Fort Lee, New Jersey
Fort Lee, New Jersey
|Borough of Fort Lee|
Map highlighting Fort Lee's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 29, 1904|
|Named for||Fort Lee / General Charles Lee|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Mark Sokolich (D, term ends December 31, 2023)|
|• Administrator||Alfred R. Restaino|
|• Municipal clerk||Evelyn Rosario|
|• Total||2.87 sq mi (7.44 km2)|
|• Land||2.52 sq mi (6.52 km2)|
|• Water||0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2) 12.33%|
|Area rank||344th of 565 in state|
30th of 70 in county
|Elevation||289 ft (88 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||67th of 566 in state|
3rd of 70 in county
|• Density||13,910.9/sq mi (5,371.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||16th of 566 in state|
5th of 70 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885223|
As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 35,345, reflecting a decline of 116 (−0.3%) from the 35,461 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,464 (+10.8%) from the 31,997 counted in the 1990 Census. Along with other communities in Bergen County, it is one of the largest and fastest growing ethnic Korean enclaves outside of Korea.
Fort Lee is named for the site of an American Revolutionary War military encampment. At the turn of the 20th century it became the birthplace of the American film industry. In 1931 the borough became the western terminus of the George Washington Bridge, which crosses the Hudson River and connects to the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Fort Lee's population and housing density increased considerably during the 1960s and 1970s with the construction of highrise apartment buildings.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Fort Lee borough had a total area of 2.87 square miles (7.44 km2), including 2.52 square miles (6.52 km2) of land and 0.35 square miles (0.92 km2) of water (12.33%).
The borough is situated atop the escarpment of the Hudson Palisades on the peninsula between the Hackensack and Hudson rivers. The borough is bisected by the confluence of roads at GWB Plaza leading to the George Washington Bridge.
The borough borders Cliffside Park, Edgewater, Englewood, Englewood Cliffs, Leonia, Palisades Park, Ridgefield in Bergen County; and the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. Given its evolving cosmopolitan ambiance and adjacent proximity to Manhattan, Fort Lee is one of Northern New Jersey's Hudson Waterfront communities that has been called New York City's Sixth Borough,
Fort Lee was named for General Charles Lee after George Washington and his troops had camped at Mount Constitution overlooking Burdett's Landing, in defense of New York City. It was during Washington's retreat in November 1776 (beginning along a road which is now Main Street) that Thomas Paine composed his pamphlet, The American Crisis, which began with the recognized phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls." These events are recalled at Monument Park and Fort Lee Historic Park.
Fort Lee was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 29, 1904, from the remaining portions of Ridgefield Township. With the creation of Fort Lee, Ridgefield Township became defunct and was dissolved as of March 29, 1904. The Fort Lee Police Department was formed under borough ordinance on August 9, 1904, and originally consisted of six marshals.
America's first motion picture industryEdit
The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee was the motion picture capital of America. The industry got its start at the end of the 19th century with the construction of Thomas Edison's "Black Maria", the first motion picture studio, in West Orange, New Jersey. New Jersey offered land at costs considerably less than New York City, and the cities and towns along the Hudson River and the Palisades benefited greatly as a result of the phenomenal growth of the film industry at the turn of the 20th century.
Film-making began attracting both capital and an innovative workforce, and when the Kalem Company began using Fort Lee in 1907 as a location for filming in the area, other filmmakers quickly followed. In 1909, a forerunner of Universal Studios, the Champion Film Company, built the first studio. They were quickly followed by others who either built new studios or who leased facilities in Fort Lee. In the 1910s and 1920s, film companies such as the Independent Moving Pictures Company, Peerless Studios, The Solax Company, Éclair Studios, Goldwyn Picture Corporation, American Méliès (Star Films), World Film Company, Biograph Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Pathé Frères, Metro Pictures Corporation, Victor Film Company, and Selznick Pictures Corporation were all making pictures in Fort Lee. Such notables as Mary Pickford got their start at Biograph Studios.
With the offshoot businesses that sprang up to service the film studios, for nearly two decades Fort Lee experienced unrivaled prosperity. However, just as the development of Fort Lee production facilities were gaining strength, Nestor Studios of Bayonne, New Jersey, built the first studio in Hollywood in 1911. Nestor Studios, owned by David and William Horsley, later merged with Universal Studios; and William Horsley's other company, Hollywood Film Laboratory, is now the oldest existing company in Hollywood, now called the Hollywood Digital Laboratory. California's more hospitable and cost-effective climate led to the eventual shift of virtually all filmmaking to the West Coast by the 1930s. At the time, Thomas Edison owned almost all the patents relevant to motion picture production. Movie producers on the East Coast acting independently of Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company were often sued or enjoined by Edison and his agents, while movie makers working on the West Coast could work independently of Edison's control, in part due to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals–which was headquartered in San Francisco and covered most of Southern California–being well known for not enforcing patents claims. In nearby Little Ferry on July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox storage facility containing hazardous nitrate film reels.
Television and film in New Jersey remains an important industry. Since 2000, the Fort Lee Film Commission has been charged with celebrating the history of film in Fort Lee, as well as attracting film and television production companies to the borough. The Barrymore Film Center promotes films, film making and its history in the borough. Local film is being promoted, especially because of NJ Tax Credit Programs.
Birthplace of subliminal messagingEdit
In 1957, market researcher James Vicary claimed that quickly flashing messages on a movie screen, in Fort Lee, had influenced people to purchase more food and drinks. Vicary coined the term subliminal advertising and formed the Subliminal Projection Company based on a six-week test. Vicary claimed that during the presentation of the movie Picnic he used a tachistoscope to project the words "Drink Coca-Cola" and "Hungry? Eat popcorn" for 1/3000 of a second at five-second intervals. Vicary asserted that during the test, sales of popcorn and Coke in that New Jersey theater increased 57.8% and 18.1% respectively.
In 1962, Vicary admitted to lying about the experiment and falsifying the results, the story itself being a marketing ploy. An identical experiment conducted by Henry Link showed no increase in cola or popcorn sales. The claim that the small cinema handled 45,699 visitors in six weeks has led people to believe that Vicary actually did not conduct his experiment at all.
A small number of Korean immigrants have resided the area as early as the 1970s. In the 1990s, a continuous stream of Korean immigrants emerged into Fort Lee. A substantial number of affluent and educated Korean American professionals have settled in Bergen County since the early 2000s and have founded various academic and communally supportive organizations, including the Korean Parent Partnership Organization at the Bergen County Academies magnet high school and The Korean-American Association of New Jersey. Approximately 130 Korean stores were counted in downtown Fort Lee in 2000, a number which has risen significantly since then, featuring restaurants and karaoke (noraebang) bars, grocery markets, education centers and bookstores, banking institutions, offices, electronics vendors, apparel boutiques, and other commercial enterprises.
Various Korean American groups could not reach consensus on the design and wording for a monument in Fort Lee as of early April 2013 to the memory of comfort women, tens of thousands of women and girls, many Korean, who were forced into sexual slavery by Japanese soldiers during World War II. In May 2012, borough officials in neighboring Palisades Park rejected requests by two diplomatic delegations from Japan to remove such a monument from a public park, a brass plaque on a block of stone, dedicated in 2010; days later, a South Korean delegation had endorsed Palisades Park's decision. In October 2012, a similar memorial was announced in nearby Hackensack, to be raised behind the Bergen County Courthouse, alongside memorials to the Holocaust, the Great Famine of Ireland, and the Armenian genocide, and was unveiled in March 2013. On May 23, 2018, a comfort women memorial was installed in Constitution Park in Fort Lee, NJ. Youth Council of Fort Lee, a student organization led by Korean American high school students in Fort Lee designed the memorial.
George Washington Bridge lane closure scandalEdit
The Fort Lee lane closure scandal, also known as Bridgegate, was a political scandal concerning the actions taken by the staff of New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and his Port Authority appointees to create a traffic jam in Fort Lee when dedicated toll lanes for one of the Fort Lee entrances to the upper level on the George Washington Bridge were reduced from three to one from September 9, 2013, to September 13, 2013. Three members of the Christie administration were convicted on federal conspiracy charges for their roles in the lane closures.
One of the reasons suggested for these actions was to punish Fort Lee Mayor Mark Sokolich, a Democrat, for not supporting the Republican Chris Christie in the 2013 New Jersey gubernatorial election. Another theory was that Christie or his aides sought to punish New Jersey Senate majority leader, Loretta Weinberg, who represented the New Jersey district containing Fort Lee, as retribution for the Democrats' blocking of Christie's reappointment of a New Jersey Supreme Court justice. Christie withdrew his appointee consideration and delivered a speech referring to New Jersey Senate Democrats as "animals" just one day before emails were sent by Christie's aides to the Port Authority requesting the lane closures.
At the turn of the 21st century, Fort Lee saw a large Korean migration which has converted much of the town into a large Koreatown, in that many traditional Korean stores and restaurants may be seen in Fort Lee, and the hangul letters of the Korean alphabet are as common as signs in English in parts of the downtown area. This Koreatown is separate from the similar Korean enclave in the adjacent town of Palisades Park. The rapid increase of the Korean population has seen the decline of many other immigrant communities once centered in Fort Lee, notably the Greek and Italian communities, once quite large but now all but extinct. A sizable Russian immigrant community has also sprung up in recent years.
The per capita Korean American population of Bergen County, 6.3% by the 2010 United States Census, (increasing to 6.9% by the 2011 American Community Survey), is the highest of any county in the United States, with all of the nation's top ten municipalities by percentage of Korean population and an absolute total of 56,773 Korean Americans (increasing to 63,247 by the 2011 American Community Survey) living in the county. The concentration of Korean Americans in nearby Palisades Park in turn is the highest of any municipality in the United States, at 52% of the population, enumerating 10,115 residents of Korean ancestry; while Fort Lee has nearly as many Koreans by absolute numbers, at 8,318, representing 23.5% of its 2010 population. Along with Koreatowns in New York City and Long Island, the Bergen County Koreatowns serve as the nexus for an overall Korean American population of 218,764 individuals in the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area, the second largest population of ethnic Koreans outside of Korea.
The 2010 United States census counted 35,345 people, 16,371 households, and 9,364 families in the borough. The population density was 13,910.9 per square mile (5,371.0/km2). There were 17,818 housing units at an average density of 7,012.7 per square mile (2,707.6/km2). The racial makeup was 53.49% (18,905) White, 2.75% (973) Black or African American, 0.14% (50) Native American, 38.44% (13,587) Asian, 0.02% (7) Pacific Islander, 3.08% (1,090) from other races, and 2.07% (733) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.97% (3,877) of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 23.5% of the 2010 population, or 8,306 people.
Of the 16,371 households, 21.8% had children under the age of 18; 45.6% were married couples living together; 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 42.8% were non-families. Of all households, 38.4% were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.89. Same-sex couples headed 127 households in 2010, an increase from the 65 counted in 2000.
17.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 86.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $72,341 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,502) and the median family income was $86,489 (+/- $11,977). Males had a median income of $66,015 (+/- $3,526) versus $55,511 (+/- $3,404) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $44,996 (+/- $2,903). About 5.5% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 35,461 people, 16,544 households, and 9,396 families residing in the borough. The population density was 14,001.7 people per square mile (5,411.7/km2). There were 17,446 housing units at an average density of 6,888.5 per square mile (2,662.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 62.75% White, 31.43% Asian, 1.73% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.87% of the population.
There were 16,544 households, out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 17.5% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $58,161, and the median income for a family was $72,140. Males had a median income of $54,730 versus $41,783 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,899. About 5.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 17.18% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the fifth highest in the United States and third highest of any municipality in New Jersey; behind neighboring Palisades Park (36.38%) and Leonia (17.24%) – for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In the same census, 5.56% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry, and 6.09% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Japanese ancestry, the highest of any municipality in New Jersey for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In the 2010 Census, 23.5% of residents (8,318 individuals) identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, 7.5% (2,653) as Chinese and 3.7% (1,302) as Japanese.
Arts and cultureEdit
Since 2007, the Hudson Shakespeare Company has brought their Shakespeare in the Park touring shows to Fort Lee in "Shakespeare Tuesdays". The group now performs regularly at Monument Park (1588 Palisade Avenue, next to the Fort Lee Museum) with 2 Tuesday shows per month for each month of the summer. The festival also tours similar dates in Hackensack.
Fort Lee Koreatown has become a Korean dining destination. Fort Lee's Korean food has been described as being even better than in Koreatown, Manhattan. Korean Chinese cuisine is now also available in Koreatown, as is misugaru. Korean cafés have become a major cultural element within Fort Lee's Koreatown, not only for the coffee, bingsu (shaved ice), and pastries, but also as communal gathering places.
Fort Lee is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The borough is one of 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the six-member Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Fort Lee is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Fort Lee is Democrat Mark Sokolich, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Michael Sargenti (D, 2020), Joseph L. Cervieri Jr. (D, 2021), Ila Kasofsky (D, 2022), Harvey Sohmer (D, 2021), Peter J. Suh (D, 2022) and Paul K. Yoon (D, 2020).
Federal, state and county representationEdit
Fort Lee is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Fort Lee had been in the 38th state legislative district.
For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2020–2021 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January. As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018), Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018), Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018), David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020), Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018), Bergen County's constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021), Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 18,382 registered voters in Fort Lee, of which 7,537 (41.0% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,487 (13.5% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 8,350 (45.4% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 52.0% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 62.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 7,891 votes (60.9% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 4,737 votes (36.6% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 104 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 12,950 ballots cast by the borough's 19,738 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,624 votes (61.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 5,236 votes (37.0% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 114 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 14,144 ballots cast by the borough's 19,352 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.1% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 8,367 votes (61.1% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 5,161 votes (37.7% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 100 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,692 ballots cast by the borough's 18,294 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.8% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 55.3% of the vote (3,735 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 43.5% (2,941 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (78 votes), among the 6,992 ballots cast by the borough's 18,356 registered voters (238 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 38.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,187 ballots cast (58.8% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 3,191 votes (36.2% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 287 votes (3.3% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 38 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 8,817 ballots cast by the borough's 18,854 registered voters, yielding a 46.8% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Emergency services and public safetyEdit
The borough council created the Fort Lee Police Department in 1904, although it was not until 1927 that the council authorized the appointment of a full-time paid police chief. As of 2019, the police department had about 100 members.
Emergency medical servicesEdit
The Fort Lee Volunteer Ambulance Corps, founded in 1971, provides emergency medical services to the Borough of Fort Lee, the George Washington Bridge, and the Palisades Interstate Parkway. One of the largest EMS agencies in the surrounding area, the Fort Lee Volunteer Ambulance Corps operates a fleet of four medium-duty ambulances, one first responder vehicle, and two command vehicles from its headquarters on the corner of Main Street and Anderson Avenue. In 2011, the agency purchased a new state-of-the-art ambulance, designated FLA-1, in order to begin retiring some of its aging ambulances. The agency plans to purchase a second ambulance sometime in 2013. With approximately 50 active members, the corps operates 24 hours a day on weekends and from 7 PM to 6 AM on weekdays, with paid borough employees staffing the ambulances during the day on weekdays. The Fort Lee Volunteer Ambulance Corps responds to approximately 3,400 emergency medical calls annually. The corps is a member agency of the East Bergen Ambulance Association (EBAA) with a standing mutual aid agreement with surrounding East Bergen boroughs.
Fort Lee is protected around the clock by the volunteer firefighters of the Fort Lee Fire Department, which was founded in 1888 when the borough was still a part of Ridgefield Township and operates out of four fire stations. The Fort Lee Fire Department operates a fire apparatus fleet of six engines (including spares), two ladders, one heavy rescue, one squad (light rescue), two support services units, a mobile air cascade unit, four command vehicles(battalion and deputy chiefs), and six fire prevention units. The Fort Lee Fire Department's volunteer fire companies respond to, on average, approximately 1,800 emergency calls annually.
|Engine company||Truck company||Special unit||Address|
|Engine 1, Engine 5||146 Main Street|
|Engine 2||Rescue 2 (heavy), Squad 2(light rescue)||Lemoine Avenue|
|Engine 3||Ladder 1, Ladder 2||557 Main Street|
|Engine 4, Engine 6||S.S.U. 1, S.S.U. 2 (support service units)||4 Brinkerhoff Avenue|
The Fort Lee School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of six schools, had an enrollment of 4,103 students and 301.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.6:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are School 1 (761 students in grades K-4), School 2 (493; PreK-4), School 3 (596; K-4), School 4 (614; K-4), Lewis F. Cole Intermediate School / Lewis F. Cole Middle School (585; 5-8) and Fort Lee High School (1,012; 9-12).
During the 2010–11 school year, School #3 was awarded the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive, one of only ten schools statewide to be honored. The school was one of three in Bergen County honored that year.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Private schools in the area include Christ the Teacher (PK–8, 314 students), First Step Day Care Center (PK, 101 students), Fort Lee Education Center (7–12, 78 students), Fort Lee Montessori Pre-School (PK, 49 students), Fort Lee Youth Center Playgroup (PK, 30 students), Futures Best Nursery Academy (PK, 98 students), Green House Preschool and Kindergarten (PK–K, 125 students), Happy Kids Pre-School (PK, 75 students), Hooks Lane School (PK, 54 students), Itsy Bitsy Early Learning Center (PK, 60 students), Genesis Preschool & Academy (PK, K-6, 83 students), Palisades Pre-School (PK, 108 students), Rainbow School DC (PK, 88 students), and Small World Montessori School (PK, 51 students). Christ the Teacher Interparochial School operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.
Weekend supplementary educationEdit
The Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey (ニュージャージー補習授業校), a Japanese supplementary educational school, holds its classes at Paramus Catholic High School in Paramus while its offices are in Fort Lee. It is one of the two weekend Japanese school systems operated by the Japanese Educational Institute of New York (JEI; ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会 Nyūyōku Nihonjin Kyōiku Shingi Kai), a nonprofit organization which also operates two Japanese day schools in the New York City area.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 51.12 miles (82.27 km) of roadways, of which 35.44 miles (57.04 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.20 miles (9.98 km) by Bergen County and 6.22 miles (10.01 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 3.26 miles (5.25 km) by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Fort Lee is served by the Palisades Interstate Parkway, Route 4, Route 5, Route 67, Interstate 95 (the northern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike), U.S. Route 9W, U.S. Route 1-9, U.S. Route 46, and County Route 505. The George Washington Bridge (signed as I-95/US 1-9/US 46), the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge, crosses the Hudson River from Fort Lee to the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. Many of these roads converge at GWB Plaza, a busy crossroads at the northern end of the borough.
Fort Lee is served by NJ Transit buses 154, 156, 158 and 159 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178, 181, 182, 186 and 188 lines to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; and local service on the 751, 753, 755 and 756.
Rockland Coaches provides service along Route 9W on the 9T and 9AT bus lines and on the 14ET to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and on the 9 / 9A to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal. Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on route 11C.
The Fort Lee Parking Authority issues and controls parking passes, meter fees, and provides shuttles and non-emergency transportation. Marc Macri] a former law partner of Mayor Mark Sokolich, serves as Commissioner of the Fort Lee Parking Authority.
As of 2016[update] two Taiwanese airlines, China Airlines and EVA Air, provides private bus services to and from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City for customers based in New Jersey. These bus services stop in Fort Lee.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fort Lee has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Tallest buildings and structuresEdit
The George Washington Bridge (GWB), at 604 ft (184 m) meters in height as measured from its base, is the tallest structure in Fort Lee. The cliffs of the Palisades rise to about 260 ft (79 m). Since the 1960s, numerous residential high-rise buildings have been built along the Palisade Avenue-Boulevard East corridor. Fort Lee's population and housing density increased considerably during the 1960s and 1970s with the construction of highrise apartments. As of 2019, including from the bridge itself, there were 10 structures over 300 ft (91 m) tall in Fort Lee.
ft / m
|1=||The Modern 1||496 ft (151 m)||47||2014|||
|1=||The Modern 2||496 ft (151 m)||47||2018|||
|3||The Palisades||445 ft (136 m)||41||2001|||
|4=||The Plaza||347.2 ft (105.8 m)||32||1975|||
|4=||The Colony||347.2 ft (105.8 m)||32||1972|||
|6=||River Ridge||336.4 ft (102.5 m)||31||1985|||
|6=||Century Towers||336.4 ft (102.5 m)||31||1981|||
|8=||Horizon Towers North||304 ft (93 m)||28||1968|||
|8=||Horizon Towers South||304 ft (93 m)||28||1968|||
|9||Mediterrean Towers West||293 ft (89 m)||27||1982|||
- The borough was mentioned in "Weekend Update" segments involving fictional consumer affairs reporter Roseanne Roseannadanna, played by Gilda Radner, who almost always began reading letters by saying, "A Mr. Richard Feder from Fort Lee, New Jersey, writes in and says...." Feder was the brother-in-law of Saturday Night Live writer and segment co-creator Alan Zweibel and an actual Fort Lee resident until he moved to West Nyack, New York in 1981.
- In the 1984 film, The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension, the character played by Jeff Goldblum (Dr. Sidney Zwibel/New Jersey) introduces himself as being from Fort Lee, earning him the nickname "New Jersey".
- In Desperately Seeking Susan, the main character Roberta (played by Rosanna Arquette) is from Fort Lee. A key thematic element of the film is the contrast between Roberta's life in New Jersey and her desire to experience Susan's lifestyle in New York City.
- Martin Scorsese directed several scenes of Goodfellas in Fort Lee.
- Chabad of Fort Lee, a synagogue, was used as the filming location for the Queens, New York City residence of Detective Elliot Stabler on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.
- In late March 2011, a group of teenagers reported that they had been detained by the Fort Lee Police Department who left them in a police van parked for 14 hours overnight at headquarters. The detainees, who said that they had no food, water or access to bathrooms during that time, were released after passers-by heard their screams. In December 2013, $120,000 was awarded to each of three of the teens as settlement of a lawsuit that alleged that they had been unlawfully detained and that police officers had used racial epithets.
- On March 2, 2012, The show Morning Joe on MSNBC aired live from Fort Lee High School. Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski joined Gov. Chris Christie, Rev. Al Sharpton, Michelle Rhee, Harold Ford Jr., Howard Dean, Interim Superintendent of Fort Lee Schools (Steven Engravalle) and other invited guests to discuss New Jersey's education reform.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Fort Lee include:
- Vito Albanese (1918–1998), politician who represented Bergen County in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1966 to 1968.
- Albert Anastasia (1902–1957), Mafia boss.
- Mickey Appleman (born 1946), professional poker player.
- Allan Arkush (born 1948), film director and television producer known for Rock and Roll High School and the NBC series Heroes.
- Miri Ben-Ari (born 1978), Israeli-American violinist.
- Barbara Bennett (1906–1959), silent screen actress and literary representative.
- Constance Bennett (1904–1965), stage and film actress.
- Joan Bennett (1910–1990), stage and film actress.
- Mike Berniker (1935–2008), record producer.
- Balfour Brickner (1926–2005), rabbi emeritus of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan.
- Dr. Joyce Brothers (1927–2013), psychologist, television personality.
- Charlie Callas (1924–2011), comedian and actor.
- Cam'ron (born 1976), rapper.
- Jonathan Cheban (born 1974), reality-television star and entrepreneur, noted for his recurring role on the show Keeping Up with the Kardashians and its spinoffs.
- Jay Chiat (1931–2002), advertising agency executive.
- Liz Claman (born 1963), Fox Business Network anchor.
- Haskell Cohen (1914–2000), public relations director of National Basketball Association from 1950 to 1969, known as creator of NBA All-Star Game.
- Émile Cohl (1857–1938), French caricaturist, cartoonist, and animator.
- Celia Cruz (1925–2003), Cuban-born salsa singer.
- Morton Downey Jr. (1932–2001), singer, songwriter, radio and TV personality. host.
- Bill Evans (1929–1980), jazz pianist and composer.
- Phil Foster (1913–1985), comedian and actor, played Frank De Fazio in Laverne & Shirley.
- Buddy Hackett (1924–2003), comedian and actor.
- Charles J. Hunt (1881–1976), film editor and director.
- Jim Hunt, ice hockey former head coach and current president of the New Jersey Hitmen.
- Arthur Imperatore Sr. (1925–2020), businessman best known as being the founder and president of the NY Waterway.
- Jay-Z (born 1969), rapper.
- Ron Johnson (1947–2018), former NFL running back for the Cleveland Browns and New York Giants.
- Ali Khatami (born 1953), former Iranian Presidential Chief of Staff.
- Randy Klein (born 1949), musician, composer, pianist, author and educator.
- Samm Levine (born 1982), actor on Freaks and Geeks.
- Nathaniel Lubell (1916–2006), Olympic fencer who competed for the United States in foil at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki and the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne.
- Ted Manakas (born 1951), former professional basketball player who played briefly in the NBA for the Kansas City-Omaha Kings.
- Eddie Mannix (1891–1963), film studio executive at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
- Willard Marshall (1921-2000), former MLB right fielder who played for the New York Giants, Boston Braves, Cincinnati Reds and Chicago White Sox.
- D. Bennett Mazur (c. 1925–1994), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Pierre McGuire (born 1961), ice hockey analyst and former NHL coach and scout.
- Aline Brosh McKenna (born 1967), screenwriter who wrote the scripts for The Devil Wears Prada and 27 Dresses.
- Bill O'Reilly (born 1949), television host, author, syndicated columnist and political commentator, host of The O'Reilly Factor on Fox News Channel.
- John Orsino (1938-2016), Major League Baseball catcher who played for the San Francisco Giants (1961–1962), Baltimore Orioles (1963–1965) and Washington Senators (1966–1967).
- Johnny Pacheco (1935–2021), Dominican musician, arranger, bandleader and record producer, who was the founder and musical director of Fania Record.
- Christopher Porrino (born 1967), lawyer who became served as New Jersey Attorney General from 2016 to 2018.
- George Price (1901–1995), cartoonist best known for his work for The New Yorker.
- Richard Reines, recording industry executive, co-owner of Drive-Thru Records.
- Freddie Roman (born 1937), comedian, New York Friars' Club notable.
- Joe Rosario (born 1959), actor, writer, director.
- Murray Sabrin (born 1946), college professor and Libertarian Party / Republican Party politician.
- Amy Scheer, professional sports executive who is general manager of the Connecticut Whale of the National Women's Hockey League
- August Semmendinger (1820-1885), photographic inventor.
- Eva Shain (c. 1918–1999), boxing judge, one of the first female judges in New York, first woman to judge a heavyweight championship bout (1977 fight between Muhammad Ali and Earnie Shavers).
- Anton Sikharulidze (born 1976), Olympic gold medal-winning pairs figure skater.
- Phoebe Snow (1950–2011), singer.
- Alfonso Soriano (born 1976), outfielder who plays for the New York Yankees.
- Darryl Strawberry (born 1962), Major League Baseball outfielder who played for New York Mets, New York Yankees and Los Angeles Dodgers.
- Anthony Strollo (1899-1962?), New York mobster who served as a high-ranking capo of the Genovese crime family until his disappearance after leaving his home in Fort Lee.
- Lyle Stuart (1922–2006), independent publisher of controversial books.
- Justin Tuck (born 1983), former NFL defensive end who played for the New York Giants and Oakland Raiders.
- James Van Fleet (1892–1992), United States Army general.
- Chien-Ming Wang (born 1980), pitcher for the Washington Nationals.
- Jennifer Wu (born 1990), table tennis player originally from China who has been named to the U.S. team at the 2016 Summer Olympics.
- Glen Zipper (born 1974), writer, film producer and former New Jersey assistant state prosecutor known for the Academy Award-winning film Undefeated.
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- Tat, Linh. "Fort Lee grapples with questions on future development", The Record, June 12, 2012. Accessed December 7, 2013. "Fort Lee - Bedroom community. Sixth borough of New York City. Gateway to Bergen County."
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- Amith, Dennis. "Before Hollywood There Was Fort Lee, N.J.: Early Movie Making in New Jersey (a J!-ENT DVD Review)", J!-ENTonline.com, January 1, 2011. Accessed December 7, 2013. "When Hollywood, California, was mostly orange groves, Fort Lee, New Jersey, was a center of American film production."
- Rose, Lisa."100 years ago, Fort Lee was the first town to bask in movie magic", The Star-Ledger, April 29, 2012. Accessed December 7, 2013. "Back in 1912, when Hollywood had more cattle than cameras, Fort Lee was the center of the cinematic universe. Icons from the silent era like Mary Pickford, Lionel Barrymore and Lillian Gish crossed the Hudson River via ferry to emote on Fort Lee back lots."
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- Bishop, Jim. "How movies got moving...", The Lewiston Journal, November 27, 1979. Accessed February 14, 2012. "Movies were unheard of in Hollywood, even in 1900. The flickering shadows were devised in a place called Fort Lee, N.J. It had forests, rocks cliffs for the cliff-hangers and the Hudson River. The movie industry had two problems. The weather was unpredictable, and Thomas Edison sued producers who used his invention. [...] It was not until 1911 that David Horsley moved his Nestor Co. west."
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- Fort Lee Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Fort Lee School District. Accessed April 26, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through twelve in the Fort Lee Public Schools. Composition: The Fort Lee Public Schools are comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Fort Lee."
- District information for Fort Lee School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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- School 1, Fort Lee School District. Accessed April 27, 2020.
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- "入学のご案内 entrance." (Archive) Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey. Accessed July 7, 2013. "Japanese Weekend School of NJ ニュージャージー補習授業校事務所 2 Executive Drive, Suite 660, Fort Lee, NJ 07024"
- "学校案内" (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York (ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会). Accessed April 15, 2015. The names of the weekend schools as stated on the pages should be "The Japanese Weekend School of New York" and "The Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey" - note that the Japanese names between the day and weekend schools are different.
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 6, 2013.
- George Washington Bridge, Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Accessed July 8, 2014.
- Woodruff, Bob; Zak, Lana; and Wash, Stephanie. "GW Bridge Painters: Dangerous Job on Top of the World's Busiest Bridge", ABC News, November 20, 2012. Accessed August 31, 2015.
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- About, Fort Lee Parking Authority. Accessed March 25, 2020.
- says, Dor Greenberg (April 20, 2017). "Fort Lee Mayor Sokolich's Money Laundering Law Partner Appointed Fort Lee Commissioner After Bergen Prosecutors Make Charges Disappear". New Jersey Corruption. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
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- Tat, Linh. "Luxury Fort Lee high-rise transforms Bergen County skyline", The Record, November 19, 2013. Accessed July 8, 2014. "When The Modern is completed, it will feature the tallest structures in Bergen County — two 47-story glass-encapsulated residential towers, which proponents are hailing as a gateway into the region."
- Adams, Arthur G.; Nancy, Jean-Luc (1996), Hudson River; A guide to the river, Fordham University Press
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- Haller, Vera. "Close to the City, but With a Life of Its Own", The New York Times, September 7, 2012. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- Hanley, Robert. "Fort Lee Changing Once Again", The New York Times, January 22, 1979. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- McFadden, Robert D. "Fort Lee Council Bans Rezoning To Stem Long High-Rise Boom", The New York Times, September 11, 1972.
- Goldberger, Paul. "The Palisades: Beauty and the Beast", The New York Times, January 25, 1976. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- Tat, Linh. "Fort Lee Planning Board OKs two 47-story towers", The Record, March 27, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 27, 2012. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- The Modern Tower A, SkyscraperPage. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- Steinberg, Russell. "Tr-state briefs", The Real Deal (magazine), June 2012. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- The Modern, SJP Properties. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- Ma, Myles. "Construction starts on $500 million development in Fort Lee", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, October 17, 2012, updated March 30, 2019. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- https://Taht, Lin. [web.archive.org/web/20131013211725/http://www.northjersey.com/fortlee/Groundbreaking_marks_start_of_500M_Fort_Lee_project.html "Groundbreaking marks start of Fort Lee project"], The Record, October 17, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 13, 2013. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- Tat, Linh. "Luxury Fort Lee high-rise transforms Bergen County skyline", The Record, November 19, 2013, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 12, 2013. Accessed October 2, 2019.
- The Modern II, Emporis. Accessed October 2, 2019.
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- via Associated Press. "Did you ever want to know who Richard Feder really is?", Lawrence Journal-World, February 10, 1980. Accessed September 7, 2014.
- Flegenheimer, Matt. "A Mr. Feder, Once of Fort Lee, Chimes In", The New York Times, January 11, 2014. Accessed September 7, 2014. "More than 30 years ago, Mr. Feder, 64, was perhaps Fort Lee's best-known resident, celebrated by a recurring character played by Gilda Radner on Saturday Night Live. The character, Roseanne Roseannadanna, would begin her segment on 'Weekend Update' by saying, 'A Mr. Richard Feder from Fort Lee, N.J., writes in and says ...'"
- Rauch, Earl Mac. The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai, p. 96. Simon and Schuster, 2001. ISBN 9780743442480. Accessed December 3, 2017. "'Fellows, this is Sid Zwibel,' said Buckaroo. 'He'll be riding with us as an observer for a few days, so give him the treatment.' 'Don't worry. We will,' said Tommy. 'The treatment?' asked Sid, quailing. 'Where do you hail from, Doc?' I asked. 'Fort Lee,' he said. 'New Jersey.'"
- Willistein, Paul. "Desperately Seeking Susan' A Tale Of Two Cultures", The Morning Call, April 13, 1985. Accessed January 18, 2015. "The story concerns Roberta (Rosanna Arquette), a Fort Lee, N.J., housewife who, bored with her beauty shop world, follows the newspaper personals romance of Jim (Robert Joy) and Susan (Madonna). In the latest ad, Jim announces he's Desperately Seeking Susan.... The way she makes Roberta's decision to leave behind her Fort Lee life is representative of Seidelman's shorthand style - not unlike French farce and with a storyboard swiftness that recalls Hitchcock."
- Filming Locations for Goodfellas, Internet Movie Database. Accessed May 14, 2007.
- Kimpton, Roger. "Hollywood on the Palisades", Palisade magazine, Summer 2010; Page 14. Accessed July 8, 2014.
- "Police Leave Teens Locked in Van For Hours: 'It was the worst thing that ever possibly happened to me,' one boy says.", WNBC, March 29, 2011. Accessed April 5, 2011.
- Tat, Linh. "3 boys locked in Fort Lee police van overnight will split $360,000", The Record, December 17, 2013. Accessed January 8, 2014. "Three boys who were locked in a Fort Lee police van overnight in freezing temperatures will receive $120,000 each under a settlement reached with the borough, attorneys for the plaintiffs said."
- "Broadcasting live from Fort Lee High School", MSNBC, March 2, 2012. Accessed March 3, 2012.
- Sullivan, Ronald. "'Bribe' Bid Linked to Teterboro Bill; Dismemberment Plan Author Reports $50,000 Offer", The New York Times, May 2, 1967. Accessed August 29, 2018. "Then Assemblyman Joseph C. Woodcock Jr., Republican of Cliffside Park, jumped up and challenged Assemblyman Albanese, a Democrat of Fort Lee."
- Staff. "Anastasia Home Sale — Mansion in Fort Lee Will Be Auctioned Tomorrow", The New York Times, August 24, 1958. Accessed August 29, 2018. "Fort Lee, N.J., Aug. 23 -The late Albert Anastasia's Spanish stucco mansion here will be sold at public auction at 2 o'clock Monday at the office of the Sheriff of Bergen County in Hackensack."
- Hunt, Thomas. "King of the Brooklyn Docks: Albert Anastasia (1902-1957)" Archived 2015-05-01 at the Wayback Machine, The American Mafia. Accessed July 8, 2014. "In the mid-1940s, Anastasia decided to move away from Brooklyn and follow his longtime friend Joe Adonis to the country setting of Fort Lee, New Jersey. The Brooklyn home held in the name of his wife was sold for $25,000. The Anastasias built a new, 35-room, 5-bathroom house, valued at more than $75,000 at #75 Bluff Road in Fort Lee."
- "Frank closer to big money", The Record, August 3, 2006. "All were eliminated along with pros Mickey Appleman of Fort Lee and Teaneck native David Sklansky."
- Coutros, Evonne. "Hoboken story, made in Toronto", The Record, March 12, 1995. Accessed June 30, 2010.
- Beckerman, Jim. "Pioneering pop and hip-hop violinist to visit Englewood's Elisabeth Morrow School" Archived 2016-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, The Record, August 15, 2016. Accessed August 16, 2016. "But Ben-Ari, who just moved to Fort Lee a few months ago — previously she had lived in Edgewater — will be stopping by Elisabeth Morrow in person Tuesday to teach a master class, give an in-school performance (not open to the public), and get the 200-plus students prepared for their big day Thursday."
- Kellow, Brian. The Bennetts: An Acting Family, pp. 34-35. University Press of Kentucky, 2004. ISBN 9780813123295. Accessed August 31, 2015.
- via Associated Press. "Joan Bennett dead at 80", The Daily News (Kentucky), December 6, 1990. Accessed June 30, 2012. "The actress, born in Fort Lee, N.J., made her 1928 debut in the Broadway play Jarnegan."
- Levin, Jay. "Grammy winner M. Berniker", The Record, September 23, 2008. Accessed December 6, 2013. "Former Fort Lee resident Michael Berniker won nine Grammys and worked with Barbra Streisand, Perry Como, Johnny Mathis and Steve Lawrence & Eydie Gorme, to name a few, during four decades as a record producer."
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Balfour Brickner, Activist Reform Rabbi, Dies at 78", The New York Times, September 1, 2005. Accessed October 13, 2013. "Rabbi Balfour Brickner, a voice of Reform Judaism on issues like race and abortion and the rabbi emeritus of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan, died on Monday at Mount Sinai Hospital. He was 78 and lived in Fort Lee, N.J., and Stockbridge, Mass."
- Staff. "Ft. Lee's Dr. Brothers to be honored", The Record, December 3, 2006. "But right now, she's getting ready for a photo shoot at her spacious Fort Lee co-op."
- Fox, Margalit. "Dr. Joyce Brothers, On-Air Psychologist Who Made TV House Calls, Dies at 85", The New York Times, May 13, 2013. Accessed October 13, 2013. "Joyce Brothers, a former academic psychologist who, long before Drs. Ruth, Phil and Laura, was counseling millions over the airwaves, died on Monday at her home in Fort Lee, N.J. She was 85."
- Comedian Charlie Callas Dead At 86 Archived 2014-01-07 at the Wayback Machine, NY1 News, January 29, 2011. "NY1 Video: One-time Fort Lee resident and American comedian Charlie Callas died Wednesday."
- "It's not easy being pink: Cameron Giles, better known as Cam'ron, triggered the pink fad. Now he wants to change color and cash in as a trendsetter", Taipei Times, October 18, 2004. Accessed May 13, 2007. "In a gated condominium community in Fort Lee, New Jersey, the dense shrubbery suggests a botanical garden more than a residential one.... That is how you can tell the house of Cameron Giles. For the better part of two years, pink has been the dominant color in the life of Giles, a rapper who performs as Cam'ron."
- Stein, Joshua David. "Dinner at TAO with the 'FoodGod' Jonathan Cheban", GQ, September 16, 2016. Accessed December 30, 2017. "Cheban was born in Russia in 1974 but grew up across the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee, New Jersey."
- The Last Adman, New York (magazine), April 8, 2002. "When I started to get friendly with Jay, he couldn't explain either, at least not with any clear logic, how he went from being a Jewish kid from the Bronx and Fort Lee, New Jersey, to ending up in the agency business."
- Spelling, Ian. "From Bulls & Bears to Bergen: Fox Business Network anchor Liz Claman loves coming home to Edgewater" Archived 2009-10-10 at the Wayback Machine, (201) magazine, October 2009. Accessed October 12, 2009. "I love Edgewater. I lived in Fort Lee and jogged into the Edgewater Colony, and I thought 'One day, I'd love to live here.'"
- Goldstein, Richard. "Haskell Cohen, 86, Publicist; Created N.B.A. All-Star Game", The New York Times, July 3, 2000. Accessed December 5, 2013. "Haskell Cohen, a longtime publicity director for the National Basketball Association, who helped create the league's All-Star Game – a once-modest affair that has become an annual weekend spectacle – died last Wednesday at his home in Fort Lee, N.J."
- Pareles, Jon. "Celia Cruz, Petite Powerhouse of Latin Music, Dies at 77", The New York Times, July 17, 2003. Accessed July 8, 2014. "Celia Cruz, the Cuban singer who became the queen of Latin music, died yesterday at her home in Fort Lee, N.J."
- Critics Say His Mouth Needs Washing, but Morton Downey's Talk Show Is a Screaming Hit, People Magazine, April 11, 1988. "'I'm me,' says Mort endearingly, as he sits in his Fort Lee, N.J., condo, sipping coffee and stubbing out the sixth of 80 cigarettes he will smoke this day."
- Pettinger, Pete. Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings, pp. 274, 284. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 9780300097276. Accessed September 7, 2014.
- Wilson, John S. "Bill Evans, Jazz Pianist Praised For Lyricism and Structure, Dies; 'In Touch With His Feelings' Trouble With Scales", The New York Times, September 17, 1980. Accessed June 30, 2009. "Mr. Evans, who lived in Fort Lee, N.J., toured in Europe this summer."
- Kraushar, Jonathan P. "Bergen: Comics' Haven", The New York Times, March 21, 1976. Accessed December 17, 2012. "In the view of Phil Foster, a star of the television comedy Laverne and Shirley, there is no such thing as New Jersey humor. If it exists, said Mr. Foster, who lives in Fort Lee, it is like Staten Island humor – that is, simplay a question of speaking slower."(subscription required)
- Staff. "Comedian buys home; Buddy Hackett New Owner of Anastasia House in Fort Lee", The New York Times, August 30, 1958. "Buddy Hackett is the owner of Albert Anastasia's Spanish stucco home on the edge of the Palisades in Fort Lee."
- Hess, Earl J.; and Dabholkar, Pratibha A. Singin' in the rain: the making of an American masterpiece, p. 252. University Press of Kansas, 2009. Accessed July 12, 2019. "Charles J. Hunt (production manager): Born April 8, 1881, in Fort Lee, New Jersey, and died February 3, 1976, in Los Angeles."
- Jim Hunt, New Jersey Hitmen. Accessed August 19, 2016. "While cultivating his hockey knowledge and gaining valuable experience, Jim also served as a police detective in his hometown of Fort Lee, NJ. Where he retired after twenty five years of distinguished service."
- Chaban, Matt A. V. "A Gangster's Paradise With Views, Thick Walls and a Slaughter Room", The New York Times, November 2, 2015. Accessed December 8, 2015. "For those wanting to live like a Mafia don — and willing to live with a few ghosts — Guernsey's will auction off the old Anastasia estate on Dec. 8, with a minimum price of $5.5 million....When he moved to Hollywood, the home passed to Arthur Imperatore Sr., the trucking and ferry tycoon who turned a single delivery truck into a billion-dollar empire and the derelict Weehawken docks into a wonderland of apartments."
- Barboza, Craigh. "Friend Or foe?", USA Weekend, January 28, 2001. "Jay-Z, himself, has a two-floor penthouse in Fort Lee, N.J., with a view of Manhattan."
- Ross, Barbara; Singleton, Don; Santiago, Roberto; and Marzulli, John. "Jay-Z accused of knifing rival at party", New York Daily News, December 4, 1999. Accessed January 5, 2012. "all, Jay-Z, 29, who now lives in Fort Lee, N.J., was charged with two counts of first-degree assault and two counts of second-degree assault. Posner set a return date for Jan. 31."
- Harvin, Al. "An Offseason Game; New Jersey Sports", The New York Times, January 12, 1973. Accessed November 16, 2008. "Some of the other Jersey residents on the team, according to Davis, are Bob Tucker, the New York Giants' tight end from Lincroft; Phil Villapiano, Oakland Raider linebacker from Ocean Township, and Ron Johnson, Giant running back, now a resident of Fort Lee."
- Sciolino, Elaine. "Beneath the turban: A special report.; Mullah Who Charmed Iran Is Struggling to Change It", The New York Times, February 1, 1998. Accessed July 8, 2014. "Still, the Khatami children were encouraged to earn their own money, said Ali Khatami, 44, the President's brother, a businessman who lived in Fort Lee, N.J., for a year and a half while he was getting his master's degree in industrial engineering."
- Reich, Ronni. "New York Musical Theatre Festival: Three Jersey artists offer something different", The Star-Ledger, July 7, 2013. Accessed August 29, 2018. "Randy Klein, who grew up in Union City and Fort Lee, appeared at the festival last year with Flambé Dreams, a kitchen comedy."
- Aushenker, Michael. "Super Sunday tallies up a record $5,165,961 in contributions for United Jewish Fund", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, March 3, 2000. Accessed December 7, 2013. "Levine, who was present at the opening of Valley Alliance's Milken Gym, told The Journal that Super Sunday reminded him of the community spirit of his home town – Fort Lee, New Jersey."
- "Paid Notice: Natahaniel Lubell", The New York Times, September 23, 2006. Accessed February 8, 2018. "Lubell--Nathaniel, 90 of Fort Lee, NJ died in his home on Sat., Sept. 17th."
- Caldera, Pete. "Where are they now? Former Fort Lee/Princeton basketball star Ted Manakas", The Record, January 21, 2014, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 9, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2020. "There's a 45-year-old photo Ted Manakas keeps from his final high school basketball game – Jersey City's Lincoln High against his Fort Lee team in the state tournament — at a Hackensack gym jammed with 1,500 fans."
- Meyers, Tom. "From the Archives: A Main Street Marquee and a Mogul – Fort Lee and the MGM Connection; Fort Lee's Metro Theatre on Main Street and the MGM Connection", FortLeePatch, March 2, 2013. Accessed December 6, 2013. "According to Fort Lee VFW Commander Jim Viola, the Fort Lee Theatre name changed in the 1930s to the Metro. This was to honor a Fort Lee boy who made good in Hollywood, Eddie Mannix."
- Heyde, Jack. Pop Flies and Line Drives: Visits with Players from Baseball's Golden Era, p. 48. Trafford Publishing, 2004. ISBN 9781412038898. Accessed May 24, 2016. "According to Sal Yvars, a former teammate of Marshall's, Willard's previous home in Fort Lee, NJ was built on a hill and had a clear and spectacular view of the city of New York from his back yard."
- Sullivan, Joseph F. "D. Bennett Mazur, a Professor And New Jersey Legislator, 69", The New York Times, October 13, 1994. Accessed February 14, 2012. "He began his political career as a tenant activist after moving to Fort Lee a few years after the war. He served on the Bergen County Board of Freeholders from 1965 to 1967 and again from 1975 to 1980 before winning his first election to the State Assembly the following year."
- Czerwinski, Mark J. "Nice and Tough -- Whalers' Mcguire Upbeat Yet Upfront", The Record, January 30, 2003. Accessed July 8, 2014.
- Salemi, Vicki. 'Glorifying Jersey; A noted Hollywood screenwriter uses her Jersey roots to help inform her storytelling.", New Jersey Monthly, December 13, 2010. Accessed December 6, 2013. "'It's definitely part of who I am,' says the Los Angeles-based scribe, who was born in France and moved with her family to Fort Lee when she was 6 months old."
- Kitman, Marvin. The Man Who Would Not Shut Up: The Rise of Bill O'Reilly, p. 13. Macmillan, 2008. ISBN 9780312385866. Accessed December 6, 2013. "'Billy,' as he was called to differentiate Bill Junior from Bill Senior, spent his first two years in a crowded apartment across the river in Fort Lee, New Jersey."
- Skelton, David E. "John Orsino: A Profile", The Pecan Park Eagle, September 13, 2017. Accessed September 15, 2018. "Orsino attended Fort Lee (New Jersey) High School.... He retired after the season and returned to his Fort Lee, New Jersey, home."
- Lopez, Elias E. "Johnny Pacheco, Who Helped Bring Salsa to the World, Dies at 85", The New York Times, February 15, 2021. Accessed February 15, 2021. "Johnny Pacheco, the Dominican-born bandleader who co-founded the record label that turned salsa music into a worldwide sensation, died on Monday in Teaneck, N.J. He was 85.... Mr. Pacheco lived in Fort Lee, N.J."
- "Attorney General Names Christopher S. Porrino Director of the Division of Law", New Jersey Attorney General, January 31, 2012. Accessed June 18, 2016. "Born in Teaneck and raised in Fort Lee and Englewood Cliffs, Porrino currently resides in Union County with his wife, Christina Shenouda, and their two children."
- Collins, Glenn. "George Price, 93, Cartoonist of Oddities, Dies", The New York Times, January 14, 1995. Accessed December 6, 2013. "Mr. Price was born on June 9, 1901, in Coytesville, N.J., in the borough of Fort Lee."
- LaGorce, Tammy. "Finding Emo", The New York Times, August 14, 2005. Accessed December 6, 2013. "'We came back, because as label owners we couldn't be away from it,' said Mr. Reines, who is from Fort Lee."
- Strauss, Robert. "In person; In a Club Full of Comics, The King Is Also a Jester", The New York Times, December 11, 2005. Accessed August 29, 2018. "Three or four times a week, Mr. Roman travels into Manhattan from his house in Fort Lee, where he has lived for six years, and holds court in one of the dining rooms at the Friars Club, formerly a doctor's town house on East 55th Street."
- Kim, Jennifer. "Fort Lee man continues film legacy", Fort Lee Suburbanite, October 16, 2009. Accessed September 26, 2011. "Though Rosario's profile in the film industry is steadily rising and Hollywood is on his horizon, he hasn't forgotten about his birthplace in Fort Lee. 'The cool thing about living in Fort Lee is living so close to New York City,' said Rosario."
- "Biography". Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2013.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), Murray Sabrin. Accessed December 6, 2013. "He lives with his wife of 39 years, Florence, in Ft. Lee, New Jersey."
- "Close Up Amy Scheer, chief commercial officer of the New York Red Bulls", NJBIZ, September 20, 2015. Accessed January 16, 2021. "Hometown: I grew up in Fair Lawn and currently reside in Fort Lee."
- Semmendinger, Paul and Ryan. "August Semmendinger Manufacturer of Photographic Apparatus", Historic Camera History Librarium, June 17, 2012. Accessed June 15, 2015. "By this point, August Semmendinger had moved to Fort Lee, in the county of Bergen and State of New Jersey."
- Goldstein, Richard. "Eva Shain, 81, a Pioneering Boxing Judge", The New York Times, August 23, 1999. Accessed December 6, 2013. "Eva Shain, the first woman to serve as a judge at a heavyweight championship boxing match when she was assigned to the Muhammad Ali-Earnie Shavers bout at Madison Square Garden in 1977, died Thursday at Englewood (N.J.) Hospital and Medical Center. Mrs. Shain, who lived in Fort Lee, N.J., was 81."
- Araton, Harvey. "Sports of The Times; Golden Windfall for the Russians", The New York Times, February 17, 2002. Accessed February 14, 2012. "At 25, Anton Sikharulidze is already a citizen of the world, more than familiar with the culture of the West. He lived in Fort Lee, N.J., for two years, trained in Hackensack."
- Friedman, Roger. "Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie Likely Guests at Cannes", Fox News, March 22, 2007. Accessed July 8, 2014. "Phoebe and Valerie lived in a small apartment in Fort Lee."
- Borden, Sam. "Soriano 'Tired' Of Trade Talk", New York Daily News, June 17, 2006. Accessed July 8, 2014. "The Yankees have made inquiries about Soriano's availability but have been turned off by the Nationals' requests for top pitching prospect Phil Hughes or Chien-Ming Wang. Soriano, who still maintains the Fort Lee, N.J., apartment he had during his tenure in the Bronx, seemed lukewarm about the possibility of returning to the Yankees."
- Darryl Strawberry leaves hospital after cancer surgery, CNN.com, October 16, 1998. "He will convalesce at his home in Fort Lee, New Jersey."
- Staff. "F.B.I.-Taped Conversation Sheds Light on 1962 Gangland Slaying of Strollo", The New York Times, January 8, 1970. Accessed September 8, 2018. "Strollo was said to have controlled the underworld's bar and nightclub operations on New York's East Side and in Greenwich Village. His fate has been a matter of conjecture since he walked out of his Fort Lee mansion one April evening in 1962 and disappeared. His body has never been found."
- Ramirez, Anthony. "Lyle Stuart, Publisher of Renegade Titles, Dies at 83", The New York Times, June 26, 2006. Accessed November 4, 2007. "He was 83 and lived in Fort Lee, N.J."
- Borden, Sam. "For Giants' Tuck, a Push for Reading Starts at Home", The New York Times, May 30, 2012. Accessed April 25, 2017. "Fort Lee, N.J. - ... The Tucks just giggled. They had not intended to settle in this tiny borough of Bergen County, but while taking a tour with a real estate agent about four years ago, Tuck asked about the neighborhoods he saw while driving over the George Washington Bridge."
- James Alward Van Fleet, Arlington National Cemetery. Accessed December 6, 2013 ."Van Fleet was born in Coytesville, New Jersey, March 19, 1892, but raised in Florida and adopted it as his home."
- Chen, Albert. "Chien-Ming Wang Has A Secret", Sports Illustrated, April 15, 2008. Accessed February 14, 2012. "During the baseball season Chien-Ming and his wife, Chia-Ling, whom he met in his first year of college and married in December 2003, live in a modest three-bedroom house in Fort Lee, N.J."
- Hartnett, Sean. "After Taking Up Table Tennis To Improve Her Vision, New Jerseyan Now Sets Sights On Olympic Gold", WCBS-TV, July 25, 2016. Accessed August 9, 2016. "The 26-year-old became a U.S. citizen in 2014. Born with the given name Yue, she has adopted Jennifer as her Americanized name, calls Fort Lee, New Jersey, home and is accustomed to American culture and cuisine."
- Shkolnikova, Svetlana. "Fort Lee natives win big at Academy Awards", Fort Lee Suburbanite, March 16, 2012. Accessed July 8, 2014. "Glen Zipper stands with his fellow crewmembers for the football documentary 'Undefeated,' which took the Oscar for Best Documentary at this year's Academy Awards. He and his brother Ralph grew up in Fort Lee, and worked together on the film. Glen, who worked as a criminal prosecutor in Hudson County for three years."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Lee, New Jersey.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fort Lee.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fort Lee .|
- Borough of Fort Lee web site
- Fort Lee Police Department
- Fort Lee Volunteer Fire Department
- Fort Lee Volunteer Ambulance Corps
- Fort Lee School District
- Fort Lee School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Fort Lee School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the Fort Lee approaches to the George Washington Bridge