Cork Borough (Dáil constituency)

Cork Borough was a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1921 to 1969. The method of election was the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

Cork Borough
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary Constituency
Former constituency
Created1921
Abolished1969
Seats4 (1921–1923)
5 (1923–1937)
4 (1937–1948)
5 (1948–1969)
County/City councilCork City,
County Cork

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created in 1921 as a 4-seater, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, for the 1921 general election to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland, whose members formed the 2nd Dáil. It elected 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs) to the Dáil in 1921 and 1922.

Under the Electoral Act 1923, it became a 5-seat constituency for the 1923 general election to the 4th Dáil.[1] Its representation fluctuated between 4 and 5 seats until its abolition for the 1969 general election.

BoundariesEdit

The constituency consisted of Cork city and the county electoral area of Ballincollig.[1]

TDsEdit

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork Borough 1921–1969[2]
Key to parties
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
2nd 1921[3] Liam de Róiste
(SF)
Mary MacSwiney
(SF)
Daniel O'Callaghan
(SF)
James Walsh
(SF)
4 seats
1921–1923
3rd 1922[4] Liam de Róiste
(SF (PT))
Mary MacSwiney
(SF (AT))
Robert Day
(Lab)
James Walsh
(SF (PT))
4th 1923[5] Richard Beamish[6]
(Ind)
Mary MacSwiney
(Rep)
Andrew O'Shaughnessy[6]
(Ind)
James Walsh
(CnaG)
Alfred O'Rahilly
(CnaG)
1924 by-election[7] Michael Egan
(CnaG)
5th 1927 (Jun)[8] John Horgan
(NL)
Seán French
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Lab)
Barry Egan
(CnaG)
6th 1927 (Sep)[9] W. T. Cosgrave
(CnaG)
Hugo Flinn
(FF)
7th 1932[10] Thomas Dowdall
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Ind)
William Desmond
(CnaG)
8th 1933[11]
9th 1937[12] W. T. Cosgrave
(FG)
4 seats
1937–1948
10th 1938[13] James Hickey
(Lab)
11th 1943[14] Frank Daly
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Ind)
Séamus Fitzgerald
(FF)
12th 1944[15] William Dwyer
(Ind)
Walter Furlong
(FF)
1946 by-election[16] Patrick McGrath
(FF)
13th 1948[17] Michael Sheehan
(Ind)
James Hickey
(NLP)
Jack Lynch
(FF)
Thomas F. O'Higgins
(FG)
14th 1951[18] Seán McCarthy
(FF)
James Hickey
(Lab)
1954 by-election[19] Stephen Barrett
(FG)
15th 1954[20] Anthony Barry
(FG)
Seán Casey
(Lab)
1956 by-election[21] John Galvin
(FF)
16th 1957[22] Gus Healy
(FF)
17th 1961[23] Anthony Barry
(FG)
1964 by-election[24] Sheila Galvin
(FF)
18th 1965[25] Gus Healy
(FF)
Pearse Wyse
(FF)
1967 by-election[26] Seán French
(FF)
19th 1969 Constituency abolished. See Cork City North-West and Cork City South-East

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

ElectionsEdit

1967 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Labour Party TD Seán Casey, a by-election was held on 9 November 1967. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Seán French.

1967 by-election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Fianna Fáil Seán French 47.1 18,417 18,584 20,854
Fine Gael Liam Burke 26.3 10,272 10,495 14,586
Labour Party Pat Kerrigan 24.6 9,622 9,897  
Independent Eoin Ó Mathghamhna 2.1 815    
Electorate: 59,019   Valid: 39,126   Quota: 19,564   Turnout: 66.29%

1965 general electionEdit

1965 general election: Cork Borough[25]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 12,852 30.8 1 1
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 8,637 20.7 2 1
Labour Party Seán Casey 7,076 16.9 3 1
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 4,230 10.1 4
Fianna Fáil Pearse Wyse 3,027 7.2 5
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,441 3.5
Fianna Fáil John Harrington 1,425 3.4
Independent Thomas Leahy 803 1.9
Independent Frank Mockler 782 1.9
Independent Alexander Miller 547 1.3
Fine Gael Seán O'Leary 489 1.2
Fine Gael Ronald Murphy 485 1.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 41,794   Quota: 6,966   Turnout:

1964 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD John Galvin, a by-election was held on 19 February 1964. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Sheila Galvin, widow of the deceased TD.

The surplus votes of the elected candidate were distributed after being declared elected because there was a possibility another candidate could have reached the threshold of a third of a quota which would have meant their election deposit was returned to them.

1964 by-election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2
Fianna Fáil Sheila Galvin 53.3 20,276  
Fine Gael Tadhg Manley 30.2 11,475 11,666
Labour Party Donal Hurley 16.6 6,296 7,357
Electorate: 55,076   Valid: 38,047   Quota: 19,024   Turnout: 69.08%

1961 general electionEdit

1961 general election: Cork Borough[23]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 9,929 26.6 1 1
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 9,515 25.5 2 1
Labour Party Seán Casey 5,616 15.1 3
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 4,257 11.4 4
Sinn Féin Dáithí Ó Conaill 1,956 5.2
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 1,846 5.0
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,637 4.4 5
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 1,281 3.4
Independent Seán Twomey 794 2.1
Fine Gael Dominic O'Brien 462 1.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,293   Quota: 6,216   Turnout:

1957 general electionEdit

1957 general election: Cork Borough[22]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 8,600 20.0 1 1
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 7,647 17.8 2 1
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 7,107 16.5 3
Labour Party Seán Casey 6,074 14.1 4
Sinn Féin Seán Ó hÉigeartaigh 4,789 11.1
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 3,519 8.2 5
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 2,747 6.4
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,663 3.9
Fine Gael John Bermingham 911 2.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 43,057   Quota: 7,177   Turnout:

1956 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Patrick McGrath, a by-election was held on 2 August 1956. The seat was won by Fianna Fáil candidate John Galvin.

1956 by-election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 52.6 18,704
Fine Gael Mick Sheehan 28.6 10,166
Labour Party Cornelius Desmond 11.0 3,919
Independent Seán P. Twomey 4.6 1,630
Independent John W. Reidy 3.2 1,149
Electorate: 63,495   Valid: 35,568   Quota: 17,785   Turnout: 56.02%

1954 general electionEdit

1954 general election: Cork Borough[20]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 16,393 34.2 1 1
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 9,190 19.2 2 1
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 6,125 12.8 4
Labour Party James Hickey 3,244 6.8
Labour Party Seán Casey 3,052 6.4 5
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 2,904 6.1
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 2,149 4.5
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,911 4.0 3
Independent John Reidy 1,108 2.3
Fine Gael Laurence Neville 816 1.7
Fine Gael John Bermingham 572 1.2
Independent Seán Twomey 452 0.9
Electorate: ?   Valid: 47,916   Quota: 7,987   Turnout:

1954 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Fine Gael TD Thomas F. O'Higgins, a by-election was held on 3 March 1954. The seat was won by the Fine Gael candidate Stephen Barrett.

1954 by-election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2
Fine Gael Stephen D. Barrett 44.3 17,332 21,322
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 39.3 15,379 16,586
Labour Party Seán Casey 16.4 6,402  
Electorate: 63,322   Valid: 39,113   Quota: 19,557   Turnout: 61.77%

1951 general electionEdit

1951 general election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 19.2 8,923                
Fine Gael Thomas F. O'Higgins 16.9 7,858                
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 13.4 6,233 6,785 6,786 6,856 6,942 7,119 9,896    
Fianna Fáil Seán MacCarthy 11.0 5,096 5,493 5,494 5,534 5,648 5,805 7,346 9,433  
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 9.4 4,359 4,502 4,502 4,571 4,624 4,809      
Fine Gael Stephen D. Barrett 7.4 3,434 3,443 3,504 3,609 5,374 6,465 6,545 6,579 6,698
Labour Party James Hickey 7.3 3,376 3,400 3,403 4,058 4,244 6,369 6,611 6,653 6,795
Labour Party Richard S. Anthony 6.5 3,018 3,047 3,052 3,709 4,004        
Fine Gael Michael Sheehan 5.3 2,442 2,467 2,519 2,584          
Labour Party Seán Casey 3.6 1,657 1,668 1,670            
Electorate: 62,336   Valid: 46,396   Quota: 7,733   Turnout: 74.43%

1948 general electionEdit

1948 general election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14
Fine Gael Thomas F. O'Higgins 16.4 7,351 7,363 7,464 7,473 7,674                  
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 12.5 5,594 5,607 5,632 5,640 5,652 5,652 5,695 5,726 5,787 6,753 8,923      
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 11.4 5,092 5,099 5,130 5,150 5,158 5,159 5,179 5,199 5,233 6,198 7,435 8,661    
Independent Michael Sheehan 10.9 4,898 4,910 4,956 4,987 5,039 5,061 5,112 5,178 5,758 5,969 6,171 6,232 6,612 7,491
National Labour Party James Hickey 10.0 4,507 4,658 4,690 4,708 4,739 4,740 4,831 4,916 5,042 5,125 5,354 5,381 5,481 6,353
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 8.0 3,601 3,606 3,621 3,625 3,638 3,639 3,668 3,700 3,749 4,122        
Fianna Fáil Seán MacCarthy 6.1 2,747 2,753 2,767 2,775 2,781 2,783 2,791 2,919 2,961          
Labour Party Richard S. Anthony 6.0 2,688 2,695 2,745 2,755 2,913 2,927 3,534 3,598 4,245 4,347 4,438 4,458 4,510 5,537
Clann na Poblachta Patrick MacCartan 5.2 2,346 2,358 2,370 2,590 2,600 2,601 2,665 3,914 4,106 4,242 4,342 4,451 4,481  
Fine Gael Stephen D. Barrett 3.3 1,496 1,506 1,537 1,540 1,962 2,108 2,137 2,156            
Clann na Poblachta John J. Fennessy 3.2 1,423 1,428 1,431 1,652 1,661 1,661 1,730              
Labour Party John Casey 2.2 987 992 995 1,011 1,026 1,027                
Fine Gael David Allen 2.0 911 915 953 957                    
Clann na Poblachta Liam Stack 1.3 565 570 576                      
Fine Gael Michael Sheehan 0.9 409 415                        
National Labour Party Seán Ó Dubhghaill 0.6 260                          
Electorate: 62,626   Valid: 44,875   Quota: 7,480   Turnout: 71.66%

1946 by-electionEdit

Following the resignation of Independent TD William Dwyer, a by-election was held on 14 June 1946. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Patrick McGrath.

The surplus votes of the elected candidate were distributed after being declared elected because there was a possibility another candidate could have reached the threshold of a third of a quota which would have meant their election deposit was returned to them.

1946 by-election: Cork Borough[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 47.9 14,230 15,170  
Fine Gael Michael O'Driscoll 32.7 9,707 10,277 10,503
Cork Socialist Party Michael O'Riordan Jnr. 10.7 3,184 3,592 3,688
Independent Thomas Bernard Barry 8.7 2,574    
Electorate: 53,623   Valid: 29,695   Quota: 14,848   Turnout: 55.38%

1944 general electionEdit

1944 general election: Cork Borough[15]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent William Dwyer 11,241 29.8 1 1
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 7,705 20.4 2 1
Fianna Fáil Frank Daly 5,551 14.7 4
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 3,862 10.2
Independent Richard Anthony 2,867 7.6 3
Fine Gael James Crosbie 2,839 7.5
Independent Cornelius Connolly 1,334 3.5
Fine Gael Jeremiah Connolly 898 2.4
Independent Patrick O'Brien 737 2.0
Ailtirí na hAiséirghe Seán Ó Dubhghaill 674 1.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,708   Quota: 7,542   Turnout:

1943 general electionEdit

1943 general election: Cork Borough[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 8,871 22.6 1 1
Fianna Fáil Frank Daly 7,944 20.3 2 1
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 4,638 11.8 3
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 4,475 11.4
Labour Party James Hickey 4,107 10.5
Independent Richard Anthony 3,941 10.1 4
Fine Gael William Dwyer 2,561 6.5
Ailtirí na hAiséirghe Seán Ó Dubhghaill 1,019 2.6
Independent Daniel Buckley 859 2.2
Labour Party Ellen Crowley 562 1.4
Fine Gael Francis McCarthy Morrogh 255 0.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,232   Quota: 7,847   Turnout:

1938 general electionEdit

1938 general election: Cork Borough[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 11,528 29.4 1 1
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 8,154 20.8 2 1
Labour Party James Hickey 7,094 18.1 4
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 5,560 14.2 3
Independent Richard Anthony 5,071 13.0
Fine Gael Michael Driscoll 1,760 4.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,167   Quota: 7,834   Turnout:

1937 general electionEdit

1937 general election: Cork Borough[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 9,508 24.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 8,442 22.1 2 1
Labour Party James Hickey 6,893 18.0
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 6,450 16.9 4
Independent Richard Anthony 4,946 12.9 3
Fine Gael William Desmond 2,008 5.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 38,247   Quota: 7,650   Turnout:

1933 general electionEdit

1933 general election: Cork Borough[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 14,863 26.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 12,696 23.0 2 1
Independent Richard Anthony 5,719 10.4 3
Labour Party Jeremiah Hurley 5,248 9.5
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 5,067 9.2 5
Fianna Fáil Seán French 3,812 6.9
Cumann na nGaedheal John Horgan 2,168 3.9
National Centre Party Cornelius Duggan 2,111 3.8
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,995 3.6
Cumann na nGaedheal William Desmond 1,533 2.8 4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 55,212   Quota: 9,203   Turnout:

1932 general electionEdit

1932 general election: Cork Borough[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 18,125 36.8 1 1
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 10,058 20.4 2 1
Labour Party Jeremiah Hurley 5,058 10.3
Independent Richard Anthony 4,844 9.8 4
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 3,235 6.6 3
Fianna Fáil Humphrey Kelleher 3,046 6.2
Cumann na nGaedheal William Desmond 1,395 2.8 5
Cumann na nGaedheal John Horgan 1,380 2.8
Fianna Fáil Seán O'Leary 1,337 2.7
Cumann na nGaedheal Alexander Healy 818 1.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 49,296   Quota: 8,217   Turnout:

September 1927 general electionEdit

September 1927 general election: Cork Borough[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 17,395 38.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Seán French 11,608 26.0 2 1
Labour Party Richard Anthony 5,668 12.7 4
Independent John Horgan 2,452 5.5
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,383 3.1 3
Independent Sir John Scott 1,344 3.0
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 1,236 2.8 5
Fianna Fáil Con Lucey 1,231 2.8
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Nagle 1,122 2.5
Cumann na nGaedheal Alexander Healy 813 1.8
Labour Party Luke Duffy 447 1.0
Electorate: ?   Valid: 44,699   Quota: 7,450   Turnout:

June 1927 general electionEdit

June 1927 general election: Cork Borough[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal James Walsh 8,480 18.8 1 1
Labour Party Richard Anthony 6,548 14.5 2
Fianna Fáil Seán French 5,989 13.2 3
National League Party John Horgan 5,177 11.4 4
Sinn Féin Mary MacSwiney 3,527 7.8
Independent Sir John Scott 2,638 5.8
Independent Patrick Bradley 2,246 5.0
Farmers' Party Timothy Corcoran 2,060 4.6
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,994 4.4 5
Labour Party Edward Fitzgerald 1,910 4.2
Farmers' Party Frank Daly 1,527 3.4
Cumann na nGaedheal Liam de Róiste 1,447 3.2
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Egan 920 2.0
Fianna Fáil Con Lucey 607 1.3
Fianna Fáil Seán O'Leary 166 0.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 45,236   Quota: 7,540   Turnout:

1924 by-electionEdit

Following the resignation of Cumann na nGaedheal TD Alfred O'Rahilly, a by-election was held on 19 November 1924. The seat was won by the Cumann na nGaedheal candidate Michael Egan.

1924 by-election: Cork Borough[7]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Egan 69.1 27,717
Republican Seán French 30.9 12,399
Electorate: 64,931   Valid: 40,116   Quota: 20,059   Turnout: 61.8%

1923 general electionEdit

1923 general election: Cork Borough[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal James Walsh 17,151 40.3 1 1
Republican Mary MacSwiney 6,109 14.3 4 10
Businessmen's Party Richard Beamish 5,822 13.7 3 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Alfred O'Rahilly 2,506 5.9 2 2
Labour Party Richard Anthony 2,492 5.9
Republican Con Lucey 1,870 4.4
Farmers' Party Timothy Corcoran 1,616 3.8
Labour Party Robert Day 1,431 3.4
Labour Party William Kenneally 1,358 3.2
Independent Sir John Scott 786 1.8
Businessmen's Party Andrew O'Shaughnessy 766 1.8 5 12
Republican Frederick Murray 461 1.1
Businessmen's Party Jeremiah Collins 243 0.6
Electorate: 64,100   Valid: 42,611   Quota: 7,102   Turnout: 66.5%

The Business and Professional Group candidates were members of the Cork Progressive Association.

1922 general electionEdit

1922 general election: Cork Borough[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Labour Party Robert Day 6,836 22.5 1 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) James Walsh 5,731 18.9 3 4
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Liam de Róiste 5,657 18.6 2 3
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Mary MacSwiney 4,016 13.2 4 5
Independent Richard Beamish 3,485 11.5
Independent Frank Daly 2,826 9.3
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Daniel O'Callaghan 1,796 5.9
Electorate: 48,817   Valid: 30,347   Quota: 6,070   Turnout: 62.2%

1921 general electionEdit

1921 general election: Cork Borough[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Liam de Róiste Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Mary MacSwiney Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Daniel O'Callaghan Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin James Walsh Unopposed N/A 4

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Electoral (Amendment) Act, 1923: (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  2. ^ Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286.
  3. ^ a b "General election 1921: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b "General election 1922: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  5. ^ a b "General election 1923: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  6. ^ a b Andrew O'Shaughnessy and Richard Beamish were both elected under the banner of the "Cork Progressive Association", a quasi-party inspired by the Progressive Reform movement in the United States. They supported the Treaty and stressed the importance of sound public finance. In 1924 they helped bring about the dissolution of Cork Corporation and its replacement with a commissioner. See Mark Callanan; Justin F. Keogan, eds. (2003). Local Government in Ireland. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration (Ireland). p. 125. and Peter Barberis; John McHugh; Mike Tyldesley, eds. (2000). Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations. London: Continuum International. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-8264-5814-8.
  7. ^ a b "By-election 1924: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  8. ^ a b "General election June 1927: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  9. ^ a b "General election September 1927: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  10. ^ a b "General election 1932: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  11. ^ a b "General election 1933: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  12. ^ a b "General election 1937: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  13. ^ a b "General election 1938: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  14. ^ a b "General election 1943: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  15. ^ a b "General election 1944: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  16. ^ "By-election 1946: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  17. ^ "General election 1948: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  18. ^ "General election 1951: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  19. ^ "By-election 1954: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  20. ^ a b "General election 1954: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  21. ^ "By-election 1956: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  22. ^ a b "General election 1957: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  23. ^ a b "General election 1961: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  24. ^ "By-election 1964: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  25. ^ a b "General election 1965: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  26. ^ "By-election 1967: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Gallagher, Michael (2009). Irish Elections 1948–77: Results and Analysis Sources for the Study of Irish Politics 2. Routledge. ISBN 9781138973343.

External linksEdit