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Jan Kodeš (born 1 March 1946) is a Czech former tennis player who won three Grand Slam singles events in the early 1970s.

Jan Kodeš
Jan Kodeš.JPG
Country (sports) Czechoslovakia
ResidencePrague, Czech Republic
Born (1946-03-01) 1 March 1946 (age 73)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Height1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Turned pro1968 (amateur tour from 1966)
Retired1983
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$693,197
Int. Tennis HoF1990 (member page)
Singles
Career record434–252 (63.3%)
Career titles11
Highest rankingNo. 5 (13 September 1973)
Grand Slam Singles results
French OpenW (1970, 1971)
WimbledonW (1973)
US OpenF (1971, 1973)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsRR (1970, 1971, 1972, 1973)
WCT FinalsSF (1974)
Doubles
Career record313-183
Career titles17
Highest rankingNo. 12 (21 May 1979)

Kodeš's greatest success was achieved on the clay courts of the French Open played at the Stade Roland Garros. He won the singles title there in 1970, beating Željko Franulović in the final in straight sets, and again in 1971, this time defeating Ilie Năstase in the final in four sets. He also won Wimbledon on grass in 1973, although 13 of the top 16 players, and 81 players in total, did not play the tournament[1] that year because of a boycott over the banning from Wimbledon of Nikola Pilić by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF). Kodeš beat home favorite Roger Taylor in the semifinals in five sets and Alex Metreveli in the final in three straight sets.[2][3]

Kodeš never played the Australian Open but he was twice the runner-up at the US Open, in 1971, losing to Stan Smith, and 1973 when he lost in five sets to John Newcombe.[4][3]

Kodeš reached his highest tour ranking of World No. 5 in September 1973.[3] During his career, he won a total of eight top-level singles titles and 17 doubles titles.

He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1990. In 2013 he received the Czech fair play award from the Czech Olympic Committee. He is an economics graduate of the Prague University.[3]

Contents

Career statisticsEdit

Grand Slam tournament performance timelineEdit

Tournament 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 SR W–L Win %
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open Absent 0 / 0 0–0
French Open 2R 4R 1R[a] 4R W W QF QF 4R 4R 3R 4R 3R 2R 2R 1R 2 / 16 43–13 76.79
Wimbledon 1R 1R1 1R 2R 1R 1R SF W QF 2R A 1R 1R 1R 2R 1R 1 / 15 19–14 57.58
US Open A A A 2R A F 2R F 4R 4R QF 3R A 2R A A 0 / 9 27–9 75.00
Win–Loss 1–2 3–2 0–1 5–3 7–1 13–2 9–3 17–2 10–3 7–3 6–2 5–3 2–2 2–3 2–2 0–2 3 / 40 89–36 71.20

1 Start of the Open Era.
a 1968 French Open counts as 0 wins, 0 losses. Fernando Gentil received a walkover in the first round, after Kodeš withdrew, does not count as a Kodeš loss (nor a Gentil win).

Finals: 5 (3 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1970 French Open (1) Clay   Željko Franulović 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
Winner 1971 French Open (2) Clay   Ilie Năstase 8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
Runner-up 1971 US Open (1) Grass   Stan Smith 6–3, 3–6, 2–6, 6–7(3–5)
Winner 1973 Wimbledon Grass   Alex Metreveli 6–1, 9–8(7–5), 6–3
Runner-up 1973 US Open (2) Grass   John Newcombe 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 3–6

Open era finalsEdit

Singles (8 titles, 18 runners-up)Edit

Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. 1969 Barranquilla, Colombia Clay   Ilie Năstase 4–6, 4–6, 10–8, 6–2, 3–6
Winner 1. 1970 French Open, Paris Clay   Željko Franulović 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 2. 1970 Rome, Italy Clay   Ilie Năstase 3–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–8
Runner-up 3. 1971 Nice, France Clay   Ilie Năstase 8–10, 9–11, 1–6
Winner 2. 1971 Catania, Italy Clay   Georges Goven 6–3, 6–0, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 1971 Rome, Italy Clay   Rod Laver 5–7, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 3. 1971 French Open, Paris Clay   Ilie Năstase 8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
Runner-up 5. 1971 U.S. Open, New York City Grass   Stan Smith 6–3, 3–6, 2–6, 6–7
Runner-up 6. 1971 Stockholm, Sweden Hard (i)   Arthur Ashe 1–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 7. 1972 Nice, France Clay   Ilie Năstase 0–6, 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 8. 1972 Rome, Italy Clay   Manuel Orantes 6–4, 1–6, 5–7, 2–6
Winner 4. 1972 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Manuel Orantes 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
Winner 5. 1973 Cologne WCT, Germany Carpet   Brian Fairlie 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 9. 1973 Vancouver WCT, Canada Carpet   Tom Gorman 6–3, 2–6, 5–7
Winner 6. 1973 Wimbledon, London Grass   Alex Metreveli 6–1, 9–8, 6–3
Runner-up 10. 1973 U.S. Open, New York City Grass   John Newcombe 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 3–6
Runner-up 11. 1973 Prague, Czechoslovakia Mateflex   Jiří Hřebec 6–4, 1–6, 6–3, 0–6, 5–7
Runner-up 12. 1975 Hampton, U.S. Carpet   Jimmy Connors 6–3, 3–6, 0–6
Runner-up 13. 1975 Hamburg, Germany Clay   Manuel Orantes 6–3, 2–6, 2–6, 6–4, 1–6
Runner-up 14. 1975 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay   Jaime Fillol 4–6, 6–1, 0–6, 5–7
Runner-up 15. 1975 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Adriano Panatta 6–2, 2–6, 5–7, 4–6
Winner 7. 1975 Madrid, Spain Clay   Adriano Panatta 6–2, 3–6, 7–6, 6–2
Winner 8. 1976 Basel, Switzerland Mateflex   Jiří Hřebec 6–4, 6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 16. 1976 Nice, France Clay   Corrado Barazzutti 2–6, 6–2, 7–5, 6–7, 6–8
Runner-up 17. 1976 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Manuel Orantes 6–7, 2–6, 6–7
Runner-up 18. 1977 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Guillermo Vilas 7–5, 2–6, 6–4, 3–6, 2–6

Doubles (17 titles, 24 runners-up)Edit

Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1. 1970 Båstad, Sweden Clay   Željko Franulović   Dick Crealy
  Allan Stone
2–6, 6–2, 12–12, RET.
Runner-up 2. 1970 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Željko Franulović   John Alexander
  Phil Dent
8–10, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 3. 1970 Phoenix, U.S. Hard   Charlie Pasarell   Dick Crealy
  Ray Ruffels
6–7, 3–6
Runner-up 4. 1970 Buenos Aires, Argentina Clay   Željko Franulović   Bob Carmichael
  Ray Ruffels
5–7, 2–6, 7–5, 7–6, 3–6
Runner-up 5. 1971 Macon, U.S. Carpet   Željko Franulović   Clark Graebner
  Thomaz Koch
3–6, 6–7
Runner-up 6. 1971 Catania, Italy Clay   Jan Kukal   Pierre Barthès
  Francois Jauffret
6-7, 6-2, 3-6
Winner 1. 1971 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay   Željko Franulović   Clark Graebner
  Erik Van Dillen
7–6, 5–7, 6–3
Winner 2. 1972 Nice, France Clay   Stan Smith   Frew McMillan
  Ilie Năstase
6–3, 3–6, 7–5
Winner 3. 1972 Hamburg, Germany Clay   Ilie Năstase   Bob Hewitt
  Ion Ţiriac
4–6, 6–0, 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
Runner-up 7. 1972 Montreal, Canada Clay   Jan Kukal   Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac
6–7, 3–6
Winner 4. 1973 Los Angeles, U.S. Hard   Vladimír Zedník   Jimmy Connors
  Ilie Năstase
6–2, 6–4
Winner 5. 1973 Prague, Czechoslovakia Mateflex   Vladimír Zedník   Róbert Machán
  Balázs Taróczy
7-6, 7–6
Winner 6. 1974 Palm Desert WCT, U.S. Hard   Vladimír Zedník   Raymond Moore
  Onny Parun
6–4, 6–4
Winner 7. 1974 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay   Jiří Hřebec   Ken-Ichi Hirai
  Toshiro Sakai
6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 8. 1975 Salisbury, U.S. Carpet   Roger Taylor   Jimmy Connors
  Ilie Năstase
6–7, 2–6
Winner 8. 1975 Munich, Germany Clay   Wojtek Fibak   Milan Holeček
  Karl Meiler
7–5, 6–3
Runner-up 9. 1975 Hamburg, Germany Clay   Wojtek Fibak   Juan Gisbert, Sr.
  Manuel Orantes
3–6, 6–7
Winner 9. 1975 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay   François Jauffret   Harald Elschenbroich
  Hans Kary
6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 10. 1975 Montreal, Canada Hard   Ilie Năstase   Cliff Drysdale
  Raymond Moore
4–6, 7–5, 6–7
Winner 10. 1975 Madrid, Spain Clay   Ilie Năstase   Juan Gisbert, Sr.
  Manuel Orantes
6–4, 3–6, 9–7
Winner 11. 1976 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Jiří Hřebec   Jürgen Fassbender
  Hans-Jürgen Pohmann
6–7, 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 12. 1977 Baltimore, U.S. Carpet   Ross Case   Ion Ţiriac
  Guillermo Vilas
3–6, 7–6, 4–6
Winner 12. 1977 Monte Carlo WCT, Monaco Clay   François Jauffret   Wojtek Fibak
  Tom Okker
2–6, 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 13. 1977 French Open, Paris Clay   Wojtek Fibak   Brian Gottfried
  Raúl Ramírez
6–7, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6
Winner 13. 1977 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Wojtek Fibak   Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
6–0, 6–4
Runner-up 14. 1977 Vienna, Austria Carpet   Wojtek Fibak   Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 15. 1977 Oviedo, Spain Carpet   Raúl Ramírez   Fred McNair
  Sherwood Stewart
3–6, 1–6
Runner-up 16. 1978 Springfield, U.S. Carpet   Marty Riessen   Robert Lutz
  Stan Smith
3–6, 3–6
Runner-up 17. 1978 Nice, France Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Patrice Dominguez
  François Jauffret
4–6, 0–6
Runner-up 18. 1978 Rome, Italy Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Víctor Pecci
  Belus Prajoux
7–6, 6–7, 1–6
Winner 14. 1978 Stuttgart Outdoor, Germany Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Carlos Kirmayr
  Belus Prajoux
6–3, 7–6
Runner-up 19. 1978 Aix-en-Provence, France Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Ion Ţiriac
  Guillermo Vilas
6–7, 1–6
Winner 15. 1978 Madrid, Spain Clay   Wojtek Fibak   Pavel Složil
  Tomáš Šmíd
6–7, 6–1, 6–2
Winner 16. 1979 Hamburg, Germany Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Mark Edmondson
  John Marks
6–3, 6–1, 7–6
Runner-up 20. 1979 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Tom Okker
  Balázs Taróczy
1–6, 3–6
Runner-up 21. 1979 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Gene Mayer
  John McEnroe
4–6, 6–7
Runner-up 22. 1980 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Balázs Taróczy   Steve Denton
  Ivan Lendl
2–6, 7–6, 3–6
Runner-up 23. 1980 Cologne, Germany Carpet   Tomáš Šmíd   Bernard Mitton
  Andrew Pattison
4–6, 1–6
Winner 17. 1982 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Balázs Taróczy
  Heinz Günthardt
7–6, 6–4
Runner-up 24. 1983 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay   Tomáš Šmíd   Heinz Günthardt
  Balázs Taróczy
6–3, 2–6, 3–6

At results above are not shown wins and runners-up from 1965 to 1969, such as tournaments in Santiago, Viňa del Mar, São Paulo, Lyon, Cannes, Luxemburg, Split, Varna, Plovdiv, Paris (Racing Club) or International championships of Czechoslovakia in Bratislava. The draws of players were always minimum 32 players, same as at contemporary ATP Tour events, but they are not listed in ATP Annuals, since ATP was founded at 1972.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wimbledon: The Official History of the Championships. Barrett, John. Collins Willow 2011 ISBN 0-00-711707-8
  2. ^ "Wimbledon Singles Titles Captured by King, Kodes" (The Spokesman-Review). AP. 8 July 1973.
  3. ^ a b c d John Barrett, ed. (1974). World of Tennis '74 : a BP and Commercial Union yearbook. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 268–269. ISBN 9780362001686.
  4. ^ "Newcombe cops U.S. net Open" (Star–News). UPI. 10 September 1973. p. Fifteen.

Further readingEdit

Jan Kodes, with Petr Kolar, A Journey to Glory from behind the Iron Curtain, New Chapter Press, Chicago, 2010, ISBN 978-0942257687

External linksEdit