Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas

Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɔtaˈfoɡu dʒi futʃiˈbɔw i ʁeˈɡataʃ]; Botafogo Football and Rowing), also known as Botafogo, is a Brazilian sports club based in the bairro (neighborhood) of Botafogo, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Botafogo is mostly known for its association football team. It plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system, and in the state of Rio de Janeiro's premier state league. In 2000, Botafogo finished 12th in a vote by subscribers of FIFA Magazine for the FIFA Club of the Century.[2][3]

Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
Full nameBotafogo de Futebol e Regatas
Nickname(s)Fogo (Fire)
Estrela Solitária (The Lone Star)
O Glorioso (The Glorious One)
Alvinegro Carioca (Rio's Black and White)
FoundedAugust 12, 1904; 118 years ago (1904-08-12), as a football club
GroundEstádio Nilton Santos
SAF OwnerJohn Textor (90%)
PresidentDurcesio Mello
Head coachLuís Castro
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
Copa do Brasil
Série B, 1st of 20 (champions)
Carioca, 4th of 12
WebsiteClub website
Current season

In addition, the club has some of Brazilian football's most notable records, as the most unbeaten matches: 52 games between 1977 and 1978; the most unbeaten matches record in the Brazilian Championship games: 42, also between 1977 and 1978; the most player participations in total matches of the Brazil national football team (considering official and unofficial games): 1,094 participations and the most players assigned to the Brazil national team for World Cup. The club holds the record for the greatest victory ever recorded in Brazilian football: 24–0 against Sport Club Mangueira in 1909.


Formation and mergerEdit

On July 1, 1894, Club de Regatas Botafogo was founded.[4]

The 1906 football team.

On August 12, 1904, another club was founded in the neighborhood: the Electro Club, the name first given to the Botafogo Football Club. The idea came during an algebra lesson at Alfredo Gomes College, when Flávio Ramos wrote to his friend Emmanuel Sodré: "Itamar has a football club in Martins Ferreira Street. Let's establish another one, in Largo dos Leões, what do you think? We can speak to the Wernecks, to Arthur César, Vicente and Jacques".[citation needed] The Electro Club was founded, but its name did not last. After a suggestion from Dona Chiquitota, Flávio's grandmother, the club finally became the Botafogo Football Club, on September 18 of the same year. The colors were black and white like those of Juventus FC, the team of Itamar Tavares, one of the club's founders. Its badge was drawn by Basílio Vianna Jr., in Swiss style with the BFC monogram. The Botafogo Football Club would soon become one of the strongest football teams in Rio de Janeiro, winning the championships of 1907, 1910, 1912 and more.[5]

With the same name, the same location, the same colours and most important the same supporters, it seemed inevitable that the clubs would merge. They did so on December 8, 1942, after a basketball match between both clubs, when Botafogo Football Club player Armando Albano died suddenly, that the idea of a merger began. On this tragic occasion, the president of Club de Regatas Botafogo, Augusto Frederico Schmidt [pt] (also a major Brazilian poet), spoke: "At this time, I declare to Albano that his last match ended with the victory of his team. We won't play the time left on the clock. We all want the young fighter to leave this great night as a winner. This is how we salute him." Eduardo Góis Trindade, Botafogo Football Club's president said: "Between the matches of our clubs, only one can be the winner: Botafogo!." And then Schmidt declared the fusion: "What else do we need for our clubs to become one?." Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas finally came into being. The Football Club's badge became black, and the monogram substituted by Clube de Regatas' lone star.[6]

On the fieldEdit

The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca in 1907
The team of 1910

The team won the Campeonato Carioca in 1907, 1910 and 1912. In 1909 the team beat Mangueira 24–0, which remains the highest score in Brazilian football.[7] They won further state titles in 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934 and 1935.[8]

In 1930 Botafogo won its 4th Carioca title.

In the 1940s, after the creation of Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, the team's best player was Heleno de Freitas. However, Heleno did not win a championship for Botafogo. He scored 204 goals in 233 matches, but went to the Boca Juniors in 1948, the year Botafogo won its 9th state championship.

They won the Campeonato Carioca in 1957, 1961 and 1962, and in 1968 they won Serie A, becoming the first carioca club to win the Brazilian league.[9]

1989 ended a period of 21 years without a title when the club won the state championship, retaining the trophy in 1990.[9]

In the 1990s, Botafogo won Copa Conmebol (the precursor of the current Copa Sudamericana).[10] And in 1995 they won the Brazilian League for the second time in club's history, after drawing 1–1 the second leg of the Final against Santos FC at São Paulo.

Botafogo would be relegated to the Second Division after ranking last in the Brazilian League of 2002. In 2003, Botafogo ranked second in Brazil's Second division (after Palmeiras) and returned to the First Division.

In 2006, the club won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship for the 18th time, and again in 2010 and 2013 with the iconic players Loco Abreu and Seedorf, respectively.

In the 2020 edition of the Série A, Botafogo performed poorly and ended the championship in the last position, causing the club's relegation to the Série B for their third time in history.[11]

Nowadays, Botafogo is the only club to have won titles in three different centuries, including the state championship for rowing in 1899.

The SAF EraEdit

Beginning in 2020, Botafogo underwent a series of internal audits in order to spin off its football division as a for-profit corporate entity, owned by the club, but which could be portioned and sold to investors. This was due to unprecedented legislation allowing for football clubs to be operated as corporations, and would be a solution to the severe financial crisis the club had faced for decades. Relegation to the Série B, however, delayed these plans.

The year 2021 saw Botafogo's debt reach one billion real. They placed 6th in the Rio de Janeiro State Championship, after a penalty decision lost to the also relegated Vasco da Gama. The club was off to a middling start to the Série B season, but bounced back after the hiring of manager Enderson Moreira, who was able to bring Botafogo back to the top tier of Brazilian football, as champions of the 2021 edition of Série B. It was Botafogo's second Série B title.

Meanwhile, the incoming administration had begun internal restructuring, hiring executive Jorge Braga for the brand-new post of CEO and downsizing its workforce considerably. Botafogo entered into a partnership with the investment firm XP Inc. in order to seek out potential buyers for its football division, which was in the process of becoming its own corporate entity. Congress had recently passed the Sociedade Anônima de Futebol (SAF) law, allowing foreigners to purchase shares in Brazilian football clubs for the first time in history.

Having averted complete financial disaster by returning to Série A, the country's top competitive tier, Botafogo finalized its transition into the SAF legal structure. The social club remained as an entity, owning 100% of Botafogo SAF's shares. In January 2022, it came to light that American investor John Textor, owner of a majority stake in Premier League club Crystal Palace F.C., was in talks to purchase a majority share of Botafogo. In February 2022, the club announced the acquisition of 90% of the shares of Botafogo's football division by Textor's holding company Eagle Holdings, and the start of a new era for the club.


Voluntários da Pátria Street Stadium (1909)
General Severiano entrance

The team's home ground is the Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos, named in honor of Nilton Santos, a former club player and two time world champion with the Brazil National Football Team, and some feel the greatest left back of all time, .[12]

Other stadiums used by the club during its history are:


Its biggest rivals are the other most important Rio clubs: Fluminense, Flamengo, and Vasco da Gama.

The derby with Fluminense is known as the "Clássico Vovô" (Grandfather Derby) because it is the oldest derby in the whole country. Both teams faced each other for the first time in 1905.

The match with Vasco is known as the "Friendship Derby" because the supporters of both club have been friends historically. It is the only derby in the city that tends to be nonviolent.

The derby against Flamengo, "The Rivalry Derby", is the biggest one for the club, and one of the more important for the country. The clubs strongly dislike each other and the rivalry goes from the players on the pitch, to the fans, to both clubs' boardrooms. Players who participate in these matches usually become club idols. Some examples include: Garrincha, Manga, Jairzinho, Túlio Maravilha, and more recently Loco Abreu and Jefferson. Manga is known for a remarkable quote about this derby when he used to say that the player's prize money was already guaranteed because it was easy to beat Flamengo. Flamengo's biggest star Zico once said that at his childhood, Botafogo was the club he hated more because the Glorioso used to win all the derbies.

From outside the city, the club has had a historic rivalry with Santos FC since the 1960s.


Historical badges

Lone StarEdit

The Lone Star (Estrela Solitária) is currently present in Botafogo's flag and crest. This star was the principal symbol of Club de Regatas Botafogo. After the two Botafogos merged, the Lone Star became one of the most important symbols of Botafogo's football team.


The old flag of Club de Regatas Botafogo was white with a small black square which contained the Lone Star. The Football Club had a flag with nine black and white stripes with the club's crest localized in the center. Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas then based its flag on that of the two old clubs. The flag has five black and four white stripes, with a black square at the upper left side with the Lone Star.


Their primary uniform consists of a black jersey with vertical white stripes, black shorts and grey socks. Their secondary uniform is all white. An all black uniform may also be used. The socks, although traditionally grey, may also be black or even white on rare occasions.


"Manequinho", the mascot of the club

In 1948 a stray dog named Biriba, known for urinating on the players, was the mascot that led them to the Campeonato Carioca.[13]

Financial situationEdit

In 2006 Botafogo had Supergasbras and Alê as sponsors, the arrangement during that year earned the team $3.2 million (R$7.2 million).[14] The next year, Botafogo managed to sign the sixth highest sponsorship deal in Brazil[15] the new sponsor Liquigás, a Petrobrás subsidiary paid the club $3.9 million (R$7.8 million) under the terms of the one-year contract.[14] In 2008 not only was the agreement with Liquigás renewed for another year, but it also became more lucrative since the sponsorship was raised to around $5 million (R$10.2 million).[16]

In 2007, Botafogo generated the 12th largest amount of revenue for all Brazilian Football clubs— a total $20.8 million (or R$41.1 million) but Botafogo had a net loss of $1.9 million (or R$3.7 million).[17][18] Also at the end of 2007 Botafogo had total debts of $106.1 million (or R$209.7 million).[19]

However, in more recent years matters have taken a turn for the worse. The club has suffered various financial crises and a recent report stated that the club had to resort to handouts from benefactors in order to pay for basic necessities.[20]


Trophy of 1995's Brazilian championship

The club has some of Brazilian football's top records, as the most unbeaten matches: 52 games between 1977 and 1978;[21] the matches unbeaten record in the Brazilian Championship games: 42, also between 1977 and 1978;[22] the most player participations in total matches of the Brazil national football team (considering official and unofficial games): 1,094 participations[23] and the most players assigned to the Brazil national team for World Cup.[24]

Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa CONMEBOL 1 1993
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2 1968, 1995
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 2 2015, 2021
Competitions Titles Seasons
Torneio Rio – São Paulo[25] 4 1962, 1964, 1966, 1998
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Carioca 21 1907, 1910, 1912, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935*, 1948, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1997, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2018

Chronology of Main TitlesEdit

Competition Season N.º
Campeonato Carioca 1907
Campeonato Carioca 1910
Campeonato Carioca 1912
Campeonato Carioca 1930
Campeonato Carioca 1932
Campeonato Carioca 1933
Campeonato Carioca 1934
Campeonato Carioca 1935
Campeonato Carioca 1948
Campeonato Carioca 1957 10º
Campeonato Carioca 1961 11º
Torneio Rio – São Paulo 1962 12º
Campeonato Carioca 1962 13º
Torneio Rio – São Paulo 1964 14º
Torneio Rio – São Paulo 1966 15º
Campeonato Carioca 1967 16º
Campeonato Carioca 1968 17º
Campeonato Brasileiro 1968 18º
Campeonato Carioca 1989 19º
Campeonato Carioca 1990 20º
Copa CONMEBOL 1993 21º
Campeonato Brasileiro 1995 22º
Campeonato Carioca 1997 23º
Torneio Rio – São Paulo 1998 24º
Campeonato Carioca 2006 25º
Campeonato Carioca 2010 26º
Campeonato Carioca 2013 27º
Campeonato Carioca 2018 28º


Winners: 1968
Winners: 1967, 1968, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2015
Winners: 1975, 1976, 1989, 1997, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013

International TournamentsEdit


Current squadEdit

As of 13 August 2022[26]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   PAR Gatito Fernández (vice-captain)
2 DF   ARG Renzo Saravia
3 DF   ARG Joel Carli (captain)
4 DF   BRA Kanu
5 MF   BRA Barreto
6 MF   BRA Tchê Tchê
7 DF   BRA Rafael
8 MF   BRA Patrick de Paula
9 FW   BRA Tiquinho Soares
10 FW   BRA Gustavo Sauer
11 FW   BRA Diego Gonçalves (on loan from Mirassol)
15 DF   ARG Víctor Cuesta (on loan from Internacional)
16 DF   BRA Hugo
18 MF   BRA Lucas Fernandes (on loan from Portimonense)
20 DF   BRA Daniel Borges
21 DF   BRA Fernando Marçal
22 GK   BRA Douglas Borges
23 MF   BRA Romildo
29 FW   BRA Victor Sá
No. Pos. Nation Player
30 DF   BRA Carlinhos
33 MF   BRA Carlos Eduardo
34 DF   BRA Adryelson
40 DF   BRA Lucas Mezenga
43 MF   BRA Lucas Piazon (on loan from Braga)
47 MF   BRA Jeffinho (on loan from Resende)
52 GK   BRA Igo Gabriel (on loan from CSA)
55 MF   BRA Luís Oyama
62 MF   BRA Kayque (on loan from Nova Iguaçu)
70 FW   BRA Vinícius Lopes
89 FW   BRA Erison
90 FW   BRA Matheus Nascimento
94 DF   BRA Philipe Sampaio
99 FW   BRA Luis Henrique (on loan from Marseille)
MF   BRA Danilo Barbosa
MF   BRA Gabriel Pires (on loan from Benfica)
MF   USA Jacob Montes
FW   BRA Júnior Santos (on loan from Sanfrecce Hiroshima)

Botafogo B and Youth AcademyEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
21 FW   BRA Vitinho
29 FW   BRA João Victor
33 DF   BRA Reydson
35 MF   BRA Breno
36 DF   BRA DG (on loan from Resende)
38 DF   BRA Kawan
39 FW   BRA Daniel Bahia (on loan from Athletico Paranaense)
43 DF   BRA Ewerton Porto
No. Pos. Nation Player
45 FW   BRA Jhonnata
48 DF   BRA Vitor Marinho
55 DF   BRA Jefinho
65 MF   BRA Guilherme Liberato
75 MF   BRA Raí
FW   BRA Gabriel Tigrão
FW   BOL Sebastian Joffre (on loan from Crystal Palace)

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK   BRA Diego Loureiro (to Guarani until 30 April 2023)
DF   BRA David Sousa (to Cercle Brugge until 31 December 2022)
DF   BRA Klaus (to Atlético Goianiense until 31 December 2022)
MF   BRA Fabinho (to Sport Recife until 30 November 2022)
MF   BRA Juninho (to RWDM until 30 June 2023)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   BRA Gabriel Conceição (to CRB until 30 November 2022)
FW   BRA Chay (to Cruzeiro until 31 December 2022)
FW   BRA Ênio (to RWDM until 30 June 2023)
FW   BRA Rikelmi (to RWDM until 30 June 2023)
FW   BRA Ronald (to Novorizontino until 30 November 2022)


Current staffEdit

Position Name
Head coach   Luís Castro
Assistant coaches   João Brandão
  Vítor Severino
Fitness coach   Betinho
  Diogo Missena
Goalkeeping coach   Daniel Correia
  Flavio Tenius


World Best Players
# Name Year
1.   Didi 1958
2.   Garrincha 1962
Carvalho Leite, one of the greatest players of the 1930s and the 2nd. topscorer in club's history with 261 goals.
Most appearances
# Name Matches Goals Year
1.   Nílton Santos 723 11 1948–64
2.   Garrincha 612 243 1953–65
3.   Jefferson 459 * 2003–2005 and 2009–2018
4.   Waltencir 453 6 1967–76
5.   Quarentinha 444 306 1954–64
6.   Manga 442 * 1959–68
7.   Carlos Roberto 442 15 1967–76
8.   Geninho 422 115 1940–54
9.   Jairzinho 413 186 1962–74, 1981
10.   Wágner 412 * 1993–02
11.   Osmar 387 4 1970–79
12.   Juvenal 384 12 1946–57
13.   Gérson dos Santos 371 2 1945–56
14.   Wilson Gottardo 354 13 1987–90, 1994–96
15.   Roberto Miranda 352 154 1962–73
16.   Pampolini 347 27 1955–62
17.   Mendonça 340 116 1975–82
* goalkeeper.
Garrincha playing for Botafogo in a 2–0 win against Barcelona for Copa Iberoamericana, friendly tournament in 1964 at Buenos Aires.
Most goals
# Name Goals Matches G/M
1.   Quarentinha 306 444 0,68
2.   Carvalho Leite 261 303 0,86
3.   Garrincha 243 612 0,39
4.   Heleno de Freitas 209 235 0,88
5.   Nilo 190 201 0,94
6.   Jairzinho 186 413 0,45
7.   Octávio Moraes 171 200 0,85
8.   Túlio Maravilha 159 223 0,71
9.   Roberto Miranda 154 352 0,43
10.     Dino da Costa 144 176 0,81
11.   Amarildo 136 231 0,58
12.   Paulinho Valentim 135 206 0,65
13.   Nílson Dias 127 301 0,42
14.   Mendonça 116 340 0,34
15.   Geninho 115 422 0,27
16.   Didi 114 313 0,36
17.   Zezinho 110 174 0,63
18.   Pascoal 105 158 0,66
19.   Patesko 102 242 0,42
20.   Gérson 96 248 0,39


[citation needed]


Other SportsEdit



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External linksEdit