Irish cabinets since 1919
Ireland (and predecessor states)Edit
The executive branch of the modern state of Ireland is titled the Government of Ireland. It has had this title since the adoption of the Constitution of Ireland in 1937. The Ministry of Dáil Éireann was the cabinet of the Irish Republic, from operated from 1919 to 1922. This overlapped with the Provisional Government which was put in place after the approval of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in January 1922. Both these cabinets ceased to operate from December 1922, on the coming into being of the Irish Free State. From 1922 to 1937, the cabinet was known as the Executive Council of the Irish Free State.
Types of government since 1919Edit
|Ministry||Irish Republic||President of Dáil Éireann||N/A||Dáil Constitution||21 January 1919 – 6 December 1922|
|Provisional Government||Southern Ireland||Chairman||N/A||Irish Free State (Agreement) Act 1922||3 May 1921 – 6 December 1922|
|Executive Council||Irish Free State||President||Vice-President||Constitution of the Irish Free State||6 December 1922 – 29 December 1937|
|Government||Ireland||Taoiseach||Tánaiste||Constitution of Ireland||Since 29 December 1937|
Cabinets since 1919Edit
The most recently devolved branch of Northern Ireland is known as the Northern Ireland Executive, established under the Good Friday Agreement. The Executive has been in operation, intermittently, since 1999, and is current operational. Since 1921, Northern Ireland has been governed by two other devolved cabinets: Executive Committee of the Privy Council from 1921–72 and the Northern Ireland Executive of 1974. Northern Ireland has also been governed by direct rule from 1972–74, 1974–98 and 2002–07.
Types of government since 1921Edit
|Executive Committee of
the Privy Council
|Prime Minister of Northern Ireland||Minister of Finance||Government of Ireland Act 1920||7 June 1921 – 30 March 1972|
|Executive (1974)||Chief Executive||Deputy Chief Executive||Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973||1 January 1974 – 28 May 1974|
|Executive||First Minister||Deputy First Minister||Northern Ireland Act 1998||1 July 1998 – 14 October 2002|
8 May 2007 – present
- The Northern Ireland Office under the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, established initially by the Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972 and later Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973.
Cabinets since 1921Edit
- Éamon de Valera used the title President of the Republic from August 1921 to January 1922.
- The Fourth Ministry and First Provisional Government held office simultaneously for many months. The membership of both was merged when the Second Provisional Government came to office in August.
- From 3 May 1969, a separate and distinct office of Deputy Prime Minister was created.