Bitlis Province (Turkish: Bitlis ili, Armenian: Բաղեշի մարզ, romanized: Bagheshi marz, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Bidlîsê) is a province of eastern Turkey, located to the west of Lake Van. The province is considered part of Western Armenia by Armenians. The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority. The current Governor of the province is Oktay Çağatay.
|Region||Central East Anatolia|
|• Electoral district||Bitlis|
|• Governor||Oktay Çağatay|
|• Total||6,707 km2 (2,590 sq mi)|
|• Density||52/km2 (130/sq mi)|
In 1927 the office of the Inspector General was created, which governed with martial law. The Bitlis province was included in the first Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) over which the Inspector General ruled. The UM span over the provinces of Hakkâri, Siirt, Van, Mardin, Bitlis, Sanlıurfa, Elaziğ and Diyarbakır. The Inspectorate General was dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party.
Bitlis Province is divided into 7 districts (the capital district is in bold):
As of 1920, the province was producing small amounts of iron, copper, lead, and sulphur. Even smaller amounts of gold and silver were found in the areas of Sairt and Khairwan. Salt made up the largest mineral industry in the province, so much that it was exported to surrounding provinces. The salt was produced in pans, using evaporation, and taking 8 to 10 days to mature. The technique and trade was mainly run by local Kurds.
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- Britannica: Bitlis
- Jongerden, Joost (2007-01-01). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War. BRILL. pp. 53. ISBN 978-90-04-15557-2.
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- Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 71.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bitlis Province.|
- Pictures of the city of Bitlis, the capital of Bitlis province - and of nearby Siirt
- Bitlis Weather Forecast Information
- The Armenian History and Presence in Bitlis