The Neptunes are an American production duo, composed of Pharrell Williams and Chad Hugo. The Neptunes' sound is a distinctive brand of off-kilter, stripped-down electronic funk with sounds from Middle Eastern and Asian music including percussion and woodwind. Pharrell often provides additional vocals and (later) raps on records as well as appears in music videos, unlike Hugo, who tends to stay behind the scenes.

The Neptunes
Also known asWilliams and Hugo
OriginVirginia Beach, Virginia, U.S.
Years active1994–present[1]
Associated acts

Before gaining success and forming The Neptunes, Williams and Hugo along with local producer Timbaland and rapper Magoo formed a group "Surrounded by Idiots" in the early '90s, but disbanded before recording together. Later, Timbaland & Magoo emerged as a hip hop duo, occasionally collaborating with The Neptunes.

The Neptunes are considered one of the most successful producers in music history, noted by twenty-four Billboard Hot 100 top 10 hits during the late 1990s and 2000s.[2] In 2009, Billboard ranked The Neptunes number one on their list of the top 10 producers of the decade.[3] In 2019, The Neptunes were nominated to the Songwriters Hall of Fame as a part of the 2020 class.[4]


Pharrell and Chad met at a summer camp for the school of The Gifted and Talented in Virginia Beach, where Williams was a drummer and Hugo played tenor saxophone.[5] They were also both members of a marching band; Pharrell played snare drum and Chad was a student conductor. In 1990 Chad and Pharrell formed a 4-piece "R&B type" group along with friends Shay and Mike Etheridge, which they named The Neptunes. Upon entering a local talent contest, they were discovered by Teddy Riley, whose studio was close to Pharrell's school.[6] After graduating from high school, they signed with Riley as a group.[7]

Through working with Riley, Pharrell went on to write a verse for Wreckx-N-Effect's 1992 #2 Billboard Hot 100 hit "Rump Shaker". In 1994, Hugo and Williams had established themselves formally as a production duo under the previously used name "The Neptunes", and assistant-produced "Tonight's The Night" from Teddy Riley's group BLACKstreet's self-titled debut. Over the next three years they continued to produce occasionally. Some of the production, such as for SWV (1996) and Total (1996), had little resemblance to what would become their distinctive sound, while other songs such as Mase's 1998 No.8 Billboard Hot 100 hit "Lookin' at Me" (from the Harlem World album, 1997) showed clear signs the Neptunes sound was developing.

Their first major production hit, and the most clear beginning of the distinctive Neptunes sound, came with N.O.R.E.'s "Superthug" in 1998, reaching #36 on the Billboard Hot 100, and gaining them widespread attention for the first time. The duo then went on to work heavily with Kelis, producing her first album Kaleidoscope which was the duo's first full album production and Ol' Dirty Bastard's record "Got Your Money", on which Kelis is featured. They achieved huge commercial success with tracks like Jay-Z's "I Just Wanna Love U (Give It 2 Me)", Mystikal's "Shake Ya Ass", and then-newly renamed Diddy's single "D.I.D.D.Y". Other notable hits during their commercial rise were Busta Rhymes' "Pass the Courvoisier, Part II”, Usher's "U Don't Have to Call" and Foxy Brown’s “Candy”.

Kelis was one of several artists whose careers Hugo and Williams have helped launch; artists such as the Clipse, Vanessa Marquez and Justin Timberlake's solo career were also closely tied to the Neptunes' involvement. They have also helped re-launch the careers of Snoop Dogg, Robin Thicke and Mystikal.

In 2001, The Neptunes gained their first worldwide hit with Britney Spears' single, "I'm A Slave 4 U", which reached No. 1 in several countries in Europe and South America. The following year they reached No. 1 in the U.S. with Nelly's single, "Hot in Herre". In August of the same year, The Neptunes were named "Producers of the Year" at both The Source Awards and the Billboard Music Awards.

In 2003, they released a self-credited album called The Neptunes Present... Clones, featuring songs and remixes from various Star Trak artists. This album topped the US Billboard 200 Albums Chart.

The Neptunes went home with two Grammy Awards in 2004, one for "Producer of the Year, Non-Classical", and another for "Best Pop Vocal Album" for their work on Justin Timberlake's No.2 Billboard hit Justified. They also gained their first UK #1, again with Nelly, and Flap Your Wings.

The Neptunes soundEdit

Their 'sound' is mostly synthesizer riffs, sampling keyboard and modules. The Neptunes sound was first heard on Noreaga's 1998 track "Superthug". Although not their first production, the song became known as an example for the "Neptunes Sound". Another example of the Neptunes Sound is their remix of the Daft Punk song "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger". The song was released on Daft Punk's remix album, Daft Club, which was released internationally on December 3, 2003 and in the U.S. on January 27, 2004.


A Neptunes production is typically characterized by flat, punchy drum machine sounds and the use of module presets. "Grindin'" was a drum track that paid tribute to Eric B. & Rakim's song of the same nature, "My Melody". Justin Timberlake's "Like I Love You" paid tribute to the drums of the funk era, where the loop consisted of various snare sounds. On Busta Rhymes' "Light Yo Ass On Fire" they used a heavy chorus effect on the rhythm track suggesting an industrial or robotic theme. They have used the popular Roland TR-808 drum sound on such songs as LL Cool J's and Jamie Foxx's collaboration "Best Dress" but later production work introduced 'live' drum sounds similar to the ones they would frequently use under their N*E*R*D guise. Both The Neptunes and Pharrell as a solo producer are well known for their extensive use of percussion other than drums. Examples of Pharrell's use of percussion are in Robin Thicke's 2013 hit "Blurred Lines" on which he featured with rapper T.I., and also Get Like Me by Nelly, which featured Nicki Minaj and himself.

The Neptunes' engineer, in an interview with Sound on Sound magazine, revealed many of their production techniques.[8] In reference to their drums he said, "Williams will play a standard drum kit, then I will cut 16 bars of it into a loop, before using the same method for other instruments including guitars. That's where a lot of the feel of their records comes from — it's not just machines and loops."[9]


Many Neptunes productions feature a hook with Pharrell singing falsetto, including Jay-Z's "Excuse Me Miss", Jadakiss' "Hot Sauce To Go", Kelis' "Flashback", and Snoop Dogg's "Beautiful". Pharrell also adds his own rhymes to his productions, including "Drop It Like It's Hot" in 2004 and "Can I Have It Like That" from his solo debut album In My Mind. Sometimes he is credited as a featured artist.


Another sound found on Neptunes productions are their distinctive use of synth lines (popularized by Dr. Dre in the early 1990s with his G-funk subgenre). Examples include the sharp unfiltered sawtooth bass on Busta Rhymes' As I Come Back or Kelis' Milkshake, the heavily phased strings in Jay-Z's "La-La-La (Excuse Me Miss Again)", and hard clavi sounds which are used in N.E.R.D's "Lapdance", reminiscent of those associated with rayguns or video game sound effects from the 8-bit era. The synthesizers they use include a MicroKorg, and a Minimoog Voyager.

Studio equipmentEdit

There has been much speculation about their tools of the trade. For sequencing they use the Korg 01/W, for drum sounds they use the sampling keyboard Ensoniq ASR-10, their sound modules include the Roland JV 1080 and JV 2080 and for basslines and filtering they have used the MicroKorg. They are also well known for using the Korg Triton and incorporating live percussion and acoustic instruments into their music.[7]

Other Neptunes-related venturesEdit

Star TrakEdit

The Neptunes' record label, Star Trak Entertainment, includes acts such as Clipse (Pusha T and No Malice), Snoop Dogg, Slim Thug and Robin Thicke. Star Trak artists generally benefit from more frequent production from The Neptunes, however, criticisms include poor promotion and release scheduling. Former artists include (due to parent label disputes) Kelis.


The alternative group N*E*R*D is composed of Pharrell, Chad and Shay Haley. It is a backronym[citation needed] of No One Ever Really Dies. Their group hits include "Lapdance", "Rock Star" and "She Wants To Move". The first two singles came from their debut album In Search Of... released in 2001, while the latter came from their eagerly anticipated follow-up Fly Or Die in 2004. The band released a third album, Seeing Sounds, on June 10, 2008 and released their fourth studio album titled Nothing, on November 2, 2010. They released their latest album, "No One Ever Really Dies" in 2017.

Pharrell as a solo artistEdit

In 2003, Pharrell released his first solo single, "Frontin'" featuring Jay-Z. At the time he claimed it was a one-off song, and that he was not a singer in his own right. However, after several delays, Pharrell released his debut solo album on July 24, 2006, titled In My Mind. The first single from the album was a collaboration with Gwen Stefani titled "Can I Have It Like That", released in 2005. The album featured numerous guests, including Jay-Z, Snoop Dogg, Nelly, Slim Thug, and Kanye West. In 2014, he released his second album G I R L, which featured the hit single "Happy".



List of albums, with selected chart positions
Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
U.S. R&B
The Neptunes Present... Clones 1 1 7
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.


List of singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
U.S. Hot 100
U.S. R&B
U.S. Rap[15]
(featuring Jay-Z)
2003 5 1 Clones
"Light Your Ass on Fire"
(featuring Busta Rhymes)
69 23 12
"It Blows My Mind"
(featuring Snoop Dogg)
"Hot Damn"
(featuring Clipse)
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Awards and nominationsEdit

The Neptunes awards and nominations
  1. ^ Certain award groups do not simply award one winner. They recognize several different recipients, have runners-up and have third place. Since this is a specific recognition and is different from losing an award, runner-up mentions are considered wins in this award tally. Awards in certain categories do not have prior nominations and only winners are announced by the jury. For simplification and to avoid errors, each award in this list has been presumed to have had a prior nomination.

The duo has received numerous awards, such as from the Grammy Awards, where they were nominated every year from 2004 to 2007. The Neptunes have received three Grammy Awards: "Producer of the Year, Non-Classical", "Best Pop Vocal Album" for Justified and "Best Rap Song" for "Money Maker". Overall, The Neptunes have received six awards from eighteen nominations.

Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop AwardsEdit

The Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Awards are sponsored by Billboard magazine and held annually in December.[16][17][18]

Year Nominee / work Award Result
2002 The Neptunes Songwriter of the Year Nominated
Producer of the Year Nominated
2003 The Neptunes Songwriter of the Year Nominated
Producer of the Year Won
2004 The Neptunes Producer of the Year Nominated
2009 The Neptunes Producer of the Decade Won

Grammy AwardsEdit

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States.[19][20][21][22]

Year Nominee / work Award Result
2004 The Neptunes Producer of the Year, Non-Classical Won
Justified Best Pop Vocal Album Won
"Frontin'" Best Rap/Sung Collaboration Nominated
"Beautiful" Best Rap/Sung Collaboration Nominated
Best Rap Song Nominated
"Excuse Me Miss" Best Rap Song Nominated
2005 "Drop It Like It's Hot" Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated
Best Rap Song Nominated
2006 The Neptunes Producer of the Year Nominated
2006 "The Emancipation of MiMi" Best Contemporary R&B Album Won
2007 "Money Maker" Best Rap Song Won
In My Mind Best Rap Album Nominated


  1. ^ "Pharrell Williams". Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  2. ^ "Panache Report". Panache Report. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  3. ^ |title=Billboard's Top 10 Producers Of The Decade | RealTalkNY | |date= |accessdate=October 31, 2011
  4. ^
  5. ^ CBS Sunday Morning (April 13, 2014). "Pharrell Williams on meeting his Neptunes partner Chad Hugo".
  6. ^ "Chad Hugo: Rock Star Archived May 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, an interview with Yolk Magazine, 2002
  7. ^ a b "Neptunes production techniques; an interview with Chad Hugo" on, from the December 2003 issue of 'Sound & Recording'
  8. ^ Dan Daley. "Recording The Neptunes". Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  9. ^ Sound on Sound "Recording the Neptunes", July 2005
  10. ^ a b c "The Neptunes Present... Clones – The Neptunes". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  11. ^ "RIAA – Searchable Database: Neptunes". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  12. ^ "The Neptunes Album & Song Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  13. ^ "The Neptunes Album & Song Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  14. ^ References for "It Blows My Mind" and "Hot Damn":
  15. ^ "The Neptunes Album & Song Chart History: Rap Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  16. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Album". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 22, 2003. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  17. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 2, 2003. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  18. ^ "Finalists & Winners". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 3, 2004. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  19. ^ "46th Grammy Awards – 2004". Rock on the Net. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  20. ^ "47th Grammy Awards – 2005". Rock on the Net. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  21. ^ "48th Grammy Awards – 2006". Rock on the Net. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  22. ^ "49th Grammy Awards – 2007". Rock on the Net. Retrieved September 15, 2008.