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List of French Open women's singles champions

The French Open,[a][b] known originally as the Internationaux de France,[1] is an annual tennis tournament created in 1891 and played on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.[2] The women's singles event began in 1897.[3]

French Open Women's Singles Champions
LocationParis
France
VenueStade Roland Garros
Governing bodyFrench Tennis Federation
Created1897 (established)
SurfaceClay (red) (1897–Present)
Sand (between 1897–1908 when held at Île de Puteaux)
Prize money 2,100,000 (2017)
TrophyCoupe Suzanne Lenglen
Websitewww.rolandgarros.com/en_FR/about/history/winners.html
Most titles
Amateur era5: Adine Masson
(club members)
4: Helen Wills Moody (Internationals)
Open era7: Chris Evert
Most consecutive titles
Amateur era4: Jeanne Matthey
Suzanne Lenglen
(club members)
3: Helen Wills Moody
3: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
(Internationals)
Open era3: Monica Seles
3: Justine Henin
Current champion
Ashleigh Barty

Contents

HistoryEdit

The French Open is played during two weeks in late May and early June, and has been chronologically the second of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987. The event was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I, and after a one-year lapse in 1940, was unofficially held from 1941 to 1945 because of World War II.[4] The national body that organizes this event is the French Tennis Federation (FFT).

The Racing Club de France and the Stade Français of Paris alternated hosting the event before the competition was moved in 1928 to the newly built Stade Roland Garros, where it has been played since. The tournament was reserved for members of French tennis clubs until the first edition open to international players took place in 1925.[5] From 1941 to 1944, the Vichy regime requisitioned the site and held a Tournoi de France, for French players only, won two times by Alice Weiwers and once by Simone Iribarne Lafargue, and Raymonde Jones Veber. Those editions are not counted by the FFT in the tournament's history.[4] In 1945, under the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the champion was Lolette Payot. Even if it was organised by the French Lawn Tennis Federation, the 1945 event is also not counted by the FFT in the tournament's history.

The women's singles rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. The event has always been contested in a knockout format. Records show that matches have always been played as the best-of-three sets format. The lingering death best-of-twelve points tie-break was introduced in 1973 for the first two sets.[6]

The champion receives a miniature replica of the Coupe Suzanne Lenglen (Suzanne Lenglen Cup), named after Suzanne Lenglen. In 2010, the winner received prize money of 1,120,000.[7]

In the French National Championship, which was when the tournament was reserved to members of French tennis clubs and French nationals, Adine Masson (1897–1899, 1902–1903) holds the record for most titles in women's singles with five victories. The record for most consecutive titles is four by Jeanne Matthey (1909–1912) and Lenglen (1920–1923), all of whose titles came during the club-members-only era.

In the French International Championships, that came after the tournament opened to international competitors but before the open era, Helen Wills Moody (1928–1930, 1932) holds the record for most titles at four. The record for most consecutive titles during this period is three by Wills Moody (1928–1930) and Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (1935–1937).[4][6]

During the French Open, since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, the record for most titles is held by Chris Evert with seven (1974–1975, 1979–1980, 1983, 1985–1986). The record for most consecutive titles during the Open Era is three by Monica Seles (1990–1992) and Justine Henin (2005–2007).[4][6]

This event has been won without losing a set in the Open Era by Evonne Goolagong in 1971, Billie Jean King in 1972, Evert in 1974, Steffi Graf in 1988, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in 1994, and Henin in 2006 and 2007.

ChampionsEdit

Regular competition
†  French club members only event, which was called the French National Championship 
††  Disputed Champions: Not considered a champion by the grand slam. See Tournoi de France [f][8]

French ChampionshipsEdit

 
Jeanne Matthey is a four-time champion
 
Suzanne Lenglen is a six-time champion
 
Helen Wills Moody is a four-time champion
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4][9]
1897   FRA Adine Masson †   FRA P. Girod 6–3, 6–1
1898   FRA Adine Masson †   FRA Only entrant (no final)[d]
1899   FRA Adine Masson †   FRA Only entrant (no final)
1900   FRA Hélène Prévost †   FRA Only entrant (no final)
1901   FRA P. Girod †   FRA Leroux 6–1, 6–1
1902   FRA Adine Masson †   FRA P. Girod 6–0, 6–1
1903   FRA Adine Masson †   FRA Kate Gillou 6–0, 6–8, 6–0
1904   FRA Kate Gillou †   FRA Adine Masson Unknown
1905   FRA Kate Gillou †   FRA Yvonne de Pfeffel 6–0, 11–9
1906   FRA Kate Gillou-Fenwick †   FRA Virginia MacVeagh Unknown
1907   FRA Comtesse de Kermel †   FRA Catherine d'Aliney d'Elva 6–1, retired
1908   FRA Kate Gillou-Fenwick †   FRA Pean 6–2, 6–2
1909   FRA Jeanne Matthey †   FRA Abeille Villard Gallay 10–8, 6–4
1910   FRA Jeanne Matthey †[10]   FRA Germaine Régnier 1–6, 6–1, 9–7
1911   FRA Jeanne Matthey †   FRA Marguerite Broquedis 6–2, 7–5
1912   FRA Jeanne Matthey †   FRA Marie Danet 6–2, 7–5
1913   FRA Marguerite Broquedis †   FRA Jeanne Matthey 6–3, 6–3
1914   FRA Marguerite Broquedis †   FRA Suzanne Lenglen 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
1915 None[e]
1916 None
1917 None
1918 None
1919 None
1920   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   FRA Marguerite Broquedis 6–1, 7–5
1921   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   FRA Germaine Golding Walkover
1922   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   FRA Germaine Golding 6–4, 6–2
1923   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   FRA Germaine Golding 6–1, 6–4
1924   FRA Julie Vlasto †   FRA Jeanne Vaussard 6–2, 6–3
1925   FRA Suzanne Lenglen   GBR[i] Kitty McKane Godfree 6–1, 6–2
1926   FRA Suzanne Lenglen   USA Mary Browne 6–1, 6–0
1927   NED Kea Bouman   ZAF Irene Bowder Peacock 6–2, 6–4
1928   USA Helen Wills Moody   GBR Eileen Bennett Whittingstall 6–1, 6–2
1929   USA Helen Wills Moody   FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–4
1930   USA Helen Wills Moody   USA Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1
1931   GER Cilly Aussem   GBR Betty Nuthall 8–6, 6–1
1932   USA Helen Wills Moody   FRA Simonne Mathieu 7–5, 6–1
1933   GBR[i] Margaret Scriven Vivian   FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1934   GBR Margaret Scriven Vivian   USA Helen Jacobs 7–5, 4–6, 6–1
1935   GER[11] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling   FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 6–1
1936   GER[12] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling   FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–4
1937   GER[13] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling   FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 6–4
1938   FRA Simonne Mathieu   FRA Nelly Adamson Landry 6–0, 6–3
1939   FRA Simonne Mathieu   POL Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–3, 8–6
1940 None[f]
1941   LUX Alice Weiwers ††   FRA Anne-Marie Seghers 6–3, 6–0
1942   LUX Alice Weiwers ††    SUI Lolette Payot 6–4, 6–4
1943   FRA Simone Iribarne Lafargue ††   LUX Alice Weiwers 6–1, 7–5
1944   FRA Raymonde Jones Veber ††   FRA Jacqueline Patorni 6–4, 9–7
1945    SUI Lolette Payot ††   FRA Simone Iribarne Lafargue 6–3, 6–4
1946   USA Margaret Osborne duPont   USA Pauline Betz Addie 1–6, 8–6, 7–5
1947   USA Patricia Canning Todd   USA Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
1948   FRA Nelly Adamson Landry   USA Shirley Fry 6–2, 0–6, 6–0
1949   USA Margaret Osborne duPont   FRA Nelly Adamson Landry 7–5, 6–2
1950   USA Doris Hart   USA Patricia Canning Todd 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1951   USA Shirley Fry   USA Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1952   USA Doris Hart   USA Shirley Fry 6–4, 6–4
1953   USA Maureen Connolly   USA Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1954   USA Maureen Connolly   FRA Ginette Bucaille 6–4, 6–1
1955   GBR Angela Mortimer   USA Dorothy Head Knode 2–6, 7–5, 10–8
1956   USA Althea Gibson   GBR Angela Mortimer 6–0, 12–10
1957   GBR Shirley Bloomer   USA Dorothy Head Knode 6–1, 6–3
1958   HUN Zsuzsa Körmöczy   GBR Shirley Bloomer Brasher 6–4, 1–6, 6–2
1959   GBR Christine Truman   HUN Zsuzsa Körmöczy 6–4, 7–5
1960   USA Darlene Hard   MEX Yola Ramírez 6–3, 6–4
1961   GBR Ann Haydon   MEX Yola Ramírez 6–2, 6–1
1962   AUS Margaret Court   AUS Lesley Turner 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
1963   AUS Lesley Turner   GBR Ann Haydon Jones 2–6, 6–3, 7–5
1964   AUS Margaret Court   BRA Maria Bueno 5–7, 6–1, 6–2
1965   AUS Lesley Turner   AUS Margaret Court 6–3, 6–4
1966   GBR Ann Haydon Jones   USA Nancy Richey 6–3, 6–1
1967   FRA Françoise Dürr   AUS Lesley Turner 4–6, 6–3, 6–4

French OpenEdit

 
Chris Evert won an Open Era record seven titles over a 13-year period.
 
Steffi Graf is a six-time champion.
 
Justine Henin is a four-time champion and won three times consecutively.
 
Ashleigh Barty is the most recent champion.
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4][9]
1968   USA Nancy Richey   GBR Ann Haydon Jones 5–7, 6–4, 6–1
1969   AUS Margaret Court   GBR Ann Haydon Jones 6–1, 4–6, 6–3
1970   AUS Margaret Court   FRG[k] Helga Niessen 6–2, 6–4
1971   AUS Evonne Goolagong[l]   AUS Helen Gourlay 6–3, 7–5
1972   USA Billie Jean King   AUS Evonne Goolagong 6–3, 6–3
1973   AUS Margaret Court   USA Chris Evert 6–7(5–7)[g], 7–6(8–6), 6–4
1974   USA Chris Evert   URS Olga Morozova 6–1, 6–2
1975   USA Chris Evert   TCH[h] Martina Navratilova[j] 2–6, 6–2, 6–1
1976   GBR[m] Sue Barker   TCH Renáta Tomanová 6–2, 0–6, 6–2
1977   YUG Mima Jaušovec   ROU Florența Mihai 6–2, 6–7(5–7), 6–1
1978   ROU Virginia Ruzici   YUG Mima Jaušovec 6–2, 6–2
1979   USA Chris Evert   AUS Wendy Turnbull 6–2, 6–0
1980   USA Chris Evert   ROU Virginia Ruzici 6–0, 6–3
1981   TCH[h] Hana Mandlíková   FRG Sylvia Hanika 6–2, 6–4
1982   USA Martina Navratilova[j]   USA Andrea Jaeger 7–6(8–6), 6–1
1983   USA Chris Evert   YUG Mima Jaušovec 6–1, 6–2
1984   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Chris Evert 6–3, 6–1
1985   USA Chris Evert   USA Martina Navratilova 6–3, 6–7(4–7), 7–5
1986   USA Chris Evert   USA Martina Navratilova 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1987   FRG[k] Steffi Graf   USA Martina Navratilova 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
1988   FRG Steffi Graf   URS Natasha Zvereva 6–0, 6–0
1989   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario   FRG Steffi Graf 7–6(8–6), 3–6, 7–5
1990   YUG Monica Seles   FRG Steffi Graf 7–6(8–6), 6–4
1991   YUG Monica Seles   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–4
1992   YUG Monica Seles   GER Steffi Graf 6–2, 3–6, 10–8
1993   GER Steffi Graf   USA Mary Joe Fernández 4–6, 6–2, 6–4
1994   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario   FRA Mary Pierce 6–4, 6–4
1995   GER Steffi Graf   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 7–5, 4–6, 6–0
1996   GER Steffi Graf   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–7(4–7), 10–8
1997   CRO Iva Majoli    SUI Martina Hingis 6–4, 6–2
1998   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario   USA Monica Seles 7–6(7–5), 0–6, 6–2
1999   GER Steffi Graf    SUI Martina Hingis 4–6, 7–5, 6–2
2000   FRA Mary Pierce   ESP Conchita Martínez 6–2, 7–5
2001   USA Jennifer Capriati   BEL Kim Clijsters 1–6, 6–4, 12–10
2002   USA Serena Williams   USA Venus Williams 7–5, 6–3
2003   BEL Justine Henin-Hardenne   BEL Kim Clijsters 6–0, 6–4
2004   RUS Anastasia Myskina   RUS Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
2005   BEL Justine Henin-Hardenne   FRA Mary Pierce 6–1, 6–1
2006   BEL Justine Henin-Hardenne   RUS Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–4, 6–4
2007   BEL Justine Henin   SRB Ana Ivanovic 6–1, 6–2
2008   SRB Ana Ivanovic   RUS Dinara Safina 6–4, 6–3
2009   RUS Svetlana Kuznetsova   RUS Dinara Safina 6–4, 6–2
2010   ITA Francesca Schiavone   AUS Samantha Stosur 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
2011   CHN Li Na   ITA Francesca Schiavone 6–4, 7–6(7–0)
2012   RUS Maria Sharapova   ITA Sara Errani 6–3, 6–2
2013   USA Serena Williams   RUS Maria Sharapova 6–4, 6–4
2014   RUS Maria Sharapova   ROU Simona Halep 6–4, 6–7(5–7), 6–4
2015   USA Serena Williams   CZE Lucie Šafářová 6–3, 6–7(2–7), 6–2
2016   ESP Garbiñe Muguruza   USA Serena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2017   LAT Jeļena Ostapenko   ROU Simona Halep 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
2018   ROU Simona Halep   USA Sloane Stephens 3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2019   AUS Ashleigh Barty   CZE Markéta Vondroušová 6–1, 6–3

StatisticsEdit

Multiple championsEdit

Competitions prior to 1925 opened only to French tennis club members and French nationals
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
  Chris Evert (USA) 0 7 7 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986
  Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 6 0 6 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926
  Steffi Graf (GER)[k] 0 6 6 1987, 1988, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999
  Adine Masson (FRA) 5 0 5 1897, 1898, 1899, 1902, 1903
  Margaret Court (AUS) 2 3 5 1962, 1964, 1969, 1970, 1973
  Kate Gillou (FRA) 4 0 4 1904, 1905, 1906, 1908
  Jeanne Matthey (FRA) 4 0 4 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912
  Helen Wills (USA) 4 0 4 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932
  Justine Henin (BEL) 0 4 4 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007
  Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (GER) 3 0 3 1935, 1936, 1937
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (ESP) 0 3 3 1989, 1994, 1998
  Monica Seles (YUG) 0 3 3 1990, 1991, 1992
  Serena Williams (USA) 0 3 3 2002, 2013, 2015
  Margaret Scriven Vivian (GBR) 2 0 2 1933, 1934
  Simonne Mathieu (FRA) 2 0 2 1938, 1939
  Margaret Osborne duPont (USA) 2 0 2 1946, 1949
  Doris Hart (USA) 2 0 2 1950, 1952
  Maureen Connolly (USA) 2 0 2 1953, 1954
  Ann Haydon Jones (GBR) 2 0 2 1961, 1966
  Lesley Turner Bowrey (AUS) 2 0 2 1963, 1965
  Martina Navratilova (USA)[j] 0 2 2 1982, 1984
  Maria Sharapova (RUS) 0 2 2 2012, 2014

Champions by countryEdit

¤  Former country
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
  France (FRA) 29 1 30 1897 2000
  United States (USA) 14 15 29 1928 2015
  Australia (AUS) 4 5 9 1962 2019
  Great Britain (GBR) 7 1 8 1933 1976
  Germany (GER)[l] 1 6 7 1931 1999
  Russia (RUS) 0 4 4 2004 2014
  Yugoslavia (YUG) ¤ 0 4 4 1977 1992
  Belgium (BEL) 0 4 4 2003 2007
  Spain (ESP) 0 4 4 1989 2016
  Germany (GER) 3 0 3 1935 1937
  West Germany (FRG) ¤[k] 0 2 2 1987 1988
  Romania (ROU) 0 2 2 1978 2018
  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 1 1927 1927
  Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 1958 1958
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) ¤[h] 0 1 1 1981 1981
  Croatia (CRO) 0 1 1 1997 1997
  Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2008 2008
  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2010 2010
  China (CHN) 0 1 1 2011 2011
  Latvia (LAT) 0 1 1 2017 2017

NotesEdit

  • a Known as the Les Championnats de France (1891–1924) then Les Championnats internationaux de France (1925–1967) during the Amateur Era.[3]
  • b The tournament entered the Open Era with the 1968 event, when professional players were allowed to compete alongside amateurs.[4]
  • c Each year is linked to an article about that particular years draw, with the exception of pre-1925 years.
  • d Unchallenged champion (the only entrant into the final challenge round, so declared the champion without a contest).
  • e The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I.[3]
  • f Because of World War II, the tournaments held from 1940 to 1945 are not officially recognised by the Fédération Française de Tennis.[3][4] Consequently, despite being listed by a few sources, the champions from those years are not included in the official statistics. They are listed here as a historical note.
  • g Set score in parentheses indicates a tiebreaker score.
  • h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  • i No wins by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus many wins by a player(s) from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).
  • j Martina Navratilova was born in Czechoslovakia, but competed as an American after the US Open in 1975, having sought asylum in the United States, which made her relinquish her Czechoslovakian citizenship.
  • k FRG is West Germany, but after reunification with East Germany became Germany (GER) in 1990.
  • l Evonne Goolagong became Evonne Goolagong Cawley after her marriage to Roger Cawley in 1975, but when she won the 1971 French Open she had not married.
  • m Sue Barker is erroneously listed as an Australian on the trophy.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891 – 2015". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  • "Grand Slam Tournaments – French Open" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  • "List of French Open women's singles champions". Grand Slam History. 2009-06-06. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
Specific
  1. ^ "The Origins of the Tournament". roland-garros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  2. ^ "Tournament profile – Roland Garros". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  3. ^ a b c d "Past Winners and Draws". fft.fr. Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891 – 2011". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  5. ^ Lewis, Gabrielle (2002-05-23). "French Open history". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  6. ^ a b c "Record Breakers". roland-garros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  7. ^ "Event Guide / Prize Money". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on June 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
  8. ^ The Encyclopedia Of Tennis: 100 Years Of Great Players And Events; by Max Robertson and Jack Kramer. 1974 edition, page 376. Source for finalists and scores
  9. ^ a b "French Open – Women's Singles". www.grandslamhistory.com. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  10. ^ "Les Championnats de France 1910". Organe du lawn-tennis en France (in French). Vol. 1 no. 10. 3 July 1910. pp. 73–74 – via Gallica.
  11. ^ "Official 1935 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Official 1936 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Official 1937 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  14. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/tennis/48573957

External linksEdit