Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX, SGX: S68) is an investment holding company located in Singapore and provides different services related to securities and derivatives trading and others. SGX is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges and the Asian and Oceanian Stock Exchanges Federation.
|Founded||1 December 1999|
|Key people||Kwa Chong Seng (Chairman) 
Loh Boon Chye (CEO)
|Currency||Singapore dollar, US dollar|
|No. of listings||776|
SGX operates several different divisions, each responsible for handling specific businesses.
- SGX ETS (Electronic Trading System): provides global trading access to SGX markets where 80 percent of the customers are from outside Singapore.
- SGX DT (Derivatives Trading): provides derivatives trading.
- SGX ST (Securities Trading): provides securities trading.
- SGX DC (Derivatives Clearing): subsidiary for clearing and settlement operations.
- SGX AsiaClear: offers clearing services for over-the-counter (OTC) oil swaps and forward freight agreements.
- SGX Reach: an electronic trading platform.
- Central Depository Pte Ltd: subsidiary responsible for securities clearing, settlement and depository services.
- Asian Gateway Investments Pte Ltd: wholly owned subsidiary
- Singapore Exchange IT Solutions Pte Ltd: provides computer services and maintenance as well as software maintenance
The companies listed on SGX belong to one of two groups: the companies listed on the SGX Mainboard and the companies listed on SGX SESDAQ. In order to be listed on the mainboard, a company has to fulfill some requirements set forth by SGX, while a listing on SESDAQ is not tied to the fulfillment of any additional conditions.
The exchange launched SGX QUEST (SGX Quotation and Execution System) in August 2004. The system is used by the exchange for derivatives and securities trading.
|Start time||End time|
|Pre open||8:30 am||8:59 am|
|Market open||9:00 am||11:59 am|
|Pre open (Mid-Day Break)||12:00 pm||12:59 pm|
|Market open||1:00 pm||5:00 pm|
|Pre close||5:00 pm||5:05 pm|
Formation of SGXEdit
SGX was formed on 1 December 1999 as a holding company. The share capital of some former exchange companies, namely Stock Exchange of Singapore (SES), Singapore International Monetary Exchange (Simex) and Securities Clearing and Computer Services Pte Ltd (SCCS) was cancelled and new shares issued in these companies were fully paid up by SGX. In this way, all assets previously owned by these three companies were transferred to SGX. The shareholders previously holding shares in SES, Simex and SCCS received newly issued SGX shares.
Second Listed Exchange in Asia-PacificEdit
On 23 November 2000, SGX became the second exchange in Asia-Pacific to be listed via a public offer and a private placement (Australian Securities Exchange was listed in 1998). Listed on its own bourse, the SGX stock is a component of benchmark indices such as the MSCI Singapore Free Index and the Straits Times Index.
On 25 September 2006, the Joint Asian Derivatives Exchange (JADE), a joint venture between SGX and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) became operational. However, this joint venture was cancelled in November 2007, with CME Groups selling of its 50% stake in the joint venture to SGX. The contracts previously traded on JADE were transferred to SGX's QUEST trading platform.
In August 2009, SGX formed a joint venture with Chi-X Global, called Chi-East. At the beginning of October 2010, this joint venture received approval from the Monetary Authority of Singapore to operate a dark pool trading platform.
On 15 June 2007, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. announced that it had acquired a 4.99% stake in SGX. Since then the value of the shares has declined and the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. has made a decision to sell the shares it holds in SGX to its parent company, the Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc.
At the beginning of 2008, SGX reached an agreement to buy at least 95% of Singapore Commodity Exchange. On 30 June 2008, SGX completed the acquisition of Singapore Commodity Exchange Ltd (SICOM), which now is a 100% subsidiary.
On 8 June 2010, SGX announced it has opened an office in London. This is part of SGXs move to invest S$250 million into its Reach initiative. By implementing this initiative, SGX plans to create the world's fastest trading engine and a data centre as well as further connecting trading communities in the world to Singapore. The new trading platform, SGX Reach, will be delivered to SGX by NASDAQ OMX, Voltaire and HP. This platform is based on GENIUM, a trading platform developed by NASDAQ OMX.
SGX has entered a partnership with NASDAQ OMX. Together they will provide a suite of tools and solutions for companies, which is designed to support listed companies in Asia.
Dual currency tradingEdit
SGX plan to introduce dual currency trading of securities — Which includes stocks, bonds and other listed investments in two different denominations, the Singapore and US dollar on 2 April 2012.
As of 31 January 2010, SGX had 774 listed companies with a combined market capitalisation of S$650 billion. The revenues of SGX are mainly from the securities market (75%) and derivatives market (25%).
SGX reported a net profit of $165.8 million for the first half of its financial year 2010. Excluding non-recurring items, net profit was 7% higher compared to 1H FY2009 ($159.2 million). In the second quarter of the financial year 2010, excluding the non-recurring items, net profit of $77.0 million was 3% higher than a year ago. Operating revenue increased 6% to $324.0 million (1H FY2009: $304.9 million).
In October 2012, excessive speculation led to the sharp price fall of three mainboard stocks, Blumont Group Ltd, Asiasons Capital Ltd. and LionGold Corp. SGX and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) launched a review of activities around the three stocks, and in February 2014 jointly issued a consultation paper setting out a number of enhancements to strengthen the securities market and protect investors from speculative and market manipulative behaviour. Enhancements included implementing a minimum trading price for mainboard listed issuers, requiring reporting of short positions and the creation of three independent regulatory bodies.
Merger talks with ASXEdit
Criticism from Tokyo Stock ExchangeEdit
SGX's plans to buy ASX have drawn criticism from the Tokyo Stock Exchange, which is the second largest shareholder in SGX. A representative of the TSE said SGX's bid for ASX "would flag off a race to consolidate". TSE chief Atsushi Saito fears isolation of the Tokyo Stock Exchange as a result of the takeover.
Revision of takeover proposalEdit
SGX revised its initial takeover proposal in an attempt to overcome some of the opposition to the plans. This would have decreased the number of Singaporean citizens on the board of the combined company and would have given addition seats to Australians.
Rejection of mergerEdit
However, on 8 April 2011, the Australian Treasurer and Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party, Wayne Swan, made the decision to block the merger between the two exchanges. Upon the announcement that the federal government would block the merger, SGX retracted its bid for ASX shares and decided to seek growth opportunities elsewhere.
Cooperation and merger talks with LSEEdit
As of July 2012, SGX is in merger talks with the London Stock Exchange (LSE) and the two exchanges already signed a cross trading agreement. However, on 20 July SGX said there are no plans for a takeover of or merger with LSE.
Companies listed on Singapore ExchangeEdit
As of February 2017, there were 754 listed companies (excluding GDRs, Hedge Funds and Debt Securities) on the Singapore Exchange with a market capitalisation of SGD 977.097 billion (roughly USD 700 billion).
|GDRs, Hedge Funds and Debt Securities||2|
The following is a listing of the shareholders of Singapore Exchange Ltd holding at least 5 percent as of 3 August 2015:
- SEL Holdings Pte Ltd – 23.66%
Note: Nominees service companies were excluded
- "http://investorrelations.sgx.com/committees.cfm". External link in
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- Singapore Exchange Partners With NASDAQ OMX to Offer Innovative Corporate Solutions to Asian Companies, DGAP News Service, retrieved 12 April 2011
- Reuters "Singapore launches probe into penny stocks crash", 24 October 2014
- Baker and McKenzie "MAS and SGX Jointly Propose Enhancements to Securities Market and Self-Regulatory Framework" Archived 22 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine., February 2014
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- Singapore stock exchange bids $8.3bn for Australian ASX Archived 6 June 2011 at WebCite
- "ACCC clears proposed acquisition of ASX by Singapore Exchange". Commonwealth of Australia. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- "Singapore's bid to buy stock exchange stings Australia's prestige". China Post. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- "Tokyo fears stock exchange merger plan". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Shani Raja; Sarah Jones (15 February 2011). "Singapore Exchange Recasts ASX Bid to Fight Lawmaker Opposition". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "SGX eyes other opportunities". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- Mangan, S.; Armstrong, R. (19 July 2012). "LSE, Singapore exchange in merger talks: report". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "SGX and LSE Sign Cross Trading Agreement". FinanzNachrichten.de. 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Singapore exchange denies LSE merger talks". Reuters. 20 July 2012. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- SGX Monthly Market Statistics February 2017
- "Statistics of Shareholdings", Singapore Exchange Annual Report 2012 July 2014 - June 2015 (PDF), Annual Report, Singapore Exchange Ltd, 2015, p. 148
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