Telê Santana holding a São Paulo F.C. jersey
|Full name||Telê Santana da Silva|
|Date of birth||26 July 1931|
|Place of birth||Itabirito, Brazil|
|Date of death||21 April 2006(aged 74)|
|Place of death||Belo Horizonte, Brazil|
|1963||Vasco da Gama|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Telê was the manager responsible for putting together the 1982 and 1986 Brazil national squads. The 1982 squad in particular is remembered as one of the greatest teams in football history not to win the World Cup. It included players such as Zico, Sócrates, Falcão, Júnior and Toninho Cerezo. He was also a highly successful manager of various club teams, including the legendary 1992 and 1993 São Paulo, and was also very influential with Atlético Mineiro and Fluminense.
Telê is often mentioned by the Brazilian sports press as being one of the most relevant football managers to ever work in the country. His preferred style of play was very offensive-minded, and he believed in training athletes by using relentless repetition of elementary fundamentals of the game, such as passing the ball and set piece training.
Telê played for clubs such as Fluminense, Madureira and Vasco da Gama. He was also a reserve player of the Brazil national football team. As a player, his preferred position was centre forward. However, he started his career as a goalkeeper.
His career as a manager started in 1967, coaching the Fluminense youth squad. Four years later, Telê led Atlético Mineiro to win its first Brazilian championship title. Regarded to have coached two of the best Brazil national squads ever in the 1982 and 1986 World Cups, he failed, however, to win the tournament in both occasions.
Besides the coaching of the Brazil national team, Santana returned to club management in 1988 at Flamengo, but enjoyed his palmiest days with São Paulo between 1990 and 1996. With an outstanding team featuring Zetti, Cafu, Raí, and Leonardo (all of the aforementioned players eventually made it to the national squad in 1994), the side won the Brazilian championship title in 1991, and then the Libertadores Cup in 1992 and 1993, the first time that a Brazilian club had won it in 10 years. In those same two seasons, São Paulo also claimed the world club title in Tokyo, beating first Johan Cruyff's FC Barcelona and then Fabio Capello's A.C. Milan. The memory of this squad is still very much regarded by the fans as one of the most spectacular in São Paulo's history.
Santana is widely credited for the re-invention of the jogo bonito ("beautiful game" in Portuguese) by the vast majority of the Brazilian press. His full-attack mentality of play was best displayed with the 1982 Brazilian national squad who fell 3–2 to Italy in the Second Round of the Cup. Santana was criticized by many for refusing to switch Brazil's forward style of play versus Italy, since Brazil only needed to tie the game to reach the Semifinals due to the original World Cup setup at the time. Some pundits felt that Santana should have placed more emphasis on defence and a counterattack strategy due to circumstances of the match. Regardless of the fact that Santana never led the Brazilian squad to glory, he is still regarded as one of greatest managers and innovators in the history of Brazilian football.
With regards to role models, Santana has mentioned in one interview that he had no idols, though: "my greatest satisfaction would be to manage a team such as 1974 Holland. It was a team where you could pick [Johan] Cruyff and place him on the right wing. If I had to put him in the left-wing, he would still play [the same]. I could choose Neeskens, who played both to the right and to the left of the midfield. Thus, everyone played in any position." He said he tried to use a similar tactic strategy in 1992's São Paulo, by using versatile players in different positions according to what was required in a match.
In 1996, he had to retire, after suffering a stroke. He had part of his left leg amputated in 2003 because of ischemia in his left foot. He was operated at Hospital Felício Roxo, in Belo Horizonte.
- Telê Santana escolhe as suas 12 feras Archived July 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Placar.
- "Telê Santana". Telegraph.co.uk. April 29, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Toyota cups 1992 and 1993". FIFA.com. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Telê". SaoPauloFC.net. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Murió Telê Santana artífice del Juego Bonito brasileño" (in Spanish). El Universal. April 22, 2006. Retrieved August 22, 2006.[dead link]
- "Telê gosta de atacar" (in Portuguese). Camisa 12. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2006.
- "Tim Vickery column". BBC Sports. April 24, 2006. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
- "Memória Roda Viva (video clip and full written interview to TV Cultura)" (in Portuguese). Fapesp. June 22, 1992. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Early Day Motion". Parliament. May 9, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Brazil mourn passing of Santana". BBC Sport. April 22, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Telê Santana tem parte de perna amputada" (in Portuguese). Revista Época. December 22, 2003. Retrieved August 22, 2006.
- "Morre em Belo Horizonte o ex-técnico da seleção Telê Santana" (in Portuguese). Folha Online. April 21, 2006. Retrieved August 22, 2006.
- "Telê será enterrado na manhã deste sábado" (in Portuguese). Estado.com.br. April 21, 2006. Archived from the original on May 15, 2006. Retrieved August 22, 2006.