Peace and Democracy Party
|Founded||3 May 2008|
|Dissolved||11 July 2014|
|Preceded by||Democratic Society Party|
|Succeeded by||Peoples' Democratic Party|
Democratic Regions Party
|Ideology||Kurdish minority rights|
Emancipation of women
|Political position||Centre-left to left-wing|
|National affiliation||Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (observer)|
|International affiliation||Socialist International (consultative)|
BDP succeeded the Democratic Society Party (DTP) in 2008, following the closure of the latter party for its alleged connections with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). The BDP was co-chaired by Selahattin Demirtaş and Gültan Kışanak. One-third of its representatives were Alevi.
After municipal elections on 30 March 2014, Berivan Elif Kilic became the co-mayor of Kocaköy, a farming town of 17,000 people in Turkey’s Kurdish region. Kilic shared the post of mayor with her male running mate, Affullah Kar, a former Imam. Under BDP party rules, all top positions are split between a man and a woman, in an effort to promote women’s participation in politics.
The party chairman has called for the PKK to disarm. The BDP has observer status in the Socialist International. BDP supported Turkey's membership in the European Union, same-sex marriages in Turkey, an anti-discrimination law to protect LGBT people and also wants the Government of Turkey to recognize the Armenian genocide.
Peoples' Democratic PartyEdit
Pro-minority rights and feminist Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) acted as the fraternal party to BDP. At the 2014 municipal elections, HDP ran parallel to BDP, with the BDP running in Turkey's Kurdish-dominated southeast while the HDP competed in the rest of the country except Mersin Province and Konya Province where BDP launched its own candidates.
After the local elections, the two parties were re-organised in a joint structure. On 28 April 2014, the entire parliamentary caucus of BDP joined HDP, whereas BDP was assigned exclusively to representatives on the local administration level.
The BDP has reported that between April 2009 and October 2011 more than 7500 BDP members were detained and over 3000 were arrested.
At the 3rd Congress of the party on 11 July 2014, the name was changed to the Democratic Regions Party and a new structure restricting activities on the local/regional government level was adopted.
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- The Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) is the current incarnation of the Kurdish nationalist party in Turkey, Andrew Finkel, Turkey: What Everyone Needs to Know, Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 122.
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- "BDP'nin eşcinsel evlilik isteği tartışılıyor". Haber 10 (in Turkish). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
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- ADAYLARIMIZ Archived 2014-03-08 at the Wayback Machine, BDP official website
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- "BDP artık Meclis'te yok". odatv.com.
- "7748 Kurds in Turkish custody - 3895 Arrested in 30 months in the scope of KCK operations". Ekurd Daily. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "BDP'nin adı Demokratik Bölgeler Partisi oldu". Evrensel. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2015.