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The Tournoi de Paris, also known as Trophée de Paris, was a pre-season association football invitational competition hosted by French club Paris Saint-Germain at their home ground Parc des Princes in Paris, France. The competition was founded in 1957 by former hosts Racing Paris to celebrate their 25th anniversary.[1]

Tournoi de Paris
Tournoi de Paris 2012 (PSG vs Barcelona).JPG
Barcelona player Xavi receiving the trophy after winning the 2012 edition.
Founded1957
Abolished2012
Number of teams4 (1957–2010);
2 (2012)
Last championsBarcelona (1st title)
Most successful club(s)Paris SG (7 titles)

The inaugural 1957 edition is considered a precursor of both the Intercontinental Cup and FIFA Club World Cup, and its final match, between Brazilian team Vasco da Gama and current European champions Real Madrid, was dubbed by newspapers as "Europe's best team vs. South America's best team". The tournament in the French capital prompted the creation of the Intercontinental Cup in 1960 as an official, UEFA/CONMEBOL-endorsed European/South American club contest.[2]

Regarded as French football's most prestigious friendly tournament, the Tournoi de Paris was initially held by Racing Paris between 1957 and 1966. It briefly returned in 1973 with new organizers Paris FC, before current hosts Paris Saint-Germain successfully relaunched the competition in 1975.[1][3] Abandoned in 1993 for financial reasons, PSG revived it in 2010 to commemorate its 40th anniversary.[4][5] Ahead of the tournament, the club introduced its official anthem and mascot.[6] Not held in 2011, it was renamed Trophée de Paris in 2012. This was the last edition of the tournament to date.[7]

Since its inception, the winners have received different trophies.[1][8] Vasco da Gama won the inaugural Tournoi de Paris in 1957, while Barcelona won the last edition in 2012.[1][7] Paris Saint-Germain is the most successful club in the history of the competition, having lifted the trophy on seven occasions.[1] Belgian outfit Anderlecht is next on the title count with three, while fellow French club Racing Paris and Brazilian sides Santos and Fluminense are the only other teams to have won the competition more than once. PSG arch-rivals Olympique de Marseille is among a group of clubs to have won the tournament once.[9]

HistoryEdit

From Racing to PSGEdit

The Tournoi de Paris was founded in 1957 by former hosts Racing Paris to celebrate their 25th anniversary. The Parisian side invited current European champions Real Madrid, Brazilian team Vasco da Gama and German outfit Rot-Weiss Essen to the tournament played at Parc des Princes.[1] Its inaugural edition, won by Vasco after defeating Alfredo Di Stéfano's Real Madrid in the final, prompted the creation of the Intercontinental Cup in 1960 as an official, UEFA/CONMEBOL-endorsed European/South American club contest.[2]

From 1957 to 1993, four teams (including the hosts) played in a knockout format. The Tournoi de Paris featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final.[9] The tournament was held annually each summer between 1957 and 1966 by Racing Paris. It briefly returned in 1973, with Paris FC as the new hosts.[3] Following Paris FC's failed attempt to relaunch the competition, current hosts Paris Saint-Germain and club president Daniel Hechter successfully did so in 1975. Reinforced for the occasion with Dutch legend Johan Cruyff, PSG narrowly lost to Spanish side Valencia in the final in front of a sold-out Parc des Princes.[1]

 
Germain the Lynx was unveiled in the 2010 edition.

First PSG titleEdit

The 1978 edition proved to be the most unbalanced of them all. A few weeks before the 1978 FIFA World Cup, PSG invited the national football teams of Netherlands and Iran. The Clockwork Orange won the competition with ease, hammering Club Brugge in the final (7–1). PSG finally won the tournament in 1980.[1] Dominique Bathenay's last-minute equalizer from the penalty spot in a 4–4 thriller versus Standard Liège sent the game to the penalty shoot-out, where PSG clinched its first Tournoi de Paris.[9] The capital club retained the trophy in 1981.[1]

In 1982, Brazilian team Atlético Mineiro inflicted PSG's biggest defeat ever in the tournament as the capital club bowed out in the semi-finals (0–3). PSG reclaimed the title in 1984 and 1986, before a catastrophic 1987 edition in which the club finished last for the first time since 1976. The defeat to Dinamo Zagreb would be the last conceded by the Parisians in 90 minutes. Since then, PSG have only been beaten on penalties.[1]

Between 1975 and 1993, only one edition of the tournament was cancelled. It was in 1990 due to the poor condition of the pitch. The Rolling Stones' concert at Parc des Princes, a few weeks earlier, was to blame. The Tournoi de Paris returned in 1991 and saw PSG's last match with historic shirt sponsor RTL. The 17-year collaboration ended as PSG claimed third place against Sporting CP.[1]

In 1993, François Calderaro's solitary goal against AJ Auxerre gave PSG its second consecutive title. The capital side had won the trophy for the seventh time since 1975. This would turn out to be the last edition of the tournament until 2010 and PSG's last title to date. The club abandoned the Tournoi de Paris for financial reasons.[4]

Current statusEdit

In 2010, PSG revived the Tournoi de Paris to commemorate its 40th anniversary.[5] Ahead of the tournament, PSG unveiled « Allez Paris Saint-Germain », to the tune of "Go West" by Village People, and Germain the Lynx as the club's official anthem and mascot, respectively.[6]

The Parisian side invited Porto, Roma and Girondins de Bordeaux.[6] Modeled off Arsenal's Emirates Cup, the competition switched to a group-stage format for the 2010 edition.[3] PSG defeated Porto (1–0) and shared the points with Roma (1–1), while Bordeaux were held by Roma (1–1) and downed Porto (2–1). Both French clubs finished with four points, but Bordeaux scored more goals and won the Tournoi de Paris on goal difference.[5]

Not held in 2011, the tournament was renamed Trophée de Paris in 2012. It featured a single prestigious match against Barcelona. The Spanish side lifted the trophy, winning on penalties (1–4) after the match ended in a draw (2–2) at Parc des Princes. Rafinha and Lionel Messi from the penalty spot gave Barcelona a comfortable lead, before PSG's Zlatan Ibrahimović and Zoumana Camara forced a penalty shoot-out. This was the tournament's last edition to date.[7]

Records and statisticsEdit

FinalsEdit

Edition Year Winner Runner-up Third Fourth Source
1 1957   Vasco da Gama   Real Madrid   Racing Paris   Rot-Weiss Essen [10]
2 1958   Racing Paris   Bolton Wanderers   Flamengo   Újpest [11]
3 1959   Racing Paris   Fortuna Düsseldorf   Vasco da Gama   Milan [12]
4 1960   Santos   Racing Paris   CSKA Sofia   Stade de Reims [13]
5 1961   Santos   Benfica   Anderlecht   Racing Paris [14]
6 1962   Red Star Belgrade   Rapid Wien   Racing Paris   Santos [15]
7 1963   Botafogo   Racing Paris   Anderlecht   Újpest [16]
8 1964   Anderlecht   Borussia Dortmund   Stade de Reims   Santos [17]
9 1965   Sparta Prague   Stade Rennais   Anderlecht   Racing Paris [18]
10 1966   Anderlecht   Racing Paris   Sparta Prague   Vasco da Gama [19]
11 1973   Feyenoord   Bayern Munich   Paris FC   Marseille [20]
12 1975   Valencia   Paris SG   Fluminense   Sporting CP [21]
13 1976   Fluminense   Europe   Brazil Olympic   Paris SG [22]
14 1977   Anderlecht   Ferencváros   Paris SG   Vasco da Gama [23]
15 1978   Netherlands   Club Brugge   Paris SG   Iran [24]
16 1979   Benfica   Red Star Belgrade   Paris SG   Brazil Olympic [25]
17 1980   Paris SG   Standard Liège   Benfica   Ajax [26]
18 1981   Paris SG   Eintracht Frankfurt   Vasco da Gama   Saint-Étienne [27]
19 1982   Atlético Mineiro   Dinamo Zagreb   Paris SG   1. FC Köln [28]
20 1983   Romania   Paris SG   Botafogo   Maccabi Netanya [29]
21 1984   Paris SG   Hajduk Split   Servette   Botafogo [30]
22 1985   Waregem   Paris SG   1. FC Köln   Saint-Étienne [31]
23 1986   Paris SG   Sporting CP   Saint-Étienne   Steaua București [32]
24 1987   Fluminense   Bordeaux   Dinamo Zagreb   Paris SG [33]
25 1988   Montpellier   Paris SG   Partizan   Servette [34]
26 1989   Paris SG   Montpellier   Vasco da Gama   Porto [35]
27 1991   Marseille   Flamengo   Paris SG   Sporting CP [36]
28 1992   Paris SG   Monaco   Borussia Dortmund   Liverpool [37]
29 1993   Paris SG   Auxerre   Eintracht Frankfurt   Fluminense [38]
30 2010   Bordeaux   Paris SG   Roma   Porto [5]
31 2012   Barcelona   Paris SG N/A [7]

Performances by clubEdit

 
The trophy of the Tournoi de Paris for the 1976 edition.
Club Titles Years won
  Paris SG 7 1980, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1993
  Anderlecht 3 1964, 1966, 1977
  Racing Paris 2 1958, 1959
  Santos 2 1960, 1961
  Fluminense 2 1976, 1987
  Vasco da Gama 1 1957
  Red Star Belgrade 1 1962
  Botafogo 1 1963
  Sparta Prague 1 1965
  Feyenoord 1 1973
  Valencia 1 1975
  Netherlands 1 1978
  Benfica 1 1979
  Atlético Mineiro 1 1982
  Romania 1 1983
  Waregem 1 1985
  Montpellier 1 1988
  Marseille 1 1991
  Bordeaux 1 2010
  Barcelona 1 2012

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Anecdotes autour du Tournoi de Paris". PSG.fr. 12 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Há 60 anos, Vasco derrotava o Real Madrid de Di Stéfano em Paris". Globo Esporte. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Le Paris SG va relancer le Tournoi de Paris en juillet". Le Point. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Le PSG relance le Tournoi de Paris dès 2010". PSG MAG. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d "Football - Tournoi de Paris : Bordeaux maître dans la capitale". RTL.fr. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Le PSG prend un nouveau virage". PSG.fr. 23 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d "PSG-Barcelone 2-2 : une soirée pleine de promesses". Le Parisien. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Le Trophée du Tournoi de Paris !". PSG.fr. 30 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Tournoi International de Paris 1957-1993 (Paris-France)". RSSSF. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  10. ^ "1957 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  11. ^ "1958 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  12. ^ "1959 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  13. ^ "1960 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  14. ^ "1961 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  15. ^ "1962 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  16. ^ "1963 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  17. ^ "1964 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  18. ^ "1965 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  19. ^ "1966 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  20. ^ "1973 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  21. ^ "1975 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  22. ^ "1976 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  23. ^ "1977 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  24. ^ "1978 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  25. ^ "1979 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  26. ^ "1980 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  27. ^ "1981 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  28. ^ "1982 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  29. ^ "1983 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  30. ^ "1984 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  31. ^ "1985 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  32. ^ "1986 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  33. ^ "1987 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  34. ^ "1988 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  35. ^ "1989 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  36. ^ "1991 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  37. ^ "1992 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  38. ^ "1993 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.

External linksEdit