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The 1970 Pepsi-Cola ILTF Grand Prix was a tennis circuit administered by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) which served as a forerunner to the current Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour and the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour.[1] It was the inaugural edition of the Grand Prix circuit and consisted of men's tournaments recognised by the ILTF.[a] The creation of the Grand Prix circuit, on an experimental basis during its first year, was announced in April 1970 by the president of the ILTF, Ben Barnett.[2] It was the brainchild of Jack Kramer, former tennis promoter and winner of the Wimbledon and US championships, and was aimed at countering the influence of commercial promoters, particularly Lamar Hunt and his World Championship Tennis circuit and George MacCall's National Tennis League.[3][4]

1970 Grand Prix circuit
Details
Duration27 April – 9 December
Edition1st
Tournaments20
CategoriesClass A (3)
Class 1 (6)
Class 2 (11)
Achievements (singles)
Most tournament titlesAustralia Rod Laver (4)
Most tournament finalsAustralia Rod Laver (7)
Prize money leaderUnited States Cliff Richey ($25,000)
Points leaderUnited States Cliff Richey (60)
1971

The tournaments were graded in one of three categories which determined the number of ranking points available: Class A, comprising the three Grand Slam tournaments, Class 1 and Class 2. The Pepsi-Cola Masters and Davis Cup Final are included in this calendar but did not count towards the Grand Prix. In addition to the tournament prize money a bonus pool of $150,000 was available for the top 20 ranked players. The bonus pool was jointly funded by Pepsi-Cola as title sponsor and the participating tournaments which reserved 10% of their prize money.[5][6] Cliff Richey earned $25,000 bonus as the winner of the first Grand Prix circuit.[7] At the end of the season the top six ranked players qualified for a Masters round-robin tournament held in Tokyo which was won by Stan Smith.

All open tennis tournaments were eligible to be included in the Grand Prix circuit provided they committed to not paying any management fees to commercial organizations with players under contract. Originally the Italian Championships, played in April in Rome, was part of the Grand Prix calendar but it was withdrawn during the tournament when it became known that they had paid management fees to the competing World Championship Tennis organization.[8]

Contents

ScheduleEdit

Key
Class A (Grand Slam) tournaments
Grand Prix Masters
Class 1 tournaments
Class 2 tournaments
Team events

AprilEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
27 April Rothmans British Hard Court Championships
Bournemouth, Great Britain
$25,000 – Clay – 32S/16D/16XD
Class 2
  Mark Cox
6–1, 6–2, 6–3
  Bob Hewitt   Gerald Battrick
  Nikola Pilić
  Georges Goven
  Ismail El Shafei
  François Jauffret
  Tom Okker
  Tom Okker
  Tony Roche
2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
  William Bowrey
  Owen Davidson
  Billie Jean King
  Bob Hewitt
6–2, 3–6, 6–1
  Virginia Wade
  Bob Maud

MayEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
25 May French Open
Paris, France
Grand Slam
Clay – 128S/101Q/72D/53XD
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw
  Jan Kodeš
6–2, 6–4, 6–0
  Željko Franulović   Cliff Richey
  Georges Goven
  Ilie Năstase
  Arthur Ashe
  François Jauffret
  Martin Mulligan
  Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac
6–2, 6–4, 6–3
  Arthur Ashe
  Charlie Pasarell
  Billie Jean King
  Bob Hewitt
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
  Françoise Dürr
  Jean-Claude Barclay

JuneEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
22 June Wimbledon Championships
London, Great Britain
Grand Slam

Grass – 128S/80Q/64D/32Q/56XD/12Q
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw

  John Newcombe
5–7, 6–3, 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
  Ken Rosewall   Roger Taylor
  Andrés Gimeno
  Clark Graebner
  Tony Roche
  Bob Carmichael
  Roy Emerson
  John Newcombe
  Tony Roche
10–8, 6–3, 6–1
  Ken Rosewall
  Fred Stolle
  Rosemary Casals
  Ilie Năstase
6–3, 4–6, 9–7
  Olga Morozova
  Alex Metreveli

JulyEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
6 July Swedish Championships
Båstad, Sweden
Clay – 32S/21D
Class 1
  Dick Crealy
6–3, 6–1, 6–1
  Georges Goven   Željko Franulović
  Bob Carmichael
  Per Jemsby
  Clark Graebner
  John Alexander
  Patricio Rodríguez
  Dick Crealy
  Allan Stone
6–2, 2–6, 12–12 RET.
  Željko Franulović
  Jan Kodeš
13 July Washington Star International
Washington, United States
$35,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 2
  Cliff Richey
7–5, 6–2, 6–1
  Arthur Ashe   Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac
  Bob Hewitt
  Georges Goven
  Dick Crealy
  Stan Smith
  Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
7–5, 6–0
  Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac
20 July Western Championships
Cincinnati, United States
$25,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 2
  Ken Rosewall
7–9, 9–7, 8–6
  Cliff Richey   Ilie Năstase
  Jan Kodeš
  Clark Graebner
  Ion Ţiriac
  Stan Smith
  Bob Hewitt
  Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac
6–3, 6–4
  Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
27 July U.S. Clay Court Championships
Indianapolis, United States
$50,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 1
  Cliff Richey
6–2, 10–8, 3–6, 6–1
  Stan Smith   Željko Franulović
  Arthur Ashe
  Frew McMillan
  Clark Graebner
  Allan Stone
  Jaime Fillol
  Arthur Ashe
  Clark Graebner
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
  Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac

AugustEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
3 August First National Bank Classic
Louisville, United States
$25,000 – Grass – 16S/8D
Class 2
  Rod Laver
6–3, 6–3
  John Newcombe   Tony Roche
  Ken Rosewall
  Cliff Drysdale
  Andrés Gimeno
  Roy Emerson
  Dennis Ralston
  John Newcombe
  Tony Roche
8–6, 5–7, 6–4
  Roy Emerson
  Rod Laver
3 August Bavarian Open Championships
Munich, West Germany
24S/8D
Class 2
  Ion Țiriac
2–6, 9–7, 6–3, 6–4
  Niki Pilić   Christian Kunke
  Ilie Năstase
  Bob Hewitt
  Harald Elschenbroich
  John Alexander
 Barry Phillips-Moore
  Owen Davidson
  Niki Pilić
6–4, 7–5, 6–4
  Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
10 August U.S. Professional Tennis Championships
Boston, United States
$50,000 – Hard – 32S/16D
Class 1
  Tony Roche
3–6, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–2
  Rod Laver   Roy Emerson
  Cliff Drysdale
  Jaime Fillol
  Arthur Ashe
  Jan Kodeš
  Ray Ruffels
  Roy Emerson
  Rod Laver
6–1, 7–6
  Ismail El Shafei
  Torben Ulrich
24 August Pennsylvania Championships
Merion, United States
Grass – 64S/32D
Class 2
  Ray Ruffels
6–3, 7–6, 6–3
  Jaime Fillol   Dick Crealy
  Brian Fairlie
  Bob Carmichael
  Haroon Rahim
  William Bowrey
  Cliff Drysdale
  William Bowrey
  Ray Ruffels
3–6, 6–2, 7–5
  Jim McManus
  Jim Osborne
Davis Cup Final
Cleveland, United States – Hard (i)
  United States
5–0
  West Germany
31 August Marlboro Open
South Orange, United States
$25,000 – Grass – 42S/19D
Class 2
  Rod Laver
6–4, 6–2, 6–2
  Bob Carmichael   Ken Rosewall
  Alex Metreveli
  Andrés Gimeno
  Brian Fairlie
  Dick Stockton
  Onny Parun
  Patricio Cornejo
  Jaime Fillol
3–6, 7–6, 7–6
  Andrés Gimeno
  Rod Laver

SeptemberEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
7 September US Open
New York, United States
Grand Slam
$176,000 – Grass – 108S/63D/34XD
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw
  Ken Rosewall
2–6, 6–4, 7–6(5–2), 6–3
  Tony Roche   Cliff Richey
  John Newcombe
  Dennis Ralston
  Brian Fairlie
  Stan Smith
  Arthur Ashe
  Pierre Barthès
  Nikola Pilić
6–3, 7–6, 4–6, 7–6
  Roy Emerson
  Rod Laver
  Margaret Court
  Marty Riessen
6–4, 6–4
  Judy Tegart
  Frew McMillan
21 September Pepsi Pacific Southwest Open
Los Angeles, United States
$65,000 – Hard – 64S/32D
Class 1
  Rod Laver
4–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–5)
  John Newcombe   Arthur Ashe
  Tom Gorman
  Stan Smith
  Clark Graebner
  Marty Riessen
  Pancho Gonzales
  Tom Okker
  Marty Riessen
7–6, 6–2
  Bob Lutz
  Stan Smith
28 September Pacific Coast Championships
Berkeley, United States
Hard – 64S/32D
Class 2
  Arthur Ashe
6–4, 6–2, 6–4
  Cliff Richey   Stan Smith
  Dennis Ralston
  Bob Carmichael
  Jan Kodeš
  Jaime Fillol
  Thomaz Koch
  Bob Lutz
  Stan Smith
6–2, 7–5, 4–6, 6–2
  Roy Barth
  Tom Gorman

OctoberEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
18 October Phoenix Thunderbird Championships
Phoenix, United States
Hard – 31S/16D
Class 2
  Stan Smith
6–3, 6–7, 6–1
  Jim Osborne   Barry MacKay
  Bob Carmichael
  Charlie Pasarell
  Jan Kodeš
  Frank Froehling
  Tom Edlefsen
  Dick Crealy
  Ray Ruffels
7–6, 6–3
  Jan Kodeš
  Charlie Pasarell

NovemberEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
1 November Stockholm Open
Stockholm, Sweden
$35,000 – Hard (i) – 32S/16D
Class 2
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
  Stan Smith
5–7, 6–4, 6–4
  Arthur Ashe   Ken Rosewall
  Cliff Richey
  Mark Cox
  Georges Goven
  Dennis Ralston
  Roy Emerson
  Arthur Ashe
  Stan Smith
6–0, 5–7, 7–5
  Bob Carmichael
  Owen Davidson
8 November South American Championships
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Clay – 32S/8D
Class 1
  Željko Franulović
6–4, 6–2, 6–0
  Manuel Orantes   Jan Kodeš
  Bob Carmichael
  Ray Ruffels
  Jan Kukal
  Dick Crealy
  Cliff Richey
  Bob Carmichael
  Ray Ruffels
7–5, 6–2, 5–7, 6–7, 6–3
  Željko Franulović
  Jan Kodeš
Paris Open
Paris, France
$31,000 – Carpet – 32S
Class 2
  Arthur Ashe
7–6, 6–4, 6–3
  Marty Riessen   Stan Smith
  Georges Goven
  Pancho Gonzales
  Dennis Ralston
  Roger Taylor
  Ken Rosewall
16 November Embassy British Indoor Championships
London, England
Carpet – 32S/16D
Class 1
  Rod Laver
6–3, 6–4, 6–4
  Cliff Richey   Cliff Drysdale
  Ken Rosewall
  Ilie Năstase
  Dennis Ralston
  Roger Taylor
  Pancho Gonzales
  Ken Rosewall
  Stan Smith
6–4, 6–3, 6–2
  Ilie Năstase
  Ion Ţiriac

DecemberEdit

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
9 December Pepsi-Cola Masters
Tokyo, Japan
$50,000 – Carpet – 6S/3D (round robin)
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
  Stan Smith   Rod Laver NA NA
  Arthur Ashe
  Stan Smith
  Jan Kodeš
  Rod Laver

Grand Prix point systemEdit

The tournaments listed above were divided into three categories. Class A consisted of the Grand Slams while the other tournaments were divided into Class 1 and Class 2. Points were allocated based on these groups and the finishing position of a player in a tournament. Ties were settled by the number of tournaments played. The points allocation is listed below:

Class A
  • Champion: 15
  • Runner-up: 10
  • Semifinalist: 7
  • Quarterfinalist: 5
  • 9th – 16th: 3
  • 17th – 32nd: 2
Class 1
  • Champion: 11
  • Runner-up: 7
  • Semifinalist: 5
  • 5th – 8th: 3
  • 9th – 16th: 1
Class 2
  • Champion: 8
  • Runner-up: 6
  • Semifinalist: 4
  • 5th – 8th: 2
  • 9th – 16th: 1

Grand Prix rankingsEdit

Position Name Nation Points Prize Money (US$)
1 Cliff Richey   USA 60 25,000
2 Arthur Ashe   USA 55 17,000
3 Ken Rosewall   AUS 53 15,000
4 Rod Laver   AUS 51 12,000
5 Stan Smith   USA 47 10,500
6 Željko Franulović   YUG 35 9,500
7 John Newcombe   AUS 35 8,500
8 Jan Kodeš   CSK 33 7,500
9 Tony Roche   AUS 32 6,500
10 Bob Carmichael   AUS 31 6,000
11 Georges Goven   FRA 25 5,500
12 Ilie Năstase   ROM 25 5,000
13 Dick Crealy   AUS 24 4,500
14 Ray Ruffels   AUS 22 4,000
15 Clark Graebner   USA 22 3,500
16 Dennis Ralston   USA 22 3,000
17 Jaime Fillol   CHI 20 2,500
18 Ion Ţiriac   ROM 19 2,000
19 Cliff Drysdale   RSA 19 1,500
20 Roy Emerson   AUS 19 1,000

List of tournament winnersEdit

The list of winners and number of singles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), alphabetically by last name:

The list of winners and number of doubles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), last name alphabetically:

The list of winners and number of mixed doubles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), alphabetically by last name:

The following players won their first singles title in 1970:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A Grand Prix circuit for women was introduced in 1971.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "1970 Pepsi-Cola Grand Prix". ATPWorldTour.com. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
Specific
  1. ^ "How it All Began". ATPWorldTour.com. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  2. ^ "Tennis Gets A Grand Prix". The Sydney Morning Herald. Apr 9, 1970.
  3. ^ "Grand Prix Experiment In Tennis Is Planned". The Morning Record. Apr 9, 1970. p. 12.
  4. ^ "Obituaries – Jack Kramer". The Daily Telegraph. London. 14 Sep 2009.
  5. ^ "Tennis Assn. Ponders $200,000 Grand Prix" (The Deseret News). UPI. Jun 23, 1970.
  6. ^ "Tennis Grand Prix picks up more money". Ellensburg Daily Record. UPI. Aug 14, 1970.
  7. ^ "Richey Clinches Grand Prix Title". The New York Times. Nov 25, 1970.
  8. ^ John Barrett, ed. (1971). World of Tennis '71. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 133–136. ISBN 978-0-362-00091-7.

Further readingEdit

  • Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book (2nd ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. ISBN 978-0-942257-70-0.