French Open

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The French Open (French: Internationaux de France de Tennis), officially known as Roland-Garros (French: [ʁɔlɑ̃ ɡaʁos]), is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May each year.[c] The tournament and venue are named after the French aviator Roland Garros. The French Open is the premier clay court championship in the world. It is the second of the four annual Grand Slam tournaments.[3] The other three are the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. The French Open is the only Grand Slam tournament currently held on clay. Until 1975, the French Open was the only major tournament not played on grass.[4] Between the seven rounds needed for a championship, the clay surface characteristics (slower pace, higher bounce), and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the French Open is generally considered the most physically demanding tournament in the world.[5][6]

French Open/Roland-Garros[1]
Logo Roland-Garros.svg
Official website
Founded1891; 130 years ago (1891)
Editions125 (2021)
90 Grand Slam events (since 1925)
LocationParis, XVIe
France
VenueStade Roland Garros (since 1928)
Societé de Sport de Île de Puteaux, at Puteaux (1891–1894); Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil (1895–1908); Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose at Bordeaux (1909); Croix-Catelan de Racing Club de France at the Bois de Boulogne (1910–1924, 1926); Stade Français at Saint-Cloud (1925, 1927)
SurfaceClay – outdoors (1908–present)[a]
Sand – outdoors (1891–1907)
Prize money34,367,215 € (2021)[2]
Men's
DrawS (128Q) / 64D (16Q)[b]
Current championsNovak Djokovic (singles)
Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Nicolas Mahut (doubles)
Most singles titlesRafael Nadal (13)
Most doubles titlesRoy Emerson (6)
Women's
DrawS (128Q) / 64D (16Q)
Current championsBarbora Krejčíková (singles)
Barbora Krejčíková
Kateřina Siniaková (doubles)
Most singles titlesChris Evert (7)
Most doubles titlesMartina Navratilova (7)
Mixed doubles
Draw32
Current championsDesirae Krawczyk
Joe Salisbury
Most titles (male)Ken Fletcher /
Jean-Claude Barclay (3)
Most titles (female)Margaret Court (4)
Grand Slam
Last completed
2021 French Open

HistoryEdit

Officially named in French les Internationaux de France de Tennis (the "French Internationals of Tennis" in English),[7][8] the tournament itself uses the name Roland-Garros in all languages, and it is almost always called the French Open in English.[9] (The stadium and tournament are both hyphenated as Roland-Garros because French spelling rules dictate that in the name of a place or event named after a person, the elements of the name are joined with a hyphen.[10])

In 1891 the Championnat de France, which is commonly referred to in English as the French Championships, began. This was only open to tennis players who were members of French clubs. The first winner was H. Briggs, a Briton who resided in Paris and was a member of the Club Stade Français. In the final he defeated P. Baigneres in straight sets.[11] The first women's singles tournament, with four entries, was held in 1897. The mixed doubles event was added in 1902 and the women's doubles in 1907. In the period of 1915–1919, no tournament was organized due to World War I. This tournament was played until 1924, using four venues:

  • Societé de Sport de Île de Puteaux, in Puteaux, Île-de-France (next to the Seine river); played on the club's ten sand grounds laid out on a bed of rubble. 1891, 1893, 1894 (men's singles), 1895 (men's singles), 1897 (women's singles), 1902 (women's singles and mixed doubles), 1905 (women's singles and mixed doubles), 1907 (men's singles, women's singles, mixed doubles) editions.
  • The Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France (club founded in 1882 which initially had two lawn-tennis courts with four more grass (pelouse) courts opened some years later, but due to the difficulty of maintenance, they were eventually transformed into clay courts) in the Bois de Boulogne, Paris. 1892, 1894 (men's doubles), 1895 (men's doubles), 1897 (women's singles), 1901 (men's doubles), 1903 (men's doubles and mixed doubles), 1904, 1907 (men's doubles), 1908, 1910–1914, 1920–1924 editions.
  • Tennis Club de Paris (club founded in 1895 which initially had four indoor wood courts and five outdoor clay courts), at 71, Boulevard Exelmans in the Auteuil neighborhood, Paris. 1896, 1897 (men's singles), 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901 (men's and women's singles), 1902 (men's singles), 1903 (men's singles and women's singles), 1905 (men's singles) and 1906 editions.
  • Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux, on clay. Only played in 1909.

In 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateurs internationally and was designated a major championship by the International Lawn Tennis Federation. It was held at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud (site of the previous World Hard Court Championships) in 1925 and 1927, on clay courts. In 1926 the Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France hosted the event in Paris, site of the previous French club members only tournament, also on clay.

Another clay court tournament, called the World Hard Court Championships, is sometimes considered the true precursor to the modern French Open as it admitted international competitors. This was held at Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, from 1912 to 1914, 1920, 1921 and 1923, with the 1922 event held in Brussels, Belgium. Winners of this tournament included world No. 1s such as Tony Wilding from New Zealand (1913, 1914) and Bill Tilden from the US (1921). In 1924 there was no World Hard Court Championships due to tennis being played at the Paris Olympic Games.

After the Mousquetaires or Philadelphia Four (René Lacoste, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet, and Jacques Brugnon) won the Davis Cup on American soil in 1927, the French decided to defend the cup in 1928 at a new tennis stadium at Porte d'Auteuil. The Stade de France had offered the tennis authorities three hectares of land with the condition that the new stadium must be named after the World War I aviator hero Roland Garros.[12] The new Stade de Roland Garros (whose central court was renamed Court Philippe Chatrier in 1988) hosted that Davis Cup challenge. On May 24, 1928, the French International Championships moved there, and the event has been held there ever since.[13]

During World War II, the Tournoi de France was not held in 1940 and from 1941 through 1945 it took place on the same grounds, but those events are not recognized by the French governing body, the Fédération Française de Tennis.[14] In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon, making it the third Grand Slam event of the year. In 1968, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete.[13]

Since 1981, new prizes have been presented: the Prix Orange (for the player demonstrating the best sportsmanship and cooperative attitude with the press), the Prix Citron (for the player with the strongest character and personality) and the Prix Bourgeon (for the tennis player revelation of the year). In another novelty, since 2006 the tournament has begun on a Sunday, featuring 12 singles matches played on the three main courts. Additionally, on the eve of the tournament's opening, the traditional Benny Berthet exhibition day takes place, where the profits go to different charity associations. In March 2007, it was announced that the event would provide equal prize money for both men and women in all rounds for the first time.[15] In 2010, it was announced that the French Open was considering a move away from Roland Garros as part of a continuing rejuvenation of the tournament.[16] Plans to renovate and expand Roland Garros have put aside any such consideration, and the tournament remains in its long time home.

Expansion in the early 21st centuryEdit

 
Court Philippe Chatrier during the 2013 French Open.

From 2004 to 2008, plans were developed to build a covered stadium with a roof, as complaints continued over delayed matches.[17][18][19] Various proposals were put forward to expand the facility or to move the French Open to a completely new, 55-court venue outside of Paris city limits. In 2011 the decision was taken to maintain the tournament within its existing venue.[20][21] The expansion project called for a new stadium to be built alongside the historical Auteuil's greenhouses and expansion of old stadiums and the tournament village.[22] A wide-ranging project to overhaul the venue was presented in 2011, including building a roof over Court Philippe-Chatrier, demolishing and replacing Court No. 1 with a grassy hill for outdoors viewing, and geographical extension of the venue eastward into the Jardin des Serres d'Auteuil.[23]

Legal opposition from environmental defence associations and other stakeholders delayed the works for several years as litigation ensued.[24] In particular, the city council voted in May 2015 against the expansion project, but on 9 June 2015 Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo announced the signing of the construction permits, with work scheduled to begin in September of that year and conclude in 2019.[25][26] In December 2015, the Administrative Court of Paris once again halted renovation work, but the French Tennis Federation won the right to proceed with the renovation on appeal.[27]

Renovation work finally commenced at the close of the 2018 edition of the tournament. Redeveloped seating and a retractable roof was constructed for Court Philippe-Chatrier and the new 5,000-seat Court Simonne-Mathieu was opened, having been named after France's second-highest achieving female tennis player, and noted for its innovative use of greenhouse encasing architecture.[28] The renewal of the venue has been generally well received by the players and the public.[29] The 2020 edition of the tournament, which was the first to be assisted by the roof over Philippe-Chatrier, was postponed to late September and early October and was played in front of limited spectators, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[30] Floodlights were also installed over each of the courts in the precinct, allowing the tournament to facilitate night matches for the first time.[31] In 2021, the tournament was back in late May and early June.[32]

Surface characteristicsEdit

 
Composition of the courts.[33]

Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce when compared with grass courts or hard courts. For this reason, clay courts take away some of the advantages of big servers and serve-and-volleyers, which makes it hard for these types of players to dominate on the surface. For example, Pete Sampras, known for his huge serve and who won 14 Grand Slam titles, never won the French Open – his best result was reaching the semi-finals in 1996. Many other notable players have won multiple Grand Slam events but have never won the French Open, including John McEnroe, Frank Sedgman, John Newcombe, Venus Williams, Stefan Edberg, Boris Becker, Lleyton Hewitt, Jimmy Connors, Louise Brough, Virginia Wade or Martina Hingis; McEnroe and Edberg lost their only French Open finals appearances in five sets.

On the other hand, players whose games are more suited to slower surfaces, such as Rafael Nadal, Björn Borg, Ivan Lendl, Mats Wilander, Justine Henin and Chris Evert, have found great success at this tournament. In the Open Era, the only male players who have won both the French Open and Wimbledon, played on faster grass courts, are Rod Laver, Jan Kodeš, Björn Borg, Andre Agassi, Rafael Nadal, Roger Federer and Novak Djokovic. Borg's French Open—Wimbledon double was achieved three times consecutively.[34]

Composition of the courtsEdit

1. Red brick dust.
2. Crushed white limestone.
3. Clinker (coal residue).
4. Crushed gravel.
5. Drain rock.

TrophiesEdit

 
Rafael Nadal holding the Coupe des Mousquetaires.

The trophies have been awarded to the winners since 1953 and are manufactured by Mellerio dits Meller, a famous Parisian jewelry house. They are all made of pure silver with finely etched decorations on their side. Each new singles winner gets his or her name written on the base of the trophy. Winners receive custom-made pure silver replicas of the trophies they have won.[35] They are usually presented by the President of the French Tennis Federation (FFT).

The trophy awarded to the winner of the men's singles is called the Coupe des Mousquetaires (The Musketeers' Cup). It is named in honor of the "Four Musketeers". The trophy weighs 14 kg, is 40 cm high and 19 cm wide.[36] The current designed was created in 1981 by the Mellerio dit Meller. Each winner gets a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.[37]

The trophy awarded to the winner of the women's singles is called the Coupe Suzanne Lenglen (Suzanne Lenglen Cup) since 1979. The current cup was awarded for the first time in 1986. It is, with a few details, a replica of a cup offered at the time by the city of Nice to Suzanne Lenglen. This trophy, donated by Suzanne Lenglen's family to the Musée National du Sport, was awarded between 1979 and 1985 to every winner until the FFT made a copy. Each winner receives a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.[37]

Rankings points and prize moneyEdit

When a player makes it to the indicated round, they receive the points and money listed (provided they don't make it to a further round).

Point distributionEdit

Men and women often receive point values based on the rules of their respective tours.

Senior pointsEdit

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q Q3 Q2 Q1
Men's Singles 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 45 10 25 16 8 0
Men's Doubles 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Women's Singles 1300 780 430 240 130 70 10 40 30 20 2
Women's Doubles 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Prize moneyEdit

For 2021, the prize money pool was announced to be 34,367,215, a reduction of 10.53% compared to the prize pool for 2020 edition.[38]

2021 Event Winner Finalist Semifinals Quarterfinals Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q3 Q2 Q1
Singles €1,400,000 €750,000 €375,000 €255,000 €170,000 €113,000 €84,000 €60,000 €25,600 €16,000 €10,000
Doubles* €244,295 €144,074 €84,749 €49,853 €29,325 €17,250 €11,500 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mixed Doubles* €122,000 €61,000 €31,000 €17,500 €10,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Wheelchair Singles €53,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Wheelchair Doubles €16,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

per team.

ChampionsEdit

Former championsEdit

Current championsEdit

2021 French Open

Most recent finalsEdit

2021 Event Champion Runner-up Score
Men's Singles   Novak Djokovic   Stefanos Tsitsipas 6–7(6–8), 2–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
Women's Singles   Barbora Krejčíková   Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova 6–1, 2–6, 6–4
Men's Doubles   Pierre-Hugues Herbert
  Nicolas Mahut
  Alexander Bublik
  Andrey Golubev
4–6, 7–6(7–1), 6–4
Women's Doubles   Barbora Krejčíková
  Kateřina Siniaková
  Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Iga Świątek
6–4, 6–2
Mixed Doubles   Desirae Krawczyk
  Joe Salisbury
  Elena Vesnina
  Aslan Karatsev
2–6, 6–4, [10–5]

RecordsEdit

Record Era Player(s) Count Years
Men since 1891
Most singles titles Open Era   Rafael Nadal 13 2005–2008, 2010–2014, 2017–2020
Pre-Open Era   Henri Cochet 4 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1922.
French Championships*   Max Decugis 8 1903–1904, 1907–1909, 1912–1914
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era   Rafael Nadal 5 2010–2014
Pre-Open Era   Frank Parker
  Jaroslav Drobný
  Tony Trabert
  Nicola Pietrangeli
2 1948–1949
1951–1952
1954–1955
1959–1960
French Championships*   Paul Aymé 4 1897–1900
Most doubles titles Open Era   Daniel Nestor
  Max Mirnyi
4 2007 with Mark Knowles, 2010 with Nenad Zimonjić, 2011, 2012 with Max Mirnyi.
2005, 2006 with Jonas Björkman, 2011, 2012 with Daniel Nestor.
Pre-Open Era   Roy Emerson 6 1960, 1962 with Neale Fraser, 1961 with Rod Laver, 1963 with Manuel Santana, 1964 with Ken Fletcher, 1965 with Fred Stolle.
French Championships*   Max Decugis 13 1902–1909, 1911–1914, 1920[39]
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era   Daniel Nestor 3 2010–2012
Pre-Open Era   Roy Emerson 6 1960–1965
French Championships*   Maurice Germot 10 1906–1914, 1920[39]
Most mixed doubles titles French Open   Ken Fletcher
  Jean-Claude Barclay
3 1963–1965 with Margaret Court.
1968, 1971, 1973 with Françoise Dürr.
French Championships*   Max Decugis 7 1904–1906, 1908–1909, 1914 and 1920 with Suzanne Lenglen.
Most Championships
(singles, doubles & mixed doubles)
French Open   Rafael Nadal 13 2005–2008, 2010–2014, 2017–2020 (13 singles)
French Championships*   Max Decugis 28 1902–1920 (8 singles, 13 doubles, 7 mixed)
Women since 1897
Most singles titles Open Era   Chris Evert 7 1974–1975, 1979–1980, 1983, 1985–1986
French Championships*   Suzanne Lenglen 6 1920–1923, 1925–1926
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1914, 1921–1923.
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era  /  Monica Seles
  Justine Henin
3 1990–1992
2005–2007
French Championships*   Jeanne Matthey
  Suzanne Lenglen
4 1909–1912
1920–1923
Most doubles titles Open Era  /  Martina Navratilova 7 1975 with Chris Evert, 1982 with Anne Smith, 1984–1985, 1987, 1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.
French Championships*   Simonne Mathieu 6 1933, 1934 with Elizabeth Ryan, 1936–1937, 1938 with Billie Yorke, 1939 with Jadwiga Jędrzejowska.
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era  /  Martina Navratilova

  Gigi Fernández
5 1984–1985, 1987–1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.

1991 with Jana Novotná, 1992–95 with Natasha Zvereva.
French Championships*   Françoise Dürr 5 1967–1971
Most mixed doubles titles Open Era   Françoise Dürr 3 1968, 1971, 1973 with Jean-Claude Barclay.
French Championships*   Suzanne Lenglen 7 1914, 1920 with Max Decugis, 1921–1923, 1925, 1926 with Jacques Brugnon.
Most Championships
(singles, doubles & mixed doubles)
Open Era  /  Martina Navratilova 11 1974–1988 (2 singles, 7 doubles, 2 mixed)
French Championships*   Suzanne Lenglen 15 1919–1926 (6 singles, 2 doubles, 7 mixed)
Miscellaneous
Unseeded champions Men   Marcel Bernard
  Mats Wilander
  Gustavo Kuerten
  Gastón Gaudio
1946
1982
1997
2004
Women   Margaret Scriven
  Jeļena Ostapenko
  Iga Świątek
  Barbora Krejcikova
1933
2017
2020
2021
Youngest Singles champion Men   Michael Chang 17 years and 3 months (1989)
Women  /  Monica Seles 16 years and 6 months (1990)
Oldest Singles champion Men   Andrés Gimeno 34 years and 10 months (1972)
Women   Zsuzsa Körmöczy 33 years and 10 months (1958)
  • French Championships (1891–1924) was only open to French clubs' members. In 1925, it opened to international players, and was later renamed the French Open in 1968, when it allowed professional b to compete with amateurs. See WHCC.

Television coverageEdit

Panorama of Court Philippe Chatrier during the 2010 French Open

Broadcast rights to the French Open (as of 2018) are as follows[40][41]

FranceEdit

France Télévisions and Eurosport hold the broadcast rights to the French Open until 2021.

United KingdomEdit

ITV Sport and Eurosport holds broadcasting rights to show the French Open tennis tournaments until 2021.[42] The bulk of the daily coverage is broadcast on ITV4 although both singles finals plus other weekend matches are shown on ITV. John Inverdale hosts the coverage. Commentators include Nick Mullins, Jonathan Overend, Mark Petchey, Sam Smith, Jim Courier, Fabrice Santoro and Anne Keothavong.

Studio presentation for the French Open on Eurosport is hosted by Barbara Schett sometimes joined by Mats Wilander. Commentators include Simon Reed, Chris Bradnam, Nick Lester, Jason Goodall, Jo Durie, Frew McMillan, Arvind Parmar and Chris Wilkinson.

United StatesEdit

NBC's coverage of the French Open began in 1975.[43] Tennis Channel owns pay television rights to the tournament. Coverage of morning window (U.S. time) matches were sub-licensed to ESPN for broadcast by ESPN2 from 2007 through 2015.[44] In August 2015, ESPN announced that it would discontinue its sub-licensing and drop coverage of the French Open beginning in 2016, with network staff citing that because of the structure of the arrangement, its coverage "did not fit our successful model at the other three Majors"—where ESPN is the exclusive rightsholder.[44] Tennis Channel chose to retain these rights under its new owner Sinclair Broadcast Group, nearly doubling the amount of coverage Tennis Channel will air from Roland Garros.[45][46]

Other than a three-year stint on CBS, NBC has remained the American television network home of the French Open since 1983. Since acquiring rights to the Indianapolis 500 in 2019, NBC's coverage begins on Memorial Day, the second day of the tournament; the network provides coverage windows on the holiday and the second weekend in the afternoon U.S. time. These windows consist of exclusive tape-delayed matches from earlier in the day, but any ongoing matches at the window's start are shown live to their conclusion. The later men's and women's semifinals are broadcast live on NBC in the Eastern Time Zone and tape-delayed in others, but since 2017 these matches are also simulcast on NBCSN to allow nationwide live coverage. Finals are live nationwide.[47]

Other regions and countriesEdit

EuropeEurosport and the Eurosport Player (co-broadcaster in various countries).

Asia

AmericasESPN (except Brazil & Canada)

Africa

Oceania

Ball boys and ball girlsEdit

At the 2020 French Open, there were 230 "ramasseurs de balles" (literally "gatherers of balls" in English). They are aged between 12 and 16 years old, and dress in matching shirts and shorts. The ball boys and ball girls are chosen to take part in the French Open through an application process, which in 2020 had approximately 4,000 applicants from across France.[49][50] Upon selection they are trained in the weeks leading up to the French Open.

See alsoEdit

Lists of champions
Other Grand Slam tournaments

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Except Court Philippe Chatrier during rain delay.
  2. ^ In the main draws, there are 128 singles players (S) and 64 doubles teams (D), and there are 128 and 16 entrants in the respective qualifying (Q) draws.
  3. ^ Usually when the tournament is held in the May–June schedule, there are exceptions have been made:
    • 1946 and 1947 tournaments were held in July after Wimbledon followed the aftermath of World War II;
    • 2020 was held in late September after the US Open due to the COVID-19 pandemic;
    • 2021 was postponed to one week also due to the pandemic following after virus cases rose in France on March of that year.
  4. ^ Last French Men's Singles champion: Yannick Noah (1983).
  5. ^ Last French Women's Singles champion: Mary Pierce (2000).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Un siècle d'histoire". Roland-Garros Official Website (in French).
  2. ^ "2021 French Open: When does it take place, what's new this year, TV channels, betting, prize money". tennis365.com. 28 May 2021.
  3. ^ Clarey, Christopher (30 June 2001). "Change Seems Essential to Escape Extinction: Wimbledon: World's Most Loved Dinosaur". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
  4. ^ Monte Burke (30 May 2012). "What Is The Most Prestigious Grand Slam Tennis Tournament?". Forbes. Retrieved 25 June 2013. That survey asked 108 top players to rank the four Slams in order of prestige. The ranking went as follows: 1. Wimbledon 2. French Open 3. U.S. Open 4. Australian Open
  5. ^ Clarey, Christopher (26 May 2006). "In a year of change at Roland Garros, the winners may stay the same". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
  6. ^ "French Open – Countdown: Borg's view on RG". Eurosport. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2008.[dead link] Alt URL
  7. ^ "Un siècle d'histoire". rolandgarros.com.
  8. ^ "Britannica: French Open". Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  9. ^ Christopher Clarey (23 May 2013). "A Puzzler in Paris: French Open or Roland Garros?". The New York Times.
  10. ^ Ramat, Aurel (1994). Le Ramat typographique. Éditions Charles Corlet. p. 63. ISBN 2854804686.
  11. ^ "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891–2008". rolandgarros.com. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
  12. ^ Evan Gershkovich (10 June 2017). "Who was Roland Garros? The fighter pilot behind the French Open". The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b "Roland Garros: a venue open all year long. Past Winners and Draws". ftt.fr. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  14. ^ Henry D. Fetter (6 June 2011). "The French Open During World War II: A Hidden History". The Atlantic.
  15. ^ "Roland Garros Awards Equal Pay". WTA Tour. 16 March 2007. Archived from the original on 23 June 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
  16. ^ "French Open could move away from Roland Garros in Paris". BBC News. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
  17. ^ "Roland Garros set for roof". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  18. ^ "French Open Adds Day; Clay Stays the Same". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  19. ^ "Only 13 matches completed before rain halts play". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  20. ^ Christopher Clarey (28 May 2013). "Renovation Plans in Limbo, Roland Garros Faces Future". The New York Times.
  21. ^ Andrew Roberts (14 February 2011). "French Open Tennis Will Stay in Paris at Upgraded Roland Garros". Bloomberg.
  22. ^ "Modernising Roland Garros stadium". Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original on 10 August 2015.
  23. ^ "Projet de nouveau stade Roland-Garros | CNDP – Commission nationale du débat public". www.debatpublic.fr. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Extension de Roland-Garros: retour devant la justice". Francetvsport (in French). Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  25. ^ Kamakshi Tandon (29 May 2015). "Paris city council votes against French Open expansion project". Tennis.com.
  26. ^ "Roland Garros Revamp Gets Green Light". NDTV. 10 June 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  27. ^ "French Federation to Appeal against Roland Garros´ Modernization suspension!". Tennis World. 26 March 2016.
  28. ^ "Court Simonne-Mathieu stunning new addition to Roland Garros". The Independent. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  29. ^ ""Un écrin extraordinaire" : le court Simonne-Mathieu de Roland-Garros fait l'unanimité chez les joueurs et spectateurs". Franceinfo (in French). 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  30. ^ Christopher Clarey (27 September 2020). "New for This Pandemic French Open: Fall Weather and Lights". The New York Times.
  31. ^ "French Open lights up as another tradition dies". tennishead.net. 21 September 2020.
  32. ^ "French Open postponed by one week in hope more fans can attend". BBC. 8 April 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  33. ^ "Clay, the hallowed red dirt". Roland-Garros. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  34. ^ Atkin, Ronald. "Wimbledon Legends – Bjorn Borg". Wimbledon.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  35. ^ "An A to Z of Roland Garros". rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  36. ^ Absalon, Julien (26 June 2014). "Pourquoi les vainqueurs ne repartent pas avec les vrais trophées". Le Figaro (in French). Paris. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  37. ^ a b "THE TROPHIES". rolandgarros.com. Paris. p. en-US. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  38. ^ "French Open 2021 Prize Money". Perfect Tennis. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  39. ^ a b "French Open winners". Roland Garros. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  40. ^ "Broadcasters". Roland-Garros. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  41. ^ "Channels Broadcasting French Open 2018 Live on TV & Online". Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  42. ^ "French Open to stay on ITV until 2021". ITV Press Centre. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  43. ^ Fang, Ken (23 May 2013). "NBC Begins Coverage of The 2013 French Open This Sunday". Fang's Bites. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  44. ^ a b "ESPN drops the French Open, NBCSN could step in". Awful Announcing. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  45. ^ Umstead, R. Thomas (14 March 2016). "Tennis Channel Extends French Open Pay TV Rights". Multichannel News. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  46. ^ Ourand, John; Kaplan, Daniel (3 August 2015). "ESPN bids French Open adieu after 13 years". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  47. ^ "French Open TV Schedule 2018". Sports Media Watch. 19 May 2016.
  48. ^ Perry, Kevin (12 November 2020). "STAN and NINE become new Australian home of Wimbledon and French Open Tennis". TV Blackbox. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  49. ^ Edworthy, Sarah (2 June 2019). "Day in the Life: Ball Kids". Roland-Garros Official Website. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  50. ^ Guedon, Claire (4 October 2020). "Luka, 14 ans, un Drômois ramasseur de balles à Roland-Garros". France Bleu (in French). Retrieved 4 October 2020.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Australian Open
Grand Slam Tournament
May–June
Succeeded by
Wimbledon

Coordinates: 48°50′49.8″N 2°14′57.3″E / 48.847167°N 2.249250°E / 48.847167; 2.249250