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Designated Player Rule

Steven Gerrard, LA Galaxy's former Designated Player

The Designated Player Rule, nicknamed the Beckham Rule,[1] was adopted as part of the salary cap regulations of Major League Soccer for the 2007 season. The rule allows each MLS franchise to sign up to three players that would be considered outside the team's salary cap (either by offering the player higher wages or by paying a transfer fee for the player), allowing MLS teams to compete for star players in the international soccer market. Clubs have the option to use allocation money against a player's contract, so as to avoid a player with a Designated Player level salary using one of the club's Designated Player slots. As of December 2015, there have been 114 designated players in the MLS.

The rule is informally named after David Beckham, in anticipation of MLS teams signing lucrative deals with internationally recognized players of Beckham's caliber.[1][2] Beckham was the first player signed under this rule, signing a five-year contract with the Los Angeles Galaxy with a guaranteed annual salary of $6.5 million.[3][4]

HistoryEdit

The team salary cap was estimated to be around US$1.9 million in 2006,[5] was $2.1 million in 2007, and was raised to $2.3 million for the 2008 season.[6][7] As part of the 2010 Collective Bargaining Agreement between MLS and the MLS Players' Union, the 2010 salary cap was $2.55 million, with an automatic five percent increase each year until the expiration of the agreement at the end of the 2014 season.

Under the 2007 rule:

  • The rule expires at the end of the 2009 season, and must be renewed then or allowed to lapse.
  • For each Designated Player, $400,000[7][8] of his salary is charged to the salary cap and paid by the league, with any remaining salary being paid by the team's owner. This value was increased for the 2009 season to $415,000.
  • Prior to the 2007 season, there were three players whose salary exceeded $400,000. These players were Landon Donovan, Carlos Ruiz and Eddie Johnson. According to the rule, these players were grandfathered in for the 2007 season, and the exemption was extended after the 2007 season, with the league planning to review the issue at a future date. It was possible that the league would be required to renegotiate these players' contracts or consider them Designated Players. However, prior to the start of the 2008 season, Johnson moved to Fulham of the Premier League,[9] while following Dwayne De Rosario's signing by Toronto FC in January 2009, Ruiz was released by the club and left MLS to play for Olimpia Asunción. This left Donovan as the lone player whose 2009 salary remained grandfathered under the exemption provision. However, there were several more players whose guaranteed salary exceeded the Designated Player amount, but whose salary cap expense was actually lower than their true salary due to the allocation rule. These players include Shalrie Joseph ($450,000), Christian Gomez ($430,000), Dwayne De Rosario ($425,750), and Taylor Twellman ($420,000).
  • Each team initially had one Designated Player spot, but could trade their Designated Spot to another team; teams were allowed a maximum of two Designated Players.
  • Only $325,000 of a team's second Designated Player counted against the salary cap, which was increased to $335,000 in 2009.[7]

The 2010 changes:[10]

  • The rule has no expiration date.
  • For each Designated Player, $335,000 of his salary is charged to the salary cap and paid by the league ($167,500 for DP players joining during the MLS summer transfer window), with any remaining salary being paid by the team's owner. This amount is halved for Designated Players signed in the middle of the season. The salary cap value of Designated Players can also be reduced using allocation money. Finally, teams whose Designated Players transfer abroad in the middle of a season can recoup part of the Designated Players' salary cap value.
  • Landon Donovan is no longer grandfathered into the rule and must be considered a Designated Player.
  • Each team is allowed two Designated Player spots, and they can no longer trade their Designated Player spots. The New York Red Bulls will receive $70,000 in allocation money in return for the nullification of their 2007 trade with Chivas USA for an additional Designated Player spot. This means that both New York and Chivas USA will have two Designated Player spots for the 2010 season.
  • Teams can pay a $250,000 "luxury tax" for the right to sign a third Designated Player. This $250,000 would be distributed equally to all MLS teams that have not signed a third Designated Player in the form of allocation money.

The 2012 changes:[11]

Starting with the 2012 season, the rule was changed with respect to younger players. MLS announced the changes in August 2011 after clubs expressed concern about signing young international players with no guarantees that they would develop into stars.

  • Designated Players over the age of 23 will carry a salary budget charge of $350,000, unless the player joins his club in the middle of the season, in which case his budget charge will be $175,000.
  • Designated Players 21–23 years old count as $200,000 against the club's salary budget.
  • Designated Players 20 years old or younger count as $150,000 against the club's salary budget.
  • The budget charge for the midseason signing of a young Designated Player (23 years old and younger) is $150,000 and this amount cannot be lowered with allocation funds.
  • Clubs will not have to buy the third DP roster slot to accommodate Designated Players 23 years old and younger.
  • Age of player is determined by year (not date) of birth.

The maximum budget charge for Designated Players over age 23 was increased to $368,750 for 2013, $387,500 in 2014, $436,250 in 2015, $457,500 in 2016, and $480,625 in 2017. The budget charge for those who join during the midseason transfer window has remained at one-half of the full-season cap charge since the inception of the rule. The budget charges for younger players have not changed since 2012.[12]

BackgroundEdit

The rule is informally named after soccer star David Beckham, in anticipation of MLS teams signing lucrative deals with internationally recognized players of Beckham's caliber.[1][2] Beckham was the first player to be signed under this rule, signing a lucrative contract with the Los Angeles Galaxy worth up to $250 million over five years, with direct guaranteed compensation from MLS and Galaxy at $6.5 million a year.[3] The rest of Beckham's increased earnings would come from Beckham regaining the entirety of his image rights, of which Real Madrid had owned fifty percent, effectively doubling his existing endorsement income, as well as new endorsement deals, a share of jersey sales, bonuses, etc.[4]

Current Designated PlayersEdit

As of September 27, 2019[13]
Year signed
as DP
Player Nationality Current club 2019 guaranteed compensation[14]
2014 Ignacio Piatti   Montreal Impact $4,443,333
2014 Fanendo Adi   FC Cincinnati $1,965,008
2015 Jozy Altidore   Toronto FC $6,332,250
2016 Nicolás Lodeiro   Seattle Sounders FC $2,502,500
2016 Alejandro Bedoya   Philadelphia Union $1,266,250
2017 Chris Wondolowski   San Jose Earthquakes $800,000
2017 Alberth Elis   Houston Dynamo $650,340
2017 Albert Rusnák   Real Salt Lake $2,001,667
2017 Josef Martínez   Atlanta United $3,058,333
2017 Sebastián Blanco   Portland Timbers $1,375,008
2017 Maximiliano Moralez   New York City FC $2,000,000
2017 Jefferson Savarino   Real Salt Lake $498,696
2017 Valeri Qazaishvili   San Jose Earthquakes $1,604,042
2017 Tomás Martínez   Houston Dynamo $386,804
2017 Jonathan dos Santos   LA Galaxy $2,000,000
2017 Pedro Santos   Columbus Crew SC $864,560
2017 Paul Arriola   D.C. United $707,000
2018 Dom Dwyer   Orlando City $1,503,333
2018 Carlos Vela   Los Angeles FC $6,300,000
2018 Diego Rossi   Los Angeles FC $1,052,000
2018 Jesús Medina   New York City FC $870,833
2018 Ezequiel Barco   Atlanta United $1,425,000
2018 Saphir Taïder   Montreal Impact $1,400,000
2018 Felipe Gutiérrez   Sporting Kansas City $1,650,000
2018 Santiago Mosquera   FC Dallas $591,400
2018 Alejandro Romero Gamarra   New York Red Bulls $800,000
2018 Darwin Quintero   Houston Dynamo $1,750,000
2018 Raúl Ruidíaz   Seattle Sounders FC $1,800,000
2019 Johnny Russell   Sporting Kansas City $1,700,000
2019 Ján Greguš   Minnesota United $883,500
2019 Lucas Rodríguez   D.C. United $298,550
2019 Bryan Acosta   FC Dallas $650,000
2019 Pity Martínez   Atlanta United $900,000
2019 Carles Gil   New England Revolution $2,337,500
2019 Hwang In-beom   Vancouver Whitecaps FC $655,000
2019 Alexandru Mitriță   New York City FC $500,000
2019 Sam Johnson   Real Salt Lake $718,750
2019 Nani   Orlando City $2,486,250
2019 Fredy Montero   Vancouver Whitecaps FC $968,000
2019 Alejandro Pozuelo   Toronto FC $3,800,000
2019 Xavier Arreaga   Seattle Sounders FC $500,850
2019 Gyasi Zardes   Columbus Crew SC $1,471,667
2019 Luis Díaz   Columbus Crew SC $333,900
2019 Ali Adnan   Vancouver Whitecaps FC $1,277,500
2019 Gustavo Bou   New England Revolution $2,100,000
2019 Mauricio Pereyra   Orlando City $1,078,000
2019 Thomás Chacón   Minnesota United $337,000
2019 Brian Rodríguez   Los Angeles FC $1,039,800
2020 Matías Pellegrini   Inter Miami $170,833
2020 Hany Mukhtar   Nashville SC $n/a
2020 Cristian Pavón   LA Galaxy $n/a

Notes

  • Chart indicates when players signed their current Designated Player contract, not necessarily their first year in MLS.
  • Other players in MLS may also be paid a salary that takes them above the Designated Player threshold, but they have had their salary reduced against the salary cap using General or Targeted Allocation Money.[15]
  • Player salaries may be below the Designated Player threshold, but their transfer fee maybe mean the total compensation takes them above the threshold.
  • Player salaries include compensation from their MLS contract, not including any bonuses or compensation from contracts with individual teams or their affiliates.

Club DP historyEdit

As of November 18, 2019[16]

Notes

  • The below list indicates players who have had their contract assigned as a Designated Player (DP) contract during their time in MLS. Players may have not always have had a DP contract, or have later had their contract negotiated below a DP level. Similarly, some players have been in MLS whose salary has been at a DP level, but the club has opted to bring their salary below the DP threshold using General Allocation Money or Targeted Allocation Money. Their listed "Years as DP" indicates what seasons they were active as a DP for that club only. Players in bold are currently signed to a DP contract by their club.
  • Former MLS sides Miami Fusion and Tampa Bay Mutiny were dissolved before the introduction of the Designated Player Rule.

Atlanta United FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Héctor Villalba   San Lorenzo 2017
  Miguel Almirón   Lanús 2017–2018
  Josef Martínez   Torino 2017–
  Ezequiel Barco   Independiente 2018–
  Pity Martínez   River Plate 2019–

Chicago FireEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Cuauhtémoc Blanco   Club América 2007–2009
  Freddie Ljungberg   Seattle Sounders FC 2010
  Nery Castillo   Shakhtar Donetsk 2010
  Álvaro Fernández   Seattle Sounders FC 2012–2013
  Sherjill MacDonald   Germinal Beerschot 2012–2013
  Federico Puppo   Danubio 2012–2014
  Egidio Arévalo Ríos   Tijuana 2013
  Juan Luis Anangonó   El Nacional 2013–2014
  Gilberto   Toronto FC 2015–2016
  David Accam   Helsingborg 2015–2017
  Shaun Maloney   Wigan Athletic 2015
  Kennedy Igboananike   AIK 2015–2016
  Nemanja Nikolić   Legia Warsaw 2017–2019
  Bastian Schweinsteiger   Manchester United 2017–2019
  Aleksandar Katai   Alavés 2019

Chivas USA (defunct)Edit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Juan Pablo Ángel   LA Galaxy 2011–2012
  Oswaldo Minda   Deportivo Quito 2012–2014
  Shalrie Joseph   New England Revolution 2012
  Erick Torres   Guadalajara 2013–2014
  Mauro Rosales   Seattle Sounders FC 2014

FC CincinnatiEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Fanendo Adi   Portland Timbers 2019–
  Allan Cruz   Herediano 2019

Colorado RapidsEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Gabriel Torres   Zamora 2013–2015
  Juan Edgardo Ramírez   Argentinos Juniors 2015–2017
  Kevin Doyle   Wolverhampton Wanderers 2015–2016
  Jermaine Jones   New England Revolution 2016
  Shkëlzen Gashi   FC Basel 2016–2018
  Tim Howard   Everton 2016–2019

Columbus Crew SCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Guillermo Barros Schelotto   Boca Juniors 2009–2010
  Andrés Mendoza   Diyarbakırspor 2010–2011
  Federico Higuaín   Colón 2012–2019
  Kei Kamara   Middlesbrough 2016
  Jonathan Mensah   Anzhi Makhachkala 2017
  Pedro Santos   Braga 2017–
  Milton Valenzuela   Newell's Old Boys 2018–2019
  Gyasi Zardes   LA Galaxy 2019–
  Luis Díaz   Herediano 2019–

FC DallasEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Denílson   Al-Nassr 2007
  David Ferreira   Atlético Paranaense 2009–2013
  Fabián Castillo   Deportivo Cali 2011–2015
  Julian de Guzman   Toronto FC 2012
  Eric Hassli   Toronto FC 2013
  Mauro Díaz   River Plate 2013–2016
  Andrés Escobar   Dynamo Kyiv 2014
  David Texeira   Groningen 2014–2015
  Carlos Gruezo   VfB Stuttgart 2016–2018
  Aníbal Chalá   El Nacional 2017
  Cristian Colmán   Nacional Asunción 2017–2018
  Santiago Mosquera   Millonarios 2018–
  Bryan Acosta   Tenerife 2019–
  Pablo Aránguiz   Unión Española 2019

D.C. UnitedEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Luciano Emílio   Olimpia 2008–2009
  Marcelo Gallardo   Paris Saint-Germain 2008
  Branko Bošković   Rapid Wien 2010–2012
  Dwayne De Rosario   New York Red Bulls 2011–2013
  Hamdi Salihi   Rapid Wien 2012
  Rafael   Bahia 2013
  Eddie Johnson   Seattle Sounders FC 2014–2015
  Fabián Espíndola   New York Red Bulls 2015–2016
  Paul Arriola   Tijuana 2017–
  Wayne Rooney   Everton 2018–2019
  Lucas Rodríguez   Estudiantes 2019–

Houston DynamoEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Luis Ángel Landín   Morelia 2009–2010
  Boniek García   Olimpia 2012–2014
  Giles Barnes   Doncaster Rovers 2012–2016
  Alexander López   Olimpia 2013–2014
  DaMarcus Beasley   Puebla 2014–2016
  Mauro Manotas   Uniautónoma 2015–2016
  Erick Torres   Guadalajara 2015–2017
  Alberth Elis   Monterrey 2017–
  Tomás Martínez   Braga 2017–
  Darwin Quintero   Minnesota United 2020–

Inter Miami CFEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Matías Pellegrini   Estudiantes 2020–

LA GalaxyEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  David Beckham   Real Madrid 2007–2012
  Landon Donovan   Bayer Leverkusen 2010–2014
  Juan Pablo Ángel   New York Red Bulls 2011
  Robbie Keane   Tottenham Hotspur 2011–2016
  Omar Gonzalez   University of Maryland 2013–2015
  Steven Gerrard   Liverpool 2015–2016
  Giovani dos Santos   Villarreal 2015–2018
  Jelle Van Damme   Standard Liège 2016–2017[17]
  Romain Alessandrini   Marseille 2017–2019
  Jonathan dos Santos   Villarreal 2017–
  Zlatan Ibrahimović   Manchester United 2019
  Cristian Pavón   Boca Juniors 2020–

Los Angeles FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Carlos Vela   Real Sociedad 2018–
  Diego Rossi   Peñarol 2018–
  André Horta   Benfica 2018–2019
  Brian Rodríguez   Peñarol 2019–

Minnesota United FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Darwin Quintero   América 2018–2019
  Ángelo Rodríguez   Deportes Tolima 2018–2019
  Ján Greguš   Copenhagen 2019–
  Thomás Chacón   Danubio 2019–

Montreal ImpactEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Marco Di Vaio   Bologna 2012–2014
  Hernán Bernardello   Almería 2013–2014
  Ignacio Piatti   San Lorenzo 2014–
  Didier Drogba   Chelsea 2015–2016
  Lucas Ontivero   Galatasaray 2016
  Blerim Džemaili   Bologna 2017
  Saphir Taïder   Bologna 2018–

Nashville SCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Hany Mukhtar   Brøndby IF 2020–

New England RevolutionEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Milton Caraglio   Rosario Central 2011
  Shalrie Joseph   New York Freedom 2012
  Jerry Bengtson   Motagua 2012–2014
  Jermaine Jones   Beşiktaş 2014–2015
  José Gonçalves   FC Sion 2016
  Xavier Kouassi   FC Sion 2016–2017
  Kei Kamara   Columbus Crew SC 2016–2017
  Claude Dielna   Sheffield Wednesday 2018
  Carles Gil   Deportivo de La Coruña 2019–
  Gustavo Bou   Tijuana 2019–

New York City FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  David Villa   Atlético Madrid 2014–2018
  Frank Lampard   Manchester City 2015–2016
  Andrea Pirlo   Juventus 2015–2017
  Maximiliano Moralez   León 2017–
  Jesús Medina   Libertad 2018–
  Alexandru Mitriță   Universitatea Craiova 2019–

New York Red BullsEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Claudio Reyna   Manchester City 2007–2008
  Juan Pablo Ángel   Aston Villa 2007–2010
  Thierry Henry   Barcelona 2010–2014
  Rafael Márquez   Barcelona 2010–2012
  Frank Rost   Hamburger SV 2011
  Tim Cahill   Everton 2012–2014
  Bradley Wright-Phillips   Charlton Athletic 2015–2016, 2017–2019
  Gonzalo Verón   San Lorenzo 2015–2017
  Sacha Kljestan   R.S.C. Anderlecht 2016–2017
  Omer Damari   RB Leipzig 2016
  Alejandro Romero Gamarra   Huracán 2018–
  Josh Sims   Southampton 2019

Orlando City SCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Kaká   Milan 2014–2017
  Carlos Rivas   Deportivo Cali 2015–2017
  Bryan Róchez   Real España 2015–2016
  Matías Pérez García   San Jose Earthquakes 2016–2017
  Giles Barnes   Vancouver Whitecaps FC 2017
  Yoshimar Yotún   Malmö FF 2017
  Dom Dwyer   Sporting Kansas City 2018–
  Sacha Kljestan   New York Red Bulls 2018
  Josué Colmán   Cerro Porteño 2018–2019
  Nani   Sporting CP 2019–
  Mauricio Pereyra   Krasnodar 2019–

Philadelphia UnionEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Freddy Adu   Benfica 2011–2012
  Kléberson   Bahia 2013
  Cristian Maidana   Rangers de Talca 2014–2015
  Maurice Edu   Stoke City 2014–2017
  Fernando Aristeguieta   Nantes 2015
  Alejandro Bedoya   Nantes 2016–
  Bořek Dočkal   Henan Jianye 2018
  Marco Fabián   Eintracht Frankfurt 2019

Portland TimbersEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Diego Chará   Deportes Tolima 2011–2013
  Kris Boyd   Eskişehirspor 2012
  Diego Valeri   Lanús 2013–2019
  Fanendo Adi   Copenhagen 2014–2015, 2016–2018
  Liam Ridgewell   West Bromwich Albion 2014–2016
  Lucas Melano   Lanús 2015–2016, 2019
  Sebastián Blanco   San Lorenzo 2017–
  Brian Fernández   Necaxa 2019

Real Salt LakeEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Álvaro Saborío   FC Sion 2011–2015
  Javier Morales   UD Vecindario 2011–2015
  Kyle Beckerman   Colorado Rapids 2015
  Joao Plata   Toronto FC 2015–2016
  Sebastián Jaime   Unión Española 2014–2015
  Juan Manuel Martínez   Boca Juniors 2015–2016
  Yura Movsisyan   Spartak Moscow 2016–2017
  Albert Rusnák   Groningen 2017–
  Jefferson Savarino   Zulia 2017–
  Sam Johnson   Vålerenga 2019–

San Jose EarthquakesEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Geovanni   Hull City 2010
  Chris Wondolowski   Houston Dynamo 2013–
  Matías Pérez García   Tigre 2014–2016
  Innocent Emeghara   Qarabağ 2015–2016
  Simon Dawkins   Derby County 2016–2017
  Valeri Qazaishvili   Vitesse 2017–
  Magnus Eriksson   Djurgårdens IF 2018

Seattle Sounders FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Freddie Ljungberg   West Ham United 2009–2010
  Álvaro Fernández   Nacional 2010–2012
  Blaise Nkufo   Twente 2010
  Mauro Rosales   River Plate 2011–2013
  Christian Tiffert   1. FC Kaiserslautern 2012–2013
  Shalrie Joseph   Chivas USA 2013
  Obafemi Martins   Levante 2013–2015
  Clint Dempsey   Tottenham Hotspur 2013–2018
  Osvaldo Alonso   Charleston Battery 2014–2018
  Nelson Valdez   Eintracht Frankfurt 2015–2016
  Nicolás Lodeiro   Boca Juniors 2016–
  Raúl Ruidíaz   Morelia 2018–
  Víctor Rodríguez   Sporting Gijón 2019
  Xavier Arreaga   Barcelona SC 2019–

Sporting Kansas CityEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Claudio López   Racing Club 2008
  Omar Bravo   Guadalajara 2011
  Jéferson   Vasco da Gama 2011
  Claudio Bieler   Liga de Quito 2013–2014
  Matt Besler   University of Notre Dame 2014–2016
  Graham Zusi   University of Maryland 2014–2017
  Roger Espinoza   Wigan Athletic 2015–2018
  Diego Rubio   Valladolid 2016
  Gerso Fernandes   Belenenses 2017
  Yohan Croizet   KV Mechelen 2018–2019
  Felipe Gutiérrez   Real Betis 2018–
  Johnny Russell   Derby County 2019–

Toronto FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Julian de Guzman   Deportivo de La Coruña 2009–2012
  Mista   Deportivo de La Coruña 2010
  Danny Koevermans   PSV Eindhoven 2011–2013
  Torsten Frings   Werder Bremen 2011–2012
  Eric Hassli   Vancouver Whitecaps FC 2012
  Matías Laba   Argentinos Juniors 2013
  Gilberto   Internacional 2014
  Michael Bradley   Roma 2014–2019
  Jermain Defoe   Tottenham Hotspur 2014–2015
  Sebastian Giovinco   Juventus 2015–2018
  Jozy Altidore   Sunderland 2015–
  Alejandro Pozuelo   Genk 2019–

Vancouver Whitecaps FCEdit

Player Previous club Years as DP
  Eric Hassli   Zürich 2011–2012
  Mustapha Jarju   R.A.E.C. Mons 2011
  Barry Robson   Middlesbrough 2012
  Kenny Miller   Cardiff City 2012–2014
  Matías Laba   Toronto FC 2014–2017
  Mauro Rosales   Chivas USA 2014
  Pedro Morales   Málaga 2014–2016
  Octavio Rivero   O'Higgins 2015–2016
  Fredy Montero   Tianjin TEDA
  Sporting CP
2017
2019–
  Brek Shea   Orlando City 2017–2018
  Kendall Waston   Saprissa 2018
  Hwang In-beom   Daejeon Citizen 2019–
  Joaquín Ardaiz   Chiasso 2019
  Ali Adnan   Udinese 2019–

Past and present Designated Players by countryEdit

Number Country Players
33   Argentina Ezequiel Barco, Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Hernán Bernardello, Claudio Bieler, Sebastián Blanco, Gustavo Bou, Milton Caraglio, Mauro Diaz, Fabián Espíndola, Brian Fernández, Marcelo Gallardo, Federico Higuaín, Sebastián Jaime, Matías Laba, Claudio López, Cristian Maidana, Juan Manuel Martinez, Pity Martínez, Tomás Martínez, Lucas Melano, Javier Morales, Maximiliano Moralez, Lucas Ontivero, Cristian Pavón, Matías Pellegrini, Matías Pérez García, Ignacio Piatti, Juan Edgardo Ramírez, Lucas Rodríguez, Mauro Rosales, Diego Valeri, Gonzalo Verón, Milton Valenzuela
21   United States Freddy Adu, Jozy Altidore, Paul Arriola, DaMarcus Beasley, Kyle Beckerman, Alejandro Bedoya, Matt Besler, Michael Bradley, Clint Dempsey, Landon Donovan, Dom Dwyer, Maurice Edu, Omar Gonzalez, Tim Howard, Eddie Johnson, Jermaine Jones, Claudio Reyna, Brek Shea, Chris Wondolowski, Gyasi Zardes, Graham Zusi
11   Uruguay Joaquín Ardaiz, Thomás Chacón, Álvaro Fernández, Nicolás Lodeiro, Mauricio Pereyra, Federico Puppo, Egidio Arévalo Rios, Octavio Rivero, Brian Rodríguez, Diego Rossi, David Texeira
10   Colombia Juan Pablo Ángel, Fabián Castillo, Diego Chará, Andrés Ramiro Escobar, David Ferreira, Mauro Manotas, Fredy Montero, Santiago Mosquera, Darwin Quintero, Ángelo Rodríguez
10   Mexico Cuauhtémoc Blanco, Omar Bravo, Nery Castillo, Luis Ángel Landín, Rafael Márquez, Giovani dos Santos, Jonathan dos Santos, Marco Fabián, Erick Torres, Carlos Vela
8   Brazil Denílson, Luciano Emilio, Geovanni, Gilberto, Jéferson, Kaká, Kléberson, Rafael, Héber
8   England David Beckham, Jermain Defoe, Steven Gerrard, Frank Lampard, Liam Ridgewell, Wayne Rooney, Josh Sims, Bradley Wright-Phillips
7   Honduras Bryan Acosta, Jerry Bengtson, Alberth Elis, Roger Espinoza, Óscar Boniek García, Alexander López, Bryan Róchez
7   Paraguay Miguel Almirón, Josué Colmán, Cristian Colmán, Alejandro Romero Gamarra, Jesús Medina, Nelson Haedo Valdez, Héctor Villalba
6   Ecuador Juan Luis Anangonó, Xavier Arreaga, Aníbal Chalá, Carlos Gruezo, Oswaldo Minda, Joao Plata
5   France Romain Alessandrini, Yohan Croizet, Claude Dielna, Eric Hassli, Thierry Henry
5   Germany Torsten Frings, Hany Mukhtar, Frank Rost, Bastian Schweinsteiger, Christian Tiffert
5   Scotland Kris Boyd, Shaun Maloney, Kenny Miller, Barry Robson, Johnny Russell
5   Spain Carles Gil, Mista, Alejandro Pozuelo, Víctor Rodríguez, David Villa
4   Chile Pablo Aránguiz, Felipe Gutiérrez, Pedro Morales, Diego Rubio
4   Costa Rica Allan Cruz, Luis Díaz, Álvaro Saborío, Kendall Waston
4   Portugal José Gonçalves, André Horta, Nani, Pedro Santos
3   Italy Marco Di Vaio, Sebastian Giovinco, Andrea Pirlo
3   Nigeria Fanendo Adi, Kennedy Igboananike, Obafemi Martins
3   Peru Andrés Mendoza, Raúl Ruidíaz, Yoshimar Yotún
3   Sweden Magnus Eriksson, Zlatan Ibrahimović, Freddie Ljungberg
3   Switzerland Blerim Džemaili, Innocent Emeghara, Blaise Nkufo
3   Venezuela Fernando Aristeguieta, Josef Martínez, Jefferson Savarino
2   Albania Hamdi Salihi, Shkëlzen Gashi
2   Canada Julian de Guzman, Dwayne De Rosario
2   Ghana David Accam, Jonathan Mensah
2   Ireland Kevin Doyle, Robbie Keane
2   Ivory Coast Didier Drogba, Xavier Kouassi
2   Jamaica Giles Barnes, Simon Dawkins
2   Netherlands Danny Koevermans, Sherjill MacDonald
2   Slovakia Ján Greguš, Albert Rusnák
1   Algeria Saphir Taïder
1   Armenia Yura Movsisyan
1   Australia Tim Cahill
1   Belgium Jelle Van Damme
1   Cuba Osvaldo Alonso
1   Czech Republic Bořek Dočkal
1   Gambia Mustapha Jarju
1   Georgia Valeri Qazaishvili
1   Grenada Shalrie Joseph
1   Guinea-Bissau Gerso Fernandes
1   Hungary Nemanja Nikolić
1   Iraq Ali Adnan
1   Israel Omer Damari
1   Liberia Sam Johnson
1   Montenegro Branko Bošković
1   Panama Gabriel Torres
1   Romania Alexandru Mitriță
1   Serbia Aleksandar Katai
1   Sierra Leone Kei Kamara
1   South Korea Hwang In-beom

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wahl, Grant (November 28, 2011). "Hollywood Ending: If this was indeed David Beckham's final game in MLS, he went out in style, carrying the Galaxy to a championship and affirming the value of star power in America". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved November 25, 2011. In the first four seasons of MLS's Beckham Rule, which allowed clubs to sign up to three designated players outside the salary cap, ....
  2. ^ a b Lansley, Pete (April 13, 2007). "Becks could be the next American idol". The Telegraph. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "PlayersUnion". Mlsplayers.org. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Beckham hopes to make US history". BBC. January 12, 2007. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
  5. ^ Goff, Steven (April 26, 2006). "Palencia Has Richest MLS Salary". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
  6. ^ Mickle, Tripp (November 26, 2007). "Debate highlights MLS salary cap split". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
  7. ^ a b c Bell, Jack (March 18, 2009). "In M.L.S., Designated Players Do Not Guarantee Great Expectations". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
  8. ^ "Galaxy, Milan, Inter wait on Becks". CNN. February 24, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
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  17. ^ "Jelle van Damme completes exit from LA Galaxy and joins Royal Antwerp".

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