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2017 Southeast Asian Games

The 2017 Southeast Asian Games (Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara 2017), officially known as the 29th Southeast Asian Games (or simply 29th SEA Games; Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara ke-29) and commonly known as Kuala Lumpur 2017 was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event that took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia[2] This was the sixth time that Malaysia hosted the games and its first time since 2001. Previously, it had also hosted the 1965, 1971, 1977 and 1989 editions of the games. The 2017 edition is most notable for being the first edition to include winter sports.[3][4][5]

XXIX Southeast Asian Games
2017 Southeast Asian Games logo.svg
Host cityKuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Motto"Rising Together"
(Malay: Bangkit Bersama)
Nations participating11
Athletes participating4646
Events404 in 38 sports
Opening ceremony19 August
Closing ceremony30 August[1]
Officially opened byKing Muhammad V
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Athlete's OathNauraj Singh Randhawa
Judge's OathMegat Zulkarnain Omardin
Torch lighterNur Dhabitah Sabri
Main venueBukit Jalil National Stadium
Website2017 Southeast Asian Games
Singapore 2015 Clark 2019  >

The games were held from 19 to 30 August 2017, although several events had commenced from 14 August 2017. Around 4,646 athletes participated at the event, which featured 404 events in 38 sports. It was opened by the King of Malaysia, Muhammad V at the Bukit Jalil National Stadium.[6]

Hosts Malaysia led the final medal tally, followed by Thailand and Vietnam.[7] Several games and national records were broken during the games.[8] Although there were several controversies and technical errors, the games was deemed generally successful with its effective management of hosting cost spent and games promotion, commitment in environment conservation and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

Contents

Host cityEdit

As per SEA Games traditions, hosting duties are rotated among the SEA Games Federation (SEAGF) member countries. Each country is assigned a year to host but may choose to do so or not.[9]

In July 2012, the SEAGF meeting in Myanmar confirmed that Malaysia would host the regional biennial event in 2017, should there be no other country willing to bid for the host job.[10] Olympic Council of Malaysia (OCM) secretary general Sieh Kok Chi, who attended the meeting, said that Myanmar would host the Games in 2013, followed by Singapore in 2015. It was to be Brunei's turn but it expressed its interest to host the 2019 Games instead of the 2017 edition and thus this resulted in Malaysia being chosen as the host for the 2017 Games.

Development and preparationEdit

The Malaysia SEA Games Organising Committee (MASOC) was formed in 2015 to oversee the staging of the event.

CostsEdit

Sports minister Khairy Jamaluddin in 2013 had hoped the cost of hosting the games would not exceed MYR80 million (USD18 million).[11] But in 2016, the government budgeted the cost to not exceed MYR500 million[12] while during the 2017 budget, the prime minister, who was also the finance minister, announced a RM450 million budget for hosting the games.[13]

In comparison, Singapore had spent about MYR740 million (SGD264 million, using the then SGD/MYR exchange rate of 2.80, as opposed to the current rate of 3.15) organising the games in 2015 while Myanmar was estimated to have spent about MYR1 billion in 2013.[14][15]

VenuesEdit

The 2017 Southeast Asian Games was organised across several states in Malaysia.[16][17] All the existing venues in Bukit Jalil National Sports Complex were upgraded while a new velodrome, costing MYR 80 million was built in Nilai, Negeri Sembilan to host track cycling events and was completed on late March 2017 and opened on 26 May 2017.[18][19] Initially, Sabah and Sarawak were considered for a number of events contested.[16] However, the Chief Executive Officer of 2017 SEA Games, Zolkples Embong has decided not to involve the East Malaysian states, citing "higher cost" as the main reason for not involving.[20]

More than RM1.6 billion has been allocated by the host country to turn the National Sports Complex in Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, and its surrounding areas into a Sports City.[21] The first phase of the work will get the Bukit Jalil National Stadium ready to host the 2017 Southeast Asia Games.[22][23]

A games village was not built. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in 33 hotels across Peninsular Malaysia. Besides being physically near to the games venues, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the nation and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.[24][25]

The 29th Southeast Asian Games had 44 venues for the games, 27 in Kuala Lumpur, 10 in Selangor, 3 in Putrajaya, 2 in Negeri Sembilan and 1 each in Terengganu and Kedah respectively.[26]

 
 
Kuala Lumpur
 
Selangor
 
Negeri Sembilan
 
Terengganu
 
Kedah
 
Putrajaya
2017 Southeast Asian Games host states
State Competition Venue Sports
Kuala Lumpur National Sports Complex, Malaysia
National Aquatic Centre Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Synchronised Swimming, Water polo)
Sintetic Turf Field Archery
Bukit Jalil National Stadium Athletics, Opening & closing ceremonies
Axiata Arena Badminton
Malaysia National Hockey Stadium Field Hockey
Bukit Kiara Sports Complex
National Lawn Bowls Centre Lawn Bowls
Juara Stadium Netball, Pencak silat
Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre
Hall 4 Billiards and snooker
Hall 5 Judo, Wushu
Hall 1 Karate, Taekwondo
Hall 2 Pencak silat
Malaysian International Trade & Exhibition Centre (MITEC)
Hall 8 Boxing, Muay
Hall 6 Fencing
Hall 9 and 10 Gymnastics
Hall 4 Indoor Hockey
Hall 3 Weightlifting
Hall 7 Table Tennis
Others
Malaysia Basketball Association (MABA) Stadium Basketball
National Squash Centre Squash
Kuala Lumpur Football Stadium Football
University of Malaya Football
Raintree Club Squash
Pudu Ulu Recreational Park, Kuala Lumpur Petanque
National Tennis Centre, Jalan Duta Tennis
Badminton Stadium Cheras Volleyball
Titiwangsa Indoor Stadium Sepak takraw
Empire City Ice Arena Ice Hockey, Ice Skating
Selangor Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam Football
Shah Alam Stadium Football
MP Selayang Stadium Football
Kinrara Oval, Puchong Cricket
3Q Equestrian Park Rawang Equestrian (Dressage, Show Jumping)
The MINES Resort City Golf Club Golf
MBPJ Stadium Rugby 7s
National Shooting Range Shooting
Megalanes, Sunway Pyramid Bowling
Panasonic Stadium Shah Alam Futsal
Putrajaya Putrajaya Lake Triathlon, Water Skiing, Aquatics (Open water swimming)
Putrajaya Cycling Road, Athletics (Marathon)
Putrajaya Equestrian Park Equestrian (Polo)
Negeri Sembilan Nilai Velodrome and BMX Circuit Cycling Track, BMX
Nilai Square Cycling Road
Terengganu Terengganu International Equestrian Park Equestrian (Endurance)
Kedah National Sailing Centre, Langkawi Sailing

Public transportEdit

Prasarana became one of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games sponsors as “Official Public Transport Service Provider” on 9 May 2017 during the 100-days countdown celebration. The company had expressed commitment to provide 50 Rapid Buses in Klang Valley, fully wrapped with the games' images and logo, and agreed to extend its service hours during the Games to ease the movement of the public to competition venues.[27] On 11 August 2017, the company announced that it will offer a 50 percent discount on tickets to commuters who utilise its Light Rail Transit, Mass Rail Transit, Bus Rapid Transit and Monorail Line services to competition venues during the Kuala Lumpur 2017. Prasarana also extended its transportation services hours to 2.00am at selected stations for the comfort of fans and spectators along the Light Rail Transit, Mass Rail Transit and Bus Rapid Transit lines. Several double deck buses will be provided to the public who wish to witness the opening ceremony of the biennial Games on 19 August at the National Stadium in Bukit Jalil.[28]

VolunteersEdit

The organisers estimated that about 20,000 volunteers are needed to successfully host the SEA games and the ASEAN Para Games. They were tasked with a variety of duties, such as scorekeeping, crowd control, ticketing, promotions. Volunteer recruitment began on 14 November 2015, the same date as the launch party of the games logo, theme and mascot until July 2017,[29] in which 50,000 people have signed up as volunteers. The Games Volunteer Program was held at the National University of Malaysia in Bangi in four phases from February to June.[30] On 19 July 2017, of the 50,000 online applicants, 13,000 people were selected to be the games volunteer. 9,000 people were chosen to be the volunteer of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games, whereas another 4,000 people were chosen to be the volunteer of the 2017 ASEAN Para Games.[31]

TicketingEdit

Online tickets were put on sale from 4 July 2017. To encourage public participation at the games, it was announced on 4 July 2017 that 24 of the sports, aquatics' open swimming event and cycling (BMX and road) events will be free for spectators, while the other 12, such as aquatics (diving, swimming, synchronised and water polo events) and cycling (track events) are kept at relatively affordable levels of between RM10 and RM20.[32]

CountdownEdit

During the closing ceremony of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, the SEAGF Flag was formally handed over to Malaysia from Singapore. This was followed by a song and dance section highlighting Malaysia as the next venue. On 14 November 2015, a launch party was held at the Suria KLCC to launch the logo, mascot and the volunteer recruitment programme.

On 19 August 2016, a series of festivities, dubbed the "Wau Factor" were held at the National Sports Council Centre in Setiawangsa, to mark the one-year countdown to the games.[33] From 2 March to 20 May 2017 Malaysia SEA Games organising committee organised a school tour programme dubbed the KL2017@Schools programme at 33 selected schools across Peninsular Malaysia to instill awareness about the games amongst the school students.[34]

On 9 May 2017, Malaysia SEA Games Organising committee organised a major countdown event at KL Sentral to mark the 100-day countdown in a few days which was attended by athletes, officials, para-athletes, stakeholders, sponsors and volunteers.[27] After that, various individuals and organisations marked the games countdown through a video tribute. This included: Kyopropaganda and Malaysia SEA Games Organising Committee (100, 100-people mass exercise), Ipan Bender (90, 90 High Fives), Intan Sarah and National Women Futsal teammates (80, Ball-juggling 80 times), Aminemo and the Royal Malaysian Police Personnel (70, 70 times push-ups in 7 different ways), Superpandy, Farhan Kapoor and the scouts (60, Building a tower of bottles in 60 seconds using 100 Plus bottles), Joseph Germani and Malaysia Basketball Association trainees (50, score 50 basketball shots), Olivia Shyan and the SK Taman Megah students (40, plant 40 plants), Ahmad Aiman and 30 locals (30, 30-people teh tarik relay), Muhammad Rezza, Akwa Ariffin and 20 tai-chi practitioners (20, doing Tai Chi with 20 practitioners), Joseph Germani and the Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia personnel (10, doing 10 times burpees), Farhan Hadi, Preston Les and Tanesh (3, doing three-legged race), Ain Suhada and Iqbal Harun (2, Exercise with a Partner) and Miss Alvy, Yasmin Matthews, Khor Adrian and Raj Mahal (1, paint a number 1 sculpture bearing the stripes of the games logo with a group of people). A run competition dubbed the 2017 SEA Games Run was held in Putrajaya the same day as the Games' marathon event (at the same venue) and opening ceremony.[35]

SecurityEdit

 
Officers of the Royal Malaysia Police on duty at the men's football final.

The principal agency to ensure the security of the games is the Royal Malaysian Police Force. Six drills were held to prepare the police force to face any unforeseen situations.[36]

MedalsEdit

 
Kuala Lumpur 2017 medals.

The medals of the games were designed by Royal Selangor, which is also the designer company for the torch and the baton. They were announced on 30 May 2017, the same day Royal Selangor announced as one of the games main sponsor which made MASOC's sponsorship total RM82.6 million, exceeded its sponsorship target of RM80 million.[37][38] The medals have subtle curved surfaces, rims and edges, and are made of pewter with a disc of kempas wood integrated into the design. They featured the Southeast Asian Games Federation logo on the obverse, and the games logo on the reverse.

Baton relayEdit

 
Baton of the Games.

The games baton relay, dubbed the Rising Together Baton Run, is the first of its kind in the history of Southeast Asian Games. It covered a distance of 10 kilometres on average in the 10 capital cities of the Southeast Asian Region countries, excluding the host country, passing through the landmarks of each countries' capital city. The baton relay began with Brunei on 5 March 2017,[39] followed by the Philippines on 12 March,[40] Laos on 18 March,[41] Myanmar on 25 March,[42] Thailand on 1 April,[43] Vietnam on 9 April,[44] East Timor on 17 April,[45] Cambodia on 22 April[46] and Indonesia on 30 April[47] and ended with Singapore on 13 May 2017.[48][49] The games baton was designed by Royal Selangor which sold the baton to the public at MYR 1480 and its design was inspired by the games' theme, rising together. Its design depicts shards and a triangular cross section. The baton has a length of 400 mm, a width of 44 mm, weighs approximately 600g and made up of materials which are a stave in kempas, a tawny wood native to Southeast Asia, and a satin-finished pewter finial.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 Southeast Asian Games baton relay route.

Torch relayEdit

 
Torch of the Games.

The same day the baton relay ended in Singapore, the torch relay was held across the country began with the state of Johor until 18 May 2017,[50] followed by Malacca from 18 to 21 May 2017,[51] Negeri Sembilan from 22 to 25 May, Labuan from 3 to 4 June, Sabah from 5 to 8 June, Sarawak from 8 to 13 June, Perlis from 15 to 17 June, Kedah from 17 to 20 June, Penang from 3 to 6 July, Perak from 7 to 12 July, Kelantan from 13 to 17 July, Terengganu from 17 to 23 July, Pahang from 24 to 30 July, Selangor from 31 July to 5 August, and ended with Putrajaya and the host city Kuala Lumpur from 6 to 12 August 2017. The games torch has a length of 125 mm, width of 86 mm and a height of 850 mm and weighs 2 kg with fuel and 1.8 kg without fuel. Like the baton, the torch was designed too by Royal Selangor. It has a sleek custom-milled combustion chamber, a triangular cross section and has the games logo and motto, the SEA Games and the ASEAN Para Games logo emblazoned on it.[52]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 Southeast Asian Games torch relay route.

SustainabilityEdit

As an aspect of staging the games, the Games organising committee committed to a focus on sustainability and environmental protection by launching the Kuala Lumpur 2017 Green Initiatives on 5 June 2017.[53][54] Among the activities of the initiative is the ‘One Medal, One Tree’ programme aimed at having a total of 5,249 trees be planted in and around Kuala Lumpur Sports City, one for each medal awarded to winning athlete during the games which is divided into three phases.[55] Other activities included providing waste recycling bins at games' main venue, providing public transportation and providing electric car facilities at selected spots of the games' main venue.

MarketingEdit

 
Rimau, a Malayan tiger, is the official mascot of the Games.

MottoEdit

The official motto of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games is "Rising Together" or "Bangkit Bersama" in Malay.[56] It was chosen to highlight unity between the nations in Southeast Asia as well as to signify the Kuala Lumpur games as the first Southeast Asian Games to be held after the formation of the ASEAN Community in 2015.[57]

Edit

The logo of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games is an image of a Wau Bulan, a crescent-shaped kite traditionally popular on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The combination of stripes and colours of the logo were derived from the flags of all countries in Southeast Asia. A nationwide competition was held to select the logo of the games which saw a total of 174 entries submitted for the design competition.[58] The Kuala Lumpur 2017 logo, made by combining the games' logo with the logo of 2017 ASEAN Para Games is sometimes used by the organisers to reflect the common relationship as parallel games of one another with SEA Games being held for the able-bodied athletes and the ASEAN Para games held for the disabled athletes.

 
Wau, the logo of Kuala Lumpur 2017 (Combination of SEA Games logo with ASEAN Para Games logo

MascotEdit

The official mascot of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games is an anthropomorphic Malayan tiger named Rimau. It was unveiled on 14 November 2015, together with the games' logo and theme. The mascot's name is not only a Malay word for Tiger, but also an abbreviation of the games' core values, namely: Respect, Integrity, Move, Attitude and Unity. He is described as a gracious, friendly, competitive and athletic athlete.[59]

SongsEdit

The 2017 Southeast Asian Games had 4 theme songs. During the 100 day countdown celebration on 9 May 2017, Malaysians were requested by singer Dayang Nurfaizah and composer Ramli MS to submit their ideas and stories related to the games' theme "Rising Together" to social network websites through a crowdsourcing campaign to enable them to create the games theme song. On 8 August 2017, one theme song for the games has been released and is entitled "Rising Together" (Bangkit Bersama).[60]

On 2 August 2017, a theme song titled "Tunjuk Belang" (Show The Stripes) was released. It was performed by monoloQue, Azlan Typewriter and maliQue. The song is described as a rock song which merges "traditional and modern sounds".[61] The composer and producer of the song is maliQue.[62] The title of the song literally means showing off one's true colours in English and "Belang" means stripes alluding to the mascot of the games, shown above.[62]

Another theme song was released earlier on 13 July 2017, titled "So Many Hands" (Tangan-Tangan Yang Menjulang) and was performed by Mia Palencia in English and Asmidar in Malay which is the song of the Kuala Lumpur 2017 Promo Video, "It Takes a Nation to Raise a Champion" (Bersama Kita Lahirkan Juara).[63]

A closing theme song for the Games, "Together We Rise" was released on 30 August 2017. It was performed by Vince Chong and Jaclyn Victor.

SponsorsEdit

Dentsu Sports Asia, a subsidiary of Dentsu and the Sportswork Group are the sponsorship agencies of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games. The partnership of the two firms were announced on January 2016.[64] Dentsu is responsible for manages sponsorship matters involving international and Malaysian firms while Sportswork manages Malaysian government linked companies[65]

There are four tiers of sponsorship depending on the amount of funds a company contributes to the games. Bronze sponsors contributed RM1 million or less, Silver sponsors contributed RM1 to 3 million. Gold sponsors contributed RM3 to 7.5 million and Platinum sponsors contributed RM7.5 to 15 million.[66]

A total of 39 sponsors, comprising 6 Platinum sponsors, 6 Gold sponsors, 9 Silver sponsors and 18 Bronze sponsors, contributed to the 2017 Southeast Asian Games.

2017 Southeast Asian Games sponsors
Tier Sponsoring firms
Platinum Telekom Malaysia,[66] Naza (Groupe PSA),[67] FBT,[66] Ajinomoto,[68][65] Petronas,[69] Rapid KL[70]
Gold Malaysia Airports,[66] AirAsia,[71] Traveloka,[72] Grab,[73][74] Tenaga Nasional, Sony (Sony Music)[70]
Silver 100Plus,[66] Milo,[66] SCGM BHD–Benxon,[66] Prudential, McDonald's,[75] Spritzer,[76] Pavilion KL, Royal Selangor,[74] AEON Malaysia[70]
Bronze Double Happiness, Gloria Jean's Coffees, JVC Kenwood, La Martina, Maha Mas Medic, Maju Group, Marathon Thailand, Maxwin, Mikasa-Sunrise, MLS-Zimmer-Airflex, Molten Corporation, MRCB, Nittaku, Ottobock, Sunstar, Trybe, Victor, Wiraka[70]

The GamesEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

 
The Opening Ceremony of the 29th Southeast Asian Games.

The opening ceremony was held in Bukit Jalil National Stadium on 19 August 2017 at 20:17 MST (UTC+8) which highlighted aspects of Malaysia's history and culture. The ceremony was directed by film director Saw Teong Hin alongside the Memories Entertainment creative team with co-operation from the Malaysian Armed Forces.[77][78][79] The time 20:17 was chosen to start the opening ceremony to mark the year 2017, the year which Malaysia hosted the 29th Southeast Asian Games.

The ceremony started with the arrival of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, Sultan Muhammad V. The national anthem of Malaysia, Negaraku was performed by the Malaysian Armed Forces band as the national flag was raised. This was followed by the footage of few Malaysians of different ages and races paint their face with the colours of the games logo, the projection of the logo on the stage that resembles the shape of the Wau kite and the countdown projection. After that, 320 Malaysian flags, along with the national flags of the participating nations, the Southeast Asian Games Federation flag and the edition flag, were brought into the stadium to symbolise the welcoming of the participants by Malaysia's 32 million population while Monoloque and Azlan Typewriter performed "Tunjuk Belang" on the stage. "Rimau", the mascot of the Games then entered the stadium after a video footage made by computer graphics showing a tiger running across Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya from the National Stadium, passing through landmarks such as Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur Tower, Telekom Tower, Sultan Abdul Samad Building and the Putrajaya Bridge.

 
Parade of Nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 29th Southeast Asian Games.

Next, the parade of athletes from all 11 competing nations started with Brunei leading the field in alphabetical order and ended with the host nation, Malaysia entering the stadium last. The Bruneian contingent was led by Mohammad Adi Salihin of Wushu. the Cambodian contingent was led by Sok Chan Mean of Petanque. The Indonesian contingent was led by I Gede Siman Sudartawa of Swimming. The Lao contingent was led by Khamvarn Vanlivong of Archery. The Myanmar contingent was led by Aung Myo Swe of Sepak takraw. The Filipino contingent was led by Kirstie Elaine Alora of Taekwondo. The Singaporean contingent was led by Jasmine Ser of Shooting. The Thai contingent was led by Pornchai Kaokaew of Sepak takraw. The East Timorese contingent was led by Liliana Da Costa of Athletics. The Vietnamese contingent was led by Vũ Thành An of Fencing. Meanwhile, the Malaysian contingent was led by the unprecedented trio of keirin world champion Azizulhasni Awang, diving world champion Cheong Jun Hoong and world silat champion Mohd Al-Jufferi Jamari, as the bearers of the national flag. The parade concluded with the performance of the song "Bangkit Bersama" by Sarawakian singer Dayang Nurfaizah. The 1980 Malaysian footballers James Wong, Santokh Singh and Shukor Salleh leaded the former athletes who carried the Games Federation flag and the games edition flag into the stadium which were raised by Malaysian Army Personnel. The Federation flag was carried by Shalin Zulkifli, Ramachandran Munusamy, Nurul Huda Abdullah, Rabuan Pit, Sharon Low Su Lin, Rashid Sidek, Zaiton Othman and Jeffrey Ong Kuan Seng, while the Games Edition Flag was carried by Shanti Govindasamy, Shahrulneeza Razali, Elaine Teo Shueh Fern, Nur Herman Majid, Norsham Yoon, R. Jaganathan, Choo Yih Hwa and Nasri Nasir.

In keeping with tradition, welcoming speeches were given by the President of the Southeast Asian Games Federation Tunku Imran and Malaysia's Youth and Sports Minister Khairy Jamaluddin. After that, the Games were officially declared open by the Yang di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, Sultan Muhammad V. Later, Malaysian high jumper Nauraj Singh Randhawa was given the honour of taking the oath of sportsmanship on behalf of the athletes whilst Vice-President of the Olympic Council of Malaysia Datuk Megat Zulkarnain Tan Sri Omardin read out the oath behalf of Games officials.

A 20-minutes showcase of Malaysia's cultural diversity that came in four segments, "Provenance", "Similarities in Diversity", "Together We are Stronger", and "A Nation Built on Inclusion", told the story of the origins of Malaysian inhabitants, celebrated the differences of people across the country and the region, emphasised the importance of strength and endurance while the conclusion featured people coming together with differences and similarities on full display. Singer Mia Palencia performed the song "So Many Hands", one of the three theme songs of the Games. A total of 6,000 people were involved in the showcase consisting of performers, volunteers, children and members of the armed forces.[80]

 
The cauldron of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games inside the stadium.

The torch of the Games was carried into the stadium by five group of Malaysia’s former and current generation of sportsmen and sportswomen, each with three person: 1 former sportsman and 2 current sportsmen. The torch bearers are: Siti Safiyah, Kenny Ang and Muhammad Rafiq Ismail of bowling, Mohd Shah Firdaus, Ng Joo Ngan and Fatehah Mustapa of cycling, Mohd Faizal Shaari, Mirnawan Nawawi and Hanis Nadihah Onn of Hockey, Khairul Hafiz Jantan, Mohd Zaki Sadri and Khirtana Ramasamy of athletics, Chan Peng Soon, Razif Sidek and Goh Jin Wei of Badminton. Bryan Nickson Lomas and Pandelela Rinong of Diving passed the torch to rising diving star Nur Dhabitah Sabri, who then was suspended by wires and at a distance,she lit the cauldron afterwards . The cauldron’s design was inspired by the traditional Malaysian oil torches used to welcome guests during festivals, and was to symbolise national unity. It had five spokes inscribed with the Rukun Negara and the colour gold served to honour Malaysia’s monarch, as well as a nod to the highest award at the biennial games. A colourful fireworks display then erupted over the National Stadium, signalling the official commencement of the Games. The ceremony concluded with the Yang di-Pertuan Agong leaving the stadium and Malaysian Armed Forces performing the national anthem, Negaraku for the second time.[81][82][83]

Closing ceremonyEdit

The closing ceremony was held in Bukit Jalil National Stadium on 30 August 2017 at 21:30 MST (UTC+8). The closing ceremony coincided with the eve of the Malaysia's 60th Independence Day celebrations. Like the opening ceremony, the closing ceremony was directed by film director Saw Teong Hin alongside the Memories Entertainment creative team with co-operation from the Malaysian Armed Forces.[84]

The ceremony started with the Malaysian Armed Forces performing Negaraku, this time with in-suit performers as Rimau being the drummers, followed by the parade of athletes from 11 nations and Rimau entering the stage, with Malaysia entering first. The parade of volunteers started with the formation of the word "WAU", symbolising the name of the volunteer programme, "WAU Factor", followed by a video shot in the first-person's point of view of one volunteer helping in sports including basketball, athletics and gymnastics. A cultural performance titled "Terima Kasih Daun Keladi", an inspiration related to nature, was presented. A closing speech was given by the President of the Malaysian Olympic Council, Tunku Imran. Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak then declared the 2017 Southeast Asian Games closed, followed by extinguishing of the cauldron when Jaclyn Victor and Vince Chong performed "Together We Rise". A video about the sports teams, featuring mostly Malaysian sports medalists and their families, was played, followed by the lowering of the SEA Games Federation flag by the Royal Malaysian Navy. The Southeast Asian Games Federation flag was handed over from the Minister of the Youth and Sports of Malaysia to Foreign Affairs Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano, chairman of the 2019 Southeast Asian Games organising committee through Tunku Imran and the Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) president Jose "Peping" Cojuangco. The National Anthem of the Philippines, Lupang Hinirang was played and the Philippines flag was raised, symbolising the hosting responsibilities being passed to Philippines. A video of the Philippines tourism was later shown. The ceremony concluded through the integration of Malaysia's National Day eve celebration (the first in history inside the stadium), in a form of a concert of Malaysian songs from the 1950s to the 2010s, titled "Soundtrack: Negaraku", featuring performances by local artists including M. Nasir, Salamiah Hassan, Azlan Typewriter, Joe Flizzow, Vince Chong, Atai, Francissca Peter, Marsha Milan Londoh, Dasha Logan, Amy Search, Sheila Majid, Siti Nordiana, Man Bai, Talitha Tan, Hijjaz, Ella, Jason Lo, Zainal Abidin, Black, Faizal Tahir, SonaOne and Jaclyn Victor. After these performances, a video presentation was played, featuring quotations and photo montage of Malaysia's first Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman. Afterwards, PM Razak went to the main stage, wherein he gave a speech congratulating the organisers, regional guests and, especially, Malaysians who ended its campaign by collecting the highest number of gold medals. He then, just after midnight, surprised the audience in excitement by declaring 4 September a public holiday (a move he already planned during the games) as a reward for Malaysia's spectacular achievement. Concluding his speech, PM Razak led the nation in chanting "Merdeka!" seven times to mark Malaysia's 60th year of Independence.[85] As with its annual traditions during National Day eve, Negaraku was played for the second time, this time, led by the Permata Seni Choir. To mark the games' historic moment, a We-fie photo-op was taken around the entire stadium. The concert ended with four patriotic songs including the aforementioned artists' cover of Saya Anak Malaysia, Amy Search's Negaraku, Dayang Nurfaizah's cover of Sudiman's Warisan and Atai's performance of Tanggal 31 Ogos, to celebrate Malaysia's 60th Independence Day.[86][87][88]

Participating nationsEdit

All 11 members of Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF). Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.

SportsEdit

On 16 June 2015, Chief Executive Officer for the 2017 SEA Games, Zolkples Embong said the staging of Olympic sports hopes will be part of the legacy of the SEA Games in Malaysia. He said that while it has always been the norm for host nations to select sports they are geared towards in an attempt to increase their haul of gold medals, the practice is not in line with the goals, which is to groom athletes from the region to compete at the Asian and Olympic Games. He gives an example of 2011 Southeast Asian Games hosted by Indonesia which included many non-Olympic sports and the host played to their advantage by being the overall winners with 182 gold medals. However, Indonesia only won 47 gold medals in 2015 Southeast Asian Games. He added, in terms of the number and type of sports, Malaysia may not include non-Olympic sports like floorball and sailing’s optimist race in 2017.[89]

As of February 2016, the sports of Archery, BMX cycling, Wrestling, Triathlon, Judo, Muaythai, Canoeing, Bodybuilding and Fencing were removed from the preliminary shortlist of the sporting disciplines to be played at the 2017 SEA Games.[90] Also removed from the list are the women's events in boxing, billiards and snooker, sanda, and weightlifting and 8 events in Athletics. National Olympic Committees from the 11 participating countries had until 9 March appealed to reinclude the delisted sports in the shortlist.[91][92]

On 12 May 2016, a meeting between Olympic Council of Malaysia and Paralympic Council of Malaysia, chaired by sports minister Khairy Jamaluddin was held to propose the merger of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games and the 2017 ASEAN Para Games into a single games which if approved will integrate the para sports into the games' main programme.[93] The same topic was also discussed at the Asean Para Sports Federation Board of Governors meeting on 7 June 2016.[94] By 14 July, the proposal has been rejected by SEA Games Federation (SEAGF) Council, with 9 member countries have opposed the proposal while only two (Malaysia and Laos) agreed, citing the reason for the rejection was due to the tradition and culture that has long been maintained by SEAGF.[95]

38 sports with 404 events in all for the Games were included in the final list approved by the SEAGF on 14 July 2016.[96][97][98] Winter sports were introduced for the first time in Games history.[3][4][5]

CalendarEdit

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
August 14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
19
Sat
20
Sun
21
Mon
22
Tue
23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
Events
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
  Archery 2 2 1 2 2 1 10
  Athletics 2 8 9 9 9 8 45
  Badminton 2 5 7
  Basketball 2 2
  Billiards & snooker 2 1 1 3 7
  Bowling 2 2 1 2 2 2 11
  Boxing 6 6
  Cricket 1 1 1 3
  Cycling 2 1 1 1 2 4 4 5 20
  Diving 3 2 3 3 2 13
  Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
  Fencing 2 2 2 6
  Field hockey 1 1 2
  Figure skating 2 2
  Football 1 1 2
  Futsal 2 2
  Golf 4 4 4
  Gymnastics 1 1 5 5 1 2 5 20
  Ice hockey 1 1
  Indoor hockey 1 1 2
  Judo 3 3 6
  Karate 6 6 4 16
  Lawn bowls 2 2 2 2 8
  Muaythai 5 5
  Netball 1 1
  Pencak silat 1 1 1 1 16 20
  Pétanque 2 2 2 1 7
  Polo 1 1
  Rugby sevens 2 2
  Sailing 3 4 2 5 14
  Sepaktakraw 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 12
  Shooting 1 3 2 3 2 3 14
  Short track speed skating 2 4 6
  Squash 2 3 2 2 9
  Swimming 2 6 6 6 7 7 6 40
  Synchronised swimming 2 1 2 5
  Table tennis 3 2 2 7
  Taekwondo 5 4 3 4 16
  Tennis 2 3 5
  Triathlon 2 2
  Volleyball 2 2
  Water polo 1 1 2
  Waterskiing 4 1 6 11
  Weightlifting 2 2 1 5
  Wushu 5 6 6 17
Daily medal events 0 0 4 6 4 4 21 25 48 37 49 29 51 33 26 60 7 404
Cumulative total 0 0 4 10 14 18 39 64 112 149 198 227 278 311 337 397 404
August 14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
19
Sat
20
Sun
21
Mon
22
Tue
23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
Total
events

Medal tableEdit

The 2017 Southeast Asian Games featured 404 events, resulting in 404 medal sets to be distributed.

Two additional gold medals were awarded as there were first-place ties in women's high jump and men's pommel horse. As a consequence, no silver medal was awarded in these events.

Two bronze medals were awarded in some events: most events in martial arts (6 in boxing, 6 in judo, 15 in karate, 5 in muay thai, 14 in pencak silat, and 15 in taekwondo); all events in racket sports (7 in badminton, 9 in squash, 7 in table tennis, and 5 in tennis); billiards and snooker (7), fencing (6), netball (1), pétanque (7), and sepak takraw (11). Furthermore, there were third-place ties in the Rhythmic Gymnastics women's hoop dvent and Swimming women's 50 m backstroke event, giving a total of 123 additional bronze medals. On the other hand, no bronze medal was awarded in the men's 3000 m relay short track speed skating event.

As a result, a total of 1,334 medals comprising 406 gold medals, 402 silver medals, and 526 bronze medals were awarded to athletes.

Host nation Malaysia recorded their best ever medal tally in Southeast Asian Games history, and emerged overall champion for the second time in the process.

  *   Host nation (Malaysia)

2017 Southeast Asian Games medal table
RankNOCsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Malaysia (MAS)*1459286323
2  Thailand (THA)728688246
3  Vietnam (VIE)585060168
4  Singapore (SGP)575873188
5  Indonesia (INA)386390191
6  Philippines (PHI)243364121
7  Myanmar (MYA)7102037
8  Cambodia (CAM)321217
9  Laos (LAO)232126
10  Brunei (BRU)05914
11  East Timor (TLS)0033
Totals (11 nocss)4064025261334
Medal change (Possible)

Malaysian gold medalists Wendy Ng Yan Yee (aquatics - diving), Thai gold medalists Nurisan Loseng (pencak silat), and Thai silver medalists Benjaporn Sriphanomthorn (aquatics - swimming) tested positive for a banned drug and was stripped of their medals.[99] Collin Syquia (equestrian) of the Philippines was also stripped of his gold medal after his horse Andrew E tested positive for a banned substance.[100]

Ruling date Sport Event Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
2017 Diving Women's 3 metre springboard   Malaysia –1 –1
Women's synchronised 3 metre springboard   Malaysia –1 –1
  Singapore +1 −1 0
Swimming 4×200 m freestyle relay   Thailand –1 –1
  Philippines +1 –1 0
10 km open water   Thailand –1 –1
  Singapore +1 –1 0
Pencak silat Women's team   Thailand –1 –1
  Vietnam +1 –1 0
2018 Equestrian Individual jumping   Philippines –1 –1
  Malaysia +1 –1 0
  • Change in medal table will only officially be confirmed after the release of the report.

BroadcastingEdit

During the Games, which will be held from 19 to 30 August 28 sports events will be broadcast live. The games also available internationally via YouTube.[101]

Key

  *   Host nation (Malaysia)

2017 SEA Games Broadcasters rights in Southeast Asia
IOC Code Country Broadcast network Television network Radio network Digital network
BRU   Brunei Radio Televisyen Brunei
Kristal-Astro
RTB Perdana
Astro Arena
Astro Arena HD
Ai FM
Hot FM
One FM
CAM   Cambodia Radio and Television of Cambodia Television of Cambodia Radio of Cambodia
INA   Indonesia TVRI[102]
MNC Media[103]
Emtek[103]
TVRI
MNC TV (Indonesia futsal team matches only)[104]
SCTV
Indosiar
Radio Republik Indonesia Emtek (Nexmedia, Vidio.com)
LAO   Laos Laos National Radio and Television Lao National Television Lao National Radio
MAS   Malaysia* Radio Television Malaysia (RTM)[105]
Media Prima Berhad[105]
Astro[105]
HyppTV
[106][105]
TV1
TV2
TV3
TV9
TVi
Astro Arena
Astro Arena HD
Hypp Sports HD
Ai FM
Hot FM
KL FM
Minnal FM
Nasional FM
One FM
TEA FM
Traxx FM
RTM (MyKlik)

Media Prima (Tonton)
Astro (Astro Go & NJOI Now)
HyppTV (HyppTV Everywhere)

MYA   Myanmar Myanmar Radio and Television Myanmar Television
Skynet
MRTV-4
MRTV
Myanmar Radio
PHI   Philippines PTV[107] PTV
TV5
Radyo Pilipinas 3 918 kHz
SIN   Singapore Mediacorp[108] Mediacorp oktoSports MediaCorp Radio 938LIVE Mediacorp (Toggle)
THA   Thailand Television Pool of Thailand (TPT) BEC-TV Channel 3
Royal Thai Army Channel 5
BBTV Channel 7
Modernine TV
NBT channel
MCOT Radio Network, NBT Radio True ID
TLS   East Timor RTTL
Asiansport Channel Network
Televisão Timor Leste
Asiansport
Radio Timor Leste
VIE   Vietnam VTV
HTV
VTV2
VTV6
HTV9
HTV Thể Thao
Voice of Vietnam K+, VTVcab

Concerns and controversiesEdit

Some technical errors are reported throughout the games,[109][110][111] along with several other issues below:[112][113][114]

  • Philippines athletics head coach Sean Guevara was furious with the scheduling of athletics programme as their athletes would compete in the same event on the same day in the space of 30 minutes in the heats and just one hour apart in 100m and 400m finals causing the Philippine Athletics Track and Field Association (PATAFA) to request for a change or adjustment to the schedule for the men’s 400m hurdles and 100m, but the Malaysian organising committee did not take any action when the Olympic Council of Malaysia (OCM) secretary-general Low Beng Choo explained he had noticed the Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) appeal for the schedule to be changed but the Malaysian Athletics Technical Delegate turned the request down.[115]
  • Malaysia's failure to air some of the live matches on football events also been criticised, with one football supporter from Myanmar said: “I’m surprised to learn that Malaysia, which is much richer than Myanmar, fails to manage live coverage of some popular events and tournaments. I am asking this on behalf of all other ASEAN countries, not just for Myanmar”.[116]
  • An incident of the host Malaysian bus driver ferrying the Myanmar women's national football team was caught for theft as well for not having a driving licence, leading to a delay for the players and officials from reaching their hotel.[109][117][118]
  • The failure of Malaysian SEA Games Organising Committee (MASOC) to fully install “video challenge” or “dark fish” system for sepak takraw matches that can be used by teams to challenge calls made by the umpire or referee during a bout or match are criticised by the national sepak takraw association itself as all ASEAN sepak takraw teams had been notified and expecting the technology to be used in the competition.[119]
  • The Singapore national under-22 football team coach Richard Tardy criticised the organisers for informing him about a press conference held on 13 August just 30 minutes prior to its scheduled 11:30am start time, causing him to be late. Thailand national under-22 football team coach Worrawoot Srimaka also failed to turn up as he was informed about the conference only after having to reschedule his team's training session.[120] Later, Thailand women's national futsal team didn't get any bus to travel to the venue and Vietnam national under-22 football team were coming late to make a training at the venue because of the poor organisation from the bus management.[121]
  • An incident involving the flag of Indonesia printed upside down in the games souvenir guidebook led to a furore amongst Indonesians, with Indonesia's Olympic Committee chairman Erick Thohir accusing the Malaysian SEA Games organisers of "negligence".[122] Indonesian President Joko Widodo called for an apology from Malaysia but cautioned Indonesian citizens against exaggerating the incident.[122] Shortly after, the hashtag "#shameonyoumalaysia" became the most popular hashtag on Twitter on 20 August 2017.[122] Malaysian Youth and Sports Minister Khairy Jamaluddin then met his Indonesian counterpart Imam Nahrawi at a hotel to personally apologise over the incident and assure that the guidebooks will be corrected and reprinted.[123] The issue was resolved as the Ministers held a press conference afterwards and informed that Nahrawi had accepted Khairy's apology.[124] Despite the apology, an Indonesian hacker group called the ExtremeCrew hacked into and vandalised several Malaysian websites with the message "Bendera Negaraku Bukanlah Mainan" (Our country's flag is not a toy).[125]
  • On 20 August, Indonesian women's sepak takraw team walked out of the venue to protest a call by the referee. Following the match abandonment from the Indonesian side, the Malaysian side was awarded a 2–0 score by the referee.[126] Later, Malaysian media claimed that Indonesia has admitted that it was a mistake to abandon the match.[127] However, this statement was rejected by the Indonesian officials.[128]
  • An accident involving two buses carrying Myanmar, Philippines and Thailand squash teams occurred on 21 August when a motorcyclist swerved in front of one of the buses forcing it to brake suddenly and causing the following bus to crash into it from behind with several passengers sustained slight injuries. Following the incident, all squash matches have been temporarily suspended pending medical clearance with all athletes had been brought to the Bukit Jalil National Stadium by a replacement bus.[129][130]
  • The results of the boxing men's light flyweight quarter-final bout between Carlo Paalam of Philippines and Muhamad Fuad Redzuan of the host nation Malaysia was met with criticism as the latter was given a 5–0 decision despite being out boxed. Muhamad Fuad was also warned by the referee for illegal attacks such as take downs, headlocks and occasional lacing of his opponent's face in clinches but received only warnings and no point deductions. Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines (ABAP) executive director Ed Picson declined to make comment about the officiating and scoring other than to say "I thought it was the other way around. But it is what it is".[131] However, Muhamad Fuad gets to prove his worth when he went on to win the semi-final and final bouts to take the event gold medal.[132]
  • The allocated tickets of the Myanmar-Laos football men's group match at the UiTM Stadium which was said to be already sold out causing Myanmar fans had to support their team from outside the stadium despite there are still many empty spaces available inside the stadium as they were not allowed to enter.[133]
  • On 21 August, two Myanmar football supporters was assaulted by a group of unidentified assailants after the end of the football group match between Malaysia and Myanmar.[134][135][136]
  • Other threats to football supporters from other Southeast Asian countries by Malaysian hooligans were also previously reported when Malaysian SEA Games organisers have called Malaysian football fans to be civil and control their behaviour as the events are based on a "strong spirit of togetherness and sportsmanship" especially after an incident where video footage had circulated in the internet showing extreme Malaysian football supporters chanting "kami turun ke Shah Alam, satu jiwa sokong Malaysia, Singapore anjing dibunuh saja" (we come to Shah Alam, united in supporting Malaysia, Singapore dogs should only be killed).[137][138]
  • The winner of the women's 10,000 metres walk race, Elena Goh Ling Yin from the host nation Malaysia, was accused of cheating. The Vietnamese media protested that the Malaysian athlete cheated by "running" instead of "walking", especially during the last lap to overtake Phan Thị Bích Hà from Vietnam. According to walk races' rules, athletes’ two feet are not allowed to leave the ground at the same time.[139] The rules also state that the front leg must straighten when it makes contact with the ground. A violation may be cautioned with a yellow paddle, while repeat violations may be met with a red card. Three red cards, from three different judges, will result in a competitor’s disqualification. Pictures allegedly showed Elena Goh violating both of these rules.[140][141] Meanwhile, the runner-up Phan Thị Bích Hà said to the media that, "It's too frustrating. But I couldn't do anything. As a competitor, I won't make any comment. But everyone can clearly see what happened on the track".[142]
  • On 24 August, 16 Malaysian athletes were sick after being hit with stomach bug suspected of food poisoning.[143][144]
  • During pencak silat men's doubles seni contest on 24 August, Malaysian pair Taqiyuddin Hamid and Rosli Sharif won the competition with 582 points. Indonesian coaches, whose athlete Hendy and Yolla Primadona settled for silver, claimed that the given score is not natural and biased. According to one of the coaches, the highest point ever given for the competition was around 570.[145] However, Malaysian National Silat Federation secretary general Datuk Megat Zulkarnain Omardin has denied such claims and said that the Indonesian team had accepted the result during team manager meeting.[146] Indonesian Minister of Youth and Sport Affairs, Imam Nahrawi, later said that he was planning on sending protest notes to the Asian Pencak Silat Federation and the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) to prevent the referees or judges from officiating in 2018 Asian Games to be held in Indonesia.[147]
  • During Pencak Silat - Tanding Men Class D on 29 August, Malaysian athlete Razak Ghani seriously injured in the rib during a match against Thai athlete Pornteb Poolkaew causing it to be stopped definitely. The referee however gave Razak to win the match in a sudden controversial decision.[148][149]
  • On 28 August, many Malaysians fans angered over ticket sales system at the Shah Alam Stadium for the final football match between Malaysia and Thailand. Ticket counters at the Shah Alam Stadium are only open up to 2 counters resulting in chaos and forced Federal Reserve Unit (FRU) and police to be deployed to the area to disperse the crowd involved in the chaos. Most of those involved are frustrated because they have long queues since 6am but unable to buy even one ticket as the counter had run out of ticket sales. Other Malaysian fans also criticises the ticketing system as it is not sold online.[150][151] But Malaysian Minister of Youth and Sports, Khairy Jamaluddin explained that online payment gateway provider could not guarantee a stable process because of volume and they were concerned people would transact payment and not get tickets because of the sheer volume.[152]
  • The Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) was under fire and criticised by netizens for the disapproval of the planned performance, sponsored by the Department of Tourism (DOT) amounting at PHP8.1 million, in the turn-over of the hosting duties to the Philippines from Malaysia for the hosting of the 2019 Southeast Asian Games in the closing ceremony. The check was given back to DOT.[153] However, in another report, POC Commissioner Peping Cojuangco stated that the plan to have a cultural performance in the closing ceremony was scrapped as Malaysia's SEA Games Organising Committee has already laid down their program before their request was made.[154]
  • It was reported on 26 October 2017 that Malaysian diver Wendy Ng Yan Yee had failed a doping test conducted at the Games. Her B sample tested positive for sibutramine, a stimulant banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). As a consequence, Malaysia will lose the gold medal won by Wendy Ng and fellow diver Dhabitah in the 3m springboard synchronised event.[155][156][157]

See alsoEdit

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External linksEdit