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Galactus (/ɡəˈlæktəs/) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Formerly a mortal man, Galactus is a cosmic entity who originally consumed planets to sustain his life force, and serves a functional role in the upkeep of the primary Marvel continuity. Galactus was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby and first appeared in the comic book Fantastic Four #48, published in March 1966.

Galactus
Galactus, devouring a world.jpg
Galactus devouring a world.
Art by Andrea De Vito
From limited series Stormbreaker: Saga of Beta Ray Bill (March - Aug. 2005)
Marvel Comics.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Fantastic Four #48 (March 1966)
Created by Stan Lee (writer)
Jack Kirby (artist)
In-story information
Alter ego Galan
Place of origin Galan: Taa
Galactus: Cosmic Egg
Team affiliations Heralds of Galactus
God Squad
Ultimates
Notable aliases Ashta,[1] Devourer of Worlds, The Lifebringer, The Seeder of Worlds[2]
Abilities Cosmic awareness
Via Power Cosmic total manipulation of energy and matter to achieve almost any effect

Lee and Kirby had desired to introduce a character that broke away from the archetype of the standard villain, culminating in the creation of Galactus. In the character's first appearance Galactus was depicted as a god-like figure who feeds by draining living planets of their energy, and operates without regard to the morality and judgements of mortal beings. Galactus' initial origin was that of a space explorer named Galan who gained cosmic abilities by passing near a star, but writer Mark Gruenwald further developed the origin of the character, revealing that Galan lived during the previous universe that existed prior to the Big Bang which began the current universe. As Galan's universe came to an end, Galan merged with the "Sentience of the Universe" to become Galactus, an entity that wielded such cosmic power as to require devouring entire planets to sustain his existence. Additional material written by John Byrne, Jim Starlin, and Louise Simonson explored Galactus' role and purpose in the Marvel Universe, and examined the actions of the character through themes of genocide, manifest destiny, ethics, and natural/necessary existence. Frequently accompanied by a herald (such as the Silver Surfer), the character has appeared as both antagonist and protagonist in central and supporting roles. Since debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, Galactus has played a role in over five decades of Marvel continuity.

The character has been featured in other Marvel media, such as arcade games, video games, animated television series, and the 2007 film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer.

In 2009, Galactus ranked 5th on IGN's list of "Top 100 Comic Book Villains", citing the character's "larger than life presence" as making him one of the more important villains ever created. IGN also noted "Galactus is one of the few villains on our list to really defy the definition of an evil-doer" as the character is compelled to destroy worlds because of his hunger.[3]

Contents

Publication historyEdit

Created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist-coplotter Jack Kirby, the character debuted in The Fantastic Four #48 (March 1966, the first of a three-issue story later known as "The Galactus Trilogy").[4][5]

OriginEdit

In 1966, nearly five years after launching Marvel Comics' flagship superhero title, Fantastic Four, creators Stan Lee and Jack Kirby collaborated on an antagonist designed to break the supervillain mold of the tyrant with god-like stature and power.[5] As Lee recalled in 1993,

Galactus was simply another in a long line of super-villains whom we loved creating. Having dreamed up [many] powerful baddies ... we felt the only way to top ourselves was to come up with an evil-doer who had almost godlike powers. Therefore, the natural choice was some sort of demi-god, but now what would we do with him. We didn't want to use the tired old cliche about him wanting to conquer the world. ... That was when inspiration struck. Why not have him not be a really evil person? After all, a demi-god would be beyond mere good and evil. ... [What] he'd require is the life force and energy from living planets![6]

Kirby described his Biblical inspirations for Galactus and an accompanying character, an angelic herald Lee called the Silver Surfer:

My inspirations were the fact that I had to make sales. And I had to come up with characters that were no longer stereotypes. ...I had to get something new. And ... for some reason, I went to the Bible. And I came up with Galactus. And there I was in front of this tremendous figure, who I knew very well, because I always felt him, and I certainly couldn't treat him the same way that I would any ordinary mortal ... and of course the Silver Surfer is the fallen angel. ...[T]hey were figures that have never been used before in comics. They were above mythic figures, and of course, they were the first gods.[7]

Kirby elaborated, "Galactus in actuality is a sort of god. He is beyond reproach, beyond anyone's opinion. In a way he is kind of a Zeus, who fathered Hercules. He is his own legend, and of course, he and the Silver Surfer are sort of modern legends, and they are designed that way."[8]

Writer Mike Conroy expanded on Lee and Kirby's explanation: "In five short years from the launch of the Fantastic Four, the Lee/Kirby duo...had introduced a whole host of alien races or their representatives...there were the Skrulls, the Watcher and the Stranger, all of whom Lee and Kirby used in the foundations of the universe they were constructing, one where all things were possible but only if they did not flout the 'natural laws' of this cosmology. In the nascent Marvel Universe, characters acted consistently, whatever comic they were appearing in. Their actions reverberated through every title. It was pure soap opera but on a cosmic scale, and Galactus epitomized its epic sweep."[9]

This led to the introduction of Galactus in Fantastic Four #48–50 (March–May 1966), which fans began calling "The Galactus Trilogy".[4][5][10][11][12] Kirby did not intend Galactus to reappear, to preserve the character's awe-inspiring presence.[13] Fan popularity, however, prompted Lee to ask Kirby for Galactus's reappearance,[13] and the character became a mainstay of the Marvel Universe.

1960sEdit

 
First cover appearance of Galactus: Fantastic Four #49 (April 1966).
Art by penciller and character co-creator Jack Kirby and inker Joe Sinnott.

To preserve the character's mystique, his next two appearances were nonspeaking cameos in Thor #134 (Nov. 1966), and Daredevil #37 (Feb. 1968), respectively. Numerous requests from fans prompted the character to be featured heavily in Fantastic Four #72–77 (March–Aug. 1968).[13][14] After a flashback appearance in Silver Surfer #1 (Aug. 1968), the character returned to Earth in Thor #160–162 (Jan. – March 1969). Galactus' origin was eventually revealed in Thor #168–169 (Sept. – Oct. 1969).

1970s and 1980sEdit

The character made appearances in Fantastic Four #120–123 (March – June 1972) and Thor #225–228 (July–Oct. 1974). These two storylines introduced two new heralds for Galactus. Galactus also featured in Fantastic Four #172–175 (July – Oct. 1976) and #206–213 (May – Dec. 1979).

Stan Lee and Jack Kirby reunited for the origin of Silver Surfer and Galactus in the one-shot graphic novel The Silver Surfer, The Ultimate Cosmic Experience! in 1978. This Marvel Fireside Book, published by Simon & Schuster, was an out-of-continuity retelling of the origin story without the Fantastic Four.

The full Lee-and-Kirby origin story was reprinted in the one-volume Super-Villain Classics: Galactus the Origin #1 (May 1983), inked by Vince Colletta and George Klein, lettered by John Morelli and colored by Andy Yanchus. While nearly identical to the previous origin, this story featured supplemental material, edits, and deletions by writer Mark Gruenwald, pencillers John Byrne and Ron Wilson and inker Jack Abel. Rather than traveling into a dying star, the character enters the core of the collapsing universe before the Big Bang; the story was later reprinted as Origin of Galactus #1 (Feb. 1996).

The character guest-starred in Rom #26–27 (Jan. – Feb. 1982). Galactus featured in two related storylines of Fantastic Four #242–244 (May–July 1982) and #257 (August 1983). Another appearance in Fantastic Four #262 (Jan. 1984) sparked controversy. At the end of the story, Eternity, an abstract entity in the Marvel Universe, appears to validate the existence of Galactus; Howard University professor of literature Marc Singer criticized this, accusing writer-artist John Byrne of using the character to "justify planetary-scale genocide."[15] Byrne and Stan Lee also collaborated on a one-shot Silver Surfer story (June 1982) in which it is revealed that after the Surfer's rebellion against Galactus, the planet eater returned to Zenn-La, the Surfer's homeworld, and drained it of energy after allowing the populace to flee.

Writer-penciller John Byrne and inker Terry Austin produced "The Last Galactus Story" as a serial in the anthology comic-magazine Epic Illustrated #26–34 (October 1984–February 1986). Nine of a scheduled ten installments appeared. Each was six pages with the exception of the eighth installment (12 pages). The magazine was canceled with issue #34, leaving the last chapter unpublished and the story unfinished; however, Byrne later published the conclusion on his website.[16] Galactus played a pivotal role in the limited series Secret Wars #1–12 (May 1984 – April 1985), and became a recurring character in the third volume of the Silver Surfer (beginning with issue #1, July 1987).

Stan Lee and artist John Buscema also produced the 64-page hardcover Silver Surfer: Judgment Day (Oct. 1988), in which Galactus clashes with demonic entity Mephisto.

1990sEdit

Galactus was featured in the miniseries Infinity Gauntlet #1–6 (July – Dec. 1991), Infinity War #1–6 (June – Nov. 1992) and Cosmic Powers #1–6 (March – Aug. 1994). The character starred in the six-issue miniseries Galactus the Devourer (September 1999 – March 2000), written by Louise Simonson and illustrated by John Buscema, which climaxed with Galactus's death. Simonson originally conceived that the story arc would occur in the third volume of Silver Surfer, but the title was canceled due to dwindling sales. She proposed a separate limited series, and at the time was initially doubtful that Marvel would approve what she considered a "radical" idea concerning "why the very existence of the universe depends on the health and well-being of Galactus."[17]

2000sEdit

The consequences of Galactus's death are explored in the Fantastic Four Annual 2001 and Fantastic Four #46–49 (Oct. 2001 – Jan. 2002), resulting in Galactus's revival. The character features in the first six issues of the series Thanos (Dec. 2003 – May 2004), written by Jim Starlin. Issues #7–12, written by Keith Giffen, introduce Galactus' first herald (the Fallen One).

Galactus's origin is re-examined in Fantastic Four #520–523 (Oct. 2004 – April 2005), in which the character is temporarily reverted to his mortal form. After appearing in the limited series Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill #1–6 (March – Aug. 2005) Galactus was a central character in the "Annihilation" storyline, appearing in the limited series Annihilation: Silver Surfer #1–4 (June – Sept. 2006), Annihilation #1–6 (Oct. 2006 – March 2007) and the epilogue, Annihilation: Heralds of Galactus #1–2 (Feb. – April 2007).

Galactus was an antagonist in Fantastic Four #545–546 (June – July 2007), where he tried to devour fellow cosmic function Epoch. In Nova vol. 4, #13–15 (May – July 2008), the character had no dialogue. Author Andy Lanning said that he and co-writer Dan Abnett were "treating Galactus like a force of nature; an inevitable, planetary catastrophe that there is no reasoning with, no bargaining with and no escaping."[18] Galactus also appeared in the limited series Beta Ray Bill: Godhunter #1–3 (June – Aug. 2009), a sequel to Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill.

2010sEdit

Galactus and the Silver Surfer appeared as antagonists in Skaar: Son of Hulk #9-11, and as protagonists in the limited series The Thanos Imperative (June – Nov. 2010). Galactus was a member of the God Squad in the miniseries Chaos War #2–5 (Dec. – March 2010). After an appearance in Fantastic Four #583–587 (Nov. 2010 – March 2011), the character returned to Earth in Silver Surfer vol. 6, #1–5 (Jan. – May 2011) and was the antagonist in The Mighty Thor #1–6 (April – Sept. 2011). The character also appeared issue four of the limited series The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl in August 2015 and issue four of the second volume of Howard the Duck in August 2016.

Fictional character biographyEdit

 
Galan of Taa, and the Sentience of the previous universe in the Cosmic egg, which will eventually produce Galactus.
Super-Villain Classics: Galactus the Origin #1 (May 1983). Marvel Comics.
Art by Jack Kirby and John Byrne.

Galactus was originally the explorer Galan of Taa. The planet Taa existed in the prime pre-Big Bang universe. When an unknown cosmic cataclysm gradually begins killing off all of the other life in his universe, Galan and other survivors leave Taa on a spacecraft and are engulfed in the Big Crunch. Galan, however, does not die: when bonded with Sentience of the Universe he changes and gestates for billions of years in an egg made of the rubble of his ship that the current universe formed after the Big Bang. He emerged as Galactus and though a Watcher observed Galactus' birth and recognizes his destructive nature, the Watcher chose not to kill Galactus.[19][20][21] Starving for sustenance, Galactus consumes the nearby planet of Archeopia - the first of many planets Galactus would destroy to maintain his existence.[19][22] In memory of his dead home world, Taa, and the first planet to fall prey to his hunger, Galactus constructs a new "home world": actually a Möbius strip-shaped space station called "Taa II".

Galactus becomes involved in a civil war among the "Proemial Gods", who came into being during the universe's infancy. When a faction of the gods led by Diableri of Chaos attempt to remake the universe in their image, Galactus kills the entity and imprisons three other rebel gods (Antiphon, Tenebrous, and Aegis) in the prison called the Kyln.[23]

Galactus then decides to create a Herald to locate worlds for sustenance, but fails when the first - Tyrant - rebels,[24] and the second - the Fallen One - is dismissed for his bloodthirsty attitude.[25] When approaching the planet of Zenn-La, Galactus accepts the offer of Norrin Radd to become his herald, the Silver Surfer, in exchange for sparing his world.[26] Eventually locating Earth, Galactus is driven off by the Fantastic Four, Uatu the Watcher, and the rebellious Silver Surfer after The Human Torch—with the Watcher's assistance—retrieves the Ultimate Nullifier from Taa II. Although Galactus leaves Earth, vowing that he will never try to consume it again, he banishes the Surfer to Earth for betraying him.[27][28] Galactus later returns for his former herald, but the Surfer is unrepentant and chooses to remain on Earth.[29] Thor learns of Galactus' origin when the entity comes into conflict with Ego the Living Planet,[30]

Returning to Earth, Galactus unsuccessfully tries to re-enlist the Silver Surfer. After the Fantastic Four and the Surfer defeat Galactus's new herald, the Air-Walker, Mr. Fantastic reprograms Galactus's ship to travel to the Negative Zone, which contains many uninhabited worlds that could potentially be consumed.[31] Thor and Olympian ally Hercules encounter Galactus when his next herald, Firelord, travels to Earth to be free of his master. Galactus frees Firelord when Thor presents Galactus with the Asgardian Destroyer to animate and use as a herald.[32]

Galactus comes into conflict with the High Evolutionary when attempting to devour Counter-Earth, but he is transformed into harmless energy after attempting to devour the planet Poppup.[33] After returning to normal form, Galactus is sought by the Fantastic Four to help stop new cosmic threat the Sphinx. Mr. Fantastic offers to release Galactus from his vow to avoid Earth if he helps defeat the Sphinx. Galactus agrees, if the Fantastic Four first recruit a being called Tyros as a new herald. The quartet succeed, and the newly empowered and renamed Terrax leads his master to Earth. Galactus locates and defeats the Sphinx in Egypt. but is confronted by Mr. Fantastic, who unbeknownst to Galactus wields a fake Ultimate Nullifier. Unable to read Richard's mind (which is protected by the Watcher), Galactus retreats.[34]

Galactus empowers and uses the superheroine Dazzler to locate a missing Terrax, who is in fact hiding from his master inside a black hole.[35] Dazzler defeats and retrieves Terrax, and forces Galactus to return her to Earth.[36] Galactus is fooled by the Galadorian Spaceknight Rom into trying to devour the Black Nebula, home of the alien Dire Wraiths, but is repelled by the Wraith Sun.[37] A weakened Galactus pursues the rebellious Terrax to Earth and strips him of his power. Near death, Galactus is saved by the Fantastic Four and the Avengers - also acquiring another herald: Nova.[38] Galactus destroys the Skrull homeworld, and discusses his role in the universe with fellow cosmic entity Death.[39] Mr. Fantastic is captured for saving Galactus's life, and is tried by aliens who survived the annihilation of their worlds by Galactus. During the trial the cosmic entity Eternity—the sentient embodiment of space and reality of the Marvel Universe—intervenes, allowing all beings present to momentarily become one with the universe, allowing them to understand that Galactus is a necessary part of the cosmic order.[40]

During the Secret Wars, Galactus attempts to consume Battleworld in order to force the Beyonder to remove his hunger, but his plan is foiled by Doctor Doom.[41] Galactus grants clemency to the Surfer, who aids his former master against the Elders of the Universe[42] and the In-Betweener.[43] The entity also rescues the Surfer and Nova from Mephisto's realm,[44] and aids the cosmic hierarchy in a war against the mad Eternal Thanos, who wields the Infinity Gauntlet.[45]

When Nova is conscience-stricken at causing the death of billions of aliens, Galactus takes on a new herald, the bloodthirsty Morg.[46] Tyrant eventually returns[47] and Morg sacrifices himself to stop the entity by using the Ultimate Nullifier.[48] Galactus then decides, with help from new herald Red Shift, to only devour the energy of living beings, which brings him into conflict with alien races and Earth's heroes. During a final confrontation near the home world of the Shi'ar, the Silver Surfer turns Galactus's siphoning machines against him. A starving Galactus dies and adopts the form of a star.[49] The death of Galactus allows the entity Abraxas (a metaphysical embodiment of destruction, and the antithesis of cosmic entity Eternity) to emerge from imprisonment.[50] The entity wreaks havoc across thousands of alternate universes, killing various incarnations of Galactus before the children of Reed Richards - Franklin Richards and Valeria Von Doom - exhaust their powers to restore the original Galactus. Galactus then provides Mr. Fantastic with the Ultimate Nullifier, which he uses to reset reality and prevent Abraxas's initial escape and destruction.[51]

Conscience-stricken, Galactus tries to rid himself of his hunger by feeding on the power from the Infinity Gems but is tricked into releasing the Hunger, which feeds on entire galaxies. The Hunger is destroyed when Thanos orchestrates a final battle with Galactus.[52] When an alien race develops a technology making planets invisible to Galactus, he empowers the Human Torch (who has traded powers with the Invisible Woman) and utilizes the hero as an unwilling herald to locate the planets. The Fantastic Four and Quasar free the Torch by changing Galactus back into the humanoid Galan.[53]

Galactus consumes Beta Ray Bill's Korbinite home world with the aid of new herald Stardust.[54] When the Negative Zone villain Annihilus declares war on the universe, the entity attacks and destroys the Kyln - freeing former Galactus foes Tenebrous and Aegis.[55] Sensing their release, Galactus temporarily releases Stardust from service and reemploys the Silver Surfer as his herald due to his familiarity with their old foes.[56] Aegis and Tenebrous, however, find and defeat the Silver Surfer and Galactus and deliver them to Annihilus.[57] Annihilus intends to use Galactus as a weapon to destroy all life in the universe, but is thwarted when the entity is freed by Drax the Destroyer. Galactus retaliates and destroys most of Annihilus' forces.[58] Seeking a final confrontation with Aegis and Tenebrous, Galactus sends the Silver Surfer to locate them.[59] The Surfer eventually draws the pair into the barrier between the universe and the Negative Zone, which destroys both.[23]

 
Galactus is perceived differently by the alien races present at his first trial.
(Panel: Fantastic Four #262 (Jan. 1984)
Art by John Byrne).

After an encounter with Epoch,[60] Galactus consumes the planet Orbucen.[61] When a distraught Beta Ray Bill seeks vengeance for the destruction of the Korbinite home world, Galactus relents and creates a female Korbinite as a companion for Bill.[62] Galactus also consumes the planet Sakaar, earning the enmity of Skaar and Hiro-Kala.[63]

The Silver Surfer finds the body of a future Galactus under New York City, and summons the present Galactus to Earth.[64] Mr. Fantastic explains that in the distant future, the heroes on a dying Earth killed Galactus and then escaped to the present via time travel.[65] When Galactus discovers these heroes now live on a planet called Nu-Earth, he destroys it and its inhabitants in retribution.[66] A tear in the fabric of space caused by the Annihilation Wave and other interstellar conflicts allows the extra-universal forces of the Cancerverse (a universe without death) to invade. Galactus, the Celestials and the resurrected Tenebrous and Aegis combat the powerful Cancerverse weapon, the Galactus Engine (constructed from the corpse of the Cancerverse's counterpart to Galactus).[67] During the events of the Chaos War, Galactus is teleported to Earth by demi-god Hercules to help fight the Chaos King, a metaphysical embodiment of oblivion and another antithesis of Eternity.[68] While the Hulk and his allies (the God Squad, Alpha Flight and several Avengers fight Amatsu-Mikaboshi's forces, Hulk ally Amadeus Cho and Galactus develop a machine which will move Earth to a safe location in a sealed-off continuum.[69]

After an encounter with the High Evolutionary,[70] Galactus invades Asgard - home of the Norse Gods - seeking an Asgardian artifact to sate his hunger and spare future civilizations. Odin, ruler of the Norse Gods, contends that Galactus wishes to ensure that he is not replaced in the next universe. To avoid a protracted battle, the Silver Surfer offers to remain on Earth to guard the artifact on the proviso Galactus may have it once Asgard eventually passes. Galactus recruits a preacher he names Praeter to be his new herald.[71] Galactus is then pulled through a hole in space-time to an alternate universe[72] and meets another version of himself: a space-faring mechanical hive-mind called Gah Lak Tus.[73] The heroes of the alternate Earth travel to Earth-616 to acquire information on Galactus[74] and eventually manage to send Galactus to the Negative Zone, reasoning that he will eventually starve to death as the region is composed of anti-matter.[75] A comatose Galactus is found by the Eternals and Aarkus who hope to use him in their war on the alien Kree.[76]

Galactus returns to the universe and after an encounter with Squirrel Girl[77] is forced into his own incubator by the Ultimates, who are determined to end his threat. Galactus re-emerges as a Lifebringer instead of a Devourer of Worlds, his first act being to restore Archeopia, the first world he ever consumed.[78] The entity later rescues the team at the behest of Eternity, and learns that the latter has been imprisoned by an unknown force. Galactus also comes into conflict with fellow cosmics Lord Chaos and Master Order, who, with the Molecule Man, wish for Galactus to return to his former role as a Devourer of Worlds and thereby restore order to the universe. Galactus locates the hero Anti-Man outside the multiverse and after transforming him into a Herald of Life, sends him to recruit the recently disbanded Ultimates to help discover the identity of Eternity's captor, who is later revealed to be the First Firmament, the first iteration of the cosmos. Lord Chaos and Master Order bring Galactus to trial before the Living Tribunal, still seeking to restore Galactus to his former state for the sake of the cosmic balance. Although Galactus successfully argues that the balance of the new Multiverse is different and his old role is obsolete, the Tribunal is destroyed by a Firmament-influenced Master Order and Lord Chaos. After a brief battle, Master Order decides to create a new cosmic order which it and Lord Chaos control. Their former servant, the In-Betweener, is forcibly merged with them into a new cosmic being called Logos. After destroying several Celestials, Logos forcibly transforms Galactus back into the Devourer of Worlds. The process is reversed when Anti-Man sacrifices his life to restore Galactus as the Lifebringer. Galactus then swears to free the imprisoned Eternity.[79]

Powers and abilitiesEdit

Galactus was created during the union of the Sentience of the (previous) Universe and Galan of Taa,[80][81][82] and is described as "the physical, metamorphosed embodiment of a cosmos."[83] Although not an abstract, non-corporeal being,[84] Galactus is a living force of nature set on correcting the imbalances between the conceptual entities Eternity and Death.[85] His true form cannot be perceived by most beings;[86] each species sees Galactus in a form they can comprehend, similar to their race or a deity of their religion.[1][40] Galactus has also appeared as a humanoid star when addressing fellow members of the cosmic hierarchy.[80][87][88]

Galactus utilizes cosmic energy known as the Power Cosmic to perform feats, which have included universal cosmic awareness,[89] telepathy,[90] telekinesis,[91] energy projection;[92] size alteration;[93] transmutation of matter;[94] teleportation of objects across space,[93] creation of force fields[94] and interdimensional portals;[95] creation of life,[96] resurrection,[97] manipulating souls,[98] memories and emotions,[99] and mass-scale events such as recreating dead worlds in every detail (including illusions of their entire populations)[99] and destroying multiple solar systems simultaneously.[100]

A frequent act has been appointing an individual as his Herald, granting each in turn a small fraction of the Power Cosmic. This Power replaces the auras (or souls) of the recipient, with each wielder's physical form adapting to store the energy and in turn allow manipulation for feats such as energy projection.[101] Galactus is also capable of removing the Power Cosmic from the Herald.[102] The Herald locates planets for Galactus to consume, as the entity maintains his existence by devouring planets with the potential to support life, resulting in the extinction of entire extraterrestrial civilizations.[103] Galactus also employs an Elemental Converter when devouring planets to aid in the efficient conversion of matter into energy. Galactus has on occasion been severely weakened due to a lack of sustenance, and on one occasion was defeated whilst in this state by the combined Fantastic Four and Avengers.[104] In this state Galactus has also shown susceptibility to Ikonn's spell, which forces him to remember all of the beings he has destroyed from his feeding.[104]

The first (and oldest) living entity in the universe,[105] Galactus also employs incredibly advanced science capable to produce objects such as the Punisher cyborgs,[106]the Ultimate Nullifier (capable of destroying and remaking the multiverse)[107] and his space station Taa II.[108] Reed Richards has speculated that Taa II (the Möbius strip-shaped, solar system-sized home of Galactus) may be the greatest source of energy in the universe.[109]

HeraldsEdit

Other versionsEdit

Numerous versions of Galactus exist in alternate universes:

The Adventures of the X-MenEdit

The final issue of The Adventures of the X-Men reveals that the previous universe from which Galan originates was Earth-92131. Galan's rebirth as Galactus is depicted as being observed by the Living Tribunal, and the Brothers from DC vs. Marvel.[133]

Amalgam ComicsEdit

In the Amalgam Comics universe that combines Marvel and DC characters, Galactus is combined with DC's Brainiac to create Galactiac, a being that consumes planetary energy but also leaves some of the world for his own personal study.[134][135]

Bullet PointsEdit

The five-issue miniseries Bullet Points (Jan. – May 2007) Galactus arrives on Earth with the Silver Surfer and kills most of Earth's heroes. Their sacrifice inspires the Surfer to turn on Galactus, who subsequently flees Earth.

CancerverseEdit

The limited series The Thanos Imperative features the huge Galactus Engine.[136]

Earth XEdit

In the limited series Earth X, Galactus is one of the three entities in the universe responsible for keeping cosmic entities the Celestials in check. By destroying planets ("eggs" of the Celestials), Galactus prevents the beings from overpopulating the universe. Franklin Richards eventually adopts Galactus's identity.[137]

ExilesEdit

The series Exiles features a version of Galactus that restores rather than destroys worlds, and empowers the being Sabretooth to defeat a renegade Silver Surfer.[138]

Guardians of the GalaxyEdit

In the alternate future of Earth-691, the original Guardians of the Galaxy witness the formation of a symbiotic relationship between Galactus and the former Silver Surfer, now known as the Keeper. Having been named a Protector of the Universe by Eon and further empowered with the Quantum Bands, the Keeper possesses sufficient power to constantly supply Galactus with energy, ending his need to consume worlds.[139]

Heroes RebornEdit

The second volume of the Fantastic Four features a pocket universe created by Franklin Richards after the events of the Onslaught saga, and includes a version of Galactus with five Heralds, all of whom are worshiped by the Inhumans.[140]

MangaverseEdit

Galactus appears as a gigantic, planet-sized life form - complete with a single, massive eye and tentacles - covered with a number of life forms (Galactus spores), which aid its digestion.[141]

Marvel ZombiesEdit

The limited series Marvel Zombies features the Earth-2149 universe, which is infected by a virus changing sentient beings into flesh-eating zombies. Galactus' power is absorbed when consumed by the infected Avengers.[142]

MC2Edit

The MC2 title Last Planet Standing features a future version of Galactus that eventually merges with the Silver Surfer and vows to repair rather than destroy worlds.[143]

Ultimate MarvelEdit

Three limited series (Ultimate Nightmare, Ultimate Secret and Ultimate Extinction) introduce the threatening entity Gah Lak Tus. First mentioned by the robot Ultimate Vision, Gah Lak Tus is a group mind of city-sized robotic drones. The drones use envoys similar to the Silver Surfer, who introduce a flesh-eating virus into planets.[144] Gah Lak Tus merges with Galactus when a temporal rift sends Galactus to the Ultimate Marvel universe.[73]

In other mediaEdit

TelevisionEdit

FilmEdit

 
A version of Galactus as appearing in the feature film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007).
  • A version of Galactus - called "Gah-Lak-Tus" in the novelization - appeared in the 2007 film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer. as a cosmic hurricane-like cloud. Fox apparently wished for the character to remain "discreet": hence the altered appearance.[146] Visual effects studio Weta Digital convinced Fox to add hints of the character's comic-book appearance, including a shadow and a fiery mass inside the cosmic cloud resembling Galactus's signature helmet.[146] Director Tim Story said he created Galactus as a cosmic cloud so a future Silver Surfer spin-off film would be unique as the character had yet to appear comic-book form.[147] Film writer J. Michael Straczynski stated "You don't want to sort of blow out something that big and massive for one quick shot in the first movie."[148]
  • In Jeremy Slater's original draft of the 2015 Fantastic Four reboot, Galactus endowed the Fantastic Four with their powers after encountering them in the Negative Zone. Galactus was removed when Simon Kinberg re-wrote the script.[149]

Video gamesEdit

Galactus appears in:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill #1 (March 2005). Marvel Comics.
  2. ^ Ultimates vol. 2 #3 (March 2016)
  3. ^ "Galactus is number 5" IGN, 2009.
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