes the elements from the comics canon and some elements from the recent Iron Man film series, including the Arc Reactor in his chest as well as his armor being run by the J.A.R.V.I.S. A.I., as opposed to the HOMER system in the comics. He serves as team leader, and is seen in the opening credits monitoring the team's activities on various view screens.
  • As part of a four-series collaboration between the Japanese Madhouse animation house and Marvel, Iron Man starred in a 12 episode anime series that premiered in Japan on Animax in October 2010 and is shown on G4 in the United States.[8] It concluded on Animax after running the full dozen episodes on December 17, 2010. He is voiced by Keiji Fujiwara in Japanese and Adrian Pasdar in English. He additionally appears in a non-speaking cameo in the final episode of Marvel Anime: X-Men.
  • He appears in the Spider-Man animated TV series, Ultimate Spider-Man, with Pasdar reprising his role. In the episode "Great Power", he is shown trying to master his suit. He has a major role in "Flight of the Iron Spider", where he and the team combat the Living Laser. The episode makes several references to his playboy persona. His background seems identical to the canon, with the first suit being built to escape captivity. An alternate version of him is briefly shown in the end, when the Living Laser ends up in the Super Hero Squad reality.
  • Iron Man appears in Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Maximum Overload, once again voiced by Adrian Pasdar.
  • He appears in Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H., once again voiced by Pasdar.[9]
  • Iron Man appears in the summer 2013 animated special Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel,[10] with Pasdar reprising his role.[11]
  • Iron Man appears in the animated series Avengers Assemble, voiced once again by Pasdar. Mick Wingert was supposed to take over the role in Season 3, but instead Pasdar maintained it. Wingert eventually took over the role in Season 4.[12][13]
  • The Marvel Cinematic Universe version of Iron Man briefly appears via stock footage in the pilot episode of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. as Skye outlines public knowledge of superhumans.
  • The president of Disney Channel Worldwide Gary Marsh announced a new Iron Man series is in development.[14]
  • Iron Man appears in the anime series Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers.[15]
  • Iron Man appears in the television special Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Avengers Reassembled, voiced again by Mick Wingert.[16]
  • Iron Man appears in the Guardians of the Galaxy episodes "Stayin' Alive" and "Evolution Rock", voiced again by Mick Wingert.
  • Iron Man appears in Marvel's Spider-Man, voiced again by Mick Wingert. He briefly appeared in the episode "Stark Expo" where Peter Parker attends the Expo as Spider-Man mistaking him for an intruder, eventually joining Spider-Man in defeating the Ghost.

FilmEdit

Live-actionEdit

 
Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark, as depicted in the film Iron Man 3.
  • Robert Downey Jr. portrays Tony Stark in Iron Man (2008),[17] Iron Man 2 (2010), The Avengers (2012),[18] Iron Man 3 (2013),[19] Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015),[20] Captain America: Civil War (2016),[21] Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017),[22] Avengers: Infinity War (2018), and Avengers: Endgame (2019),[20][22] as well as having a cameo in The Incredible Hulk (2008)[17] that is also shown via archive footage in the Marvel One-Shot, The Consultant (2011).[23] Endgame concludes with Stark's death when he sacrifices himself to use the Infinity Gauntlet to destroy Thanos and his army. Downey Jr. will reprise the role in Black Widow (2020).[24]
  • Davin Ransom portrayed a young Tony Stark in Iron Man 2.
  • Iron Man 3 director Shane Black stated in March 2013 that "There has been a lot of discussion about it: 'Is this the last Iron Man for Robert [Downey Jr.]?' Something tells me that it will not be the case, and [he] will be seen in a fourth, or fifth." Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige has said that the character of Stark will continue to be featured in the Marvel Cinematic Universe regardless of Downey's involvement.[25] Also in March, Downey said he was open to extending his contract, stating he feels "there's a couple other things we've gotta do" with the character.[26] In June 2013, when Downey Jr. signed on to return as Iron Man in Avengers: Age of Ultron, he also signed on for a third Avengers film.[20] In a July 2014 interview during the filming of Avengers: Age of Ultron, Downey expressed his interest in continuing to play Iron Man. "It's down to Kevin [Feige] and Ike [Perlmutter, CEO of Marvel Entertainment] and Disney to come to us with what the proposal is, and that’s on us to agree or disagree," Downey said. "When things are going great, there's a lot of agreement." He added, "It's that thing of: Why give up the belt when it feels like you can barely get jabbed?"[27] In April 2016, Downey expressed openness to appearing in a potential fourth Iron Man film, saying "I could do one more."[28]

AnimationEdit

Video gamesEdit

Marvel Cinematic UniverseEdit

Robert Downey Jr. has portrayed a version of Tony Stark / Iron Man in the MCU from 2008 (Iron Man) to 2019 (Avengers: Endgame), with the last having featured the death and funeral of the character in the universe.

  • The character stars in the 2008 live-action film Iron Man, he is the playboy industrialist CEO of Stark Industries, a weapons designer and manufacter to the U.S. Military, and travels to war-torn Afghanistan with his friend and military liaison Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes to demonstrate Stark's new "Jericho" missile. After the demonstration, the convoy is ambushed and Stark is critically wounded and imprisoned by a terrorist group, the Ten Rings. Fellow captive Yinsen, a doctor, implants an electromagnet into Stark's chest to keep shrapnel shards from reaching his heart and killing him. Ten Rings leader Raza offers Stark freedom in exchange for building a Jericho missile, but Tony and Yinsen agree Raza will not keep his word. Stark and Yinsen secretly build a small, powerful electric generator called an arc reactor to power Stark's electromagnet and a suit of powered armor. When the Ten Rings attack the workshop. Yinsen sacrifices himself to divert them while the suit is completed. The armored Stark battles his way out of the cave to find the dying Yinsen, then burns the Ten Rings' weapons in anger and flies away, crashing in the desert. Rescued by Rhodes, Stark returns home to announce that his company will no longer manufacture weapons. Obadiah Stane, his father's old partner and the company's manager, advises Stark that this may ruin Stark Industries and his father's legacy. With the aid of his computer J.A.R.V.I.S., Stark secretly builds a sleeker version of his improvised armor suit with a more powerful arc reactor. At a Stark Industries charity event, reporter Christine Everhart informs Stark that his company's weapons were being used by the Ten Rings to attack Yinsen's home village, Gulmira. Stark learns that Stane has been arms trafficking to criminals worldwide, and is staging a coup to replace him as Stark Industries' CEO. Stark, in his new armor, flies to Afghanistan and saves the villagers. Flying home, Stark is shot at by two F-22 Raptor fighter jets, forcing him to call Rhodes and reveal his secret identity. Stane acquires the wreckage of Stark's prototype from the Ten Rings, and has a massive new suit reverse engineered. Stane's scientists cannot duplicate Stark's miniaturized arc reactor, so Stane ambushes Stark at his home and takes the one from his chest, revealing that Stane was responsible for Stark's captivity. Stark manages to get to his original reactor to replace it, and defeats Stane. The next day, at a press conference, Stark defies suggestions from S.H.I.E.L.D. and publicly admits to being the superhero the press has dubbed "Iron Man". Later, S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury visits Stark at home, telling him that Iron Man is not "the only superhero in the world", and explaining that he wants to discuss the "Avenger Initiative".
  • The character appears again in the end of the 2008 live-action film The Incredible Hulk, which is set which is set at the same time as the events of Iron Man 2. He talks to General Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross at a local bar about setting up a team.
  • He returns as the main character in the 2010 live-action movie Iron Man 2, which is set six months after the events of Iron Man. Stark has become a superstar and uses his Iron Man suit for peaceful means, resisting government pressure to sell his designs. He reinstitutes the Stark Expo to continue his father's legacy, but discovers that the palladium core in the arc reactor that keeps Stark alive and powers the armor is slowly poisoning him. Growing increasingly reckless and despondent about his impending death, Stark appoints Pepper Potts CEO of Stark Industries, and hires Stark employee Natalie Rushman to replace her as his personal assistant. Stark competes in the Monaco Historic Grand Prix, and is attacked mid-race by Ivan Vanko, who wields electrified whips. Stark dons his Mark V armor and defeats Vanko, but the suit is severely damaged. Vanko explains his intent to prove that Iron Man is not invincible. Stark's rival, Justin Hammer, fakes Vanko's death while breaking him out of prison and asks him to build armored suits to upstage Stark. At his birthday party, Stark gets drunk while wearing the Mark IV suit. Rhodes dons Stark's Mark II prototype armor and tries to restrain him. The fight ends in a stalemate, so Rhodes confiscates the Mark II for the U.S. Air Force. Nick Fury reveals that "Rushman" is Agent Natasha Romanoff, that Howard Stark was a S.H.I.E.L.D. founder whom Fury knew personally, and that Vanko's father Anton jointly invented the arc reactor with Howard Stark, but tried to sell it for profit. Howard Stark had Anton deported, and the Soviets sent him to the gulag. Stark discovers a hidden message in the diorama of the 1974 Stark Expo, a diagram of the structure of a new element, which Stark synthesizes. When he learns Vanko is still alive, he places the new element in his arc reactor. At the Expo, Hammer unveils Vanko's armored drones, led by Rhodes in a heavily weaponized version of the Mark II armor. Stark arrives in the Mark VI armor to warn Rhodes, but Vanko remotely takes control of both the drones and Rhodes' armor and attacks Iron Man. After Romanoff is able to return control of the Mark II armor to Rhodes, Stark and Rhodes together defeat Vanko and his drones. At a debriefing, Fury informs Stark that because of Stark's difficult personality, S.H.I.E.L.D. intends to use him only as a consultant. Stark and Rhodes receive medals for their heroism.
  • He appears in the 2012 film The Avengers, set several months later. In response to an attack by the Asgardian Loki, S.H.I.E.L.D. Agent Phil Coulson visits Stark to have him review the research of Erik Selvig on the Tesseract. In Stuttgart, Stark, along with Captain America (Steve Rogers) and Romanoff, confront Loki, who surrenders. Thor arrives and frees Loki, but after a confrontation with Stark and Rogers, agrees to take Loki to S.H.I.E.L.D.'s flying aircraft carrier, the Helicarrier. The Avengers become divided over how to approach Loki and the revelation that S.H.I.E.L.D. plans to harness the Tesseract to develop weapons. Agents possessed by Loki attack the Helicarrier, and Loki escapes. Stark and Rogers realize that Loki needs to overpower them publicly to validate himself as ruler of Earth. Loki uses the Tesseract to open a wormhole above Stark Tower in New York City. A Chitauri fleet in space invades through the wormhole, and Stark and the others rally in defense of the city. Fury's superiors from the World Security Council attempt to end the invasion by launching a nuclear missile at Midtown Manhattan. Stark intercepts the missile, and in an apparent sacrifice of his own life, takes it through the wormhole toward the Chitauri fleet. The missile detonates, destroying the Chitauri mothership and disabling their forces on Earth. Stark's suit runs out of power, and he falls back through the wormhole but the Hulk saves him from crashing into the ground.

Motion comicsEdit

BooksEdit

The Iron Man armor is prominently featured in the book Inventing Iron Man: The Possibility of a Human Machine by E. Paul Zehr, which explores the hard science fiction aspects of Iron Man and the possibility of building an Iron Man-like armor.[44]

Iron Man has appeared in the following novels:

Title Author Publisher ISBN Release Date
Iron Man: And Call My Killer... MODOK! William Rotsler Pocket Books 0671820893 / 9780671820893 May 1979
Iron Man: The Armor Trap Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572970081 / 9781572970083 July 1995
Iron Man: Steel Terror Dean Wesley Smith Pocket Books/BPMC 0671003216 / 9780671003210 October 1996
Iron Man: Operation A.I.M. Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971959 / 9781572971950 December 1996
Spider-Man and Iron Man: Doom's Day Book Two: Sabotage Pierce Askegren
Danny Fingeroth
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972351 / 9781572972353 March 1997
Iron Man Peter David Del Rey Books 034550609X / 9780345506092 April 2008
Iron Man: Femme Fatales Robert Greenberger Del Rey Books 0345506855 / 9780345506856 September 29, 2009
Iron Man: Virus Alexander C. Irvine Del Rey Books 0345506847 / 9780345506849 January 26, 2010
Iron Man: Extremis Marie Javins Marvel Comics 978-0785165187 April 16, 2013
Iron Man: The Gauntlet Eoin Colfer Marvel Comics 978-1484741603 October 25, 2016

TheatreEdit

Iron Man appears in the Marvel Universe Live! stage show.[45]

Unrealized projectsEdit

In 1989, while the third TV-movie sequel to The Incredible Hulk live-action television series was expected to co-star She-Hulk, Iron Man was being considered for both a follow-up or a solo film of his own.[46] One year later, a film from Universal Studios to be directed by Stuart Gordon was being negotiated.[47] This was still on the table ten months later,[48] and also another two years on, this time with no specific director or even studio attached.[49]

Pop culture references to Iron ManEdit

  • In 2001, a reference to Iron Man is made in X-Men: Evolution in episode 20: "On Angel's Wings", a sign reading "Stark Enterprises" can briefly be seen.
  • In The Simpsons "Treehouse of Horror X", in Desperately Xeeking Xena, Iron Man is amongst the list of names The Collector (Comic Book Guy) wants Lucy Lawless to call him on their wedding night.
  • Iron Man appears in the Robot Chicken episodes "Celebutard Mountain" voiced by Mark Hamill, "I'm Trapped" voiced by Adam Reed, "Tell My Mom" voiced by Ron Perlman, "Two Weeks Without Food" voiced by Jon Favreau (who also directed Iron Man and its sequel), "Collateral Damage in Gang Turf War" voiced by Liev Schreiber, and "Robot Fight Accident" voiced by Kevin Shinick.
  • In the Seinfeld episode "The Voice", George and Jerry discuss whether Iron Man wears some kind of undergarment beneath his armor. George suggests he goes naked and Jerry replies that idea does not make sense.
  • In The Looney Tunes Show, there was a CGI animated short of Road Runner and Wile E. Coyote entitled "Heavy Metal." In this short, Wile E. tries to catch the Road Runner with an iron suit. The design is based on the Mark I armor. Similar to the comics, the Coyote designed his suit in a cave just like Tony Stark did with Ho Yinsen.
  • MAD featured a movie short titled "I Love You, Iron Man" in which Iron Man 2 and I Love You, Man are spoofed.
  • Iron Man appears as a combatant in ScrewAttack's popular online series, Death Battle. He was pitted against the DC Comics supervillain Lex Luthor in a fight to the death and won. He was voiced by Chuck Huber.
  • Iron Man also appeared as a combatant in One Minute Melee where he fought against DC Comics superhero Batman and lost. He also appeared in DBX where he fought Mega Man X and also lost.
  • In The Lego Batman Movie, the password Batman uses to enter the Batcave is "Iron Man Sucks".
  • In The Martian, Mark Watney likens cutting a hole in his suit glove to create a reaction control thruster to Iron Man.
  • In Oggy and the Cockroaches episode "Metalman", Oggy in his metal suit called him Metalman.

Amusement parkEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit