World Film Company

The World Film Company or World Film Corporation was an American film production and distribution company, organized in 1914 in Fort Lee, New Jersey.

Scene from World Film's The Butterfly on the Wheel, starring Holbrook Blinn and Vivian Martin, 1915

Short-lived but significant in American film history, World Film was created by financier and filmmaker Lewis J. Selznick in Fort Lee, where many early film studios in America's first motion picture industry were based in the early part of the 20th century.[1][2][3]

FormationEdit

 
Selznick Studio, Fort Lee, 1920

World Film was to be the distribution arm for three main production companies: Selznick's own production company called Equitable Pictures, Jules Brulatour's Peerless Pictures, and the Shubert Pictures production company founded by the strong-willed promoter and entrepreneur William Aloysius Brady.

Under this arrangement World Film was the distributor for some 380 short films and features from 1914 through 1921. It also became a production company, with filming centered at Brulatour's Peerless Studio facilities, and run by Brady. The Schuberts intended to use their own chain of vaudeville and legitimate theaters as film venues.[4] In the period between 1912 and 1915, all of the five most important film production companies in the U.S. had similar ties to theatrical entrepreneurs, all hoping to leverage their theater chains: Famous Players Film Company, Klaw & Erlanger's "Protective Amusement Company", the Jesse L. Lasky Company, the Triangle Film Corporation, and World Film.[5]

By 1916, Selznick was ousted from World Film by its board. Chicago investor Arthur Spiegel was put in charge as president. Production remained at Fort Lee until 1919, when the company was re-purchased by Selznick and absorbed into his Lewis J. Selznick Productions, based on the west coast of the United States.

TalentEdit

World Film was distinguished by its concentration of talent. It acquired film production company Equitable Motion Pictures Corporation.[6]

The destruction by fire of the French-based Eclair Company's New Jersey studio on March 10, 1914, and the outbreak of World War I the following August drove a re-organization of foreign film-industry assets in Fort Lee, including the employees. Within World Film a number of French directors and cinematographers, many of whom had been brought over to work at American Eclair, organized themselves in a separate French-speaking unit, with its own sensibility. For about three years Maurice Tourneur, Léonce Perret, George Archainbaud, Emile Chautard, Albert Capellani and Lucien Andriot, among others, worked together on films such as 1914's The Wishing Ring: An Idyll of Old England, the 1915 versions of Camille and Alias Jimmy Valentine, the 1916 La Bohème. and taught a young apprentice film cutter at the World studio: Josef von Sternberg.[7]

Others were also hired into World Film: actress Clara Kimball Young (second wife of director James Young, married and divorced) hired away from Vitagraph, Sidney Olcott hired away from Kalem Studios, screenwriter Frances Marion, actress Elaine Hammerstein, and vaudeville star Lew Fields, and Clara Whipple (third wife of director James Young, married and divorced).

Partial filmographyEdit

Working titles:
The Making of a Man
The Transmutation
Life's Crucible[8][9][10][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004), Fort Lee: The Film Town, Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl, ISBN 0-86196-653-8
  2. ^ "Studios and Films". Fort Lee Film Commission. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  3. ^ Fort Lee Film Commission (2006), Fort Lee Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 0-7385-4501-5
  4. ^ The American theatrical film: stages in development, by John C. Tibbetts, page 85
  5. ^ The American theatrical film: stages in development, by John C. Tibbetts, page 64
  6. ^ "The Moving Picture World". 1916.
  7. ^ Von Sternberg, by John Baxter, pages 21-22
  8. ^ "Human Cargoes Promises Thrills," Moving Picture World, Vol. 25, No. 7, August 14, 1915, p. 1138
  9. ^ "Life's Crucible (Equitable)," (illustrated) Moving Picture World, Vol. 25, No. 8, August 21, 1915, p. 1332
  10. ^ "Claridge Films Gets Courtleigh," Motography, Vol. 15, No. 14, April 1, 1916, pps. 454, 470, 736, 758, 778, 951, 1007, 1066, 1109, 1180, 1235, 1291, 1350, 1407
  11. ^ "Claridge Films, Inc.," Moving Picture World, Vol. 28, No. 1, April 1, 1916, pps. 19, 84, 160, 167

External linksEdit