1943 Irish general election
The 1943 Irish general election was held on 23 June 1943, having been called on 31 May by proclamation of President Douglas Hyde on the instruction of Taoiseach Éamon de Valera. It took place in 34 parliamentary constituencies for 138 seats in Dáil Éireann the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament). Fianna Fáil lost its overall majority of seats. The newly elected members of the 11th Dáil assembled on 1 July when the Éamon de Valera was re-elected Taoiseach at the head of a minority Fianna Fáil government.
137 of 138 seats in Dáil Éireann
70 seats needed for a majority
Percentage of seats gained by each of the three major parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.
Exceptionally, because of the state of emergency arising from the Second World War, the outgoing Dáil was not dissolved until after the election, although it did not meet after 26 May. In April the government had proposed to postpone the election by introducing a bill to extend the maximum term of the Dáil from five to six years; however, in the absence of support from the Fine Gael opposition, the bill was withdrawn.
The Emergency Powers Act 1939 was in force at the time of the election campaign, and concomitant press censorship affected coverage.
|11th Irish general election – 23 June 1943|
|Fianna Fáil||Éamon de Valera||67||–10||48.6||557,525||41.9||–10.0|
|Fine Gael||W. T. Cosgrave||32||–13||23.2||307,490||23.1||–10.2|
|Labour Party||William Norton||17||+8||12.3||208,812||15.7||+5.7|
|Clann na Talmhan||Michael Donnellan||10||New||7.2||130,452||9.8||–|
|Monetary Reform Party||Oliver J. Flanagan||1||New||0.7||4,377||0.3||–|
|Córas na Poblachta||Simon Donnelly||0||New||0||3,892||0.3||–|
|Ailtirí na hAiséirghe||0||New||0||3,137||0.2||–|
- Fianna Fáil minority government formed.
First time TDsEdit
- de Valera, Éamon (26 May 1943). "The General Election: Announcement by Taoiseach". pp. Vol.90 No.5 p.19 c.562. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
the Dáil will rise to–day. ... It is my intention to advise the President so that on the 31st May he may issue his direction for the holding of a general election. His proclamation may be issued on the 31st May. ... the 22nd June [sic] will be the polling day and then the outgoing Dáil, the present Dáil, would have to be dissolved not later than 8th July. The House is aware that it will be dissolved as soon as the Clerk of the Dáil is able to inform us that he has got returns for all the writs.
- "Committee on Finance. - Electoral (Duration of Dáil Eireann) Bill, 1943—Second Stage". Dáil Éireann (10th Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. 15 April 1943. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Committee on Finance. - Electoral (Duration of Dáil Eireann) Bill, 1943—Bill Withdrawn". Dáil Éireann (10th Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. 5 May 1943. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "11th Dáil 1943 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
- "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
- Manning (1972) notes that the Clann na Talmhan figure is often listed in error as 14, due to the inclusion of Independent Farmer TDs in the CnaT total.
- Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7