MNCTV (legally PT MNC Televisi Indonesia,[1] formerly named TPI) is an Indonesian private television network. It was founded on 23 January 1990, at first broadcasting only educational programmes, but has since become similar to other Indonesian TV networks, showing programmes such as quizzes, sinetron (soap operas), reality TV shows, sports shows, and recently, dangdut music.

MNCTV
MNCTV logo 2015.svg
TypeTelevision network
CountryIndonesia
Broadcast areaIndonesia
HeadquartersMNC Studios, Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta
Programming
Language(s)Indonesia
Picture format1080i HDTV 16:9
(downscaled to 576i 16:9 for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
Owner
ParentGlobal Mediacom (MNC Corporation)
Key peopleSang Nyoman Suwisma
Sister channels
  • TVRI (1990–1997)
  • RCTI (2003–present)
  • GTV (2003–present)
  • iNews (2008–present)
History
Founded23 January 1990 (1990-01-23)
Launched26 December 1990 (1990-12-26) (trial broadcast)
23 January 1991; 31 years ago (1991-01-23) (original; official broadcast)
20 October 2010 (2010-10-20) (as MNCTV)
FounderSiti Hardiyanti Rukmana
Former namesTPI (1991-2010)
Links
Websitewww.mnctv.com
Availability
Terrestrial
AnalogCheck local frequencies
Streaming media
RCTI+Watch live (Indonesia only)
Vision+Watch live (Subscription required, Indonesia only)
MIVOWatch live

HistoryEdit

Acronyms of TPIEdit

Name First usage Last usage
Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia (Indonesian Education Television) 1991 1997
Televisi Keluarga Indonesia (Indonesian Family Television) 1997 2002
none 2002 2006
Televisi Paling Indonesia (Most Indonesian Television) 2006 2010

Early daysEdit

 
First logo used from 23 January 1991 until 31 December 1997. After that, the logo continued to use as a corporate logo until 23 January 2002.
 
Second logo used under the slogan Televisi Keluarga Indonesia from 1997 until 23 January 2002.

TPI (Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesian Educational Television) was first founded as an educational television station by Tutut Soeharto, the first daughter of former president Soeharto and the wife of Bimantara Citra's co-founder and RCTI's ex-commissioner Indra Rukmana on 23 January 1990 via her company PT Cipta Lamtoro Gung Persada. It began its first broadcasts on 2 January 1991, timeshared with then state broadcaster TVRI. TPI also used TVRI's Studio 12 as its operational studio.

When it was founded TPI produced a two-hour educational programming block targeted to elementary students, junior high school students, and high school students, from 08:00 to 10:00 WIB. To do so, it cooperated with the Department of Education and Culture (now Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology). Programming time began at 6:00am with the country's first breakfast TV show produced by the channel, with the rest of the day dedicated to cartoons and other child-friendly programming, signing off early afternoon.

In April 1991, the block was expanded into 4 hours, from 08:00 to 12:00 WIB; later to 6.5 hours, from 06:30 to 12:00 WIB; and in 1992 TPI was already broadcasting eight hours in a day, from 06:00 to 14:00 WIB, with several hours being a joint simulcast with TVRI for its educational programming. On January 23, 1993, TPI began to air its first soap opera program as a distraction, while it expanded broadcasting hours to 15.5 hours, from 05:30 to 21:00. By then it gained its own channel - TPI UHF Channel 34, later on moved to Channel 37.

1993–2003: Splitting serviceEdit

In 1995, TPI moved to Gate II Taman Mini Indonesia Indah in East Jakarta, with the opening of new studios as part of the celebrations of 50 years of nationhood.

On 23 January 1993, TPI began to air its first reality TV show. Three years later, TPI launched its own news programming. After TPI ended its ties with TVRI on 25 August 1997, TPI split becoming its own dedicated channel and its educational programs were displaced by more soap operas and entertainment programming, while it began to air to more Indonesian provinces. In 1997, the channel retired the original branding name in favour of the on-air name "Televisi Keluarga Indonesia" ("Indonesian Family Television"). Its logo bore a resemblance to that of The Family Channel (now Freeform in US and Challenge in UK). On 18 May 2001, the TPI name was used but only using the simple word "TPI" instead. TPI began to expand more programs that related to musics, sports, and cartoons.

Since 2004, it has focused on dangdut programs. The most successful dangdut contest, Kontes Dangdut TPI (KDI, later Kontes Dangdut Indonesia), is a version of RCTI's Indonesian Idol.

On 12 February 2002, TPI announced that it would broadcast Formula One racing (known as TPI Sport and Racing World) to replace RCTI as the official F1 station, due to financial problems.

On 2002−03, TPI announced that it would broadcast for the Italian football league Serie A.

2003–2009: Awards and acquisition by MNCEdit

At the 1997 Indonesian Soap-Opera Awards, Deddy Mizwar's soap opera Mat Angin, aired by TPI, won 11 awards. The series won five awards the following year. Indonesia's favourite programme was Santapan Nusantara a culinary program hosted by Enita Sriyana, Nindy Ellesse (Alm), and Ida Kusumah (Alm). Kuis Dangdut (hosted by H. Jaja Miharja), the first and oldest quiz show, also won awards and Ngelaba a comedy program hosted by Akri Patrio, Eko Patrio and Parto Patrio.

On October 2003, Media Nusantara Citra, which also owns RCTI, GTV, and iNews acquired 75% of the channel. In 2005, new employees were hired, including Mayjen. TNI. (purn.) Sang Nyoman Suwisma, and Dandy Nugroho Rukmana.

2009–2010: DeclineEdit

 
Last logo used from 23 January 2006 until 20 October 2010

During its 2009–10 season, due to technical reasons, TPI did not air its sport shows. On 20 October 2009, a controversial report stated that a communications expert from the University of Indonesia, Ade Armando, had reviewed decisions of the judges who were willing to pull entertainment programs from TPI, since it should have educational programs instead. Armando said that it must be the decision of the Commercial Court (PN) to grant the request of the Central Jakarta bankruptcy PT Global Crown Capital Limited on PT TPI reviewed further.[2]

The handling of cases involving the mass media can not be equated with the handling of other service companies. Because, not all people are able and capable of using it, so that the handling had to be excluded. "It looks very sloppy, not equal," he said. In this bankruptcy decision, according to Ade, a loss not only experienced by the company but also harmed the public.[2]

Anticipating similar things, there must be a joint effort of several parties, such as the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI), the Association of Private Television, and other stakeholders. Especially against the decision issued unilaterally and awkward legal institutions.[3]

Decisions of bankruptcy have also been supported by the Parliament in the legal process underway at the level of the Indonesian Supreme Court. Support was expressed Marzuki Alie when receiving the visit of Directors of TPI in the study of the DPR, Senayan, Jakarta, on 25 November 2009.[4]

2010–present: Re-launch to MNCTVEdit

 
MNCTV logo used from 20 October 2010 until 19 May 2015. After that, the logo was straightened.

On 20 October 2010, TPI officially renamed to MNCTV. This was done because TPI was not in accordance with the written context that TPI is dedicated to education and therefore renamed to MNCTV, in order to change the image in the eyes of the public.[5]

PresentersEdit

CurrentEdit

  • Desvita Feranika Bionda
  • Anita Kusumah Dewi
  • Amanda Dasrul
  • Angelica De Evagam
  • Christian Kevin Pakan
  • Mega Latu

FormerEdit

Station IDsEdit

TPIEdit

  • 1991–1997: Indonesian flag animation with word TPI and map of Indonesia, showing the word "Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia".
  • 1992–1997: golden miniatures of Indonesia (such as Monas, Borobudur, etc) and ends with TPI logo and Indonesian flag with maps and word "Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia" with a satellite, it used until 1997.
  • 1997-1998: Kids riding bike on the street, then cut a woman grabs the flower, The man swimming in the cloud, and traditional dancers in the cloud, woman and men wearing folk clothing sees the flowers, Women Singers Look at the flower, Kids swim in the mud with buffalo, traditional dancers in the cloud again, The two men Playing Chess the chess pieces was flying, then the woman and men down from doors' stairs wearing folk clothing, and man read newspaper; with a sunflower animation, then cut to a woman's smiles, and ended with Televisi Keluarga Indonesia logo with TPI corporate logo.
  • 1998–2002: Keroncong Musicians played in the cloud, sunflower eye, the two woman dances, woman playing a harp in the cloud, and the folk dances behind the temple of Borobudur, then sees the woman playing harp again, woman learns to make batik, folk and orchestral musicians playing the musical instruments, the ending was the eyes with the sunflower, and also ends with the Televisi Keluarga Indonesia logo used without 1991-1997 TPI logo.
  • 2002–2006: Begins with animation of three golden-colored globes and blue-colored signals to become blue globe, then the blue light was shown and ended with new TPI logo.
  • 2006–2010: Another new ident has animation of three beams in blue, green, and red; and the logo's tittle design, and ended with the TPI logo and its slogan, "Makin asyik aja". This was short-lived, until was changed again in 2007. However, it was made more complex by using animation of golden flower and particles effect, and it ends with sunlight in the background. Slogan was changed to "Makin Indonesia, Makin Asyik Aja".

MNCTVEdit

MNCTV no longer airs any station IDs since 2012.

  • 2010–2012: Animation of flower made by glasses and two beams colored red and blue, and it ends with MNCTV logo and the slogan "Selalu di hati". Another version appears, such the photographer take a picture of two women.

SlogansEdit

As TPI

  • Turut Memacu Kreativitas Bangsa (Spur for the Nation's Creativity, 1991–94)
  • Cermin Dinamika Budaya Bangsa (Reflection of Nation's Culture Dynamics, 1991–94)
  • Televisi Keluarga Anda (Your Family's Television, 1994–96)
  • Makin Asyik Aja (It's More Fun, 1996–2007)
  • Makin Indonesia Makin Asyik (More Indonesian, More Fun, 2006–07)
  • Makin Indonesia Makin Asyik Aja (It's More Indonesian, More Fun, 2007–10)

As MNCTV

  • Selalu di Hati (Always in the Heart, 2010–present)

Anniversary specialsEdit

As TPI

  • Tujuh Tahun Makin Asyik Aja (1998)
  • Sewindu Makin Asyik Aja (1999)
  • Sembilan Tahun Makin Asyik Aja di Millenium Baru (2000)
  • Satu Dekade Makin Asyik Aja (2001)
  • Selalu Bersamamu (2003)
  • Funtast13 (2004)
  • Makin Dekat, Makin Mantap, Makin Asyik Aja (2005)
  • Pesta Panen Raya (2007)
  • Hajatan Asyik (2008)
  • Pesta Manten (2009)
  • Sejuta Wajah Indonesia (2010)

As MNCTV

  • Ekspresi Cinta (Love Expressions, 2011)
  • MNCTV Ama21ng (2012)
  • Persembahan Cinta (Present for the Love, 2013–14)
  • Kilau Raya (Great Shining, 2015–present)

Notable main directorsEdit

  • Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana (1990–1998)
  • Tito Sulistio (1998-2001)
  • Dandy Nugroho Rukmana (2001–2003)
  • Hidajat Tjandradjaja (2003–2005)
  • Sang Nyoman Suwisma (2005–present)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit