İzmir Province (Turkish: İzmir ili) is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey in western Anatolia, situated along the Aegean coast. Its capital is the city of İzmir, which is in itself composed of the province's central 11 districts out of 30 in total. To the west, it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, and it encloses the Gulf of Izmir. Its area is 11,891 square kilometres (4,591 square miles), and its population is 4,462,056 (2022), up from 3,431,204 in 2000. Neighboring provinces are Balıkesir to the north, Manisa to the east, and Aydın to the south. The traffic code of the province is 35.
|Provincial seat||Konak (de facto; Turkish metropolises have no capital districts)|
|• Electoral district||Izmir|
|• Governor||Yavuz Selim Köşger|
|• Total||11,891 km2 (4,591 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (970/sq mi)|
It is one of the oldest cities and ports of ancient Ionia in the Mediterranean Sea. It was founded around 3000 BC and has survived to this day. It was inhabited by Greek populations from antiquity until the destruction of Smyrna in 1922 and the exchange of populations that followed with the Treaty of Lausanne. In its long history it has changed location twice.
The first location (prehistoric times) was mentioned by Strabo as "Old Smyrna" and the second location was built by Alexander the Great and his descendants (Hellenistic period). Ionians, in about 11th century BC, established the League of Ionia. It was later conquered by the Persians and retaken by the Greeks before being subsumed into the Roman Empire. In Roman times it became very prosperous and the Romans honored it three times with the praiseworthy title of "young girl" because of its amazing prosperity. Izmir was not the first city to recognize Rome as a deity.
The term "Catholic Church" was first used in 110 in a letter from St. Ignatius of Antioch to the Church of Smyrna. After the split of the Roman Empire, the area became part of what is now called the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th century. In 1424, Smyrna was conquered by the Ottomans. However, before and after its occupation, Venetians and Genoese tried several times to include it in their Republics.
On September 13, 1472, the Venetians, under Pietro Mocenigo, captured and destroyed the city, in a failed attempt. Following the First World War, the province was ceded to Greece, but was retaken by the forces of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence.
An earthquake on 30 October 2020 killed 117 people in the area.
In January 2021, archaeologists headed by Elif Koparal, announced the discovery of the ruins of a 2500 year-old temple of Aphrodite from the 5th century BC in the Urla-Çeşme peninsula. Among other findings in and around the temple, they found a statue piece depicting a woman, a terracotta female head and an inscription that reads, "This is the sacred area". The traces of the temple were first excavated in 2016.
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See also Edit
- "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2022, Statistical Tables, Population of Provinces by Years" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
- "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
- Genel Nüfus Sayımları
- January 2021, Patrick Pester-Staff Writer 12 (12 January 2021). "2,500-year-old temple to Greek love goddess unearthed in Turkey". livescience.com. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- Agency, Anadolu (2021-01-02). "2,500-year-old Aphrodite temple discovered in Turkey's Izmir". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- "Ruins of Aphrodite Temple found in Urla". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- Gershon, Livia. "Archaeologists in Turkey Unearth 2,500-Year-Old Temple of Aphrodite". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- Coffey, Brendan (2019-09-13). "Fresh Air: Turkish Turbine Blade Factory Invigorates Historic Town". GE Reports. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- (in Turkish) İzmir governor's official website
- İzmir metropolitan municipality's official website
- (in Turkish) Directorate of Culture and Tourism in İzmir
- (in Turkish) Local administrations in İzmir
- İzmir weather forecast information