November 1982 Irish general election
The November 1982 Irish general election was held on Wednesday, 24 November, three weeks after the dissolution of the Dáil on 4 November. The newly elected 166 members of the 24th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 14 December when a new Taoiseach and government were appointed.
165 of 166 seats in Dáil Éireann
84 seats needed for a majority
Percentage of seats gained by each of the three major parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.
The second general election of 1982 took place just nine months after the first one in February of the same year. While it is not the shortest Dáil, it is unusual because never before had there been three general elections in eighteen months.
The general election was caused by the loss of support of the Independent TD Tony Gregory and the Workers' Party for the Fianna Fáil government. This was due to the government's insistence on introducing substantial budget cuts, which the left-wing Teachta Dála (TDs) could not support. While economic issues dominated the campaign, the parties were weary in having to fight yet another general election.
|24th Irish general election – 24 November 1982|
|Fianna Fáil||Charles Haughey||75||–6||45.2||763,313||45.2||–2.1|
|Fine Gael||Garret FitzGerald||70||+7||42.2||662,284||39.2||+1.9|
|Labour Party||Dick Spring||16||+1||9.6||158,115||9.4||+0.3|
|Workers' Party||Tomás Mac Giolla||2||–1||1.2||54,888||3.3||+1.0|
|Democratic Socialist||Jim Kemmy||0||New||0||7,012||0.4||–|
|Irish Republican Socialist||Jim Lane||0||0||0||398||0.0||-0.2|
|Communist Party||Eugene McCartan||0||0||0||259||0.0||0|
- Fine Gael–Labour Party majority coalition government formed.
Independents include Independent Fianna Fáil (7,997 votes, 1 seat).
After the votes were counted the result was conclusive. Fine Gael recorded its biggest election victory until 2011, coming within five seats of Fianna Fáil; at other times (such as 1977) Fianna Fáil had been twice as big as Fine Gael. The Labour Party had a new leader with Dick Spring. A programme for government was quickly drawn up and Garret FitzGerald of Fine Gael became Taoiseach for the second time. The poor showing for Fianna Fáil resulted in a leadership challenge to Charles Haughey by his opponents within the party. Haughey won the vote of confidence and remained as leader.
Dáil membership changesEdit
The following changes took place as a result of the election:
- 5 outgoing TDs retired
- 1 vacant seat at election time
- 159 outgoing TDs stood for re-election (also John O'Connell, the outgoing Ceann Comhairle who was automatically returned)
- 138 of those were re-elected
- 21 failed to be re-elected
- 27 successor TDs were elected
- 18 were elected for the first time
- 9 had previously been TDs
- There were 6 successor female TDs, increasing the total by 6 to 14.
- There were changes in 22 of the 41 constituencies contested
Where more than one change took place in a constituency the concept of successor is an approximation for presentation only.
- "24th Dáil November 1982 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Loughnane died in October, some weeks before the General Election
- November 1982 election: Party leaders' debate RTÉ archives