Prudential plc is a British multinational life assurance and financial services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It was founded in London in May 1848 to provide loans to professional and working people.
|Public limited company|
|Traded as||LSE: PRU|
FTSE 100 Component
(Group Chief Executive)
|Revenue||£24.931 billion (2018)|
|£3.309 billion (2018)|
|£3.013 billion (2018)|
|Total assets||£508.645 billion (2018) |
|Total equity||£17.267 billion (2018) |
Prudential has 26 million life customers. It owns Prudential Corporation Asia, which has leading insurance and asset management operations across 14 markets in Asia, Jackson National Life Insurance Company, which is one of the largest life insurance providers in the United States, and M&GPrudential, a leading savings and investments business serving customers in the UK and Europe 
Prudential has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. Prudential has secondary listings on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, New York Stock Exchange and Singapore Exchange.
The company was founded in Hatton Garden in London in May 1848 as The Prudential, Investment, Loan, and Assurance Association and in September 1848 changed its name to The Prudential Mutual Assurance, Investment, and Loan Association, to provide loans to professional and working people. In 1854, the company began selling the relatively new concept of industrial branch insurance policies to the working class population for premiums as low as one penny through agents acting as door to door salesmen. The army of premium collection agents was for many years identified with the Prudential as the "Man from the Pru". It moved to its traditional home at Holborn Bars in 1879 and converted to a limited company in 1881. The building was designed by Alfred Waterhouse, and is built of terracotta manufactured by Gibbs and Canning Limited of Tamworth (c.1878) — two of the same driving forces behind the Natural History Museum in London.
The company was first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1978. In 1986, Prudential acquired the American insurer Jackson National Life. In 1997, Prudential acquired Scottish Amicable, a business founded in 1826 in Glasgow as the West of Scotland Life Insurance Company, for £1.75bn.
In 1998, Prudential set up Egg, an internet bank within the UK. The subsidiary reached 550,000 customers within nine months but had difficulty achieving profitability. In June 2000, an initial public offering of 21% was made to allow for further growth of the internet business but in February 2006 Prudential decided to repurchase the 21% share of Egg. Egg was subsequently sold to Citibank in January 2007. In 1999, M&G, a UK fund management company, was acquired. In June 2000, the company was first listed on the New York Stock Exchange to help focus on the US market.
In October 2004, Prudential launched a new subsidiary, PruHealth, a joint venture with Discovery Holdings of South Africa selling private medical insurance to the UK market. In April 2008, Prudential outsourced its back office functions to Capita: about 3,000 jobs were transferred (1,000 in Stirling, 750 in Reading and 1,250 in Mumbai). This significant outsourcing deal, worth an estimated £722m over a 15-year contract, built on Prudential's existing relationship with Capita who took over its Belfast operation in 2006 along with approximately 450 employees in a smaller operational restructure.
On 1 March 2010, Prudential announced that it was in "advanced talks" to purchase the pan-Asian life insurance company of AIG, American International Assurance (AIA) for approximately £23 billion. The deal later collapsed and AIA ended up raising money in an IPO.
In December 2013, Prudential announced the purchase of Ghana's Express Life Company. Express Life was subsequently rebranded as Prudential Ghana. In April 2014, Prudential launched two corporate responsibility initiatives to support education in Ghana: the Prudential Scholarship Programme for more than 500 senior high school students, in partnership with the NGO Plan Ghana; and a scheme to support actuarial science graduates. In September 2014, Prudential purchased Kenyan life insurer Shield Assurance and rebranded it as Prudential Kenya, further expanding the company's presence in Africa. Prudential has since entered three other African countries – Uganda in 2015, Zambia in 2016 and Nigeria in 2017.
On 10 March 2015, it was announced that the CEO, Tidjane Thiam, would leave Prudential to become the next CEO of Credit Suisse. On 1 May 2015, it was announced that Mike Wells, head of the company's US business, would succeed Tidjane Thiam as CEO, on a pay package worth up to £7.5 million.
In August 2017, it was announced that Prudential was to combine its asset manager, M&G, and Prudential UK & Europe to form M&GPrudential.
In November 2017, Prudential announced the change in the name of its joint venture with Chinese investment company CITIC to "CITIC Prudential Life Insurance Company Limited".
In March 2018, Prudential announced that it would demerge M&GPrudential from the Group.
The Company has three business units:
- M&GPrudential, created from the merger of Prudential UK & Europe and M&G Investments. Prudential UK & Europe offers pensions, annuities, savings and investments (bonds, ISAs). They are particularly well known for the sale of with-profit bonds and pensions, corporate pension schemes, bulk annuities and individual annuities. The company left the general insurance (household, car) market in 2002, licensing Churchill Insurance (now part of the Direct Line Group) to use the Prudential name. M&G offers investment management services including retail fund management, institutional fixed income, pooled life, pension funds, property and private finance. Part of M&G, Prudential Property Investment Managers specialises in the management of Prudential's property assets.
- Prudential Corporation Asia: based in Hong Kong, the business is the largest UK life assurer in Asia. It has had a presence in the continent since 1923 when an overseas agency for life assurance was created in India. Although this was subsequently nationalised, Prudential relaunched in India in 2000 as ICICI Prudential, a 26% joint venture with ICICI Bank. As CITIC Prudential Life, a 50–50 joint venture, they were the first UK company to re-establish life business in China in 2000. There are also businesses in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia. Prudential's Asian asset management business, Eastspring Investments, has total funds under management of £138.9 billion.
- Jackson National Life Insurance Company: based in Michigan, United States, the business was purchased in 1986. It was named after Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States of America and started business in 1961.
Prudential RideLondon is an annual two-day cycling festival, held for the first time in 2013. The 2017 Prudential RideLondon-Surrey 100 set a new fundraising record for the event, with £12.75 million raised for charity, bringing the total raised by the event to more than £53 million in its first five years.
The event was developed by the Mayor of London and his agencies and is organised by the London & Surrey Cycling Partnership. The main events are a 100-mile professional road race through Surrey and London, and an amateur race along the same route. Participants in the amateur race typically raise money for good causes. The 20,709 finishers in the 2014 event raised more than £10 million for charity.
The inaugural sponsor of RideLondon, Prudential has extended its sponsorship of the event for a further three years, up to and including the 2018 event.
Swansea Bay Tidal LagoonEdit
In October 2014, Prudential announced that it would invest up to £100 million in the Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Power station, a world-leading infrastructure project. Prudential has committed to invest £25 billion in UK infrastructure projects over five years. Prudential will be one of the main investors in the scheme designed to harness tidal-energy, which could power 120,000 homes for 120 years. If approved, the project would take two years to build and would create 1,850 construction jobs.
Key individuals are:
|Chairman of the Board of Directors||Paul Manduca|
|Group Chief Executive||Mike Wells|
|Chief Financial Officer||Mark FitzPatrick|
|Chairman and Chief Executive of the North American Business Unit||Michael Falcon|
|Chief Executive of M&GPrudential||John Foley|
|Chief Executive of Prudential Corporation Asia||Nic Nicandrou|
|Group Chief Risk Officer||James Turner|
- "Full Year Results 2018" (PDF). Prudential Public Limited Company. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "Timeline 1826–1901". Prudential plc. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "fact-file" (PDF). Prudential plc. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- Dennett, Laurie. (1998). A Sense of Security: 150 Years of Prudential. Granta Editions. pp. 18–20. ISBN 978-1-85757-060-1.
- Research page including details of many buildings that used Gibbs and Canning terracotta Archived 15 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine accessed 25 March 2012
- "Prudential plc". London Stock Exchange. Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- "Prudential P.L.C. To Buy Jackson". New York Times. 19 September 1986. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Pru of Britain in Deal to buy Scottish Life Insurancer. The New York Times, 26 March 1997.
- Egg cracks internet for Pru BBC News, 1999
- Prudential to swallow the Egg whole. BBC News, 2005.
- Pru sells Egg to Citigroup. BBC News, 2007.
- Pru pounces on investment rival BBC News, 1999
- Prudential goes to New York BBC News, 2000
- Insurance boon for health conscious. BBC News, 2004.
- Prudential jobs deal with Capita BBC News, 2007
- Prudential outsources 450 jobs in Belfast to Capita Group. The Independent, 17 August 2006.
- "Prudential gambles on Asia with $35bn deal". theguardian.com. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Prudential abandons bid for AIA". BBC News. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- "Prudential Moves into Insurance in Ghana". The Financial Times. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "Prudential Increases Capital Base". Business and Financial Times. 25 April 2014. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- Jones, Sarah (16 September 2014). "Prudential Buys Kenyan Insurer in Second African Purchase". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Taofik Salako. "UK's Prudential becomes majority investor in Zenith Life Assurance". thenationonlineng.net. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- Milmo, Dan (10 March 2015). "Prudential's Tidjane Thiam to take top role at Credit Suisse". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Julia Kollewe. "Prudential appoints new CEO on £7.5m pay package". the Guardian. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "Prudential announces merger of M&G and Prudential UK & Europe". FT.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- "Prudential changes name of Chinese joint venture". Sina Finance. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- Lucy Burton. "Prudential unveils radical overhaul as it splits itself in two FTSE 100 firms". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "About us". prudential.co.uk. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "Prudential Corporation Asia – How to contact us". Prudential.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Jackson National Life Insurance Company - How to contact us". Prudential.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Riders raise record £12.75 million for charity in 2017". Prudentialridelondon.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
- "Prudential RideLondon raises record-breaking £10 million for charity". Prudentialridelondon.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Prudential renews sponsorship of RideLondon". Prudentialridelondon.co.uk. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "£100m investment in Swansea Bay tidal lagoon". BBC News. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prudential plc.|
- Prudential plc website
- Yahoo!-biz.com: Prudential plc Company Profile
- Catalogue of the Prudential Staff Union archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick
- Catalogue of the National Union of Insurance Workers Prudential Section archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick
- Documents and clippings about Prudential plc in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)