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Timothy Walter Burton[1] (born August 25, 1958) is an American filmmaker, artist, writer, and animator. He is known for his dark, gothic, and eccentric horror and fantasy films such as Beetlejuice (1988), Edward Scissorhands (1990), The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993), Ed Wood (1994), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Corpse Bride (2005), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007), Dark Shadows (2012), and Frankenweenie (2012). He is also known for blockbuster films, such as the adventure-comedy Pee-wee's Big Adventure (1985), the superhero films Batman (1989) and its first sequel, Batman Returns (1992), the sci-fi film Planet of the Apes (2001), the fantasy-drama Big Fish (2003), the musical adventure film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005), and the fantasy film Alice in Wonderland (2010).

Tim Burton
Tim Burton by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Burton in 2012
Born
Timothy Walter Burton

(1958-08-25) August 25, 1958 (age 60)
NationalityAmerican
EducationBurbank High School
Alma materCalifornia Institute of the Arts
OccupationFilmmaker, animator, writer, artist
Years active1971–present
Spouse(s)
Lena Gieseke
(m. 1987; div. 1991)
Partner(s)Lisa Marie Smith
(1993–2001)
Helena Bonham Carter
(2001–2014)
Children2 (with Bonham Carter)
Websitetimburton.com

Burton has often worked with actor Johnny Depp and composer Danny Elfman, who has composed scores for all but three of the films Burton has directed. Helena Bonham Carter, Burton's former domestic partner, has appeared in many of his films. He wrote and illustrated the poetry book The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories, published in 1997 by British publishing house Faber and Faber, and a compilation of his drawings, sketches and other artwork, entitled The Art of Tim Burton, was released in 2009. A follow-up to that book, entitled The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, containing sketches made by Burton on napkins at bars and restaurants he occasionally visits, was released in 2015.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Burton was born in 1958, in Burbank, California, the son of Jean Burton (née Erickson), later the owner of a cat-themed gift shop, and William "Bill" Burton, a former minor league baseball player who was working for the Burbank Parks and Recreation Department.[2][3] As a preteen, Burton would make short films in his backyard on Evergreen Street using crude stop motion animation techniques or shoot them on 8 mm film without sound (one of his oldest known juvenile films is The Island of Doctor Agor, which he made when he was 13 years old). Burton attended Providencia Elementary School in Burbank. Burton went to Burbank High School, but he was not a particularly good student. He played on the water polo team at Burbank High. Burton was an introspective person and found pleasure in painting, drawing and watching movies. His future work would be heavily influenced by the works of such childhood heroes as Dr. Seuss and Roald Dahl.[4] After graduating from Burbank High School, Burton attended the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California, to study character animation.[5] As a student at CalArts, Burton made the shorts Stalk of the Celery Monster and King and Octopus.[6]

CareerEdit

1980sEdit

Stalk of the Celery Monster attracted the attention of Walt Disney Productions' animation division, which offered Burton an animator's apprenticeship at the studio.[5] He worked as an animator, storyboard artist, graphic designer, art director and concept artist on films such as The Fox and the Hound (1981), Tron (1982), and The Black Cauldron (1985). His concept art never made it into the finished films.

While at Disney in 1982, Burton made his first short, Vincent, a six-minute black-and-white stop motion film based on a poem written by the filmmaker, and depicting a young boy who fantasizes that he is his hero Vincent Price, with Price himself providing narration. The film was produced by Rick Heinrichs, whom Burton had befriended while working in the concept art department at Disney. The film was shown at the Chicago Film Festival and released, alongside the teen drama Tex, for two weeks in one Los Angeles cinema. This was followed by Burton's first live-action production Hansel and Gretel, a Japanese-themed adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale for the Disney Channel, which climaxes in a kung fu fight between Hansel and Gretel and the witch. Having aired once in 1983 at 10:30 pm on Halloween and promptly shelved, prints of the film are extremely difficult to locate, fueling rumors that the project did not exist. The short would finally go on public display in 2009 at the Museum of Modern Art, and again in 2011 as part of the Tim Burton art exhibit at LACMA.[7][8] It was again shown at the Seoul Museum of Art in 2012.[9]

Burton's next live-action short film, Frankenweenie, was released in 1984. It tells the story of a young boy who tries to revive his dog after it is run over by a car. Filmed in black-and-white, it stars Barret Oliver, Shelley Duvall (with whom he would work again in 1986, directing an episode of her Faerie Tale Theatre) and Daniel Stern. After Frankenweenie was completed, Disney fired Burton, under the pretext of him spending the company's resources on doing a film that would be too dark and scary for children to see.[10]

Actor Paul Reubens saw Frankenweenie and chose Burton to direct the cinematic spin-off of his popular character Pee-wee Herman, stating on the Audio Commentary of 2000 DVD release of Pee-wee's Big Adventure that as soon as the short began, he was sold on Burton's style. Pee-wee Herman gained mainstream popularity with a successful stage show at The Groundlings and the Roxy which was later turned into an HBO special. The film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure, was made on a budget of $8 million and grossed more than $40 million at the North American box office. Burton, a fan of the eccentric musical group Oingo Boingo, asked songwriter Danny Elfman to provide the music for the film. Since then, Elfman has scored every film that Tim Burton has directed, except for Ed Wood,[11] Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children.

After directing episodes for the revitalized version of '50s/'60s anthology horror series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, Burton directed his next big project: Beetlejuice (1988), a supernatural comedy horror about a young couple forced to cope with life after death, and the family of pretentious yuppies who invade their treasured New England home. Their teenage daughter Lydia (Winona Ryder) has an obsession with death which allows her to see the deceased couple. Starring Alec Baldwin and Geena Davis, and featuring Michael Keaton as the obnoxious bio-exorcist Beetlejuice, the film grossed $80 million on a relatively low budget and won an Academy Award for Best Makeup. It would be converted into a cartoon of the same name, with Burton playing a role as executive producer, that ran on ABC and later Fox.

Burton's ability to produce hits with low budgets impressed studio executives, and he received his first big budget film, Batman. The production was plagued with problems. Burton repeatedly clashed with the film's producers, Jon Peters and Peter Guber, but the most notable debacle involved casting. For the title role, Burton chose to cast Michael Keaton as Batman following their previous collaboration in Beetlejuice, despite Keaton's average physique, inexperience with action films, and reputation as a comic actor. Although Burton won in the end, the furor over the casting provoked enormous fan animosity, to the extent that Warner Brothers' share price slumped.[citation needed] Burton had considered it ridiculous to cast a "bulked-up" ultra-masculine man as Batman, insisting that Batman should be an ordinary man who dressed up in an elaborate bat costume to frighten criminals. Burton cast Jack Nicholson as The Joker (Tim Curry being his second choice) in a move that helped assuage fans' fears, as well as attracting older audiences not as interested in a superhero film. When the film opened in June 1989, it was backed by the biggest marketing and merchandising campaign in film history at the time, and became one of the biggest box office hits of all time, grossing over US$250 million in the U.S. and $400 million worldwide (numbers not adjusted for inflation) and earning critical acclaim for the performances of both Keaton and Nicholson, as well as the film's production aspects, which won the Academy Award for Best Art Direction. The success of the film helped establish Burton as a profitable director, and it proved to be a huge influence on future superhero films, which eschewed the bright, all-American heroism of Richard Donner's Superman for a grimmer, more realistic look and characters with more psychological depth. It also became a major inspiration for the successful 1990s cartoon Batman: The Animated Series, in as much as the darkness of the picture and its sequel allowed for a darker Batman on television.

Burton claimed that the graphic novel Batman: The Killing Joke was a major influence on his film adaptation of Batman:

I was never a giant comic book fan, but I've always loved the image of Batman and the Joker. The reason I've never been a comic book fan – and I think it started when I was a child – is because I could never tell which box I was supposed to read. I don't know if it was dyslexia or whatever, but that's why I loved The Killing Joke, because for the first time I could tell which one to read. It's my favorite. It's the first comic I've ever loved. And the success of those graphic novels made our ideas more acceptable.[12]

1990sEdit

In 1990, Burton co-wrote (with Caroline Thompson) and directed Edward Scissorhands, re-uniting with Winona Ryder from Beetlejuice. His friend Johnny Depp, a teen idol at the end of the 1980s due primarily to his work on the hit TV series 21 Jump Street, was cast in the title role of Edward, who was the creation of an eccentric and old-fashioned inventor (played by Vincent Price in one of his last screen appearances). Edward looked human, but was left with scissors in the place of hands due to the untimely death of his creator. Set in suburbia (and shot in Lakeland, Florida), the film is largely seen as Burton's autobiography of his childhood in Burbank. Burton's idea[13] for the character of Edward Scissorhands came from a drawing he created in high school. Depp wrote a similar comment in the foreword to Mark Salisbury's book, Burton on Burton, regarding his first meeting with Burton over the casting of the film. Edward Scissorhands is considered one of Burton's best movies by some critics.[14] Burton has stated that this is his most personable and meaningful film because it's a representation of him not being able to communicate effectively with others as a teenager.

After the success of Batman, Burton agreed to direct the sequel for Warner Bros. on the condition that he would be granted total control. The result was Batman Returns, which featured Michael Keaton returning as Batman, and a new triad of villains: Danny DeVito (as the Penguin), Michelle Pfeiffer (as Catwoman) and Christopher Walken (as Max Shreck, an evil corporate tycoon and original character created for the film). Darker and considerably more personal than its predecessor, concerns were raised that the film was too scary for children. Audiences were more uncomfortable at the film's overt sexuality, personified by the sleek, fetish-inspired styling of Catwoman's costume. Burton made many changes to the Penguin which would subsequently be applied to the character in both comics and television. While in the comics, he was an ordinary man, Burton created a freak of nature resembling a penguin with webbed, flipper-like fingers, a hooked, beak-like nose, and a penguin-like body (resulting in a rotund, obese man). Released in 1992, Batman Returns grossed $282.8 million worldwide, making it a financial success, though not to the extent of its predecessor.

Burton produced, but did not direct, due to schedule constraints on Batman Returns, The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) for Disney, originally meant to be a children's book in rhyme. The film was directed by Henry Selick and written by Caroline Thompson, based on Burton's original story, world and characters. The film received positive reviews for the stop motion animation, musical score and original storyline. It was a box office success, grossing $50 million. Because of the ruling nature of the film, it was not produced under Disney's name, but rather Disney owned Touchstone Pictures. Disney wanted the protagonist to have eyes,[15] but it didn't happen. There were over 100 people working on this movie just to create the characters. Along with the 3 years of work it took to produce the film.[16] Burton collaborated with Selick again for James and the Giant Peach (1996), which Burton co-produced.

In 1994, Burton and frequent co-producer Denise Di Novi produced the 1994 fantasy-comedy Cabin Boy, starring comedian Chris Elliott and directed/written by Adam Resnick. Burton was originally supposed to direct the film after seeing Elliott perform on Get a Life, but handed the directing responsibility to Resnick once he was offered Ed Wood. Burton's next film, Ed Wood (1994), was of a much smaller scale, depicting the life of infamous director Ed Wood. Starring Johnny Depp in the title role, the film is an homage to the low-budget science fiction and horror films of Burton's childhood, and handles its comical protagonist and his motley band of collaborators with surprising fondness and sensitivity. Owing to creative squabbles during the making of The Nightmare Before Christmas, Danny Elfman declined to score Ed Wood, and the assignment went to Howard Shore. While a commercial failure at the time of its release, Ed Wood was well received by critics. Martin Landau received an Academy Award in the Best Supporting Actor category for his portrayal of Bela Lugosi, and the film received the award for Best Makeup.

Despite Burton's intention to still lead the Batman franchise, Warner Bros. considered Batman Returns too dark and unsafe for children. To attract the young audience, it was decided that Joel Schumacher, who had directed films like The Client, lead the third film, while Burton would only produce it in conjunction with Peter MacGregor-Scott. Following this change and the changes made by the new director, Michael Keaton resigned from the lead role and was replaced by Val Kilmer. Filming for Batman Forever began in late 1994 with new actors: Tommy Lee Jones as Harvey Dent/Two-Face, Nicole Kidman as Dr. Chase Meridian, Chris O'Donnell as Dick Grayson/Robin and Jim Carrey as Edward Nygma/ The Riddler; the only two actors who returned were Pat Hingle as Commissioner Gordon and Michael Gough as Alfred Pennyworth. The film, a combination of the darkness that characterized the saga and colors and neon signs proposed by Schumacher, was a huge box office success, earning $336 million. Warner Bros. demanded that Schumacher delete some scenes so the film did not have the same tone as its predecessor, Batman Returns (later they were added as deleted scenes on the 2005 DVD release).

In 1996, Burton and Selick reunited for the musical fantasy James and the Giant Peach, based on the book by Roald Dahl which contains magical elements and references to drugs and alcohol.[17]. The film, a combination of live action and stop motion footage, starred Richard Dreyfuss, Susan Sarandon, David Thewlis, Simon Callow and Jane Leeves among others, with Burton producing and Selick directing. The film was mostly praised by critics, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Musical or Comedy Score (by Randy Newman).

Elfman and Burton reunited for Mars Attacks! (1996). Based on a popular science fiction trading card series, the film was a hybrid of 1950s science fiction and 1970s all-star disaster films. Coincidence made it an inadvertent spoof of the blockbuster Independence Day, which had been released five months earlier. The film boasted an all-star cast, including Jack Nicholson, Glenn Close, Annette Bening, Danny DeVito, Pierce Brosnan, Michael J. Fox, Sarah Jessica Parker, Natalie Portman, Lukas Haas, Martin Short, Rod Steiger, Christina Applegate and Jack Black.

Sleepy Hollow, released in late 1999, had a supernatural setting and contained another performance by Johnny Depp as Ichabod Crane, a detective with an interest in forensic science rather than the schoolteacher of Washington Irving's original tale. With Sleepy Hollow, Burton paid homage to the horror films of the English company Hammer Films. Christopher Lee, one of Hammer's stars, was given a cameo role. A host of Burton regulars appeared in supporting roles (Michael Gough, Jeffrey Jones and Christopher Walken, among others) and Christina Ricci was cast as Katrina van Tassel. A well-regarded supporting cast was headed by Miranda Richardson, Michael Gambon, Richard Griffiths and Ian McDiarmid. Mostly well received by critics, and with a special mention to Elfman's gothic score, the film won an Academy Award for Best Art Direction, as well as two BAFTAs for Best Costume Design and Best Production Design. A box office success, Sleepy Hollow was also a turning point for Burton. Along with change in his personal life (separation from actress Lisa Marie), Burton changed radically in style for his next project, leaving the haunted forests and colorful outcasts behind to go on to directing Planet of the Apes which, as Burton had repeatedly noted, was "not a remake" of the earlier film.

2000sEdit

 
Tim Burton (right) and Pedro Almodóvar at the première of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street in Madrid, in 2007

Planet of the Apes was a commercial success, grossing $68 million in its opening weekend. The film has received mixed reviews and is widely considered inferior to the first adaptation of the novel. In 2003, Burton directed Big Fish, based on the novel Big Fish: A Novel of Mythic Proportions by Daniel Wallace. The film is about a father telling the story of his life to his son using exaggeration and color. Starring Ewan McGregor as young Edward Bloom and Albert Finney as an older Edward Bloom, the film also stars Jessica Lange, Billy Crudup, Danny DeVito, Alison Lohman and Marion Cotillard. Big Fish received four Golden Globe nominations as well as an Academy Award nomination for Elfman's score. The film was also the second collaboration between Burton and Helena Bonham Carter, who played the characters of Jenny and the Witch.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005) is an adaptation of the book of the same name by Roald Dahl. Starring Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka, Freddie Highmore as Charlie Bucket and Deep Roy as the Oompa-Loompas, the film generally took a more faithful approach to the source material than the 1971 adaptation, Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, although some liberties were taken, such as adding Wonka's issue with his father (played by Christopher Lee). Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was later nominated for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design. The film made over $207 million domestically. Filming proved difficult as Burton, Depp, and Danny Elfman had to work on this and Burton's Corpse Bride (2005) at the same time, which was Burton's first full-length stop motion film as a director, featuring the voices of Johnny Depp as Victor and Helena Bonham Carter as Emily in the lead roles.

Burton directed his first music video "Bones" in 2006. "Bones" is the sixth overall single by American indie rock band The Killers, the second released from their second studio album, Sam's Town. Starring in this video were actors Michael Steger and Devon Aoki. Burton went to direct a second music video for The Killers' "Here with Me", starring Winona Ryder, released in 2012.[18]

The DreamWorks/Warner Bros. production Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street was released on December 21, 2007. Burton's work on Sweeney Todd won the National Board of Review Award for Best Director,[19] received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Director[20] and won an Academy Award for Best Art Direction. The film blends explicit gore and Broadway tunes, and was well received by critics. Johnny Depp's performance as Sweeney Todd was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

In 2005, filmmaker Shane Acker released his short film 9, a story about a sentient rag doll living in a post-apocalyptic world who tries to stop machines from destroying the rest of his eight fellow rag dolls. The film won numerous awards and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. After seeing the short film, Tim Burton and Timur Bekmambetov, director of Wanted, showed interest in producing a feature-length adaptation of the film. Directed by Acker, the full-length film was produced by Burton, written by Acker (story) and Pamela Pettler (screenplay, co-writer of Corpse Bride) and featured the voice work of Elijah Wood, John C. Reilly, Jennifer Connelly, Christopher Plummer, Martin Landau and Crispin Glover, among others.

2010sEdit

 
Tim Burton speaking about 9 at Comic-Con, 2009

Tim Burton appeared at the 2009 Comic-Con in San Diego, California, to promote both 9 and Alice in Wonderland, the latter won two Academy Awards, for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. In Burton's version of Alice in Wonderland, the story is set 13 years after the original Lewis Carroll tales. Mia Wasikowska was cast as Alice. The original start date for filming was May 2008.[21] Torpoint and Plymouth were the locations used for filming from September 1 – October 14, and the film remains set in the Victorian era. During this time, filming took place in Antony House in Torpoint.[22] 250 local extras were chosen in early August.[23][24] Other production work took place in London.[25] The film was originally to be released in 2009, but was pushed to March 5, 2010.[26] Johnny Depp plays the Mad Hatter, while Matt Lucas is both Tweedledee and Tweedledum; Helena Bonham Carter portrays the Red Queen; Stephen Fry is the Cheshire Cat; Anne Hathaway stars as the White Queen; Alan Rickman voices Absolem the Caterpillar, Michael Sheen voices McTwisp the White Rabbit and Crispin Glover's head and voice were added onto a CGI body to play the Knave of Hearts. Burton produced its sequel Alice Through the Looking Glass (2016).[27]

Dark Shadows once again saw the collaboration of Burton with actors Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter, composer Danny Elfman, and costume designer Colleen Atwood. The film was released on May 11, 2012, and received mixed reviews from critics. Burton co-produced Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, with Timur Bekmambetov, who also served as director (they previously worked together in 9). The film, released on June 22, 2012, was based on the novel by Seth Grahame-Smith, who also wrote the film's screenplay and also authored Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. The film starred Benjamin Walker as Abraham Lincoln, Anthony Mackie as William H. Johnson, Joseph Mawle as Lincoln's father Thomas, Robin McLeavy as Lincoln's mother Nancy and Mary Elizabeth Winstead as Lincoln's love interest (and later wife) Mary Ann Todd. The film received mixed reviews.[28][29] He then remade his 1984 short film Frankenweenie as a feature-length stop motion film, distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.[30] He has said, "The film is based on a memory that I had when I was growing up and with my relationship with a dog that I had."[31] The film was released on October 5, 2012, and met with positive reviews.[32]

Burton directed the 2014 biographical drama film Big Eyes about American artist Margaret Keane (Amy Adams), whose work was fraudulently claimed in the 1950s and 1960s by her then-husband, Walter Keane (Christoph Waltz), and their heated divorce trial after Margaret accused Walter of stealing credit for her paintings. The script was written by the screenwriters behind Burton's Ed Wood, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski. Filming began in Vancouver, British Columbia, in mid-2013. The film was distributed by The Weinstein Company and released in U.S. theaters on December 25, 2014. It received generally positive reviews from critics.[33][34] In September 2016, an adaptation of Ransom Riggs' book Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children, which was directed by Burton was released, starring Asa Butterfield and Eva Green, in her second Burton film.[35] He also directed a live-action adaptation of Dumbo, released in 2019, with Colin Farrell, Danny DeVito, Eva Green and Michael Keaton starring.

Unrealized projectsEdit

After Kevin Smith had been hired to write a new Superman film, he suggested Burton to direct.[36] Burton came on and Warner Bros. set a theatrical release date for the summer of 1998, the 60th anniversary of the character's debut in Action Comics.[37] Nicolas Cage was signed on to play Superman, Burton hired Wesley Strick to rewrite Smith's script and the film entered pre-production in June 1997. For budgetary reasons, Warner Bros. ordered another rewrite from Dan Gilroy, delayed the film and ultimately put it on hold in April 1998. Burton then left to direct Sleepy Hollow.[37] Burton has depicted the experience as a difficult one, citing differences with producer Jon Peters and the studio, stating, "I basically wasted a year. A year is a long time to be working with somebody that you don't really want to be working with."[38]

In 2001, The Walt Disney Company began to consider producing a sequel to The Nightmare Before Christmas, but rather than using stop motion, Disney wanted to use computer animation.[39] Burton convinced Disney to drop the idea. "I was always very protective of Nightmare not to do sequels or things of that kind," Burton explained. "You know, 'Jack visits Thanksgiving world' or other kinds of things just because I felt the movie had a purity to it and the people that like it... Because it's a mass-market kind of thing, it was important to kind of keep that purity of it."[40] Regardless, in 2009, Henry Selick stated that he could make a sequel to Nightmare if he and Burton could create a good story for it.[41]

In 2012, Shane Acker confirmed that Burton will work with Valve Corporation to create his next animated feature film, Deep. Like 9, the film will take place in a post-apocalyptic world (although set in a different universe). Deep will be another darker animated film, as Shane Acker has expressed his interest in creating more PG-13 animated films.[42] Since then, there have been no further mentions of Deep, with Acker focusing on another project announced in 2013 (Beasts of Burden).[43][44]

On January 19, 2010, it was announced that after Dark Shadows, Burton's next project would be Maleficent, a Wicked-like film that showed the origin and the past of Sleeping Beauty's antagonist Maleficent. In an interview with Fandango published February 23, 2010, however, he denied he was directing any upcoming Sleeping Beauty film.[45] However, on November 23, 2010, in an interview with MTV, Burton confirmed that he was indeed putting together a script for Maleficent.[46] It was announced by The Hollywood Reporter on May 16, 2011, that Burton was no longer attached to Maleficent.[47]

It was reported that Burton would direct a 3D stop motion animation adaptation of The Addams Family, which was confirmed by Christopher Meledandri,[48] but the project was scrapped on July 17, 2013.[49] On July 19, 2010, he was announced as the director of the upcoming film adaptation of Monsterpocalypse.[50]

In 2011, it was reported that Burton was working on a live-action adaptation of The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, featuring Josh Brolin, who would also be co-producing. The project did not move forward.[51][52]

In July 2012, following the release of both Dark Shadows and Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, it was announced that screenwriter and novelist Seth Grahame-Smith was working alongside Burton on a potential Beetlejuice sequel. Actor Michael Keaton has also expressed interest in reprising his role as the title character along with Winona Ryder.[53][54] In October 2017, Deadline Hollywood reported that Mike Vukadinovich was hired to write a script in time for the film's 30th anniversary.[55] In April 2019, Warner Bros. stated the sequel had been shelved.[56]

Frequent collaboratorsEdit

Burton regularly casts the same actors in his film projects. Johnny Depp has been in nine of his films, while ex-partner Helena Bonham Carter has been in seven and Christopher Lee in six.[57]

Personal lifeEdit

Burton was married to Lena Gieseke, a German-born artist. Their marriage ended in 1991 after four years.[58] He went on to live with model and actress Lisa Marie; she acted in the films he made during their relationship from 1992 to 2001, most notably in Ed Wood and Mars Attacks!. Burton developed a romantic relationship with English actress Helena Bonham Carter, whom he met while filming Planet of the Apes. Marie responded in 2005 by holding an auction of personal belongings that Burton had left behind, much to his dismay.[59]

Burton and Bonham Carter have two children: a son, Billy Raymond, named after his and Bonham Carter's fathers, born in 2003; and a daughter, Nell, born in 2007.[60] Bonham Carter's representative said in December 2014 that she and Burton had broken up amicably earlier that year.[61] It is unclear whether or not they were married; Bonham Carter has used the word divorce when discussing the end of their relationship[62] while other news outlets state that they never married.[61]

On March 15, 2010, Burton received the insignia of Chevalier of Arts and Letters from then-Minister of Culture Frédéric Mitterrand.[63] The same year, he was the President of the Jury for the 63rd annual Cannes Film Festival, held from May 12 to 24 in Cannes, France.[64] On May 20, 2017, a Tim Burton-themed bar named "Beetle House LA" opened in Hollywood, California.[65]

ExhibitionsEdit

From November 22, 2009 to April 26, 2010, Burton had a retrospective at the MoMA in New York with over 700 "drawings, paintings, photographs, storyboards, moving-image works, puppets, maquettes, costumes and cinematic ephemera", including many from the filmmaker's personal collection.[66]

From MoMA, the "Tim Burton" exhibition traveled directly to Australian Centre for the Moving Image in Melbourne. Running from June 24 to October 10, 2010, the ACMI exhibition incorporated additional material from Burton's Alice in Wonderland, which was released in March 2010.[67]

"The Art of Tim Burton" was exhibited at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from May 29 to October 31, 2011, in the Museum's Resnick Pavilion.[68] LACMA also featured six films of Tim Burton's idol, Vincent Price.[69]

"Tim Burton, the exhibition/Tim Burton, l'exposition" was exhibited at the Cinémathèque Française from March 7 to August 5, 2012, in Paris, France.[70] All Tim Burton's movies are programmed during the exhibition.

"Tim Burton at Seoul Museum of Art" was exhibited as a promotion of Hyundai Card at Seoul Museum of Art from December 12, 2012, to April 15, 2013, in Seoul, South Korea.[71] This exhibition featured 862 of his works including drawings, paintings, short films, sculptures, music and costumes that have been used in the making of his feature-length movies. The exhibition was divided into three parts: the first part, "Surviving Burbank", covered his younger years, from 1958 to 1976. The second, "Beautifying Burbank", covers 1977 to 1984, including his time with CalArts and Walt Disney. The last segment, "Beyond Burbank", covers 1985 onward.[72]

"Tim Burton and His World" was exhibited at the Stone Bell House from March 3 to August 8, 2014, in Prague, Czech Republic.[73] The exhibition later premiered at the Museu da Imagem e do Som in São Paulo, Brazil, on February 4, 2016, and lasted until June 5.[74] The exhibition was later held in Artis Tree in Taikoo Place, Hong Kong, from 5 November 2016 to 23 January 2017.[75] The exhibition returned to Brazil from May 28 to August 11, 2019, being held at the Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil in Brasília.[76]

FilmographyEdit

AwardsEdit

Academy AwardsEdit

Year Nominated work Category Result
2006 Corpse Bride Best Animated Feature Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Nominated

Golden Globe AwardsEdit

Year Nominated work Category Result
2008 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Best Director Nominated
Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Won
2011 Alice in Wonderland Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Nominated

BAFTA AwardsEdit

British Academy of Film Awards
Year Nominated work Category Result
2004 Big Fish Best Direction Nominated
Best Film Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Nominated
British Academy Children's Awards
Year Nominated work Category Result
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Best Feature Film Nominated

Saturn AwardsEdit

Year Nominated work Category Result
1990 Beetlejuice Best Director Nominated
Edward Scissorhands Best Fantasy Film Nominated
1993 Batman Returns Best Fantasy Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
1994 The Nightmare Before Christmas Best Fantasy Film Won
1997 Mars Attacks! Best Director Nominated
2000 Sleepy Hollow Nominated
2006 Corpse Bride Best Animated Film Won
2008 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Best Director Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Won

Other awardsEdit

Emmy Award

Cannes Film Festival

National Board of Review Awards

Chicago Film Critics Association Awards

Producers Guild of America Awards

  • (2006) Nominated—Animated Motion Picture / Corpse Bride
  • (2008) Honored—Scream Awards: Scream Immortal Award, for his unique interpretation of horror and fantasy
  • (2009) Won—Best Producer / 9

64th Venice International Film Festival

Lacanian Psychoanalysis Prize

The Order of the Arts and Letters

  • (2010) Knighted by Culture Minister of France

Moscow International Film Festival

  • (2012) "Golden George" for his contribution to world cinema.

David di Donatello Awards

  • (2019) "Honorary David di Donatello"

Awards received by Burton filmsEdit

Year Film Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards Saturn Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1988 Beetlejuice 1 1 2 8 3
1989 Batman 1 1 6 1 7 1
1990 Edward Scissorhands 1 4 1 1 6 1
1992 Batman Returns 2 2 6 1
1993 The Nightmare Before Christmas 1 1 5 2
1994 Ed Wood 2 2 2 3 1 4 2
1995 Batman Forever 3 1 5
1996 Mars Attacks! 7 1
1996 James and the Giant Peach 1 1 1
1999 Sleepy Hollow 3 1 3 2 11 2
2001 Planet of the Apes 2 6
2003 Big Fish 1 7 4 2
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 1 4 1 1 4
Corpse Bride 1 1 1
2007 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street 3 1 2 4 2 8 2
2010 Alice in Wonderland 3 2 5 2 3 5 2
2012 Frankenweenie 1 1 1 2 2
2012 Dark Shadows 2
2014 Big Eyes 2 3 1
2016 Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children 1
2016 Alice Through the Looking Glass 1
Total 25 8 42 6 22 4 92 21

ReceptionEdit

Critical, public and commercial reception to films Burton has directed as of June 2019.

Year Film Rotten Tomatoes[78] Metacritic[79] CinemaScore[80] Budget Box office[81]
1985 Pee-wee's Big Adventure 87% (45 reviews)
(7.8/10)
47 (14 reviews) N/A $7 million $40.9 million
(domestic)
1988 Beetlejuice 84% (55 reviews)
(7/10)
70 (18 reviews) B $15 million $74.2 million
(domestic)
1989 Batman 71% (72 reviews)
(6.6/10)
69 (21 reviews) A $35 million[82] $411.5 million
1990 Edward Scissorhands 90% (58 reviews)
(7.7/10)
74 (19 reviews) A– $20 million $86 million
1992 Batman Returns 78% (77 reviews)
(6.7/10)
68 (23 reviews) B $80 million[83] $266.8 million
1994 Ed Wood 92% (63 reviews)
(8/10)
70 (19 reviews) B+ $18 million[84] $5.9 million
(domestic)
1996 Mars Attacks! 53% (81 reviews)
(5.9/10)
52 (19 reviews) B $70 million $101.4 million
1999 Sleepy Hollow 68% (127 reviews)
(6.3/10)
65 (35 reviews) B– $100 million[85] $206.1 million
2001 Planet of the Apes 45% (156 reviews)
(5.5/10)
50 (34 reviews) B– $100 million[86] $362.2 million
2003 Big Fish 75% (217 reviews)
(7.2/10)
58 (42 reviews) B+ $70 million[87] $122.9 million
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 83% (229 reviews)
(7.2/10)
72 (40 reviews) A– $150 million[88] $475 million
2005 Corpse Bride 84% (188 reviews)
(7.2/10)
83 (35 reviews) B+ $40 million $117.2 million
2007 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street 85% (225 reviews)
(7.7/10)
83 (39 reviews) N/A $50 million[89] $152.5 million
2010 Alice in Wonderland 51% (271 reviews)
(5.7/10)
53 (38 reviews) A– $200 million[90] $1.02 billion
2012 Dark Shadows 36% (249 reviews)
(5.3/10)
55 (42 reviews) B– $150 million[91] $245.5 million
2012 Frankenweenie 87% (200 reviews)
(7.6/10)
74 (38 reviews) B+ $39 million[92] $81.5 million
2014 Big Eyes 72% (166 reviews)
(6.6/10)
62 (40 reviews) N/A $10 million $29.3 million
2016 Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children 65% (237 reviews)
(5.9/10)
57 (43 reviews) B+ $110 million[93] $296.4 million
2019 Dumbo 47% (333 reviews)
(5.55/10)
51 (54 reviews) A- $170 million[94] $352 million[95]
Total 71.2 % 64 $1.434 billion $4.443 billion

BooksEdit

  • Burton on Burton, edited by Mark Salisbury (1995, revised editions 2000, 2006)
  • The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories (1997)
  • The Art of Tim Burton, written by Leah Gallo (2009)
  • The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, edited by Holly Kempf and Leah Gallo (2015)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tim Burton's middle name is cited as Walter by the Museum of Modern Art on its web appearance for a 2009 exhibition on Burton's artwork and a book covering Burton's career as an artist and filmmaker, though it is cited as William by other sources, such as the Tim Burton Collective Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (April 9, 1989). "Tim Burton, Batman and The Joker". NYTimes.com. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  3. ^ Gray, Sadie. "Tim+Burton". The Times. London. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  4. ^ Alison McMahan (2005). "The Films of Tim Burton: Animating Live Action in Contemporary Hollywood". p.27. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005
  5. ^ a b Kashner, Sam (2014). "The Class That Roared". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  6. ^ "Tim Burton's early short: 'King and Octopus' Clip". YouTube. December 5, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  7. ^ "Is the Tim Burton Exhibition at LACMA for Kids?". museumstories.com. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  8. ^ "Exhibit covers Tim Burton's career as filmmaker and artist". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  9. ^ "Tim Burton's 'nightmares' become hit museum exhibit". CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Bovingdon, Edward (October 18, 2012). "Tim Burton: How Disney fired me". Yahoo! Inc.
  11. ^ Calamar, Gary. "Danny Elfman". The Open Road. KCRW.
  12. ^ Tim Burton, Burton on Burton: Revised Edition (London: Faber and Faber, 2006) 71.
  13. ^ EviLQuicK (August 31, 2008), Edward Scissorhands - Hollywood Backstories - PART1, retrieved October 9, 2018
  14. ^ Biodrowski, Steve (October 24, 2000). "Edward Scissorhands – Film & DVD Review". Cinefantastique Online. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  15. ^ "21 Things You Didn't Know About The Nightmare Before Christmas". October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  16. ^ "21 Things You Didn't Know About The Nightmare Before Christmas". December 3, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
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  28. ^ Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter – Movie Reviews – Rotten Tomatoes
  29. ^ Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More – Metacritic
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  31. ^ "Tim Burton: I Love All Monsters". October 11, 2012.
  32. ^ Russ Fischer (August 9, 2010) "Disney Sets 2012 Release Dates For ‘John Carter of Mars’ and ‘Frankenweenie’" – though this reference does not support anything in the article's text.
  33. ^ "Big Eyes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  34. ^ "'Big Eyes' Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  35. ^ CS (March 15, 2016). "Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children Trailer is Here!". comingsoon.net. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  36. ^ Gross, Edward (May 12, 2000). "SUPERMAN LIVES, Part 2: Writer Kevin Smith". Mania Movies. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
  37. ^ a b Hanke, Ken (1999). Tim Burton: An Unauthorized Biography of the Filmmaker. Renaissance Books. pp. 213–8. ISBN 1-58063-162-2.
  38. ^ Paul A. Woods (2007). Tim Burton: A Child's Garden of Nightmares. Plexus Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 0-85965-401-X.
  39. ^ Fred Topel (August 25, 2008). "Director Henry Selick Interview – The Nightmare Before Christmas". About.com. Retrieved September 27, 2008.
  40. ^ "News - Entertainment, Music, Movies, Celebrity". MTV.
  41. ^ Castro, Adam-Troy (December 14, 2012). "How possible is a sequel to Nightmare Before Christmas?". Blastr.
  42. ^ "'9′ Director Teaming With Valve for Post-Apocalyptic Animated Film, 'Deep'". Screenrant.com. June 11, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  43. ^ Arrant, Chris (August 6, 2012). "Director Shane Acker ("9"), Ireland's Brown Bag Films, Producer Gregory R. Little and Author J. Barton Mitchell Launch Animated Undersea Adventure Film "Deep"". Cartoon Brew.com. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  44. ^ Lesnick, Silas (February 20, 2013). "Shane Acker to Direct Beasts of Burden". Coming Soon. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
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  47. ^ Kit, Borys (May 16, 2011). "Tim Burton Won't Direct Disney's Maleficent". The Hollywood Reporter.
  48. ^ Nemiroff, Perri. "Tim Burton's Animated Addams Family Confirmed". Cinema Blend.
  49. ^ Debruge, Peter (July 17, 2013). "Illumination Chief Chris Meledandri Lines Up Originals for Universal". Variety.
  50. ^ "Exclusive: Tim Burton Developing Monsterpocalypse, Full Details Revealed – Exclusive: Tim Burton Developing Monsterpocalypse, Full Details Revealed – /Film". Slashfilm.com. July 19, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  51. ^ "JOSH BROLIN EXCITED TO PLAY 'FUNKY' HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE DAME". MTV. May 11, 2012.
  52. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (March 1, 2011). "How ugly will Josh Brolin's Hunchback of Notre Dame be?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
  53. ^ Brooks, Brian (July 20, 2012). "Beetlejuice 2 Possible Says Tim Burton". Movieline. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  54. ^ "Beetlejuice 2 Is Definitely Bringing This Character Back". December 15, 2014.
  55. ^ Busch, Anita (October 12, 2017). "'Beetlejuice 2' Pushes Forward With New Writer At Warnes Bros". Deadline Hollywood.
  56. ^ Alexander, Bryan (April 2, 2019). "Tim Burton's 'Beetlejuice' sequel is stuck in the afterlife waiting room". USA Today. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
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  60. ^ Norman, Pete (August 7, 2008). "Helena Bonham Carter Reveals Her 7-Month-Old's Name". People. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  61. ^ a b Chiu, Melody (December 23, 2014). "Helena Bonham Carter and Tim Burton Split". People. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  62. ^ Foster, Alistair (May 3, 2016). "Helena Bonham Carter: 'I wanted to put 'handle with care' tape on my forehead when Tim and I split'". Evening Standard. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  63. ^ "Marion Cotillard stabbed with pin as she collects French award". The Telegraph. March 16, 2010.
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  71. ^  by 슈퍼시리즈. "[프로젝트 안내] 현대카드 컬처프로젝트 09 <팀 버튼 전> 티켓 안내". Superseries.kr. Retrieved January 7, 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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  73. ^ "Tim Burton in Prague. The Stone Bell, Staroměstské square, Prague 1. Art Movement and City Gallery Prague".
  74. ^ "PROGRAMAÇÃO MIS - O Mundo de Tim Burton".
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  76. ^ "A Beleza Sombria dos Monstros: 10 anos de A Arte de Tim Burton". CCBB Brasília (in Portuguese). Retrieved June 21, 2019.
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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit