Malatya Province (Turkish: Malatya ili, Kurdish: Parezgêha Meletîyê) is a province of Turkey. It is part of a larger mountainous area. The capital of the province is Malatya (in Hittite: Milid or Maldi, meaning "city of honey"). Malatya is famous for its apricots. The area of Malatya province is 12,313 km². Malatya Province had a population of 853,658 according to the results of 2000 census, whereas in 2010 it had a population of 740,643. The provincial center, the city of Malatya, has a population of 426,381 (2010).
Location of Malatya Province in Turkey
|Region||Central East Anatolia|
|• Electoral district||Malatya|
|• Total||12,313 km2 (4,754 sq mi)|
|• Density||65/km2 (170/sq mi)|
Demographics and historyEdit
The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan. The province was the regional center of Kurdish nationalism in the early 20th century. The local governor of the province and mayor of Malatya city were both sympathetic to the Kurdish cause and Celadet Bedir Khan, Kamuran Alî Bedirxan and other members of the Society for the Rise of Kurdistan visited the region various times and established cordial relations with the local tribes including with the Reşwan tribe.
The province had a population of 306,882 in 1927 of which 98.9% was Muslim and 1% Christian. Linguistically, Turkish was the most spoken first language at 57.3%, followed by Kurdish at 40.2% and Armenian at 0.9%. The population increased to 410,152 in 1935 of which 99.3% was Muslim and 0.6% Christian. Turkish remained the most spoken first language at 60.2%, followed by Kurdish 39.3% and Armenian at 0.4%. The province had a population of 483,568 in 1950 of which Turkish was spoken by 64.8% of the population, followed by Kurdish at 34.9%. Armenian remained the third most spoken language but decreased to 0.2%.
It was estimated in 2012 that about 20% to 30% of the province was Kurdish Alevi. The minority is mostly politically aligned with nationalist Kurdish parties especially after the Sivas Massacre and Kurdistan Workers' Party activity in the area since the early 1990s.
Malatya province is divided into 14 districts (capital district in bold):
- "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "Li Meletî 3 tax û li Êlihê gundek hatin kerentînekirin" (in Kurdish). Rûdaw. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Kurds, Kurdistān". Encyclopaedia of Islam (2 ed.). BRILL. 2002. ISBN 9789004161214.
- Henning, Barbara (2018). Narratives of the History of the Ottoman-Kurdish Bedirhani Family in Imperial and Post-Imperial Contexts: Continuities and Changes. University of Bamberg Press. p. 443. ISBN 9783863095512.
- Dündar (2000), p. 159.
- Dündar (2000), p. 157.
- Dündar (2000), p. 168.
- Dündar (2000), pp. 163-164.
- Dündar (2000), p. 188.
- Massicard, Elise (2012). The Alevis in Turkey and Europe : Identity and Managing Territorial Diversity. Taylor & Francis Group. pp. 170–172. ISBN 9780415667968.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malatya Province.|
- (in Turkish) Malatya governor's official website
- (in Turkish) Malatya
- (in Turkish) Malatya municipality's official website
- (in English) Malatya weather forecast information
- (in English) Malatya directory
- (in Turkish) Malatya Rent A Car
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