Hans Florian Zimmer (German pronunciation: [ˈhans ˈfloːʁi̯aːn ˈtsɪmɐ] (listen); born 12 September 1957) is a German film score composer and music producer. He has won two Oscars and four Grammys, and has been nominated for two Emmys and a Tony. Zimmer was also named on the list of Top 100 Living Geniuses, published by The Daily Telegraph.
|Birth name||Hans Florian Zimmer|
|Born||12 September 1957|
Frankfurt, West Germany
|Occupation(s)||Composer, music producer|
|Labels||Remote Control Productions, Bleeding Fingers Music|
His works are notable for integrating electronic music sounds with traditional orchestral arrangements. Since the 1980s, Zimmer has composed music for over 150 films. His works include The Lion King (for which he won the Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1995), Gladiator, The Last Samurai, the Pirates of the Caribbean series, The Dark Knight trilogy, Inception, Interstellar and Dunkirk. He won a second Academy Award for Dune in 2022.
Zimmer spent the early part of his career in the United Kingdom before moving to the United States. He is the head of the film music division at DreamWorks studios and works with other composers through the company that he founded, Remote Control Productions, formerly known as Media Ventures. His studio in Santa Monica, California has an extensive range of computer equipment and keyboards, allowing demo versions of film scores to be created quickly.
Zimmer was born on 12 September 1957 in Frankfurt, West Germany. As a young child, he lived in Königstein-Falkenstein, where he played the piano at home but had piano lessons only briefly, as he disliked the discipline of formal lessons. In one of his Reddit AMAs, he said: "My formal training was two weeks of piano lessons. I was thrown out of eight schools. But I joined a band. I am self-taught. But I've always heard music in my head. And I'm a child of the 20th century; computers came in very handy." Zimmer attended the Ecole D'Humanité, an international boarding school in Canton Bern, Switzerland. He moved to London as a teenager, where he attended Hurtwood House school. During his childhood, he was strongly influenced by the film scores of Ennio Morricone and has cited Once Upon a Time in the West as the score that inspired him to become a film composer.
In a speech at the 1999 Berlin Film Festival, Zimmer stated that he is Jewish, and talked about his mother surviving World War II thanks to her escape from Germany to England in 1939. In an interview in May 2014, Zimmer revealed that it was difficult growing up in post-War Germany being Jewish and said, "I think my parents were always wary of me telling the neighbors" that they were Jewish. In an interview with Mashable in February 2013, he said of his parents: "My mother was very musical, basically a musician and my father was an engineer and an inventor. So I grew up modifying the piano, shall we say, which made my mother gasp in horror, and my father would think it was fantastic when I would attach chainsaws and stuff like that to the piano because he thought it was an evolution in technology." In an interview with the German television station ZDF in 2006, he commented: "My father died when I was just a child, and I escaped somehow into the music and music has been my best friend."
Zimmer began his career playing keyboards and synthesizers in the 1970s, with the band Krakatoa. He worked with the Buggles, a new wave band formed in London in 1977 with Trevor Horn, Geoff Downes, and Bruce Woolley. Zimmer can be seen briefly in the Buggles' music video for the 1979 song "Video Killed the Radio Star". After working with the Buggles, he started to work for the Italian group Krisma, a new wave band formed in 1976 with Maurizio Arcieri and Christina Moser. He was a featured synthesist for Krisma's third album, Cathode Mamma. He has also worked with the band Helden (with Warren Cann from Ultravox). Both Zimmer (on keyboards) and Cann (on drums), were invited to be part of the Spanish group Mecano for a live performance in Segovia (Spain) in 1984. Two songs from this concert were included in the "Mecano: En Concierto" album released in 1985 only in Spain. In 1985, he contributed to the Shriekback album Oil & Gold. In 1980, Zimmer co-produced a single, "History of the World, Part 1," with, and for, UK punk band The Damned, which was also included on their 1980 LP release, The Black Album, and carried the description of his efforts as "Over-Produced by Hans Zimmer."
While living in London, Zimmer wrote advertising jingles for Air-Edel Associates. In the 1980s, Zimmer partnered with Stanley Myers, a prolific film composer who wrote the scores for over sixty films. Zimmer and Myers co–founded the London–based Lillie Yard recording studio. Together, Myers and Zimmer worked on fusing the traditional orchestral sound with electronic instruments. Some of the films on which Zimmer and Myers worked are Moonlighting (1982), Success Is the Best Revenge (1984), Insignificance (1985), and My Beautiful Laundrette (1985). Zimmer's first solo score was Terminal Exposure for director Nico Mastorakis in 1987, for which he also wrote the songs. Zimmer acted as score producer for the 1987 film The Last Emperor, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Score.
One of Zimmer's most durable works from his time in the United Kingdom was the theme song for the television game show Going for Gold, which he composed with Sandy McClelland in 1987. In an interview with the BBC, Zimmer said: "Going for Gold was a lot of fun. It's the sort of stuff you do when you don't have a career yet. God, I just felt so lucky because this thing paid my rent for the longest time."
A turning point in Zimmer's career occurred with the 1988 film Rain Man. Hollywood director Barry Levinson was looking for someone to score Rain Man, and his wife heard the soundtrack CD of the anti-apartheid drama A World Apart, for which Zimmer had composed the music. Levinson was impressed by Zimmer's work and hired him to score Rain Man. In the score, Zimmer uses synthesizers (mostly a Fairlight CMI) mixed with steel drums. Zimmer explained that "It was a road movie, and road movies usually have jangly guitars or a bunch of strings. I kept thinking don't be bigger than the characters. Try to keep it contained. The Raymond character doesn't actually know where he is. The world is so different to him. He might as well be on Mars. So, why don't we just invent our own world music for a world that doesn't really exist?" Zimmer's score for Rain Man was nominated for an Academy Award in 1989, and the film won four Academy Awards including Best Picture.
A year after Rain Man, Zimmer was asked to compose the score for Bruce Beresford's Driving Miss Daisy which, like Rain Man, won an Academy Award for Best Picture. Driving Miss Daisy's instrumentation consisted entirely of synthesizers and samplers, played by Zimmer. According to an interview with Sound on Sound magazine in 2002, the piano sounds heard within the score come from the Roland MKS–20, a rackmount synthesizer. Zimmer joked: "It didn't sound anything like a piano, but it behaved like a piano."
"I listen to [Zimmer's] music and I don't even have to shut my eyes. I can see the pictures. And that's why, in many respects, I know I can talk pictures with Hans. He responds to pictures."
The soundtrack to Ridley Scott's 1991 film Thelma & Louise by Zimmer featured the trademark slide guitar performance by Pete Haycock on the "Thunderbird" theme in the film. As a teenager, Zimmer was a fan of Haycock, and their collaboration on film scores includes K2 and Drop Zone. Zimmer wrote the theme for Tony Scott's 1993 film True Romance, which he based on Carl Orff's Gassenhauer. Gassenhauer had previously been used in the 1973 film Badlands, which had a similar story of a young man and a girl on the run following a violent crime. The catchy theme, played on nine marimbas, contrasts starkly with the violence of the film.
For the 1992 film The Power of One, Zimmer traveled to Africa in order to use African choirs and drums in the recording of the score. On the strength of this work, Walt Disney Feature Animation approached Zimmer to compose the score for the 1994 film The Lion King. This was to be his first score for an animated film. Zimmer said that he had wanted to go to South Africa to record parts of the soundtrack, but was unable to visit the country as he had a police record there "for doing 'subversive' movies" after his work on The Power of One. Disney studio bosses expressed fears that Zimmer would be killed if he went to South Africa, so the recording of the choirs was organized during a visit by Lebo M. Zimmer won numerous awards for his work on The Lion King, including an Academy Award for Best Original Score, a Golden Globe, and two Grammys. In 1997, the score was adapted into a Broadway musical version which won the Tony Award for Best Musical in 1998. As of April 2012[update], the musical version of The Lion King is the highest grossing Broadway show of all time, having grossed $853.8 million.
Zimmer's score for Tony Scott's 1995 film Crimson Tide won a Grammy Award for the main theme, which makes heavy use of synthesizers in place of traditional orchestral instruments. For The Thin Red Line (1998), Zimmer said that the director Terrence Malick wanted the music before he started filming, so he recorded six and a half hours of music. Zimmer's next project was The Prince of Egypt (1998), which was produced by DreamWorks Animation. He introduced Ofra Haza, an Israeli Yemenite singer, to the directors, and they thought she was so beautiful that they designed one of the characters in the film to look like her.
Zimmer's score for the 1998 film The Thin Red Line is regarded as one of his most important works. The nine minute cue at the climax of the film, "The Journey to the Line" uses a recurring theme based on four chords, combined with a "ticking clock" motif that has been featured in a range of subsequent scores composed by Zimmer. The piece has been used in numerous trailers and video games, and has earned the nickname "the forbidden cue" due to the tendency of film makers to use it as a temp track for dramatic scenes.
In the 2000s, Zimmer composed scores for Hollywood blockbuster films including three Ridley Scott films, Gladiator (2000), Black Hawk Down and Hannibal (2001), followed by The Last Samurai (2003), Madagascar (2005), The Da Vinci Code (2006), The Simpsons Movie (2007), Kung Fu Panda (2008), which he co-composed with John Powell, Angels & Demons (2009), and Sherlock Holmes (2009). Other work in the 2000s included the Spanish language film Casi Divas, and The Burning Plain (2009). He composed the theme for the television boxing series The Contender and worked with Lorne Balfe on the music for Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which was his first video game project. Zimmer also collaborated with composers Borislav Slavov and Tilman Sillescu to create the score for the video game Crysis 2.
In October 2000, Zimmer performed live in concert for the first time with an orchestra and choir at the 27th Annual Flanders International Film Festival in Ghent. While writing the score for The Last Samurai, Zimmer felt that his knowledge of Japanese music was extremely limited. He began doing extensive research, but the more he studied, the less he felt he knew. Finally, Zimmer took what he had written to Japan for feedback and was shocked when he was asked how he knew so much about Japanese music.
During the scoring of The Last Samurai in early 2003, Zimmer was approached by the producer Jerry Bruckheimer, with whom he had worked previously on Crimson Tide, Days of Thunder, The Rock, and Pearl Harbor. Bruckheimer had finished shooting Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl but was unhappy with the music composed for the film by Alan Silvestri and wanted a replacement score. Bruckheimer wanted Zimmer to rescore the film, but due to his commitments on The Last Samurai, the task of composing and supervising music for Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl was given to Klaus Badelt, one of Zimmer's colleagues at Media Ventures. Zimmer provided some themes that were used in the film, although he is not credited on screen. Zimmer was hired as the composer for the three subsequent films in the series, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006), Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (2007), and Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011), collaborating with Rodrigo y Gabriela for the last.
Zimmer is also noted for his work on the scores of Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins (2005) and The Dark Knight (2008), which he co-composed with James Newton Howard. For the soundtrack of The Dark Knight, Zimmer decided to represent the character of The Joker by a single note played on the cello by his long-time colleague Martin Tillman. Zimmer commented "I wanted to write something people would truly hate." The scores for these films were disqualified from receiving Academy Award nominations for Best Original Score due to too many composers being listed on the cue sheet. Zimmer succeeded in reversing the decision not to nominate The Dark Knight in December 2008, arguing that the process of creating a modern film score was collaborative and that it was important to credit a range of people who had played a part in its production. Zimmer explained his approach to scoring with other musicians in an interview with Soundtrack.net in 2006:
Originally I had this idea that it should be possible to create some kind of community around this kind of work, and I think by muddying the titles – not having "you are the composer, you are the arranger, you are the orchestrator" – it just sort of helped us to work more collaboratively. It wasn't that important to me that I had "score by Hans Zimmer" and took sole credit on these things. It's like Gladiator: I gave Lisa Gerrard the co-credit because, even though she didn't write the main theme, her presence and contributions were very influential. She was more than just a soloist, and this is why I have such a problem with specific credits.
For the 2009 film Sherlock Holmes, "The Daily Variety" reported that Zimmer purchased an out-of-tune piano for 200 dollars and used it throughout the scoring process because of its "quirkiness". For the 2011 sequel, Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows, Zimmer and director Guy Ritchie incorporated authentic Romani music, which they researched by visiting Slovakia, Italy, and France. The music in the film is played by Romani virtuoso musicians.
For the 2010 film Inception, Zimmer used electronic manipulation of the song "Non, je ne regrette rien". The horn sound in the score, described by Zimmer as "like huge foghorns over a city" became a popular feature in film trailers. "It's funny how that sort of thing becomes part of the zeitgeist," he said. "But I suppose that's exactly what trailers are looking for: something iconic, lasts less than a second, and shakes the seats in the theater."
In 2012, Zimmer composed and produced the music for the 84th Academy Awards with Pharrell Williams of The Neptunes. He also composed a new version of the theme music for ABC World News. Zimmer also composed the score for The Dark Knight Rises, the final installment of Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy. The film was released in July 2012. Zimmer described himself as "devastated" in the aftermath of the 2012 Aurora, Colorado shooting, which occurred at a screening of The Dark Knight Rises, commenting, "I just feel so incredibly sad for these people." He recorded a track entitled "Aurora", a choral arrangement of a theme from the Dark Knight Rises soundtrack, to raise money for the victims of the shooting.
Zimmer co-composed the music for the television series The Bible, which was broadcast in March 2013, with Lorne Balfe and Lisa Gerrard, and the score for 12 Years a Slave, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture in March 2014. Zimmer composed the Tomorrowland Hymn for the Tomorrowland festival to celebrate its tenth anniversary in July 2014.
Zimmer composed the music for the 2014 film The Amazing Spider-Man 2 alongside "The Magnificent Six", which consisted of Pharrell Williams, Johnny Marr, Michael Einziger, Junkie XL, Andrew Kawczynski, and Steve Mazzaro. Zimmer also composed the music for Christopher Nolan's 2014 film Interstellar, which earned him another Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score. He partnered with Junkie XL to compose the music for the 2016 film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. In an interview with BBC News in March 2016, Zimmer said that he was retiring from composing the music for superhero films, saying of Batman v Superman: "This one was very hard for me to do, to try to find new language".
Zimmer composed the main theme for the 2016 BBC nature documentary Planet Earth II, presented by David Attenborough. He later composed the score for the 2017 BBC nature documentary Blue Planet II alongside Jacob Shea and David Fleming, also presented by David Attenborough. Zimmer composed the main theme for the 2016 Netflix production The Crown. Also in 2016 Zimmer released an online course teaching the basics of film scoring. He next composed the score for Christopher Nolan's 2017 film Dunkirk, basing part of the score on a recording of a ticking watch that he had been given by Nolan. Zimmer also worked on the score for Denis Villeneuve's Blade Runner 2049. Hans Zimmer and co-composer Benjamin Wallfisch took over scoring duties after Jóhann Jóhannsson left the project.
In 2018, Zimmer composed the score for the new FIFA Anthem, called "Living Football" in reference to the new motto of FIFA, "Living Football" was also used as television intro theme for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia. Also in 2018, Zimmer remixed the UEFA Champions League Anthem with rapper Vince Staples for EA Sports' FIFA video game FIFA 19, with it also featuring in the game's reveal trailer. Zimmer composed the score for Dark Phoenix, directed by Simon Kinberg, contrary to his 2016 statements of not scoring another superhero film following his experience working on Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Also for 2019, he scored the photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's The Lion King, directed by Jon Favreau.
On 22 August 2018, Zimmer was also announced as the composer for Wonder Woman 1984. On 18 March 2019, it was announced that Zimmer would be scoring Denis Villeneuve's Dune. In June 2019, Zimmer was hired to create sounds for BMW's concept vehicle, the Vision M Next.
On 6 January 2020, it was announced that he would be taking over as composer for the James Bond film No Time to Die after previous composer Dan Romer left the project. Speaking on scoring for No Time To Die, Zimmer told The Hindu, "Having done the three Batman movies — which are three movies to you but are 12 years of my life to me — I really understand where Daniel [Craig] was with this; he dedicated 16 years of his life to Bond... I wanted to not only do a good score but dig a little deeper and honour the man, the work and all the people who've been working on this for so long."
Zimmer also composed the score for the film Dune, which earned him his second Academy Award for Best Original Score. He is also set to compose the score for the sequel. In 2022 he collaborated with Camila Cabello on the song "Take Me Back Home" for the documentary series Frozen Planet II.
Zimmer's first wife was model Vicki Carolin, with whom he has a daughter. The couple divorced in 1992. On 3 April 2020, Zimmer filed for divorce from his second wife, Suzanne Zimmer, with whom he has three children.
Awards and honorsEdit
Zimmer has received a range of honors and awards, including the Max Steiner Film Music Achievement Award at Hollywood in Vienna in 2018, the Career Achievement Award "for excellence in film music composition" from the National Board of Review in 2003, the Frederick Loewe Award for Film Composing at the Palm Springs International Film Festival in 2003, the ASCAP Henry Mancini Award in 2003, and the Richard Kirk Career Achievement Award from the BMI Film Music Awards in 1996.
In December 2010, Zimmer received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He dedicated the award to his publicist and long-term friend Ronni Chasen, who had been shot and killed in Beverly Hills the previous month.
As of 2022, Zimmer has received twelve Academy Award nominations for his work, with two wins; the first being at the 67th Academy Awards for the 1994 film The Lion King and the second being for the 2021 film Dune at the 94th Academy Awards.
- "Top 100 living geniuses". The Daily Telegraph. London. 30 October 2007. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- "Hans Zimmer". Filmtracks.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "Breaking the Rules – interview with Hans Zimmer". Soundtrack.net. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- "MTV biography – Hans Zimmer (in German)". MTV Germany. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Zimmer, Hans (11 June 2013). "I am Hans Zimmer – Ask Me Anything!". Reddit. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "International Boarding School | Ecole Alumnus Hans Zimmer is on Tour | Ecole d'Humanité". www.ecole.ch. Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
- "Hurtwood House Performing Arts – Hans Zimmer". Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "Ennio Morricone – my inspiration, by Hans Zimmer". Gramophone. 20 February 2017. Archived from the original on 8 November 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- Jared Sichel (28 May 2014). "Hans Zimmer: Proud to say 'My people'". Jewish Journal. JewishJournal.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014.
- "Hans Zimmer: The Computer Is My Instrument". Mashable. 5 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "ZDF Infokanal interview, June 2006 (in German with English subtitles)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- Krakatoa at Myspace Music . Zimmer is second from right. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "DebiDoss". Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "Hans Zimmer biography". Starpulse.com. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- Sound: Dialogue, Music, and Effects. Edited by Kathryn Kalinak, Rutgers University Press, 1 May 2015, Ch.5, p.120. ISBN 978-0-8135-6428-9
- "Biography". Hans Zimmer. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- "Talking Shop: Hans Zimmer". BBC. 28 July 2008. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Stewart, D.R. (4 August 2008). "Zimmer and Howard discuss remote collaboration". Variety. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Young, John (5 August 2008). "2008 Interview with Entertainment Weekly". Ew.com. Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- "Best Picture Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Wherry, Mark (October 2002). "Media Adventures". Sound on Sound. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Heaf, Jonathan (16 June 2017). "Hans Zimmer: orchestral manoeuvres in the dark". GQ. Archived from the original on 10 April 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "Hans Zimmer Reflects on 15 of His Memorable Film Scores". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Sherman, Dale (2015). Quentin Tarantino FAQ: Everything Left to Know About the Original Reservoir Dog. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-4950-2596-9. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- MacDonald, Laurence E. (2013). The Invisible Art of Film Music: A Comprehensive History. Scarecrow Press. p. 382. ISBN 978-0-8108-8398-7. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- "Hans Zimmer Reflects on 15 of His Memorable Film Scores". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "The Lion King: The Broadway Musical". Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "Women, 'Lion King' rule at 1998 Tonys". CNN. 6 August 1998. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Trueman, Matt (10 April 2012). "Lion King rules Broadway as highest grossing show of all time". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- Horton, H Perry (29 August 2017). "Time keeps on slippin': The metronomic rhythm of Hans Zimmer". Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- Kinos-Goodin, Jesse (5 January 2018). "How Hans Zimmer's the Thin Red Line score redefined Hollywood, for better or worse". CBC. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- "Scoring Session with Hans Zimmer (video)". Archived from the original on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "Composer Hans Zimmer game for "Call of Duty"". Reuters. 27 August 2009. Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "Legendary composer Hans Zimmer works on Crysis 2". 16 March 2011. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- "Hans Zimmer on..." Soundtrack.net. 27 June 2001. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- "Badelt and Zimmer to replace Silvestri on Pirates". Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- "Breaking the Rules – interview with Hans Zimmer". Soundtrack.net. September 2006. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- Binkley, Christina (25 February 2011). "The Maestro in the 'Batcave'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- Cifani, Nicole (26 May 2011). "Zimmer And Rodrigo Y Gabriela Score One For Johnny Depp". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- Hart, Hugh (9 December 2008). "Creepy Joker Music Explained on Dark Knight DVD". Wired.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Child, Ben (13 November 2008). "Dark Knight score disqualified from Oscar race". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- "Hans Zimmer to academy: I'm no liar!". Los Angeles Times. 8 December 2008. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- "Breaking the Rules – interview with Hans Zimmer". Soundtrack.net. 11 February 2006. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony. "Hans Zimmer, "Sherlock Holmes, "It's Complicated." Daily Variety 305.50 (2009): A4
- "Breaking the Rules – interview with Hans Zimmer". Collider.com. 13 December 2011. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Gallo, Phil (9 December 2011). "Hans Zimmer Uses 'Sherlock Holmes' Soundtrack to Expose Slovakian Villager Musicians". Billboard.biz. Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Itzkoff, Dave (28 July 2010). "Hans Zimmer Extracts the Secrets of the 'Inception' Score". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "Hans Zimmer reflects on scoring 'The Bible'". CNN. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- Brown, August (24 February 2012). "The Oscars: Hans Zimmer and Pharrell Williams know the score for the telecast – they wrote it". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Mirkinson, Jack (2 October 2012). "'ABC World News' Debuting New Logo, Theme, Graphics (PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
- "Hans Zimmer Says 'The Dark Knight Rises' Score Will 'Invent And Reinvent'". MTV. 18 January 2011. Archived from the original on 3 May 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Composer Dedicates New Song To Aurora Victims". MTV. 27 July 2012. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- "Hans Zimmer Composes Theme Music to EDM Festival Tomorrowland". The Hollywood Reporter. 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Pharrell, composer Hans Zimmer collaborate on 'Amazing Spider-Man 2' opera". The Grio. 3 April 2014. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- "How Pharrell Helped Marc Webb Give Jamie Foxx a Killer Spider-Man 2 Theme Song". Vanity Fair. 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Gallo, Phil. "Oscars 2015: Predicting the Best Original Score Category". Billboard. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Hans Zimmer retiring from scoring superhero films after Batman v Superman". BBC News. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "'Planet Earth II' Soundtrack Details". Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "'Blue Planet II' Soundtrack". Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "The Crown Soundtrack Details". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- "Hans Zimmer Launches Online Course in Film Scoring". Variety. 18 November 2016. Archived from the original on 6 March 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- Guerrasio, Jason (11 July 2017). "Christopher Nolan explains the biggest challenges in making his latest movie 'Dunkirk' into an 'intimate epic'". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017.
- Dry, Jude (31 July 2017). "Hans Zimmer Taking Over as Composer for 'Blade Runner 2049' — Report | IndieWire". www.indiewire.com. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "FIFA's new claim: "Living Football" – FIFA.com". www.fifa.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2019.
- "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia – Official TV Opening". 1 June 2018. Archived from the original on 5 June 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Behind the Music: Champions League Anthem Remix with Hans Zimmer". Electronic Arts. 12 June 2018. Archived from the original on 30 October 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- Towers, Andrea (30 March 2016). "Hans Zimmer retiring from scoring superhero films after Batman v Superman". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- Hood, Cooper (1 November 2017). "Hans Zimmer Set to Score Disney's Live-Action The Lion King". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Hans Zimmer to Score Patty Jenkins' Wonder Woman 1984". Film Music Reporter. Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Hans Zimmer to Score Denis Villeneuve's Dune | Film Music Reporter". 18 March 2019. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- Liptak, Andrew (29 June 2019). "Hans Zimmer designed the sound for BMW's futuristic concept car". The Verge. Archived from the original on 27 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- "Hans Zimmer to Reteam with Ron Howard on Hillbilly Elegy". FilmMusicReporter. 10 March 2020. Archived from the original on 11 June 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- Burlingame, Jon (6 January 2020). "'No Time to Die': Hans Zimmer Takes Over as Composer on Bond Movie (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- Bhavani, Divya-Kala (21 October 2021). "Composer Hans Zimmer on the musical worlds of 'Dune' and 'No Time To Die'". The Hindu.
- "Watch: MLS releases new anthem for 25th season, composed by Hans Zimmer". Archived from the original on 26 February 2020.
- Desowitz, Bill (20 October 2021). "'Dune': How Composer Hans Zimmer Invented a Retro-Future Musical Sound for the Arrakis Desert Planet". IndieWire. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
- "Camila Cabello and Hans Zimmer collaborate on new song for Frozen Planet II". bbc.com. 22 August 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
- Vogue: "A NEW MODEL GENERATION" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 29 August 2006
- "Lion King Composer Hans Zimmer Files for Divorce: Reports". People. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
Hans was previously married to model Vicki Carolin before the two divorced in 1992.
- Newman, Melinda (21 April 2018). "Hans Zimmer Named Recipient of Max Steiner Film Music Achievement Award at Hollywood in Vienna". Billboard. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
- Rooney, David (19 November 2003). "NBR cues kudo for composer Zimmer". Variety. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
- "Hans Zimmer". World Soundtrack Awards. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
- Hayes, Rob (8 December 2010). "Hans Zimmer gets star, dedicates it to Chasen". ABC7. Archived from the original on 11 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- Davis, Nicola (16 June 2016). "Winners of inaugural Stephen Hawking medal announced". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- Chamberlin, Alan. "JPL Small-Body Database Browser". ssd.jpl.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- Petski, Denise (27 March 2022). "Hans Zimmer Wins His Second Career Original Score Oscar For 'Dune'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
- "'Culture Connects': 29 artists receive German order of merit". Deutsche Welle. 2 October 2018. Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
- Bui, Hoai-Tran (16 May 2019). "New Disney Legends Include Robert Downey Jr., Ming-Na Wen, Hans Zimmer". /Film. Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
- "2022 EE British Academy Film Awards: The Winners". BAFTA. 11 January 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- "Hans Zimmer | Golden Globes". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (24 May 2021). "CAA Signs Oscar-Winning Composer Hans Zimmer". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Kilday, Gregg (19 December 2010). "'Social Network' Named Best Dramatic Film at Satellite Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Van Blaricom, Mirjana (2 April 2022). "2021 WINNERS: The International Press Academy Announces Winners for the 26th Annual Satellite™ Awards". International Press Academy. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Variety Staff (24 June 2009). "'Dark Knight' wins big at Saturns". Variety. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Chitwood, Adam (24 June 2011). "INCEPTION Wins Big at the 2011 Saturn Awards". Collider. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Cohen, David S. (26 June 2015). "'Guardians of the Galaxy,' 'The Walking Dead,' 'Interstellar' Shine at Saturn Awards". Variety. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- "Hans Zimmer triumphs at Classic Brits". BBC News. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Armstrong, Mark (19 December 2000). "Broadcast Critics Eat Crowe". E! Online. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- "The Power of the Dog and Ted Lasso lead winners at the 27th Annual Critics Choice Awards". Critics Choice Association. 12 March 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Whale, Chase (15 December 2014). "DFWFCA names "Birdman" as top film of 2014". Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Jorgenson, Todd (20 December 2021). "DFW Film Critics Name "Power of the Dog" Best Film of 2021". Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- "2017 FFCC Award Winners". Florida Film Critics Circle. 23 December 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Hazlett, Allison (22 December 2021). "2021 FFCC Award Winners". Florida Film Critics Circle. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Leydon, Joe (18 December 2010). "'Social Network' lauded by Houston crix". Variety. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Darling, Cary (3 January 2022). "'The Power of the Dog' takes a bite out of Houston Film Critics Society's nominations". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Gordon, Tim (6 December 2010). "The 2010 WAFCA Award Winners". Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Gordon, Tim (9 December 2012). "The 2013 WAFCA Awards". Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Gordon, Tim (8 December 2017). "The 2017 WAFCA Awards". Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
- Gordon, Tim (6 December 2021). "The 2021 WAFCA Awards". Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. Retrieved 27 April 2022.