September 1927 Irish general election

The September 1927 Irish general election was held on 15 September 1927. The newly elected members of the 6th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 11 October when the new President of the Executive Council and Executive Council of the Irish Free State were appointed. The result was a Cumann na nGaedheal minority government.

September 1927 Irish general election

← Jun 1927 15 September 1927 1932 →

152 of 153 seats in Dáil Éireann
77 seats needed for a majority
Turnout69.0% Increase 0.9pp
  First party Second party Third party
  William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg Éamon de Valera.jpg Tomjohnson.jpg
Leader W. T. Cosgrave Éamon de Valera Thomas Johnson
Party Cumann na nGaedheal Fianna Fáil Labour
Leader since April 1923 26 March 1926 1922
Leader's seat Cork Borough Clare Dublin County
(defeated)
Last election 27.4% 26.2% 12.6%
Seats before 47 43 22
Seats won 61 57 13
Seat change Increase 14 Increase 14 Decrease 9
Popular vote 453,028 411,777 106,184
Percentage 38.6% 35.2% 9.1%
Swing Increase 11.2% Increase 9.0% Decrease 3.5%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Michael Heffernan TD, circa 1910s.png William Archer Redmond.jpg Larkin-1919 (cropped).jpg
Leader Michael Heffernan William Redmond James Larkin
Party Farmers' Party National League Party Irish Worker League
Leader since 1927 1926 1923
Leader's seat Tipperary Waterford Dublin North
Last election 8.9% 7.3% New
Seats before 11 8 0
Seats won 6 2 1[1]
Seat change Decrease 5 Decrease 6 Increase 1
Popular vote 74,626 18,990 12,473
Percentage 6.4% 1.6% 1.1%
Swing Decrease 2.5% Decrease 5.7% Increase 1.1%

Irish general election Sep 1927.png
Percentage of seats gained by each of the five biggest parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.

President of the Executive Council before election

W. T. Cosgrave
Cumann na nGaedheal

Subsequent President of the Executive Council

W. T. Cosgrave
Cumann na nGaedheal

CampaignEdit

The second general election of 1927 was caused by the uncertain political arithmetic within Dáil Éireann. Only three votes separated the two largest parties, Cumann na nGaedheal and Fianna Fáil, and the government was very unstable. When, during August, Fianna Fáil decided to enter the Dáil, it gave its support to the Labour Party's motion of no confidence in the Cumann na nGaedheal government and to replace it with a Labour-led coalition with Labour leader Thomas Johnson as President of the Executive Council. The Labour Party was supported by Fianna Fáil and the National League Party. On the other hand, the Cumann na nGaedheal government had the backing of the Farmers' Party and most of the Independent TDs. When the vote was taken, John Jinks, a National League TD, failed to attend. The Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, Thomas J. O'Connell, was away in Canada at the time and also was unable to participate in the crucial vote. As a result, the vote was a dead heat and the Ceann Comhairle voted with the government. The motion failed.

W. T. Cosgrave realised that this situation could not continue and a general election was called in the hope of providing a clear result. Cumann na nGaedheal fought the election on its record in government so far. Fianna Fáil was the new party on the political scene with new policies and the promise of self-sufficiency. The Labour Party had done well on its last outing and was hoping, and was predicted, to win extra seats, in spite of internal divisions. The Farmers' Party represented the needs of agricultural labourers. Sinn Féin had been reduced by the founding of Fianna Fáil from 47 to five seats in the first 1927 election, and did not contest a single seat this time, due to lack of financial assets.

ResultEdit

6th Irish general election – 15 September 1927[1][2][3]
Party Leader Seats ± % of
seats
First Pref
votes
% FPv ±%
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 62 +15 40.5 453,028 38.7 +11.3
Fianna Fáil Éamon de Valera 57 +13 37.3 411,777 35.2 +9.1
Labour Thomas Johnson 13 –9 8.5 106,184 9.1 –3.4
Farmers' Party Michael Heffernan 6 –5 3.9 74,626 6.4 –2.5
National League Party William Redmond 2 –6 1.3 18,990 1.6 –5.7
Irish Worker League James Larkin 1[2] New 0.7 12,473 1.1
Town Tenants' Association 0 0 832 0.1 0
Independent N/A 12 –4 7.8 92,959 7.9 –5.5
Spoilt votes 21,886
Total 153 0 100 1,192,755 100
Electorate/Turnout 1,730,177 69.0%

^ Although Jim Larkin won a seat in Dublin North, he was subsequently almost immediately disqualified from the position due to declaring bankruptcy as a result of losing a libel case brought against him by William O'Brien. As a result, a by-election was held for his seat on 3 April 1928. The winner of that by-election was Vincent Rice of Cumann na nGaedheal, who defeated Kathleen Clarke of Fianna Fáil and Larkin who ran again to try and regain his seat.

As stated above, Sinn Féin had won five seats in the first 1927 election, but did not contest a single seat this time. As a result, the number of seats it held decreased from five to zero.

Following the general election, Cumann na nGaedheal was able to form a minority government with the support of the Farmers' Party and other Independent TDs. The Labour Party leader, Thomas Johnson, lost his seat in the election and subsequently retired from politics.

Voting summaryEdit

First preference vote
Cumann na nGaedheal
38.69%
Fianna Fáil
35.17%
Labour
9.07%
Farmers'
6.37%
National League Party
1.62%
Irish Worker League
1.07%
Others
0.07%
Independent
7.94%

Seats summaryEdit

Assembly seats
Cumann na nGaedheal
40.52%
Fianna Fáil
37.25%
Labour
8.50%
Farmers'
3.92%
National League Party
1.31%
Irish Worker League
0.65%
Independent
7.84%

First time TDsEdit

Outgoing TDsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "6th Dáil September 1927 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
  2. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  3. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7