Çorum (Turkish: Çorum İli) is a province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast. Its provincial capital is the city of Çorum, the traffic code is 19.
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
|Region||West Black Sea|
|• Electoral district||Çorum|
|• Total||12,820 km2 (4,950 sq mi)|
|• Density||41/km2 (110/sq mi)|
The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns. Çorum is also known as a Geographical centre of Earth. In 2003, a revised calculation by Holger Isenberg using the higher resolution ETOPO2 global digital elevation model (DEM) with data points every 2' (3.7 km near equator) led to a more precise result of 40°52′N 34°34′E in the region of Çorum, Turkey (180 km northeast of Ankara) and thereby validated Woods' calculation.
|Average high °C||4.2||6.5||11.5||17.4||21.8||25.6||28.9||29.1||25.6||19.5||12.1||6.0|
|Ave. low °C||-4.3||-3.8||-1.1||3.7||7.0||9.8||12.1||12.0||8.7||4.7||0.3||-2.3|
Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.
In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite site include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.
Then Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmends, Mongol Empire (Ilkhanids), Eretnids, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire. As well as the Hittite archaeology the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
|Population statistical of subprovinces|
- The census data of 1831 is only the central city, villages and towns are not included.
- The boxes with (-) sign are the times the before the subprovince was a subprovince.
- Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces