Independence Day (1996 film)

Independence Day (also promoted as ID4) is a 1996 American science fiction action film[2][3] directed by Roland Emmerich, written by Emmerich and Dean Devlin, and stars an ensemble cast that consists of Will Smith, Bill Pullman, Jeff Goldblum, Mary McDonnell, Judd Hirsch, Margaret Colin, Randy Quaid, Robert Loggia, James Rebhorn, and Harvey Fierstein. The film focuses on disparate groups of people who converge in the Nevada desert in the aftermath of a worldwide attack by a powerful extraterrestrial race. With the other people of the world, they launch a counterattack on July 4—Independence Day in the United States.

Independence Day
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRoland Emmerich
Written by
Produced byDean Devlin
CinematographyKarl Walter Lindenlaub
Edited byDavid Brenner
Music byDavid Arnold
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release date
  • July 3, 1996 (1996-07-03)
Running time
145 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$75 million[2]
Box office$817.4 million[2]

While promoting Stargate in Europe, Emmerich conceived the film while answering a question about his belief in the existence of alien life. Devlin and Emmerich decided to incorporate a large-scale attack having noticed that aliens in most invasion films travel long distances in outer space only to remain hidden when reaching Earth. Shooting began on July 28, 1995, in New York City, and the film was completed on October 8, 1995.

Considered a significant turning point in the history of the Hollywood blockbuster, Independence Day was at the forefront of the large-scale disaster film and sci-fi resurgence of the mid-late 1990s. It was released worldwide on July 3, 1996, but began showing on July 2 (the same day the film's story begins) in original release as a result of a high level of anticipation among moviegoers. The film received mixed reviews, with praise for the performances, musical score and visual effects, but criticism for its characters. It grossed over $817.4 million worldwide,[2] becoming the highest-grossing film of 1996 and the second-highest-grossing film ever at the time, behind Jurassic Park (1993). The film won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound.[4]

The sequel, Independence Day: Resurgence, was released 20 years later on June 24, 2016, as part of a planned series of films.



On July 2, 1996, an extraterrestrial mothership enters Earth's orbit and deploys saucers (each 15 mi (24 km) in diameter) over major cities worldwide, including New York City, Los Angeles and Washington, D.C.

U.S. Marine Captain Steven Hiller and his unit, the Black Knights fighter squadron out of MCAS El Toro, are called back from fourth of July leave to defend Los Angeles; his girlfriend, Jasmine Dubrow, decides to flee the city with her son, Dylan. Retired combat pilot Russell Casse, now an alcoholic single father and crop duster, sees this as vindication of the alien abduction he has been claiming for 10 years. In New York City, technician David Levinson decodes a signal embedded within global satellite transmissions, realizing it is the aliens' countdown for a coordinated attack. With help from his ex-wife, White House Communications Director Constance Spano, David and his father Julius reach the Oval Office and alert President Thomas Whitmore.

Whitmore orders evacuations of the targeted cities in the U.S., but it is too late. Each saucer fires a beam, incinerating every targeted city, killing millions. Whitmore, the Levinsons, and a few others escape aboard Air Force One while Jasmine, Dylan, and their dog Boomer take shelter in a tunnel's inspection alcove, emerging once the destruction is over.

On July 3, counterattacks against the invaders are thwarted by the alien warships' force fields. Each saucer launches a swarm of shielded fighters which decimate the human fighter squadrons and military bases, including Captain Hiller's. Hiller lures an enemy fighter into the Grand Canyon before ejecting from his plane, blinding the fighter using his parachute and causing the alien to crash in the Mojave Desert. He subdues the downed alien and flags down a convoy of refugees, transporting the alien to Area 51, where Whitmore's group in Air Force One has landed.

Defense Secretary Albert Nimzicki reveals that a government faction has been involved in a UFO conspiracy since 1947 when one of the invaders' fighters crashed in Roswell. Area 51 houses the now-refurbished ship and three alien corpses recovered from the crash. As chief scientist Dr. Brackish Okun examines the alien captured by Steven, it awakens, telepathically invades Okun's mind and launches a psychic attack against Whitmore before being killed by Secret Service agents and military personnel. Whitmore reveals what he learned when they linked: the invaders' plan to annihilate Earth's inhabitants and harvest its natural resources, as they have already done to other planetary civilizations.

Whitmore reluctantly authorizes a trial nuclear attack against a saucer above Houston, but the ship is unharmed (with the city destroyed from the blast), and all subsequent nuclear attacks are aborted. Jasmine and Dylan commandeer a highway maintenance truck and rescue a handful of survivors, including the critically injured First Lady Marilyn Whitmore. Though Hiller rescues them and takes them to Area 51, Marilyn's injuries are too severe, and she dies after reuniting with her family.

On July 4, taking inspiration from his father, David writes a computer virus from his laptop to disrupt the aliens' shields' operating system, and devises a plan to upload it into the mothership from the refurbished alien fighter, which Hiller volunteers to pilot. The U.S. military contacts surviving airborne squadrons around the world through Morse code to organize a united counter-offensive. Lacking pilots, Whitmore and General William Grey enlist volunteers with flight experience, including Russell Casse, from the refugee camp at the base to fly the remaining jets at Area 51; Whitmore leads an attack on a saucer bearing down on the base, overseen by Grey.

Hiller marries Jasmine with David and Constance in attendance before leaving on the mission. Entering the mothership, they upload the virus and deploy a nuclear missile, destroying it and the aliens' invasion forces. With the shields deactivated, Whitmore's squadron engages the fighters, but exhausts their ammunition before managing to destroy the saucer. As the saucer prepares to fire on the base, Russell sacrifices himself by crashing into the saucer's primary weapon before it fires, destroying the warship. Grey then orders notifications to the resistance groups worldwide of the spaceships' critical weakness and they destroy the others. As humanity rejoices, Hiller and Levinson reunite with their families.


  • Will Smith as Captain Steven Hiller, a Marine F/A-18 pilot with the Black Knight squadron at MCAS El Toro and aspiring astronaut. The role was originally offered to Ethan Hawke but he turned it down as he thought the script was terrible.[5] Devlin and Emmerich had always envisioned an African-American for the role,[6] and specifically wanted Smith after seeing his performance in Six Degrees of Separation.[7]
  • Bill Pullman as President Thomas J. Whitmore, a former fighter pilot and Gulf War veteran. To prepare for the role, Pullman read Bob Woodward's The Commanders and watched the documentary film The War Room.[8]
  • Jeff Goldblum as David Levinson, an MIT-educated satellite engineer and technological expert.
  • Mary McDonnell as First Lady Marilyn Whitmore, the wife of Thomas Whitmore, who was fatally injured in a helicopter crash.
  • Judd Hirsch as Julius Levinson, David Levinson's father. The character was based on one of Dean Devlin's uncles.[9]
  • Robert Loggia as General William Grey, USMC, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps. Loggia modeled the character after World War II generals, particularly George S. Patton.[10]
  • Randy Quaid as Russell Casse, an eccentric, alcoholic former fighter pilot and Vietnam War veteran. He insists that he was abducted by the aliens during work on aerial application ten years prior to the film's events, shortly after completing his military service.
  • Margaret Colin as Constance Spano, Whitmore's White House Communications Director and David Levinson's ex-wife.
  • Vivica A. Fox as Jasmine Dubrow, Steven Hiller's girlfriend and mother of Dylan Dubrow.
  • James Rebhorn as Albert Nimzicki, the Secretary of Defense and, as former CIA Director, is a member of a governmental faction who are aware of the aliens' existence due to the ship recovered at Roswell. Not well-liked, lying, arrogant, selfish, crooked, and often at odds with idealists such as Whitmore and Grey, Nimzicki embodies the stereotypical corrupt politician and his ambition is to be elected as president himself. Rebhorn described the character as being much like Oliver North.[11] The character's eventual firing lampoons Joe Nimziki,[12] MGM's head of advertising, who made life unpleasant for Devlin and Emmerich when studio executives forced recuts of Stargate.[13]
  • Harvey Fierstein as Marty Gilbert, David Levinson's coworker at Compact Cable Television Company, killed in the NYC attack.
  • Adam Baldwin as Major Mitchell, USAF, Area 51's commanding officer and thus a member of a governmental faction who are aware of the aliens' existence. During the interstellar war, he becomes a trusted ally to Thomas Whitmore's party.
  • Brent Spiner as Dr. Brackish Okun, the unkempt and highly excitable scientist in charge of research at Area 51. The character's appearance and verbal style are based upon those of visual effects supervisor Jeffrey A. Okun, with whom Emmerich had worked on Stargate.[14]
  • James Duval as Miguel Casse, the oldest son of Russell Casse.
  • Bill Smitrovich as Lt. Colonel Watson, the commanding officer of the Black Knights.
  • Kiersten Warren as Tiffani, friend and co-worker of Jasmine, killed in the LA attack.
  • Harry Connick Jr. as Marine Captain Jimmy Wilder, fellow fighter pilot and friend of Steven, killed in the Black Knight counterattack. Connick took over the role from Matthew Perry who was originally cast in the role.
  • Mae Whitman as Patricia Whitmore, the daughter of President Thomas J. Whitmore and First Lady Marilyn Whitmore.[15]
  • Ross Bagley as Dylan Dubrow, Jasmine Dubrow's son and Steven Hiller's stepson.
  • Lisa Jakub as Alicia Casse, the daughter of Russell Casse.
  • Giuseppe Andrews as Troy Casse, the son of Russell Casse.
  • Frank Welker as special vocal effects.
  • Gary Hecker as alien vocal effects.




Official film logo

The idea for the film came when Emmerich and Devlin were in Europe promoting their film Stargate. A reporter asked Emmerich why he made a film with content like Stargate if he did not believe in aliens. Emmerich stated he was still fascinated by the idea of an alien arrival, and further explained his response by asking the reporter to imagine what it would be like to wake up one morning and to discover 15-mile-wide spaceships were hovering over the world's largest cities. Emmerich then turned to Devlin and said, "I think I have an idea for our next film."[9][16][17]

F/A-18 Hornets of VMFA-314, "Black Knights"

Emmerich and Devlin decided to expand on the idea by incorporating a large-scale attack, with Devlin saying he was bothered by the fact that "for the most part, in alien invasion movies, they come down to Earth and they're hidden in some back field …[o]r they arrive in little spores and inject themselves into the back of someone's head."[18] Emmerich agreed by asking Devlin if arriving from across the galaxy, "would you hide on a farm or would you make a big entrance?"[18] The two wrote the script during a month-long vacation in Mexico,[16] and just one day after they sent it out for consideration, 20th Century Fox chairman Peter Chernin greenlit the screenplay.[13] Pre-production began just three days later in February 1995.[9][16] The U.S. military originally intended to provide personnel, vehicles, and costumes for the film; however, they backed out when the producers refused to remove the script's Area 51 references.[9]

A then-record 3,000-plus special effects shots would ultimately be required for the film.[17] The shoot utilized on-set, in-camera special effects more often than computer-generated effects in an effort to save money and get more authentic pyrotechnic results.[9] Many of these shots were accomplished at Hughes Aircraft in Culver City, California, where the film's art department, motion control photography teams, pyrotechnics team, and model shop were headquartered[dubiousdiscuss]. The production's model-making department built more than twice as many miniatures for the production than had ever been built for any film before by creating miniatures for buildings, city streets, aircraft, landmarks, and monuments.[19] The crew also built miniatures for several of the spaceships featured in the film, including a 30-foot (9.1 m) destroyer model[20] and a version of the mother ship spanning 12 feet (3.7 m).[21] City streets were recreated, then tilted upright beneath a high-speed camera mounted on a scaffolding filming downwards. An explosion would be ignited below the model, and flames would rise towards the camera, engulfing the tilted model and creating the rolling "wall of destruction" look seen in the film.[22] A model of the White House was also created, covering 10 feet (3.0 m) by 5 feet (1.5 m), and was used in forced-perspective shots before being destroyed in a similar fashion for its destruction scene.[23] The detonation took a week to plan[13] and required 40 explosive charges.[23]

The Little Colorado River canyon; a World War II training aircraft with a camera mounted on its front navigated through the walls of the canyon and the footage was used as pilot point-of-view shots.[24]

The film's aliens were designed by production designer Patrick Tatopoulos. The actual aliens in the film are diminutive and based on a design Tatopoulos drew when tasked by Emmerich to create an alien that was "both familiar and completely original".[25] These creatures wear "bio-mechanical" suits that are based on another design Tatopoulos pitched to Emmerich. These suits were 8 feet (2.4 m) tall, equipped with 25 tentacles, and purposely designed to show it could not sustain a person inside so it would not appear to be a "man in a suit".[26]

Christopher Weaver, founder of video game publisher Bethesda Softworks consulted with the movie's production team, Centropolis Films, and provided scientific collaboration.[27] Dean Devlin used Weaver as the basis for the film character David Levinson.[27][28]



Principal photography began on July 28, 1995, in New York City. A second unit gathered plate shots and establishing shots of Manhattan, Washington, D.C., an RV community in Flagstaff, Arizona, and the Very Large Array on the Plains of San Agustin, New Mexico.[26] The main crew also filmed in nearby Cliffside Park, New Jersey before moving to the former Kaiser Steel mill in Fontana, California to film the post-attack Los Angeles sequences.[29] The production then moved to Wendover, Utah, and West Wendover, Nevada,[30] where the deserts doubled for Imperial Valley, and the Wendover Airport doubled for the El Toro and Area 51 exteriors.[31] It was here where Pullman filmed his pre-battle speech. Immediately before filming the scene, Devlin and Pullman decided to add "Today, we celebrate our Independence Day!" to the end of the speech. At the time, the production was nicknamed "ID4" because Warner Bros. owned the rights to the title because of a film from 1983 which is also called Independence Day. Devlin had hoped that if Fox executives noticed the addition in dailies, the impact of the new dialogue would help them to win the rights to the title.[9] Pullman had stated in a 2020 interview that Fox had otherwise been aiming to use Doomsday for the film's release to match with other disaster films of the time, and Devlin and Emmerich had hoped the impact of this speech scene would help win Fox over to the Independence Day name.[32] The right to use the title was eventually won two weeks later.[13]

The production team moved to the Bonneville Salt Flats to film three scenes, then returned to California to film in various places around Los Angeles, including Hughes Aircraft where sets for the cable company and Area 51 interiors were constructed at a former aircraft plant. Sets for the latter included corridors containing windows that were covered with blue material. The filmmakers originally intended to use the chroma key technique to make it appear as if an activity was happening on the other side of the glass, but the composited images were not added to the final print because production designers decided the blue panels gave the sets a "clinical look".[33] The attacker hangar set contained an attacker mockup 65 feet (20 m) wide[19] that took four months to build.[13] The White House interior sets used had already been built for The American President and had previously been used for Nixon.[23] Principal photography completed on October 8, 1995, after 72 days of filming.

The film initially depicted Russell Casse being rejected as a volunteer for the July 4 aerial counteroffensive because of his alcoholism. He then uses a stolen missile tied to his red biplane to carry out his suicide mission. According to Dean Devlin, test audiences responded well to the scene's irony and comedic value.[9] However, the scene was re-shot to include Russell's acceptance as a volunteer, his crash course on flying modern fighter aircraft, and him flying an F/A-18 instead of the biplane. Devlin preferred the alteration because the viewer now witnesses Russell ultimately making the decision to sacrifice his life,[9] and seeing the biplane keeping pace and flying amongst F/A-18s was "just not believable".[citation needed]



The Grammy Award-winning[34] score for the film was composed by David Arnold and recorded with an orchestra of 90, a choir of 46, "and every last ounce of stereotypical Americana he could muster for the occasion".[35] The film's producer Dean Devlin commented that "you can leave it up to a Brit to write some of the most rousing and patriotic music in the history of American cinema."[35] The soundtrack has received two official CD releases. RCA released a 50-minute album at the time of the film's release, then in 2010, La-La Land Records released a limited-edition, two-disc CD set that comprised the complete score plus 12 alternate cues.[36] The premiere of Independence Day live took place at the Royal Albert Hall in September 2016, with the film's score performed live for a screening of the film.[37] This celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the film's release, and the event also featured a pre-film talk by David Arnold.




Time capsule in Rachel, Nevada.

While Independence Day was still in post-production, Fox began an expensive marketing campaign to help promote the film, beginning with the airing of a dramatic commercial during Super Bowl XXX, for which it paid $1.3 million.[38] The film's subsequent success at the box office resulted in a trend of using Super Bowl air time to begin the advertising campaigns for potential blockbusters.[39][40]

Fox's Licensing and Merchandising division also entered into co-promotional deals with Apple Inc. The co-marketing project was dubbed "The Power to Save the World" campaign, in which the company used footage of David using his PowerBook 5300 laptop in their print and television advertisements.[41] Trendmasters entered a merchandising deal with the film's producers to create a line of tie-in toys.[42] In exchange for product placement, Fox also entered into co-promotional deals with Molson Coors Brewing Company and Coca-Cola.[43]

The film was marketed with several taglines, including: "We've always believed we weren't alone. On July 4, we'll wish we were", "Earth. Take a good look. It could be your last", and "Don't make plans for August". The weekend before the film's release, the Fox Network aired a half-hour special on the film, the first third of which was a spoof news report on the events that happen in the film. Roger Ebert attributed most of the film's early success to its teaser trailers and marketing campaigns, acknowledging them as "truly brilliant".[44]

The shot of the White House's destruction was the focus of the film's marketing campaign. A fleeing helicopter was added to the shot in the final print.

The film had its official premiere held at Los Angeles' now-defunct Mann Plaza Theater on June 25, 1996.[45] It was then screened privately at the White House for President Bill Clinton and his family[46] before receiving a nationwide release in the United States on July 2, 1996, a day earlier than its previously scheduled opening.[47]



In Lebanon, certain Jewish- and Israel-related content in the film was censored. One cut scene involved Judd Hirsch's character donning a kippah, and leading soldiers and White House officials in a Jewish prayer. Other removed footage showed Israeli and Arab troops working together in preparation for countering the alien invasion. The Lebanese Shi'a Islamist militant group Hezbollah called for Muslims to boycott the film, describing it as "propaganda for the so-called genius of the Jews and their concern for humanity." In response, Jewish actor Jeff Goldblum said: "I think Hezbollah has missed the point. The film is not about American Jews saving the world; it's about teamwork among people of different religions and nationalities to defeat a common enemy."[48][49]

Home media


After a six-week, $30 million marketing campaign, Independence Day was released on a THX certified VHS on November 22, 1996.[50] A LaserDisc release came out at roughly the same time, which included audio commentary, theatrical trailers, deleted scenes, and a bundled soundtrack CD.[51] The film sold 22 million copies in North America, becoming the best selling live-action video.[52]

The film became available on DVD on June 27, 2000, and has since been re-released in several different versions of this format with varying supplemental material, including one instance where it was packaged with a lenticular cover.[53][54] A special edition of the film was included on the DVD as well, which features nine minutes of additional footage not seen in the original theatrical release.[53][55] A single-disc DVD version of the film was released alongside Cast Away on May 21, 2002.[56] Independence Day became available on Blu-ray in the United Kingdom on December 24, 2007,[57] and in North America on March 11, 2008[58] and in Australia on March 5, 2008.[59] The initial single-disc releases only feature the theatrical cut and a few extras, as per the single-disc DVDs. For its 2016 twentieth anniversary, the film was re-released on two-disc Blu-ray and DVD, 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray, and Digital HD.[60][61] The 20th-anniversary editions feature both the theatrical and extended versions,[62] all the extras of the previous 2-disc DVDs and more.[63]

Television broadcast


Independence Day was originally scheduled to air on Fox on September 16, 2001, but was cancelled following the September 11 attacks. The network replaced Independence Day with a repeat airing of There's Something About Mary.[64]



The film had both its twentieth anniversary and premiere at a special live-orchestral screening performance at the Royal Albert Hall on September 22, 2016. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by the original orchestrator Nicholas Dodd, performed the score live during the film, and the film's composer, David Arnold, was a presenter at the event.[65][37]



Box office

One of the film's creatures on the cover of the July 1, 1996 issue of Time.

Independence Day was the highest-grossing film of 1996, surpassing both Twister and Mission: Impossible.[2] The film had its preview screenings on July 2, 1996, grossing $11.1 million from 2,433 theaters. At that point, it had the biggest pre-opening of any film, breaking the six-year record held by Die Hard 2. The next day on July 3, the film officially opened to the public with $17.4 million.[66] During its second day of release, it earned $17.3 million, which made it the highest Thursday gross, holding this record for six years until it was taken by Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones in 2002.[67] This was also the highest non-sequel Thursday gross, which would last until the opening of Transformers in 2007.[68] Independence Day earned $104.3 million in its opening week,[69] including $96.1 million during its five-day holiday opening, and $50.2 million during its opening weekend.[70] The film stayed in the number-one spot for three consecutive weeks before being displaced by A Time to Kill.[71][2] Moreover, it beat Terminator 2: Judgment Day's record for largest five-day Wednesday gross of any film, as well as the biggest July opening weekend.[72] The combined total for the five-day Wednesday opening increased to $190 million, dethroning the $158.6 million record held by Toy Story.[73] In addition, the film had the second-highest opening weekend of any movie, behind Batman Forever.[74] All three figures broke records set by Jurassic Park three years earlier,[69] whose successor, The Lost World: Jurassic Park, claimed all three records when it was released in 1997.[75] That same year, Men in Black surpassed Independence Day for highest July opening weekend and largest three-day Fourth of July opening weekend.[76] Despite this, the film would continue to hold the record for having the highest five-day Fourth of July Wednesday opening until Men in Black II in 2002.[77]

Independence Day earned over $150 million in 12 days, becoming the quickest film to do so.[78] In 21 days, it became the fastest film to approach the $200 million mark.[79] The film would hold this record for three years until it was surpassed by Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace in 1999.[80] By the end of July 1996, Independence Day had lost 38% of its audience, but it was able to top Ghostbusters, Aladdin, Mrs. Doubtfire and Ghost, becoming the fourteenth-highest domestic grossing film of all time.[81] It reached $230 million within the first month of release,[82] and on August 9, crossed the $250 million mark.[83] Halfway through the month, it became the eighth-highest domestic grosser, beating Jaws.[84]

Independence Day grossed $306,169,268 in the United States and Canada and $511,231,623 in other territories during its theatrical run.[2] The combined worldwide total of $817,400,891 surpassed The Lion King, second only to the worldwide earnings of Jurassic Park as the highest of all time.[85][86][87] For over 20 years, the film would hold the record for being the highest-grossing film starring Will Smith until 2019 when it was surpassed by the live-action version of Aladdin.[88] The domestic record was beaten by Suicide Squad three years earlier in 2016.[89] In the UK, the film grossed £7,005,905 in its opening weekend (including £939,022 from previews), surpassing Jurassic Park's record of £4.9 million.[90] The film grossed a record $10.5 million in its opening weekend in Germany and also beat the opening record in France.[91][92] Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold over 69.26 million tickets in the US and Canada.[93] Hoping to capitalize on the film's success, several studios released large-scale disaster films,[94] and the already rising interest in science fiction-related media was further increased by the film's popularity.[46]

A month after the film's release, jewelry designers and marketing consultants reported an increased interest in dolphin-themed jewelry, as the character Jasmine (Vivica A. Fox) wears dolphin earrings, and is presented with a wedding ring featuring a gold dolphin.[95]

Critical response


Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 68% of 81 surveyed critics gave the film a positive review; the average rating is 6.6/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "The plot is thin and so is character development, but as a thrilling, spectacle-filled summer movie, Independence Day delivers."[96] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 59 out of 100 based on 19 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[97] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[98]

Critics wrote that the film has "cardboard" and "stereotypical" characters,[6][47][99][100][101] and weak dialogue.[94][101][102][103] However, the shot of the White House's destruction was declared a milestone in visual effects and one of the most memorable scenes of the 1990s.[104][105] In a 2010 poll, readers of Entertainment Weekly rated it the second-greatest summer film of the previous 20 years, ranking only behind Jurassic Park.[106]

Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film his highest rating, declaring it the "apotheosis" of comic book space adventure movies.[47] Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly gave it a B+ for living up to its massive hype, adding "charm is the foremost of this epic's contemporary characteristics. The script is witty, knowing, cool."[100] Eight years later, Entertainment Weekly rated the film as one of the best disaster films of all time.[94] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times felt that the film did an "excellent job conveying the boggling immensity of [the] extraterrestrial vehicles […] and panic in the streets" and the scenes of the alien attack were "disturbing, unsettling and completely convincing".[6]

The film's nationalistic overtones were widely criticized by reviewers outside the U.S. Movie Review UK described the film as "a mish-mash of elements from a wide variety of alien invasion movies and gung-ho American jingoism."[107] The speech during which Whitmore states that victory in the coming war would see the entire world henceforth describe July 4 as its Independence Day, was described in a BBC review as "the most jaw-droppingly pompous soliloquy ever delivered in a mainstream Hollywood movie."[108] In 2003, readers of Empire voted that scene as the "Cheesiest Movie Moment of All-Time".[109] Empire critic Kim Newman had given the film a five-star rating in the magazine's original review.[97]

Several critics were disappointed by the special effects. Newsweek's David Ansen claimed they were no better than those seen nineteen years earlier in Star Wars.[101] Todd McCarthy of Variety felt the production's budget-conscious approach resulted in "cheesy" shots, lacking the quality of effects in films by James Cameron and Steven Spielberg.[45] Roger Ebert noted a lack of imagination in the spaceship and creature designs.[110] Gene Siskel expressed the same sentiments in his At the Movies review.[44][dead link]

American Film Institute lists


Award Subject Nominee Result
CAS Awards[113] Best Sound Chris Carpenter, Bob Beemer, Bill W. Benton and Jeff Wexler Nominated
Academy Awards[113] Best Sound Nominated
Best Visual Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Czech Lion Awards[114][115] The most successful movie in Cinemas. Roland Emmerich Won
Saturn Awards[113] Best Special Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Best Science Fiction Film Dean Devlin Won
Best Director Roland Emmerich Won
Best Writer Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin Nominated
Best Costumes Joseph A. Porro Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Brent Spiner Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Vivica A. Fox Nominated
Best Young Actor James Duval Nominated
Best Music David Arnold Nominated
Best Actor Jeff Goldblum Nominated
Will Smith Nominated
Kids' Choice Awards[113] Favorite Movie Actor Nominated
Favorite Movie Won
Hugo Awards[113] Best Dramatic Presentation Nominated
Young Artist Awards[113] Best Young Actor – Age 10 or Under Ross Bagley Nominated
People's Choice Awards[113] Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture Won
MTV Movie Awards[113] Best Action Sequence Aliens blow up cities Nominated
Best Movie Nominated
Best Male Performance Will Smith Nominated
Best Breakthrough Performance Vivica A. Fox Nominated
Best Kiss Will Smith and Vivica A. Fox Won
Grammy Awards[113] Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television David Arnold Won
Satellite Awards[113] Outstanding Visual Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Outstanding Film Editing David Brenner Won
Mainichi Film Awards[113] Best Foreign Language Film Won
Japanese Academy Awards[113] Nominated
Amanda Awards[113] Nominated
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards[113] Favorite Actor – Sci-Fi Will Smith Won
Universe Reader's Choice Awards[113] Best Actor Won
Best Supporting Actress Vivica A. Fox Won
Best Science Fiction Film Won
Best Special Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Best Director Roland Emmerich Won
Best Score David Arnold Won
Best Cinematography Karl Walter Lindenlaub Won
Best Writing Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin Won
Golden Raspberry Awards[113] Worst Written Film Grossing Over $100 Million Nominated
Stinkers Bad Movie Awards[113] Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing Over $100 Million Nominated
Worst Picture Nominated
Online Film & Television Association Awards[116] Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Horror Picture Dean Devlin Nominated
Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Horror Actor Will Smith Nominated
Best Film Editing David Brenner Nominated
Best Sound Chris Carpenter
Bill W. Benton
Bob Beemer
Jeff Wexler
Best Sound Effects Sandy Gendler & Val Kuklowsky Nominated
Best Visual Effects Volker Engel
Douglas Smith
Clay Pinney
Joe Viskocil



Disaster elements portrayed in Twister and Independence Day (both in 1996) represented a significant turning point for Hollywood blockbuster films. With advancements in CGI special effects, events depicting mass destruction became commonplace in films that soon followed, such as Dante's Peak and Volcano (both in 1997), as well as Deep Impact and Armageddon (both in 1998). The trend resumed from the mid-2000s to 2010s, evident in three of Emmerich's films titled The Day After Tomorrow (2004), 2012 (2009), and White House Down (2013), as well as other blockbusters like Transformers (2007) and The Avengers (2012).[117]

In other media




Author Stephen Molstad wrote a tie-in novel to help promote the film shortly before its release. The novel goes into further detail on the characters, situations, and overall concepts not explored in the film. The novel presents the film's finale as originally scripted, with the character played by Randy Quaid stealing a missile and roping it to his cropduster biplane.

Following the film's success, a prequel novel entitled Independence Day: Silent Zone was written by Molstad in February 1998.[118] The novel is set in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and details the early career of Dr. Brackish Okun.[119]

Molstad wrote a third novel, Independence Day: War in the Desert in July 1999. Set in Saudi Arabia on July 3, it centers around Captain Cummins and Colonel Thompson, the two Royal Air Force officers seen receiving the Morse code message in the film (Americanised ranks corrected to Squadron Leader and Group Captain respectively in the Omnibus reissue). A Marvel comic book was also written based on the first two novelizations.



On August 4, 1996, BBC Radio 1 broadcast the one-hour play Independence Day UK, written, produced, and directed by Dirk Maggs, a spin-off depicting the alien invasion from a British perspective.[120] None of the original cast was present. Dean Devlin gave Maggs permission to produce an original version, on the condition that he did not reveal certain details of the movie's plot, and that the British were not depicted as saving the day.[120] Independence Day UK was set up to be similar to the 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worldsthe first 20 minutes were live.[120]



In 1996 a "behind-the-scenes" multimedia CD-ROM titled Inside Independence Day was released for Microsoft Windows and Macintosh; it includes storyboards for the film, sketches, movie clips, and a preview of the Independence Day video game.[121]

Video games


An Independence Day video game was released in February 1997 for the PlayStation, Sega Saturn, and PC, each version receiving mostly tepid reviews.[122] The multi-view shooter game contains various missions to perform, with the ultimate goal of destroying the aliens' primary weapon. A pinball machine themed to the film was released by Sega in June 1996.[123] Plus, a wireless mobile version was released in 2005.

A video game entitled ID4 Online (or Independence Day Online) was released by Mythic Entertainment.



Trendmasters released a toy line for the film in 1996.[124] Each action figure, vehicle or playset came with a 3+12 inch floppy disk that contained an interactive computer game.[125]



In June 2011, Devlin confirmed that he and Emmerich had written a treatment for two sequels to form a trilogy; both expressed the desire for Will Smith to return.[126] In October 2011, however, discussions over Smith returning were halted, due to Fox's refusal to provide the $50 million salary demanded by Smith for the two sequels. Emmerich, however, made assurances that the films would be shot back-to-back, regardless of Smith's involvement.[127]

In March 2013, Emmerich stated that the titles of the new films would be ID: Forever – Part I and ID: Forever – Part II.[128] In November 2014, the sequel was given the green light by 20th Century Fox, with a release date of June 24, 2016. This would be a stand-alone sequel, that would not split into two parts as originally planned, with filming beginning in May 2015 and casting being done after the studio locked down Emmerich as the director of the film.[129] In December 2014, Devlin confirmed that Emmerich would indeed be directing the sequel.[130] On June 22, 2015, Emmerich announced the official title, Independence Day: Resurgence.[131]

With respect to Smith's decision not to return to film a sequel, Emmerich told Screen Crush that: "In the very beginning, I wanted to work with him and he was excited to be in it but then after a while he was tired of sequels, and he did another science fiction film, which was his father-son story After Earth, so he opted out."[132]

Independence Day: Resurgence was released on June 24, 2016.[133] The sequel, unlike the original, was both a critical and commercial failure, making further sequels unlikely. Furthermore, in March 2018, LRM Online reported that, after having met producer Dean Devlin at WonderCon and asking about the status of Independence Day 3, Devlin told them "I don't know. I don't know. Currently, I personally have no plans of doing another one."[134][135] One year later, Emmerich stated that once The Walt Disney Company purchased Fox he thought the chances of a third movie were over, but still had hopes that the project could happen given Disney's preference for franchise films.[136]

See also



  1. ^ "INDEPENDENCE DAY (12)". British Board of Film Classification. July 21, 1996. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Independence Day (1996)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
  3. ^ Yarlagadda, Tara (February 18, 2022). "The best sci-fi action movie on HBO Max reveals a real interstellar threat". Inverse. Retrieved May 4, 2023.
  4. ^ "Oscar night: Fashion world's moment in sun". The Orlando Sentinel. March 25, 1997. p. 4. Archived from the original on May 6, 2023. Retrieved May 6, 2023 – via  
  5. ^ "Ethan Hawke Gets Brutally Honest About Turning Down 'Independence Day,' Thought Script Was So Bad He Threw It Out". September 18, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Kenneth Turan (July 2, 1996). "Independence Day review". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  7. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 36.
  8. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 32.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h DVD commentary
  10. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 42.
  11. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 44.
  12. ^ Stephen Galloway (July 4, 2001). "Affleck's Schedule Busies After 'Harbor'". Archived from the original on March 20, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c d e Rebecca Ascher-Walsh (July 12, 1996). "SPACE UNDER FIRE". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  14. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 45.
  15. ^ "Independence Day (1996)". Archived from the original on October 22, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  16. ^ a b c Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 8.
  17. ^ a b The 1996 Summer Movie Preview: July Archived June 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 93.
  19. ^ a b Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 72.
  20. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 54.
  21. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 121.
  22. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 78.
  23. ^ a b c Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 82.
  24. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 112.
  25. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 86.
  26. ^ a b Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 91.
  27. ^ a b Starzynski, Bod (August 19, 1996). "Erol's sees C&W deal as ticket to business market". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  28. ^ Ginsberg, Steven (December 23, 1996). "At Bethesda Softworks, an Emphasis on Cool". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  29. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 62.
  30. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 104.
  31. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 96.
  32. ^ Reyes, Mike (June 8, 2020). "How Bill Pullman Helped Independence Day Change Its Original (Bad) Title". CinemaBlend. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  33. ^ Aberly and Engel 1996, p. 98.
  34. ^ "Winners of the 1997 Grammy Awards". The New York Times. February 28, 1997. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  35. ^ a b "Independence Day". Filmtracks. September 24, 1996. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  36. ^ "film music - movie music- film score - Independence Day - David Arnold - Limited Edition". Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  37. ^ a b "Independence Day Live at the Royal Albert Hall". Royal Albert Hall. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  38. ^ "UW-Eau Claire Marketing Researchers Study Super Bowl Ad Successes." University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. Retrieved October 1, 2007.
  39. ^ Analysis: Super Bowl Movie Ads Lack Luster Archived July 16, 2019, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  40. ^ Rick Romell (January 27, 2007). "Ads the real stars of Super Bowl". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  41. ^ Apple Ties in With 20th Century Fox "Independence Day Archived September 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine The online Macinstuff Times. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  42. ^ Kenneth M. Chanko (July 12, 1996). "Independence Play". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 1, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  43. ^ Top Ten: Most Shameless Uses Of Product Placement In Film Archived July 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  44. ^ a b Ebert & Roeper.[dead link] Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  45. ^ a b Todd McCarthy (July 1, 1996). "Independence Day Review". Variety. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  46. ^ a b Richard Corliss (July 8, 1996). "THE INVASION HAS BEGUN!". TIME. Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  47. ^ a b c Mick LaSalle (July 2, 1996). "Declaration of "Independence"". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  48. ^ "Making Money Abroad, And Also a Few Enemies". The New York Times. January 26, 1997. Archived from the original on June 21, 2008. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  49. ^ "A Jewish Hero Isn't Kosher; Lebanon Censors 'Independence Day'". The Washington Post. November 12, 1996.
  50. ^ Independence Day blitz.
  51. ^ "Aliens Invade Your Home". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 92. Ziff Davis. March 1997. p. 93.
  52. ^ Graser, Marc (January 11, 1999). "French Box Office Top 25 for 1998". Variety. p. 7.
  53. ^ a b Brumley, Al (June 29, 2000). "Early fireworks: 'Independence Day' DVD loaded with extras". The Dallas Morning News. The Times. p. 26. Archived from the original on March 11, 2023. Retrieved March 11, 2023 – via  
  54. ^ "DVD details for Independence Day." Archived January 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine IMDb. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  55. ^ "Independence Day: Extended Edition (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. May 27, 2016. Archived from the original on May 28, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  56. ^ "After deluxe release, flicks will go to single disc". The Courier-Journal. May 18, 2002. p. 51. Archived from the original on August 15, 2022. Retrieved August 15, 2022 – via  
  57. ^ "Independence Day Blu-ray" Archived January 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Amazon UK Retrieved July 6, 2008.
  58. ^ "Independence Day (Blu-ray)." Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Blu-ray. Retrieved July 5, 2008.
  59. ^ "Buy Independence Day (Blu-ray) on Blu-ray from". Archived from the original on April 24, 2016.
  60. ^ Vejvoda, Jim (March 15, 2016). "Independence Day: 20th Anniversary Blu-ray Announcement, Documentary Clip and Packaging". Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  61. ^ "Independence Day 4K Blu-ray". Archived from the original on July 4, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  62. ^ Lowrey, Mike (April 10, 2010). "Independence Day (1996) - Comparison: Theatrical Cut versus Extended Version". Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  63. ^ "'Independence Day: 20th Anniversary Edition' to Invade 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray - High-Def Digest". Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
  64. ^ KJB (September 13, 2001). "Sony Pulls Spider-Man Teaser Trailer & Poster". IGN. Archived from the original on February 9, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  65. ^ Burin, Rick (February 8, 2016). "David Arnold, aliens and a full orchestra invade the Royal Albert Hall". Royal Albert Hall. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
  66. ^ "Aliens Arrive! And a Nation Stands in Line : 'Independence Day' Tops $11 Million, Making Movie History". Los Angeles Times. July 4, 1996.
  67. ^ Paul (May 17, 2002). "Attack of the Clones Posts Best-Ever Thursday". IGN. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  68. ^ Staff, M. W. (July 11, 2007). "Transformers Sets First Week of Release Record for a Non-Sequel of $155 Million". MovieWeb.[permanent dead link]
  69. ^ a b A.J. Jacobs (July 19, 1996). "The Day After". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 29, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  70. ^ "Independence Day Box Office Data." Archived November 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  71. ^ "'Time to Kill' edges 'Independence Day'". The Signal. July 26, 1996. p. 2. Archived from the original on May 6, 2023. Retrieved May 6, 2023 – via  
  72. ^ "Box Office: 'Independence Day' debuts with fireworks, top ranking". The Greenwood Commonwealth. July 14, 1996. p. 23. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 28, 2022 – via  
  73. ^ Weeks, Janet (July 10, 1996). "Few records withstand blast from 'Independence Day'". Los Angeles Daily Times. The Kansas City Star. p. 43. Archived from the original on September 25, 2023. Retrieved September 25, 2023 – via  
  74. ^ "Independence Day blows away box-office records". The Ottawa Citizen. July 10, 1996. p. 38. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 28, 2022 – via  
  75. ^ Brennan, Judy (May 26, 1997). "'Lost World: Jurassic Park' Stomps Record for Openings". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  76. ^ Willis, Kim (July 8, 1997). "Call them 'Men in Green'". Gannett News Service. The Courier-News. p. 76. Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022 – via  
  77. ^ Lyman, Rick (July 8, 2002). "Box Office Has a Record Weekend, 'Men in Black' Leading the Way". The New York Times.
  78. ^ "'ID4': $150 Million in 12 Days". Los Angeles Times. July 16, 1996.
  79. ^ "Independence Day' tops $200 million". United Press International. July 23, 1996. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  80. ^ News, Bloomberg (June 1999). "At the Box Office, a Force Is With 'Phantom Menace'". The New York Times. {{cite news}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  81. ^ "A Time to Kill' is top U.S. film". United Press International. July 28, 1996. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  82. ^ "ID4' tops $230 million at box office". United Press International. August 2, 1996. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022. Retrieved February 26, 2022.
  83. ^ "ID4' tops $250 million at box office". United Press International. August 9, 1996. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  84. ^ "ID4' tops 'Jaws' at box office". United Press International. August 16, 1996. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  85. ^ "William Fay Bio." Archived February 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  86. ^ "The Movie Year: Hollywood Loses Its Middle Class : Box office: Blockbusters helped make it a record-setting year, but there was a rash of complete flops, and moderate successes seemed to disappear altogether". Los Angeles Times. December 30, 1994.
  87. ^ ""You Can't Actually Blow Up the White House": An Oral History of 'Independence Day'". The Hollywood Reporter. July 2, 2021.
  88. ^ Jeremy Fuster (June 30, 2019). "'Aladdin' Passes 'Independence Day' as Will Smith's Biggest Box Office Hit". The Wrap. Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  89. ^ "Box Office: 'Don't Breathe' And 'Suicide Squad' Hold Great, Meryl Streep Tops 'Ben-Hur'". Forbes.
  90. ^ "UK Box Office's Weekend Record-Breaker". Screen International. August 16, 1996. p. 23.
  91. ^ "'Pie' flies high in Germany". Variety. October 15, 2001. p. 9.
  92. ^ "Element of control". Screen International. May 23, 1997. p. 27.
  93. ^ "Independence Day (1996)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
  94. ^ a b c Gary Susman (May 25, 2004). "Apocalypse Wow". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 19, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  95. ^ Degen Pener (August 9, 1996). "Day of the Dolphin". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  96. ^ "Independence Day (1996)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster, Inc. Archived from the original on December 24, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  97. ^ a b "Independence Day." Archived June 21, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Metacritic. Retrieved October 16, 2007.
  98. ^ "CinemaScore". Archived from the original on September 16, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  99. ^ Kevin McManus (July 5, 1996). "A Sci-Fi Flash in the Pan". Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  100. ^ a b Schwarzbaum (July 12, 1996). "Independence Day (1996)". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  101. ^ a b c David Ansen (July 8, 1996). "Independence Day". Newsweek. Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  102. ^ Barbara Shulgasser (July 2, 1996). "THESE SCENES ARE SELF-EVIDENT". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  103. ^ Marc Savlov (July 8, 1996). "Independence Day". Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  104. ^ Visual and Special Effects Film Milestones. Archived February 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  105. ^ Film History of the 1990s Archived January 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  106. ^ "Summer Blockbusters: The New Generation," Entertainment Weekly, Page 32, Issue #1112, July 23, 2010.
  107. ^ "Independence Day (1996)". Movie Reviews UK. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  108. ^ Smith, Neil (December 18, 2000). "Independence Day (1996)". BBC. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
  109. ^ Top 10 Worst Quotes or Lines From the Movies Archived July 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  110. ^ Roger Ebert (July 2, 1996). "Independence Day". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  111. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Nominees" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  112. ^ " Error" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  113. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Awards for Independence Day." Archived September 24, 2018, at the Wayback Machine IMDb. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  114. ^ "DRŽITELÉ CENY ČFTA". Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  115. ^ "Den nezávislosti zbořil Bílý dům. Co zničí Emmerich v druhém dílu?". June 18, 2016. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  116. ^ "1st Annual Film Awards (1996) - Online Film & Television Association". Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  117. ^ Huls, Alexander (June 29, 2016). "Beyond Imagination: How 'Independence Day' Changed the Blockbuster". Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  118. ^ "Independence Day: Silent Zone Product Details." Archived January 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  119. ^ "Independence Day: Silent Zone by Stephen Molstad Publisher's Notes." Archived April 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  120. ^ a b c "Independence Day UK." Archived November 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  121. ^ "ID4 Goes 32-Bit". GamePro. No. 97. IDG. October 1996. p. 26.
  122. ^ "Search results for 'independence day'." Archived September 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine GameSpot. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  123. ^ "Independence Day Pinball Machine (Sega, 1996) - Pinside Game Archive". Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  124. ^ Trate, Robert T. (March 19, 2010). "10 Awesome Toys from 10 Awful Movies". Mania. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  125. ^ "iD-4: Independence Day- Model Alien Supreme Commander". Movie Art Museum. April 30, 2012. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  126. ^ "Exclusive: Producer Dean Devlin Talks INDEPENDENCE DAY Sequels, STARGATE Movie Sequels, GODZILLA and More at the Saturn Awards". June 24, 2011. Archived from the original on June 26, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
  127. ^ "Independence Day 2 and 3 Could Happen Without Will Smith". MovieWeb. October 27, 2011. Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
  128. ^ "Roland Emmerich spills 'Independence Day' sequel details". Entertainment Weekly. March 26, 2013. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  129. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (November 26, 2014). "Fox Green Light Starts 'Independence Day' Sequel Countdown". Deadline. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  130. ^ Topel, Fred (December 4, 2014). "Independence Day 2" Exclusive: Why They're Not Doing 2 Sequels At Once". NerdReport. Archived from the original on February 19, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  131. ^ "'Independence Day 2' Official Title Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. June 22, 2015. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  132. ^ "This Is Why Will Smith Isn't in 'Independence Day 2'". ScreenCrush. June 25, 2015. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  133. ^ "Independence Day: Resurgence (2016)". IMDb. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  134. ^ Medina, Joseph Jammer (March 27, 2018). "EXCLUSIVE: Independence Day: Resurgence Producer Has No Plans To Do Another Film Anytime Soon".
  135. ^ "Independence Day 3 Is Completely Dead for Now". MovieWeb. March 27, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  136. ^ "Independence Day 3? Roland Emmerich Still Has Hope Disney Will Make The Movie". CINEMABLEND. February 19, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.