MCOT Public Company Limited (MCOT), formerly known as the Mass Communication Organization of Thailand (Thai: บริษัท อสมท จำกัด (มหาชน) (บมจ. อสมท), is a Thai state-owned public broadcaster. It owns and operates a number of radio and television stations in Thailand. It is based in Bangkok. At present, MCOT runs seven national, one international, 52 provincial, one district radio station, two television channels (terrestrial free-to-air; until 2020), and 2 satellite television channels.(until 2017) Their motto is "Always Serving the Public". On their website MCOT uses the slogan "Digitally beyond" (Nov 2014). MCOT's acting president is Eric Sirote Ratanamahatana.
|Type||Broadcast radio, television, news agency and online|
|Owner||Office of the Prime Minister|
|Kasemsarn Chotchakornpant, President|
|10 November 1952; 69 years ago (MCOT:9 April 1977)|
|Mass Communication Organization of Thailand (1977–2003)|
On 10 November 1952, MCOT was established as Thai Thorathat Company Limited. "Thorathat" is the Thai word for television, despite Thailand having no television services at the time. Television services under the name Thai Thorathat (Channel 4) started on 24 June 1955 in time for national day celebrations.
In 1977 TTV Radio and Thailand Color Television Channel 9 moved to the present Huai Khwang headquarters in Bangkok and merged to form the Mass Communication Organization of Thailand (MCOT). In 1970, with the launch of Chong Sam (Channel 3;Defunct in 2020), its newest station, while the original Thai Thorathat (Channel Four) network was renamed Chong Kao (Channel 9).
Witthayu Tor Tor Tor ("TTV Radio") later became Radio MCOT on 25 March 1977 and became the nation's first 24-hour radio station.
Color television began in 1970 on TV3 and 1974 on TV9. Chong Kao (Channel 9) was renamed Modernine TV in 2002.
In 2005, the Ministry of Finance announced their plan to digitize free-to-air television broadcasts nationwide. Trial broadcasts were undertaken, involving 1,000 households in the Bangkok Metropolitan Area.
MCOT has prepared at least three new channels exclusively for digital television, besides the two initial channels, Modernine TV and Channel 3. Though the trials had been long over, the digital channels are (said to be) still active in test form.
In addition, MCOT would introduce regional television channels for each province in Thailand. Each of these regions will have its own dedicated television channel with localised content compared to national television making it about 80 television channels for a digitised MCOT as part of the state broadcaster's three-year restructuring plan. MCOT was expected to launch its digital terrestrial television services nationally in 2012. MCOT launched digital terrestrial television in 2013, with full service in 2014.
In March 2011, MCOT announced that it is also possible that MCOT may be planning to switch to DVB-T2 in some occasion.
List of radio stationsEdit
- Lukthung Mahanakhon (Thai; first FM radio station in Thailand) – 95.00 MHz
- Khluen Khwam Khit (Thai) – 96.50 MHz
- Keep it Mellow (Thai) – 97.50 MHz (replaced Seed 97.5 FM)
- Active Radio (Thai) – 99.00 MHz
- 100.5 News Network (Thai) – 100.50 MHz
- Eazy FM (Thai and English) – 105.50 MHz (Operated by Channel 3 and BEC-TERO)
- Met 107 (English) – 107.00 MHz
- 53 stations
List of television channelsEdit
Terrestrial television current channelsEdit
All Analogue television Stations was switched off in 2020
- MCOT HD – replaced (TTV) Channel 4, (M.C.O.T.) Channel 9 , Modernine TV and Channel 9 MCOT HD
- Channel 3 – Joint operation with Bangkok Entertainment (BEC) but Now Defunct in 2020
Broadcasting on MCOT's 3rd MUX of 5 (UHF Channel 40 for Bangkok)
- MCOT HD – formerly called MCOT HD and Channel 9 MCOT HD broadcasting on service channel 30 (Simulcast with Analogue Platform until 2018)
- MCOT Family – formerly called MCOT Kids and Family broadcasting on service channel 14 (Now Defunct in 2019)
- MCOT (3rd MUX of 5) – UHF Channel 40 for Bangkok, and TV Network Station for Thailand's other provinces
|1||First Thai Thorathat logo used until 1977|
|2||M.C.O.T. organization logo used 1977–2003|
|3||MCOT PLC logo used 2003–present|
- Thai Thorathat's first logo depicts images of "Witchu Prapha Dhewi" (Thai: วิชชุประภาเทวี), female angels and thunderbolts, adorned with clouds and lightning within a circle, designed by the Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Education.
- In 1977, the same time of change to MCOT organization, the logo evolved into a circle. The center is white circle; the upper part is four sections divided by the curve of spread spectrum signals; the bottom curve is yellow, and next three sections are in primary colors of light (red, green, and blue); the lower part is yellow with the Thai letters "อ.ส.ม.ท." which is the abbreviation of the organization.
The logo is shown on commercial breaks and test transmissions.
Until the introduction of 24-hour broadcasting in 2002, MCOT used the PM5544 test pattern during the off-air hours of TV9 and EBU Colorbars on Channel 3. Until 2002, MCOT used the Philips PM5534 (PM5544 with clock) during off-air hours.
On-air and off-airEdit
Currently both stations broadcast 24 hours a day.
- Channel 4 broadcast from 19:00–23:00 Bangkok Time.
- Channel 4 broadcast from 18:00–23:30.
- Channel 4 (and from 1974, Channel 9) broadcast from 15:00–24:00.
- Channel 9 broadcast from 13:00–24:00.
- Channel 9 broadcast from 10:00–24:00.
- Channel 9 broadcasts for 12 hours daily, 12:00–24:00.
- Channel 9 broadcasts for 20 half hours daily, 05:30–02:00.
- 1 February – 30 June 2017
- Channel 9 broadcasts for 21 hours on weekday, 04:00–01:00. (for 20 half hours on Saturday and Sunday, 05:30–02:00)
- 2002–31 January 2017,1 July 2017–Present
- Channel 9 broadcasts 24/7.
- Channel 3 broadcasts for six hours daily, 18:00–24:00.
- Channel 3 broadcasts for eight hours daily, 16:00–24:00.
- Channel 3 broadcasts for 12 hours daily, 12:00–24:00.
- Channel 3 broadcasts for 18 hours daily, 06:00–24:00.
- Channel 3 broadcasts 24/7.
- 1 April 2014 – 24 May 2014: MCOT Family was broadcast 12 hours daily, 12:00–24:00 (test of transmission).
- 25 May 2014 – Don't Know & Don't Know – Present: MCOT Family broadcasts 24/7.
- Don't Know – Don't Know : MCOT Family broadcasts 16 hours daily, 06:00–22:00
- Suchiva, Nanat (4 September 2016). "Sivaporn suspended as MCOT president". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "MCOT News FM 100.5". MCOT. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
- "เพลินเพลงยามเย็นกับคลื่นลูกใหม่สุนทราภรณ์". LikeStation Facebook. MCOT. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.