Free Cause Party

  (Redirected from Hüda-Par)

Free Cause Party (Turkish: Hür Dava Partisi, abbreviated as Hüda-Par, Kurdish: Partiya Doza Azadî‎) is Sunni Kurdish Islamist political party in Turkey.

Free Cause Party

Hür Dava Partisi
LeaderMehmet Yavuz
Founded17 December 2012
HeadquartersEhl-i Beyt Mah. Ceyhun Atıf Kansu Cad. Nehir Apt. No: 117-5 Balgat, Çankaya, Ankara
IdeologyIslamism
Recognition of Kurdish rights
Political positionFar-right
ReligionSunni Islam
European affiliationnone
International affiliationnone
ColoursGreen, Yellow, White
Parliament:
0 / 600
Metropolitan municipalities:
0 / 30
District municipalities:
0 / 1,351
Provincial councillors:
0 / 1,251
Municipal Assemblies
6 / 20,498
Website
hudapar.org

OriginEdit

Following the decision to end armed struggle in 2002, activists of the Hizbullah's Menzil group founded an association called "Solidarity with the Oppressed" (Turkish: Mustazaflar ile Dayanışma Derneği or short Mustazaf Der) in 2003.[1] It also became known as the Movement of the Oppressed (Turkish: Mustazaflar Hareketi). On 18 April 2010 Mustazaf Der organized a mass meeting in Diyarbakır to celebrate the anniversary of the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s birthday (known as Mawlid). The Turkish police estimated that the event was attended by 2 million people. The organizers put the figure at over 2.5 million people.[2]

On 20 April 2010 a court in Diyarbakır ordered the closure of the Association for the Oppressed (Mustazaf-Der) on the grounds that it was “conducting activities on behalf of the terrorist organization Hizbollah.”[2] The decision was confirmed by the Court of Cassation on 11 May 2012.[3]

In late 2012, the Movement of the Oppressed announced its will to found a political party, basically to challenge the hegemony of the left-wing and Kurdish nationalist Peace and Democracy Party.[4] On 17 December 2012, the Free Cause Party (Hür Dava Partisi) was founded.[5] On 9 January 2013 the general headquarters in Ankara was opened.[6]

Societies affiliated with Hüda-Par operate under the umbrella organisation Lovers of Prophet (Turkish: Peygamber Sevdalıları, Kurdish: Evindarên Pêyxamber‎) particularly active in Kurdish Mawlid meetings.[7]

Aims of the partyEdit

Hüda-Par calls for the constitutional recognition of the Kurds and Kurdish language, mother tongue education, the end to the 10 percent election threshold, and the decentralization of state power and strengthening of local administration.[8] The party also advocates for restrictions on the freedom of religion and worship to be lifted, the headscarf ban ended, wants adultery criminalized, and religious marriages to be recognized.[9] Moreover, the party demands that the Turkish state apologizes to Kurds and reinstate the original names of Kurdish-populated places.[10] The party has largely been silent on the question of Kurdish autonomy or independence from Turkey.[11]

ElectionsEdit

Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Election Leader Votes Seats Government
# % Rank # ±
June 2015 Zekeriya Yapıcıoğlu 70,121[12][13] 0.16% 11 AKP
2018 Mehmet Yavuz 155,539 0.31% 7th AKP

Provincial results (2015 and 2018)Edit

Votes obtained by Hüda-Par in the general elections of 2015 and 2018 by province[13]
Province 2015 Percent 2018 Percent
Adana 3,118 0.3% 6,992 0.5%
Adıyaman 4,249 1.3%
Afyon 977 0.2%
Ağrı 1,731 0.8%
Aksaray 639 0.3%
Amasya 359 0.2%
Ankara 3,724 0.1%
Antalya 3,131 0.2%
Ardahan 203 0.4%
Artvin 325 0.3%
Aydın 1,795 0.3%
Balıkesir 1,500 0.2%
Bartın 345 0.3%
Batman 14,551 5.5% 15,998 5.6%
Bayburt 77 0.2%
Bilecik 454 0.3%
Bingöl 5,424 4.2% 6,296 4.5%
Bitlis 1,709 1.1% 1,809 1.1%
Bolu 374 0.2%
Burdur 564 0.3%
Bursa 4,426 0.1%
Çanakkale 699 0.2%
Çankırı 203 0.2%
Çorum 620 0.2%
Denizli 1,714 0.3%
Diyarbakır 27,537 3.4% 35,239 4.3%
Düzce 303 0.1%
Edirne 607 0.2%
Elazığ 5,197 1.5%
Erzincan 138 0.1%
Erzurum 833 0.2%
Eskişehir 758 0.1%
Gaziantep 8,703 0.9%
Giresun 802 0.3%
Gümüşhane 220 0.3%
Hakkari 792 0.6%
Hatay 1,511 0.2%
Iğdır 198 0.2%
Isparta 710 0.3%
Istanbul 16,600 0.1%
Izmir 4,725 0.1%
Kahramanmaraş 1,531 0.2%
Karabük 323 0.2%
Karaman 356 0.2%
Kars 424 0.3%
Kastamonu 727 0.3%
Kayseri 1,479 0.2%
Kırıkkale 292 0.2%
Kırklareli 358 0.1%
Kırşehir 254 0.2%
Kilis 177 0.2%
Kocaeli 1,843 0.2%
Konya 2,787 0.2%
Kütahya 811 0.2%
Malatya 1,619 0.3%
Manisa 2,545 0.3%
Mardin 5,312 1.4% 8,253 2.1%
Mersin 4,486 0.4%
Muğla 1,378 0.2%
Muş 2,784 1.5%
Nevşehir 551 0.3%
Niğde 443 0.2%
Ordu 1,244 0.3%
Osmaniye 1,157 0.4%
Rize 228 0.1%
Sakarya 856 0.1%
Samsun 1,218 0.1%
Siirt 1,776 1.2%
Sinop 444 0.3%
Sivas 532 0.1%
Şanlıurfa 6,551 0.9% 13,495 1.6%
Şırnak 2,826 1.3% 4,847 2.1%
Tekirdağ 904 0.1%
Tokat 615 0.2%
Trabzon 615 0.1%
Tunceli 57 0.1%
Uşak 604 0.3%
Van 3,093 0.6% 4,753 0.9%
Yalova 286 0.2%
Yozgat 443 0.2%
Zonguldak 815 0.2%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hizbullah: Tebliğ, Cemaat, Cihat". Bianet. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Jenkins, Gareth (15 June 2010). "A New Front in the PKK Insurgency". ETH Zürich. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Mustazaf-Der resmen kapatıldı!". Time Türk (in Turkish). 15 May 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Hüda-Par'ın rakibi BDP mi, AK Parti'mi?". Time Türk (in Turkish). 6 December 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Hür Dava Partisi (Hüda-Par) Resmen Kuruldu". Haber Diyarbakir (in Turkish). 17 December 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Genel Merkez Açılış Töreni Gerçekleştirildi" (in Turkish). 9 January 2013. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  7. ^ Kurt, Mehmet (2017). Kurdish Hizbullah in Turkey - Islamism, violence and the state. London: PlutoPress. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-7453-9934-8.
  8. ^ "Turkey: Islamist Kurds enter politics to divide AKP, BDP electorate in the Southeast". Foreign Policy Journal. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Parti Programımız" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 26 March 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  10. ^ Kurt, Mehmet (2017). Kurdish Hizbullah in Turkey - Islamism, violence and the state. London: PlutoPress. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7453-9934-8.
  11. ^ Emel Elif Tugdar; Serhun Al (2017). Comparative Kurdish Politics in the Middle East: Actors, Ideas, and Interests. Springer. p. 127. ISBN 9783319537153.
  12. ^ "Hüda- Par'dan 9 ilde bağımsız aday". Al Jazeera Turk - Ortadoğu, Kafkasya, Balkanlar, Türkiye ve çevresindeki bölgeden son dakika haberleri ve analizler (in Turkish). Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Sandık Sonuçları ve Tutanaklar (YSK)" (in Turkish). YSK. Retrieved 10 April 2020.